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Experiment and Modelling for Pedestrian Following Behavior Using Velocity-headway Relation

Wei Lv, Zhiming Fang, Xiaoge Wei, Weiguo Song, Xuan Liu
2013 Procedia Engineering  
Single-file pedestrian movement experiment was conducted to obtain the distance headway-velocity data and nonlinear curve fitting to the data are executed to gain a good form of the velocity-headway equation  ...  In this paper, a simple velocity-headway relation is used to describe the pedestrian following behavior in the single-file passageway.  ...  This work is a try to adopt traffic model to modelling pedestrian movement behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2013.08.096 fatcat:kgfibvubnrcwxjpqoxqpo2nrei

List of Parameters Influencing the Pedestrian Movement and Pedestrian Database

Mohamed H. Dridi
2015 International Journal of Social Science Studies  
However, to reproduce more realistic simulation behaviors many factors and attributes influencing pedestrians must be considered.  ...  One way to gain a better understanding of human behavior in this area is to enrich the tools available for planning, such as pedestrian micro simulation in case of panic situations and emergency conditions  ...  Different types of pedestrians with different social, cultural and ethical background are considered in the simulation input. Either we try to introduce the individual fitness or level of exhaustion.  ... 
doi:10.11114/ijsss.v3i4.870 fatcat:axm4edcfwbfsxjrjyeyjb5cnqi

Density-based evolutionary framework for crowd model calibration

Jinghui Zhong, Nan Hu, Wentong Cai, Michael Lees, Linbo Luo
2015 Journal of Computational Science  
Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed framework is effective and efficient to calibrate the crowd models in order to produce desired macroscopic crowd behaviors.  ...  crowd behaviors.  ...  The first issue is to define a general and effective fitness function to measure the distance between a simulated crowd behavior and the objective crowd behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jocs.2014.09.002 fatcat:qm33gtfsd5fofboc53fikim3f4

Specification of the social force pedestrian model by evolutionary adjustment to video tracking data [article]

Anders Johansson, Dirk Helbing, Pradyumn Shukla
2008 arXiv   pre-print
The calibrated model is then used for large-scale pedestrian simulations of evacuation scenarios, pilgrimage, and urban environments.  ...  Based on suitable video recordings of interactive pedestrian motion and improved tracking software, we apply an evolutionary optimization algorithm to determine optimal parameter specifications for the  ...  Further on, the authors are thankful to Serge Hoogendoorn for providing empirical data, used to verify the results, shown in figures 10 and 11.  ... 
arXiv:0810.4587v1 fatcat:422hzwks5ve47in3zzk7yfcq5q

Decision-Making Processes Underlying Pedestrian Behaviors at Signalized Crossings: Part 2. Do Pedestrians Show Cultural Herding Behavior?

Pelé, Deneubourg, Sueur
2019 Safety  
We used agent-based modelling to simulate the road-crossing behaviors of pedestrians.  ...  We found that two processes suffice to simulate pedestrian behaviors: personal motivation and imitation.  ...  We are grateful to Kunio Watanabe and Hanya Goro (Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University) for their help in authorizing data collection.  ... 
doi:10.3390/safety5040082 fatcat:ct37krvd5zgq7j7izez7kbx4tu

Pedestrian Attribute Analysis Using Agent-Based Modeling

Khaled Shaaban, Karim Abdelwarith
2020 Applied Sciences  
These results can be useful in evaluating pedestrian safety at midblock crossings and providing a framework for modeling this type of behavior in simulation models.  ...  An agent-based model was developed and tested to represent pedestrian behavior in different situations.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10144882 fatcat:m4dy55lk5vdgnchavcve4t6blm

The Research of Multi-Resolution Modeling and Simulation of the Emergency Evacuation

Bo Yang, Bo Ren, Yong-gang Wu
2012 Procedia Engineering  
The theory and method of Multi-Resolution Modeling provide a new way to simulate the crowd dynamics.  ...  The case study of pedestrian flow simulation in Optical Valley Plaza is explored thoroughly by using the fluid dynamic equation.  ...  In this paper, we present two granularities of model to simulate pedestrians' individual behaviors and their social behaviors during evacuation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.450 fatcat:4p2uks7scfbzbnxjvg4hbkli44

The Study on In-City Capacity Affected by Pedestrian Crossing

Chang-jiang Zheng, Rui He, Xia Wan, Chen Wang
2016 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
In order to effectively relieve the confliction of people and motor vehicle, to make sure of the safety of pedestrians crossing the road, and to improve the capacity of urban roads, this passage focuses  ...  Lastly, it takes the step of case calculation and simulation evaluation and calculates errors between them, finding that the error between the model calculation and software simulation is small.  ...  Free pedestrian crossing behavior [6] is the behavior that pedestrians cross the street without any crossing facilities and traffic rules.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/5271904 fatcat:addrit4ptrb2ve2gjdci34vvya

Understanding collective crowd behaviors: Learning a Mixture model of Dynamic pedestrian-Agents

Bolei Zhou, Xiaogang Wang, Xiaoou Tang
2012 2012 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  
In this paper, a new Mixture model of Dynamic pedestrian-Agents (MDA) is proposed to learn the collective behavior patterns of pedestrians in crowded scenes.  ...  Then the whole crowd is modeled as a mixture of dynamic pedestrian-agents. Once the model is unsupervisedly learned from real data, MDA can simulate the crowd behaviors.  ...  Algorithms for Model Fitting and Sampling After the parameters of MDA are learned, given the fragmented trajectory of a pedestrian in the scene, our model can fit it to the optimal pedestrian-agent and  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2012.6248013 dblp:conf/cvpr/ZhouWT12 fatcat:divaxytub5fktlgdzvjb54auf4

Approximation Of Pedestrian Effects In Urban Traffic Simulation By Distribution Fitting

Andreas D. Lattner, Joerg Dallmeyer, Dimitrios Paraskevopoulos, Ingo J. Timm
2012 ECMS 2012 Proceedings edited by: K. G. Troitzsch, M. Moehring, U. Lotzmann  
We investigate to what extent it is possible to capture traffic effects imposed by simulated pedestrians and then perform simulations without pedestrians.  ...  For a proper simulation of urban traffic scenarios, besides cars other road users, namely bicycles and pedestrians, have to be modeled.  ...  Using this approximation leads to an about two times faster simulation as detailed pedestrian behavior needs not to be computed.  ... 
doi:10.7148/2012-0567-0573 dblp:conf/ecms/LattnerDPT12 fatcat:dxlq45xnbbclfm3k6hybqfyyzu

Simulations of Pedestrian Impact Collisions with Virtual CRASH 3 and Comparisons with IPTM Staged Tests [article]

Tony Becker
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We compare the results of these Virtual CRASH pedestrian impact simulations to data from pedestrian impact collisions staged at the Institute of Police Technology and Management.  ...  In this article, we present results from a series of Virtual CRASH-based pedestrian impact simulations.  ...  The throw distances as a function of impact speed behavior of the simulated dummy model does a good job reproducing the behavior observed during staged impact experiments as well as that which was observed  ... 
arXiv:1512.00790v3 fatcat:gfeqlu57jza47cl6hxk4o6cn4u

Subdivided Cellular Automata Model Considering Anticipation Floor Field and Analysis of Pedestrian Detour Behavior

Jinrui Liu, Maosheng Li, Panpan Shu
2021 Sustainability  
The micro-pedestrian simulation model represented by the cellular automata model is an important simulation model.  ...  The subdivision cellular automaton model is integrated into the prediction field to model and simulate the detour behavior. At the same time, it explores the degree of subdivision of the cell.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors send their appreciation to the Central South University Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su131910621 fatcat:fwytau55l5ff7cp4vopxwuxdre

Agent-Based Modeling for Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories Around an Autonomous Vehicle

Manon Prédhumeau, Lyuba Mancheva, Julie Dugdale, Anne Spalanzani
2022 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
This paper addresses modeling and simulating pedestrian trajectories when interacting with an autonomous vehicle in a shared space.  ...  The proposed model integrates different observed pedestrian behaviors, as well as the behaviors of the social groups of pedestrians, in diverse interaction scenarios with a car.  ...  An Agent-Based Model to Predict Pedestrians Trajectories with an Autonomous Vehicle in Shared Spaces.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.1.13425 fatcat:kf7e3mwa65ga5lwmkm6ybudnju

Testing advanced driver assistance systems using multi-objective search and neural networks

Raja Ben Abdessalem, Shiva Nejati, Lionel C. Briand, Thomas Stifter
2016 Proceedings of the 31st IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering - ASE 2016  
We use multi-objective search to guide testing towards the most critical behaviors of ADAS.  ...  They are meant to help drivers by providing proper warnings or by preventing dangerous situations. In this paper, we focus on the problem of design time testing of ADAS in a simulated environment.  ...  Hence, engineers have to identify critical system behaviors manually, with simulation being used only to execute (re-play) these behaviors. (2) Executing simulation scenarios is computationally expensive  ... 
doi:10.1145/2970276.2970311 dblp:conf/kbse/AbdessalemNBS16 fatcat:b6cp7pgcpvev7f3l42q5r5z44e

Simulation of Pedestrian Crossing Behaviors at Unmarked Roadways Based on Social Force Model

Cao Ningbo, Wei Wei, Qu Zhaowei, Zhao Liying, Bai Qiaowen
2017 Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society  
The comparison results of observed pedestrians' trajectories and simulated pedestrians' trajectories at one unmarked roadway indicate that the proposed model can be used to simulate pedestrian crossing  ...  The extended model enables the understanding and judgment ability of pedestrians about the traffic environment and guides pedestrians to take the best behavior to avoid conflict and keep themselves safe  ...  The representative trajectories were chosen as examples to compare the observed and simulated trajectories because their fitness is closest to the average fitness of the path type.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/8741534 fatcat:rego43zu2fg37jlaqxpkwzjy7e
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