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Thyroid function and dysfunction in preterm infants - challenges in evaluation, diagnosis and therapy

Nikolina Zdraveska, Mirjana Kocova
2021 Clinical Endocrinology  
Thus, hypothyroxinemia of prematurity associated with delayed TSH elevation is very common in low birth weight premature infants most likely due to the immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary thyroid  ...  In the vast majority of preterm infants hypothyroxinaemia is transient; however permanent hypothyroidism due to thyroid dysgenesis or enzyme defects might also occur.  ...  in the foetal circulation continue to increase as summarized below: F I G U R E 1 Thyroid developmental timeline.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cen.14481 pmid:33864279 fatcat:eerqh42yk5fx7e5xybbzepoo6e

Early brain enlargement and elevated extra-axial fluid in infants who develop autism spectrum disorder

Mark D. Shen, Christine W. Nordahl, Gregory S. Young, Sandra L. Wootton-Gorges, Aaron Lee, Sarah E. Liston, Kayla R. Harrington, Sally Ozonoff, David G. Amaral
2013 Brain  
Infants who developed autism spectrum disorder also had significantly larger total cerebral volumes at both 12-15 and 18-24 months of age.  ...  This is the first magnetic resonance imaging study to prospectively evaluate brain growth trajectories from infancy in children who develop autism spectrum disorder.  ...  Acknowledgements We are especially appreciative of the families and children who  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awt166 pmid:23838695 pmcid:PMC3754460 fatcat:tkvtvnmk45fdbi7vn6fnnfdjxa

Page 104 of Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol. 54, Issue 1 [page]

2013 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry  
Foetal growth determines cerebral ventricular volume in infants The Generation R Study. Neuroimage, 39, 1491-1498. Rubia, K. (2005).  ...  Seifer, R. (2003). Twin studies, biases of parents, and biases of researchers. Infant Behavior & Development, 26, 115-117. Sherman, E.M.S., & Brooks, B.L. (2010).  ... 

A Case of Hydrocephalus in an Infant, with Comments on the Secretion, Circulation and Absorption of the Cerebro-spinal Fluid

R J Gladstone, H A Dunlop
1927 Journal of Anatomy  
The cellular lining of the perivascular sheath is generally spoken of as mesothelial, and as being derived from the mesoblast.  ...  Continuedfrom page 384) The Tissue-fluid of the Brain and Spinal Cord A FACTOR of primary importance in connection with the production of hydrocephalus, and the administration of drugs in affections of  ...  studied.  ... 
pmid:17104154 pmcid:PMC1249974 fatcat:h5nqara7ena5neqltrllzklpja

Foetal origins of schizophrenia: Testable hypotheses of genetic and environmental influences

Kathryn M. Abel
2004 British Journal of Psychiatry  
Although four-fifths of the variance in schizophrenia is attributable to genes, the locus of genetic defect remains elusive.  ...  Moreover, genetic investigation provides little detail, beyond suggesting that the contribution of genes is complex, probably polygenic and unlikely to be sufficient in most cases to allow expression of  ...  comment, and Garry Stork for help with the preparation of the manuscript. preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1192/bjp.184.5.383 pmid:15123500 fatcat:f2xbnsx7nzhhlgxq2ynkyio6u4

Effect of malaria in pregnancy on foetal cortical brain development: a longitudinal observational study

Marcus J Rijken, Merel de Wit, Eduard JH Mulder, Suporn Kiricharoen, Noaeni Karunkonkowit, Tamalar Paw, Gerard HA Visser, Rose McGready, François H Nosten, Lourens R Pistorius
2012 Malaria Journal  
Malaria in pregnancy has a negative impact on foetal growth, but it is not known whether this also affects the foetal nervous system.  ...  The foetal supra-tentorial brain volume was determined and cortical development was qualitatively followed by scoring the appearance and development of six sulci.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the patients and staff of SMRU for their contribution, especially William Moroski, Wah Say, Esther, Suthatsana Rungwilailaekhiri  ... 
doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-222 pmid:22747687 pmcid:PMC3483189 fatcat:nqgr5zjnjbhotpspxmq7bqq2sy

1139 Right Heart Dimensions and Function at 6 Years-Of-Age Using 2D- and 3D-Echocardiography

L. Mohlkert, C. Halvorsen, G. Sjoberg, J. Hallberg, M. Norman
2012 Archives of Disease in Childhood  
The aim of this study was to determine right heart dimensions, volumes and function in healthy preschool children using echocardiography.  ...  Objective The aim of this study was to determine accurate and validated z-score equations for the normal values of coronary diameters adjusted with growth changes of the neonates by testing three different  ... 
doi:10.1136/archdischild-2012-302724.1139 fatcat:ozlbsn3cejb67pz62xas5vurnu

Obstetric complications and schizophrenia: prenatal underdevelopment and subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment

H. Kunugi, S. Nanko, R. M. Murray
2001 British Journal of Psychiatry  
Brain damage associated with prenatal underdevelopment has a role in the pathogenesis of poor premorbid functioning and subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment in some cases of schizophrenia.  ...  Many studies have shown an association between obstetric complications and schizophrenia.  ...  Development Study. Archives of General Psychiatry Archives of General Psychiatry, , 49 49, , 221^235. 221^235. Geddes, J. R. & Lawrie, S. M. Geddes, J. R. & Lawrie, S.  ... 
doi:10.1192/bjp.178.40.s25 fatcat:oy4uvnxemzgo3kknsxb5atlbie

Cell proliferation in human ganglionic eminence and suppression after prematurity-associated haemorrhage

M. R. Del Bigio
2011 Brain  
In premature infants, germinal matrix haemorrhage in the brain is a common occurrence. However, cell proliferation and fate determination in the normal human germinal matrix is poorly understood.  ...  Haemorrhage-associated suppression of cell proliferation in premature human infants could partially explain the reduced brain size and clinical effects in children who suffer germinal matrix haemorrhage  ...  Acknowledgements The author thanks Terry Enno, Sharon Allen and Susan Janeczko for technical assistance and also the anonymous referees and editor for considerable constructive guidance.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awr052 pmid:21478186 fatcat:k3oolqct7zfqbitdeiwpl2ddhe

The Extent of Delay of Language, Motor, and Cognitive Development in HIV-Positive Infants

Nicole Baillieu, Joanne Potterton
2008 Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy  
The main aim of this study is to determine the extent of delay in acquisition of language, cognitive and motor skills of HIV positive children The Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (BSID II) were  ...  used to determine performance in each section of the child's age group.  ...  cerebral volume.  ... 
doi:10.1097/npt.0b013e3181846232 pmid:18978667 fatcat:mfpxcg35b5bydoclbkhcshi47q

Timing of Thyroid Hormone Action in the Developing Brain: Clinical Observations and Experimental Findings

R. T. Zoeller, J. Rovet
2004 Journal of neuroendocrinology  
Although the experimental literature lags behind clinical studies in providing a mechanistic explanation for each of these observations, recent studies confirm that the specific action of TH on brain development  ...  depends upon developmental timing, and studies informing us about molecular mechanisms of TH action are generating hypotheses concerning possible mechanisms to account for these pleiotropic actions.  ...  The author's work described in this paper has been supported in part by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and March of Dimes (J.R.) and from the National Institute of Environmental  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2826.2004.01243.x pmid:15500540 fatcat:z7pcndyhdrgenfmhdcbsi3mqmy

The assessment of fetal brain growth in diabetic pregnancy using in utero magnetic resonance imaging

M. Paddock, R. Akram, D.A. Jarvis, P. Armitage, S. Song, P. Madhuvrata, P.D. Griffiths
2017 Clinical Radiology  
Acknowledgements We would like to thank Dr Dinesh Selvarajah for his insights throughout the execution of this study.  ...  We are indebted to the specialist diabetes midwifery team at Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, in particular Rebecca Bustani, Kimberley Clark and Frances Crawley, for their help with patient  ...  The value 302 of in-utero magnetic resonance imaging in ultrasound diagnosed foetal 303 isolated cerebral ventriculomegaly.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.crad.2016.12.004 pmid:28057322 fatcat:bpvcgbxqinellepa2jmobd2tw4

Postoperative brain volumes are associated with one-year neurodevelopmental outcome in children with severe congenital heart disease [article]

Eliane Meuwly, Maria Feldmann, Walter Knirsch, Michael von Rhein, Kelly Payette, Hitendu Dave, Ruth Tuura, Raimund Kottke, Cornelia Hagmann, Beatrice Latal, Andras Jakab
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our prospective cohort study aimed to determine the relationship between perioperative brain volumes and neurodevelopmental outcome in neonates with severe CHD.  ...  Reduced cerebral volumes in CHD patients could serve as a biomarker for im-paired outcome.  ...  Financial support for A.J. was provided by the OPO Foundation, the Foundation for Research in Science and the Humanities at the University of Zurich, the Hasler Foundation and the Forschungszentrum für  ... 
arXiv:1901.07274v1 fatcat:z6g4z3b2ebf6flzgzbndponmm4

Developmental patterns of chimpanzee cerebral tissues provide important clues for understanding the remarkable enlargement of the human brain

T. Sakai, M. Matsui, A. Mikami, L. Malkova, Y. Hamada, M. Tomonaga, J. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, T. Miyabe-Nishiwaki, H. Makishima, M. Nakatsukasa, T. Matsuzawa
2012 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
However, the rapid increase in cerebral total volume and proportional dynamic change in the cerebral tissue in humans during early infancy, when white matter volume increases dramatically, did not occur  ...  humans and chimpanzees and to have promoted the increase in brain volume in humans.  ...  We also thank the personnel at the Centre for Human Evolution Modelling Research at KUPRI for daily care of the chimpanzees and E. Nakajima for critical reading of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.2398 pmid:23256194 pmcid:PMC3574345 fatcat:6whju2t5anb3dcscvipmw64zyi

Systemic Maternal Human sFLT1 Overexpression Leads to an Impaired Foetal Brain Development of Growth-Restricted Foetuses upon Experimental Preeclampsia

Rebekka Vogtmann, Lilo Valerie Burk, Meray Serdar, Rainer Kimmig, Ivo Bendix, Alexandra Gellhaus, Ji Bihl
2022 Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity  
, leading to foetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth.  ...  The brain volume was reduced combined with a reduction in the cortical/hippocampal area and an increase of the caudate putamen and its neuroepithelium, which was associated with a reduced cell density  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Gabriele Sehn, Liyan Duan, Alina Riedel, and Beatrix Reisch for their excellent technical assistance and the team of the Animal Facility Essen for their assistance with the mice  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/3024032 pmid:35693702 pmcid:PMC9184195 fatcat:bphknz6iwrbjpghjw3msr5p36a
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