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Formal Grammar for Java [chapter]

Jim Alves-Foss, Deborah Frincke
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The purpose of this grammar is to formally specify not only the syntactic structure of Java programs, but also their static semantics.  ...  Speci cally, in this chapter we try to formally capture all aspects of the language that would result in compile-time errors.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48737-9_1 fatcat:zmjio2esufbwjh4xarcvae5ski

Formal Grammars and Languages [chapter]

Tao Jiang, Ming Li, Bala Ravikumar, Kenneth Regan
2009 Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook, Second Edition, Volume 1  
of decidability and undecidability, which has a close relation to formal grammars.  ...  Formal grammars were introduced as such by [Post, 1943] , and had antecedents in work by Thue and others.  ...  ACTION (q, c) can be one of the following: 1. shift, 2. reduce by A → α, where A → α is a production in the grammar, 3. accept, and 4. blank .  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781584888239-c20 fatcat:k4e5ivi7ujgpbkb47nectsjwxi

Formal and Functional Grammar

Margaret McLaughlin
1919 English Journal  
FORMAL AND FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR MARGARET McLAUGHLIN Harris Teachers' College, St.  ...  We may say that formal grammar and functional grammar differ in a way indicated by these two definitions.  ... 
doi:10.2307/801037 fatcat:yrql73tpvnc2blcw3355dwitb4

Formal Grammars and Languages [chapter]

Tao Jiang, Ming Li, Bala Ravikumar, Kenneth Regan
1998 Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook  
of decidability and undecidability, which has a close relation to formal grammars.  ...  Formal grammars were introduced as such by [Post, 1943] , and had antecedents in work by Thue and others.  ...  ACTION (q, c) can be one of the following: 1. shift, 2. reduce by A → α, where A → α is a production in the grammar, 3. accept, and 4. blank .  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420049503-c26 fatcat:x3mj3ftb5rhf3nih23b7dr4l54

Two ways of formalizing grammars

Mark Johnson
1994 Linguistics and Philosophy  
TWO WAYS OF FORMALIZING GRAMMARS 223 off' the important properties of the models (see sections 2.8 and 2.10 of Johnson (1988) for further discussion).  ...  The well-formed or grammatical structures are those that satisfy the constraints imposed by the grammar.  ...  The recognition problem for sample grammar is formalized in this ap proach as follows.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00985036 fatcat:yplkvemksrerzprlsoe2l6fsuq

Formal Game Grammar and Equivalence

Paul Riggins, David McPherson
2020 2020 IEEE Conference on Games (CoG)  
We define a grammar-like formalism to describe finite discrete games without hidden information, allowing for randomness, and mixed sequential and simultaneous play.  ...  We develop methods to formally describe and compare games, in order to probe questions of game structure and design, and as a stepping stone to predicting player behavior from design patterns.  ...  We want a way to formally, and tractably, describe game rules even for complex games; a grammar-like formalism is better suited to this task.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cog47356.2020.9231594 dblp:conf/cig/RigginsM20 fatcat:z6immudqmzbqxofx7kronpbuty

Formal Grammars of Early Language [chapter]

Shuly Wintner, Alon Lavie, Brian MacWhinney
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We propose to model the development of language by a series of formal grammars, accounting for the linguistic capacity of children at the very early stages of mastering language.  ...  We describe a set of grammars which account for this child's utterances between the ages 1;8.02 and 2;0.30.  ...  Formal grammars Formal grammars are mathematical systems for describing the structure of languages, both formal and natural.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-01748-3_14 fatcat:27p3wytrhrewlgtmvnyt7qa4wi

wMSO theories as grammar formalisms

James Rogers
2003 Theoretical Computer Science  
of building and maintaining such grammars.  ...  We explore the use of weak monadic second-order languages over structures of varying dimension as speciÿcation languages for grammars and automata, focusing, in particular, on the extension of the longstanding  ...  For the most part, use of model-theoretic tools has focused on providing semantics for grammar formalisms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0304-3975(01)00349-8 fatcat:jvajd6yzlfeqlayb7dgxsgumqq

Should Formal Grammar Be Discarded?

Roscoe Pulliam
1931 English Journal  
practical value of formal grammar.  ...  FORMAL GRAMMAR I ROSCOE PULLIAM SHOULD For some years formal grammar, along with Latin and some other less obviously and directly beneficial subjects, has been i of scientific data now available upon the  ... 
doi:10.2307/803553 fatcat:ps72zy2nhzatfmobxsijorhby4

Formalizing paradigms in Construction Grammar [article]

Jaakko Leino
2022 Zenodo  
Construction Grammar sees the language system as consisting solely of conventionalized pairings of form and meaning, i.e. constructions.  ...  Relations between constructions within the grammar can be – and have previously been – described in terms of inheritance (e.g.  ...  e.g. with the formalism proposed in Booij (2010) .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5675843 fatcat:ot4jltu7o5bnpponeesbrkvp2u

Harmonic Grammars for Formal Languages

Paul Smolensky
1992 Neural Information Processing Systems  
Here it is shown that formal languages too can be specified by Harmonic Grammars, rather than by conventional serial re-write rule systems.  ...  Such Harmonic Grammars have been successfully applied to a number of problems in the theory of natural languages.  ...  HGs FOR FORMAL LANGUAGES One means for assessing the expressive power of Harmonic Grammar is to apply it to the specification of formal languages.  ... 
dblp:conf/nips/Smolensky92 fatcat:ml75yniprnf7rbsqkrlzlckehy

Representing Unish Grammars Based on Tree Adjoining Grammar Formalisms

Purev Jaimai, Hyun Seok Park
2003 Journal of Universal Language  
Thus the purpose of this paper is to formalize Unish grammar by developing prototype Unish Tree Adjoining Grammars in the hope that developing and formalizing Unish grammars at this stage will help to  ...  With that in mind, I tried to develop prototype Unish Grammars based on a formalism called Tree Adjoining Grammars.  ...  The Feature-Based Lexicalized Tree Adjoining Grammar formalism (FB-LTAG) is based on the Tree Adjoining Grammar, which has been extended to include lexicalization and unification-based feature structures  ... 
doi:10.22425/jul.2003.4.1.1 fatcat:x6eyws3bcnhp3p7cdxmawxiczq

Grammar Teaching Revisited: EFL Teachers between Grammar Abstinence and Formal Grammar Teaching

Ahmad Nazari, Negah Allahyar
2012 Australian Journal of Teacher Education  
the way they teach grammar.  ...  However, rarely have the studies delved into teachers' knowledge about grammar (reviewed by Borg, 2001) or investigated the relationships between teachers' knowledge about grammar and teachers' actions  ...  Formal grammar instruction requires teachers to have had professional training in language teaching.  ... 
doi:10.14221/ajte.2012v37n2.6 fatcat:zfiry27j4ncv3bg4zylb52wibm

Syntactic language modeling with formal grammars

Tobias Kaufmann, Beat Pfister
2012 Speech Communication  
In this paper, we investigate the use of a formal grammar as a source of syntactic information.  ...  We describe a novel approach to integrating formal grammars into speech recognition and evaluate it in a series of experiments.  ...  Formal grammars It might be appropriate to first explain which particular kinds of formal grammar we are concerned with.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2012.01.001 fatcat:is4hicwi6nexveiyxhawu2z52y

Using Formal Grammars as Musical Genome

David D. Albarracín-Molina, Alfredo Raglio, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Francisco J. Vico
2021 Applied Sciences  
Instead, it uses formal grammars as a representation method than can retain just the basic features, common to any form of music (e.g., the appearance of rhythmic patterns, the evolution of tone or dynamics  ...  From a bio-inspired perspective this can be thought of as an evolutionary process that operates over a developmental procedure, held by the formal grammar.  ...  In Section 2 we present an approach of encoding music by means of L-systems and context-free grammars and then compose music by evolution of these formal models.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11094151 doaj:27747a6032b54b56a71743ae26c4b9be fatcat:nvyemqivsbguhpzgxzqcc46ypu
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