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Finding variants of out-of-vocabulary words in Arabic

Abdusalam F. A. Nwesri, S. M. M. Tahaghoghi, Falk Scholer
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 Workshop on Computational Approaches to Semitic Languages Common Issues and Resources - Semitic '07   unpublished
Using two different datasets, we evaluate several approaches to finding variants of foreign words in Arabic, and show that the longest common subsequence (LCS) technique is the best overall.  ...  Unless an information retrieval system recognises different forms of transliterated words, a significant number of documents will be missed when users specify only one spelling variant.  ...  As these do not appear in standard Arabic lexicons -that may include adopted words -they are considered to be Out-Of-Vocabulary (OOV) words.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1654576.1654586 fatcat:t3x2ihmzanbdbgpyy2j3wat5ha

Page 702 of Speculum Vol. 26, Issue 4 [page]

1951 Speculum  
In the case of the Parva Naturalia the Latin-Arabic word- list points towards a Toledan origin, and is very similar to the vocabulary of the translators of Avicenna and of Marcus Toletanus.  ...  But the translators of B usually give a very close rendering, word for word and the soundness of the work depends on their linguistic aptitudes, either in Arabic or in Latin (they very often worked in  ... 

A Contrast of New Network Language Between Arabic and Chinese

Azza Abdelwahab Ibrahim Hassanein, Xun Zhai
2019 Education and Linguistics Research  
With the innovation of Internet technology, this form of language has developed rapidly in the dissemination of Internet media.  ...  Through a comparative analysis of Arabic and Chinese Internet words, Arabic or Chinese learners can clearly understand the similarities and differences between the two network words, and reduce the barriers  ...  Homophonic Transliteration of Foreign Language Vocabulary; This is common in Arabic to find suitable letters for replacement, such as: e-mail = ‫.ﺍﻳﻤﻴﻞ‬ The Way of Word Formation of Chinese Network Words  ... 
doi:10.5296/elr.v5i2.15776 fatcat:b6pr64ufefg2tglyj5lrjgpfee

Development of the Arabic Loria Automatic Speech Recognition system (ALASR) and its evaluation for Algerian dialect

Mohamed Amine Menacer, Odile Mella, Dominique Fohr, Denis Jouvet, David Langlois, Kamel Smaïli
2017 Procedia Computer Science  
Several options are investigated in this paper to find the best combination of models and parameters.  ...  This combination leads to a substantial absolute reduction of the word error of 24%.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the support of Chist-Era for funding part of this work through the AMIS (Access Multilingual Information opinionS) project.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2017.10.096 fatcat:d7btiv32yzgrbpxydx3cwdir3u

Gharib Al-Qur'an: False Accusation and Reality

Sherine Abd El-Gelil Emara
2013 International Journal of Linguistics  
that seem to be involved in their inability to get the meanings of the words belonging to the class of Gharib Al-Qur'an.  ...  Severe attacks against this class of words stem from the accusers' inability as non-Arabic and non-Muslim speakers to fully appreciate the eloquence and power of the Qur'an.  ...  I would also like to thank my husband, Ashraf Hassan, for his cooperation, understanding, and International Journal of Linguistics ISSN 1948-5425 2013  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijl.v5i2.3562 fatcat:75szrc5zrvht5bifploy6kyhwm


Madina Kuanaevna SHARIPOVA, Al-Rubayai ALI GOMAR ALI
2021 HOMEROS  
The ways of borrowing vocabulary are considered, language signs with you can find out, determine the origin of borrowed words.  ...  This article discusses the so-called "recognizable" borrowed words of Turkic, Arabic, Mongolian origin in Russian language.  ...  At the same time, two facts stand out.  ... 
doi:10.33390/homeros.4.2.03 fatcat:vmr665wpvfdnblc5w4yfknvwxi

The RWTH Large Vocabulary Arabic Handwriting Recognition System

Mahdi Hamdani, Patrick Doetsch, Michal Kozielski, Amr El-Desoky Mousa, Hermann Ney
2014 2014 11th IAPR International Workshop on Document Analysis Systems  
This paper describes the RWTH system for large vocabulary Arabic handwriting recognition.  ...  The RWTH Arabic handwriting recognition system gave competitive results in previous handwriting recognition competitions.  ...  Ney was partially supported by a senior chair award from DIGITEO, a French research cluster in Ile-de-France.  ... 
doi:10.1109/das.2014.61 dblp:conf/das/HamdaniDKMN14 fatcat:du743657nvdadclulxln6tl4gm

The Implementation of Mimicry Memorization Method for Novice Students in Learning Arabic Mufradat

Nor Afifah, Sunarto Sunarto, Moh. Fery Fauzi, Irma Anindiati, Talqis Nurdianto
2020 Jurnal Al Bayan Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab  
Students of junior schools that have never studied Arabic language in elementary schools get more difficulties than the students that have studied it before.  ...  The study provides further support for the use mimicry memorization method for novice students in mastering new vocabularies.  ...  This research could be done because the atmosphere of academic is very good and support to the academy, lecturers, and students in learning and teaching process.  ... 
doi:10.24042/albayan.v12i2.5953 fatcat:ovj6t5ixcveethqtpjptbkr3fq

Open Vocabulary Arabic Handwriting Recognition Using Morphological Decomposition

Mahdi Hamdani, Amr El-Desoky Mousa, Hermann Ney
2013 2013 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition  
Out Of Vocabulary (OOV) words can be recognized by combining different elements from the lexicon.  ...  The proposed approach makes use of Arabic word decomposition based on morphological analysis. The vocabulary is a combination of words and subwords obtained by the decomposition process.  ...  Ney was partially supported by a senior chair award from DIGITEO, a French research cluster in Ile-de-France.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdar.2013.63 dblp:conf/icdar/HamdaniMN13 fatcat:zwac2g4okfedpebwfmmg2kmz5i

Cross-Word Arabic Pronunciation Variation Modeling Using Part of Speech Tagging [chapter]

Dia AbuZeina, Husni Al-Muhtaseb, Moustafa Elshafei
2012 Modern Speech Recognition Approaches with Case Studies  
Acknowledgement The authors would like to thank King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals for providing the facilities to write this chapter.  ...  variants, and lexical variety) of the Arabic language.  ...  In addition to providing phonemic transcriptions of the words of the target vocabulary, the dictionary is the place where alternative pronunciation variants are added such as in (Ali et al., 2009) for  ... 
doi:10.5772/48645 fatcat:enw6makgpjd3ddnryp4opovxtq

La integración de L1 en las clases de L2: El caso del árabe como lengua extranjera en las universidades de los Estados Unidos

Martin Isleem
2021 Revista de Educación de la Universidad de Granada  
ambas variantes en la clase de árabe (Al-Batal, 2017b).  ...  Una de las afirmaciones más destacadas a favor del MSA en el aula de clase es que el MSA es la variante más prestigiosa de la lengua y, en consecuencia, la que mejor representa las tradiciones religiosas  ...  List of English vocabulary used in Everyday Arabic English Arabic Latin transliteration of Arabic Excerpt 2: .  ... 
doi:10.30827/reugra.v27i0.148 fatcat:dr3j3xu7anehnbpl2hbbw5rh44

Collaboratively Constructed Linguistic Resources for Language Variants and their Exploitation in NLP Application – the case of Tunisian Arabic and the Social Media

Fatiha Sadat, Fatma Mallek, Mohamed Boudabous, Rahma Sellami, Atefeh Farzindar
2014 Proceedings of Workshop on Lexical and Grammatical Resources for Language Processing  
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is the formal language in most Arabic countries. Arabic Dialects (AD) or daily language differs from MSA especially in social media communication.  ...  Linguistic tools such as a bilingual TAD-MSA lexicon and a set of grammatical mapping rules are collaboratively constructed and exploited in addition to a language model to produce MSA sentences of Tunisian  ...  In the case of Tunisian, French words/numbers may be used that sound like an Arabic word.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-5813 dblp:conf/coling/SadatMBSF14 fatcat:m373flry4nfmfctcabnvidmlqm

Improving stemming for Arabic information retrieval

Leah S. Larkey, Lisa Ballesteros, Margaret E. Connell
2002 Proceedings of the 25th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '02  
The best light stemmer was more effective for cross-language retrieval than a morphological stemmer which tried to find the root for each word.  ...  We compared the retrieval effectiveness of our stemmers and of a morphological analyzer on the TREC-2001 data.  ...  INTRODUCTION Stemming is one of many tools used in information retrieval to combat the vocabulary mismatch problem, in which query words do not match document words.  ... 
doi:10.1145/564376.564425 dblp:conf/sigir/LarkeyBC02 fatcat:z7stti6pk5bgxikxyxdo7trx6a

Morph-based speech recognition and modeling of out-of-vocabulary words across languages

Mathias Creutz, Andreas Stolcke, Teemu Hirsimäki, Mikko Kurimo, Antti Puurula, Janne Pylkkönen, Vesa Siivola, Matti Varjokallio, Ebru Arisoy, Murat Saraçlar
2007 ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing  
Standard word models suffer from high out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates, whereas the morph models can recognize previously unseen word forms by concatenating morphs.  ...  It is shown that the morph models do perform fairly well on OOVs without compromising the recognition accuracy on in-vocabulary words.  ...  The views herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding agencies.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1322391.1322394 dblp:journals/tslp/CreutzHKPPSVASS07 fatcat:4ojvyaft7bak5mrcn4euwczqia

The Interplay of Variant, Size, and Task Type in Arabic Pre-trained Language Models [article]

Go Inoue, Bashar Alhafni, Nurpeiis Baimukan, Houda Bouamor, Nizar Habash
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we explore the effects of language variants, data sizes, and fine-tuning task types in Arabic pre-trained language models.  ...  To do so, we build three pre-trained language models across three variants of Arabic: Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), dialectal Arabic, and classical Arabic, in addition to a fourth language model which  ...  This work was also carried out on the High Performance Computing resources at New York University Abu Dhabi.  ... 
arXiv:2103.06678v2 fatcat:y3ea5agpvfg2hdpvvjfs2zdmbq
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