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First principles organize attention to and learning about relevant data: Number and the animate-inanimate distinction as examples

R Gelman
1990 Cognitive Science  
The tendency of young children to assimilate facts about "insides" in different ways to animates and inanimates provides evidence for the position that attention and learning in this domain is organized  ...  These mechanisms make the underlying distinction between animate and inanimate objects salient and thereby favor attention to and coherent storage of relevant information abriut the distinction.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(90)90027-t fatcat:umsqxgrk75gvlojjdmxioyhti4

First Principles Organize Attention to and Learning About Relevant Data: Number and the Animate-Inanimate Distinction as Examples

Rochel Gelman
1990 Cognitive Science  
The tendency of young children to assimilate facts about "insides" in different ways to animates and inanimates provides evidence for the position that attention and learning in this domain is organized  ...  These mechanisms make the underlying distinction between animate and inanimate objects salient and thereby favor attention to and coherent storage of relevant information abriut the distinction.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1401_5 fatcat:iukwoo6twzferg27qlestky5qm

Contents to volume 14

1990 Cognitive Science  
Morkman First Principles Organize Attention to and Learning About Relevant Data: Number and the Animate-Inanimate Distinction as Examples. 79 Rachel Gelmon Domain-Specific Principles  ...  Affect Learning and Transfer in Children.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(90)90013-m fatcat:bs3k5mprabgfdni7tahiqbhzxu

Remembering the Living

James S. Nairne, Joshua E. VanArsdall, Mindi Cogdill
2017 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
Human cognition is sensitive to the distinction between living and nonliving things. Animacy plays a role in language comprehension, reasoning, the organization of knowledge, and perception.  ...  Animate processing of inanimate stimuli can produce retention advantages, as can animate touching-inanimate objects are remembered better when they are simply touched by animate things.  ...  Declaration of Conflicting Interests The authors declared that they had no conflicts of interest with respect to their authorship or the publication of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963721416667711 fatcat:ytv5hbmodrdczgk77uriguucey

Data augmentation and image understanding [article]

Alex Hernandez-Garcia
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Throughout this dissertation, I use these insights to analyse data augmentation as a particularly useful inductive bias, a more effective regularisation method for artificial neural networks, and as the  ...  Overall, this work aims to shed more light on the properties of data augmentation and demonstrate the potential of interdisciplinary research.  ...  Inanimate objects can either be natural or artificial, whereas animate objects are divided into human stimuli-heads and body parts-and animals-full body and heads only.  ... 
arXiv:2012.14185v1 fatcat:qcip4vstzvbxzo4qevek5marrm

Page 887 of American Anthropologist Vol. 100, Issue 4 [page]

1998 American Anthropologist  
Gelman, R. 1990 First Principles Organize Attention and Learning about Relevant Data: Number and the Animate-Inanimate Distinction as Examples. Cognitive Science 14:79-106. Gelman, R., F.  ...  Durgin, and L. Kaufman 1995 Distinguishing between Animates and Inanimates: Not by Motion Alone. /n Causal Cognition: A Multidisci- plinary Debate. D. Sperber, D. Premack, and A. James- Premack, eds.  ... 

Decoding Dynamic Brain Patterns from Evoked Responses: A Tutorial on Multivariate Pattern Analysis Applied to Time Series Neuroimaging Data

Tijl Grootswagers, Susan G. Wardle, Thomas A. Carlson
2017 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Although decoding methods have been extensively applied in Brain Computing Interfaces (BCI), these methods have only recently been applied to time-series neuroimaging data such as MEG and EEG to address  ...  Using example MEG data, we illustrate the effects that different options in the decoding analysis pipeline can have on experimental results where the aim is to 'decode' different perceptual stimuli or  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (FT120100816) and an Australian Research Council Discovery project (DP160101300) awarded to T. A. C. S.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01068 pmid:27779910 fatcat:o5y4fd4zjrbzrkbcsf23x46qve

ABSTRACT

2008 Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development  
We also extend gratitude to Jessica Cicchino, Jaime Derringer, Rachel Wu, and the members of the Infant Cognition Laboratory for help in conducting the experiments, and to the participants in our studies  ...  Acknowledgments Earlier versions and portions of this monograph were presented in seminars at the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University.  ...  changes in infants' ability to learn about animates and inanimates.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-5834.2008.00454.x pmid:18346226 fatcat:bpbtor7smjaxjjkyi3blp35ene

Ghosts in machine learning for cognitive neuroscience: Moving from data to theory

Thomas Carlson, Erin Goddard, David M. Kaplan, Colin Klein, J. Brendan Ritchie
2018 NeuroImage  
The application of machine learning methods to neuroimaging data has fundamentally altered the field of cognitive neuroscience.  ...  Because these challenges often remain unseen and metaphorically "haunt" our efforts to use these methods to understand the brain, we refer to them as "ghosts".  ...  For example, if animate and inanimate object exemplars form separable clusters in the space, the representation could be used by the brain to discriminate these two categories of objects (Kiani et al.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.08.019 pmid:28793239 fatcat:7nm43es45rcldjelaiqtpm3hma

Child abuse and neglect: Usefulness of the animal data

Dario Maestripieri, Kelly A. Carroll
1998 Psychological bulletin  
This article reviews and critically discusses the relevance of animal data to research on child abuse and neglect.  ...  The investigation of adaptive and maladaptive processes in the parenting behavior of socially living nonhuman primates can inform research on child abuse and neglect and allow investigators to conduct  ...  primates and humans to help better communicate the relevance of the animal data for the human case.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-2909.123.3.211 pmid:9602555 fatcat:o5s4apyn2rftrjpej4l2wcaqou

Child abuse and neglect: Usefulness of the animal data

Dario Maestripieri, Kelly A. Carroll
1998 Psychological bulletin  
This article reviews and critically discusses the relevance of animal data to research on child abuse and neglect.  ...  The investigation of adaptive and maladaptive processes in the parenting behavior of socially living nonhuman primates can inform research on child abuse and neglect and allow investigators to conduct  ...  primates and humans to help better communicate the relevance of the animal data for the human case.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0033-2909.123.3.211 fatcat:nvucqexsmvhcnhvbwhmgwjcpwq

Page 212 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 41, Issue 3 [page]

1996 Contemporary Psychology  
First principles organize attention to and learning about relevant data: Number and the animate- inanimate distinction as examples. Cognitive Science, 14, 79-106. Goodall, J. (1986).  ...  What should old timers do with this in- vitation to come in, learn the lingo and enjoy the shade? To whom can they talk if they reject the invitation? To them- selves?  ... 

Language and thought: methodological issues in cross-linguistic research on ontological categories

Yasuhiro Shirai
2003 Developmental Science  
Past research shows that young language learners know something about the different category organizations of animals, objects and substances.  ...  features suggestive of animates.  ...  We thank Eliana Colunga and Natsuko Tsujimura for discussions and comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00247_6 fatcat:c5yq3sjharen3az6aratugc6wu

Free association? Why category development requires something more

David H. Rakison
2003 Developmental Science  
Past research shows that young language learners know something about the different category organizations of animals, objects and substances.  ...  features suggestive of animates.  ...  We thank Eliana Colunga and Natsuko Tsujimura for discussions and comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00247_3 fatcat:chqmnelt5za2nhu3oociigj2w4

Shifting ontological boundaries: how Japanese- and English-speaking children generalize names for animals and artifacts

Hanako Yoshida, Linda B. Smith
2003 Developmental Science  
Past research shows that young language learners know something about the different category organizations of animals, objects and substances.  ...  features suggestive of animates.  ...  We thank Eliana Colunga and Natsuko Tsujimura for discussions and comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00247_1 fatcat:3zcas5vntzckxdv6tept3ee2bi
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