314 Hits in 11.5 sec

Downscaling scenarios of future land use and land cover changes using a participatory approach: an application to mountain risk assessment in the Pyrenees (France)

Thomas Houet, Marine Grémont, Laure Vacquié, Yann Forget, Apolline Marriotti, Anne Puissant, Séverine Bernardie, Yannick Thiery, Rosalie Vandromme, Gilles Grandjean
2017 Regional Environmental Change  
Participatory foresight involving local stakeholders may help building 21 fine-scale LULCC scenarios that are consistent with the likely evolution of mountain communities. 22  ...  the resilience of 20 societies to mountain hazards.  ...  of events likely to occur from 2040 to 2100 was left open to participants, whose imagination Table 1 approximately here -261 Step 3: Story-telling of the narrative scenarios at local scale 262 The  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1171-z fatcat:s7jr5svqyva4loh62ul5lpfnj4

Identifying patterns in informal sources of security information

Emilee Rader, Rick Wash
2015 Journal of Cybersecurity  
computer security advice, and stories about the experiences of friends and family.  ...  Our findings highlight the potential for sources of informal security education to create patterns in user knowledge that affect their ability to make good security decisions.  ...  Table 1 . 1 Number of words per document for each dataset: web pages, news articles, and personal stories Type Mean Median SD Web pages 795 566 972 News articles 617 532 458 Personal stories  ... 
doi:10.1093/cybsec/tyv008 dblp:journals/cybersecurity/RaderW15 fatcat:7r2642duafbhrn2tp2m43l5klu

Cortical Representations of Concrete and Abstract Concepts in Language Combine Visual and Linguistic Representations [article]

Jerry Tang, Amanda LeBel, Alexander G Huth
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
We then used these visually-grounded semantic spaces to fit voxelwise encoding models to fMRI data collected while subjects listened to hours of narrative stories.  ...  To study how semantic representations in cortex integrate perceptual and linguistic information, we created semantic word embedding spaces that combine models of visual and linguistic processing.  ...  Prior to concatenation Vw was scaled to unit norm and then multiplied by αw 1/2 899 while Lw was scaled to unit norm and then multiplied by (1 -αw) 1/2 .  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.05.19.444701 fatcat:wbwcgoss2rernajcj4ykbclvqa

Can inferencing be trained in preschoolers using shared book-reading? A randomised controlled trial of parents' inference-eliciting questions on oral inferencing ability

Catherine DAVIES, Michelle MCGILLION, Caroline ROWLAND, Danielle MATTHEWS
2019 Journal of Child Language  
While inferencing training benefits reading comprehension in school-aged children (see Elleman, 2017, for a review), we do not yet know whether it is beneficial to support the development of these skills  ...  In a pre-registered randomised controlled trial, we evaluated the efficacy of a parent-delivered intervention intended to promote four-year-olds' oral inferencing skills during shared book-reading.  ...  These stories were presented in two parts to 336 minimise memory demands and included pictorial supports to illustrate characters in the 337 story. 338 Table 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0305000919000801 pmid:31858950 fatcat:5xvc2bbybbgrzmuxfhs2m4droy

The Andrea Yates Effect: Priming Mental Illness Stereotypes Through Exemplification of Postpartum Disorders

Lynette Holman, Robert McKeever
2016 Health Communication  
Although such incidents are incredibly rare -only 1 in 1,000 new mothers develops postpartum psychosis, and of these, only 4% commit infanticide (Parry, 1995) -women make the news when they kill their  ...  However, in spite of harsher judgments and higher perceptions of risk, those in the non-extreme condition were more likely than those in extreme condition to engage their health care providers if they  ...  She found that most of the analyzed stories utilized at least one of four particular narratives: (1) the "perfect/imperfect mother" narrative, or stories that position the woman who committed infanticide  ... 
doi:10.1080/10410236.2016.1219929 pmid:27690626 fatcat:rogcd7jqsza6fgtxavys7vuypm

Ontology-Based User Modeling in an Augmented Audio Reality System for Museums

Marek Hatala, Ron Wakkary
2005 User modeling and user-adapted interaction  
Among the challenges is 8 the general problem of capturing the larger context in interaction from the perspective 9 of user modeling and human-computer interaction (HCI).  ...  In this paper we present our findings from user testing and 19 how our approach works well with an audio and tangible user interface within a ubiqui-20 tous computing system.  ...  Instead of doing extensive testing for weight 612 values the weights were established in consultation with an expert in interactive 613 narrative and storytelling. contributed, up to a maximum of 48%.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11257-005-2304-5 fatcat:2kpmkusddnguzcf7bcr7p7kswu

The effects of the London 2012 Olympics and related urban regeneration on physical and mental health: the ORiEL mixed-methods evaluation of a natural experiment

Steven Cummins, Charlotte Clark, Daniel Lewis, Neil Smith, Claire Thompson, Melanie Smuk, Stephen Stansfeld, Stephanie Taylor, Amanda Fahy, Trish Greenhalgh, Sandra Eldridge
2018 Public Health Research  
The findings suggested that the Games temporarily alleviated certain stressors in the social and physical environment.  ...  For well-being, there was no association between boroughs and change in well-being between baseline and the 6-month follow-up.  ...  Acknowledgements Contributions of others We would like to thank Mark Petticrew, Adrian Renton and Derek Moore, all of whom contributed to the design of the study and are involved in publications arising  ... 
doi:10.3310/phr06120 fatcat:redn2j5eczdgzd635ruygw3yr4

Towards a Theory of Communicative Efficiency in Human Languages

Natalia Levshina
2018 Zenodo  
In Parts II and III, the author zooms in on two well-known phenomena in languages of the world: causative constructions and differential case marking.  ...  This study develops a probabilistic theory of efficiency in natural language.  ...  65 Distribution of features of P within the role Study Corpus Lexical Human 1 st & 2 nd New Du Bois 1987 Pear Story narratives in Sakapultek 45.8% 10% NA 24.7% Chui 1992 Ghost narratives  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1542857 fatcat:wo36mdb3tjhwpkwgih2vhbldwa

Examining trust factors in online food risk information: The case of unpasteurized or 'raw' milk

Elizabeth Sillence, Claire Hardy, Lydia C. Medeiros, Jeffrey T. LeJeune
2016 Appetite  
Seventeen of the participants also took 16 part in a follow up telephone interview 2 weeks later.  ...  Findings are discussed in relation to the 22 development of trustworthy online food safety resources. 23 24 we are also seeing the emergence of social media as a potential way of communicating 44 information  ...  site", on a five point scale from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.01.010 pmid:26792772 fatcat:dys6uo3ftbftjewe7zbzgteyd4

The Neural Dynamics of Individual Differences in Episodic Autobiographical Memory

Raluca Petrican, Daniela J. Palombo, Signy Sheldon, Brian Levine
2020 eNeuro  
Hence, here, we test whether features of the brain's functional architecture relevant to perceptual versus conceptual processes shape individual differences in both self-rated E-AM and laboratory-based  ...  Specifically, the subjective sense of being able to revisit one's past relates to neural mechanisms supporting serial mental operations, whereas difficulties in accessing past experiences may be traced  ...  ), computed separately for the Day 1 and Day 2 resting state 439 sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1523/eneuro.0531-19.2020 pmid:32060035 pmcid:PMC7171291 fatcat:magw2drdgzdxln2exsafxskmfm

The Singapore experience: Synergy of national policy, classroom practice and design research

Chee-Kit Looi, Hyo-Jeong So, Yancy Toh, Wenli Chen
2011 International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning  
These issues are especially important in many Asian Fig. 1 A systemic framework for enabling CSCL practices via the alignment of macro, meso and micro levels in the Singapore context Computer-Supported  ...  In recent years there has been a proliferation of research findings on CSCL at the 11 micro and macro levels, but few compelling examples of how CSCL research has impacted 12 actual classroom practices  ...  Scaling up by achieving "depth" 532 By the end of the second cycle of GS intervention, the students were going to be Grade six 533 students, who will take the national Primary School Leaving Examination  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11412-010-9102-8 fatcat:ogyhwcbiqnfinah4y7e27rxgxi

States, events, and generics: computational modeling of situation entity types [article]

Annemarie Silke Friedrich, Universität Des Saarlandes, Universität Des Saarlandes
In the second part of this dissertation, we create computational models for each of the above mentioned classification tasks in a supervised setting, advancing the state-of-theart in each case.  ...  This dissertation addresses the computational modeling of situation entity types (Smith, 2003) , an inventory of clause types capturing aspectual and semantic distinctions that are relevant for various  ...  The Narrative mode (2) is used when telling stories, presenting predominantly States and Events that happen in a certain order.  ... 
doi:10.22028/d291-23666 fatcat:aepma6cksrd4naqek5ebi22ubi

Artificial Intelligence, Speech, and Language Processing Approaches to Monitoring Alzheimer's Disease: A Systematic Review

Sofia de la Fuente Garcia, Craig Ritchie, Saturnino Luz
2020 Journal of Alzheimer's Disease  
Objective: Firstly, to summarize the existing findings on the use of artificial intelligence, speech, and language processing to predict cognitive decline in the context of Alzheimer's disease.  ...  Language is a valuable source of clinical information in Alzheimer's disease, as it declines concurrently with neurodegeneration.  ...  in 751 modelling.  ... 
doi:10.3233/jad-200888 pmid:33185605 fatcat:qs7hs3sbdng35cftmwtin66mku

Content, Control and the Socially Networked Film

Jon M. Garon
2009 Social Science Research Network  
culture event in the United States.  ...  ("In addition to removing offensive material, the filtering technology is capable ofadding in new material to cover up what one finds offensive ('filtering plus')..  ...  The AFTRA Interactive Media Agreement covers performers who perform primarily in interactive programs [sic] i.e., personal computers, games, arcade games, etc., as well as entertainment programming such  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1480160 fatcat:bvqfw6dgmjgr5h4ndcucruvepi

Social physics [article]

Marko Jusup, Petter Holme, Kiyoshi Kanazawa, Misako Takayasu, Ivan Romic, Zhen Wang, Suncana Gecek, Tomislav Lipic, Boris Podobnik, Lin Wang, Wei Luo, Tin Klanjscek (+3 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recent decades have seen a rise in the use of physics-inspired or physics-like methods in attempts to resolve diverse societal problems.  ...  , cooperation as a basis for civilised life, the structure of (social) networks, and the integration of intelligent machines in such networks.  ...  [88] proposes a model that relates many scaling exponents and finds the regions of parameter space where a city can exist.  ... 
arXiv:2110.01866v1 fatcat:ccfxyezl6zgddd6uvrxubmaxua
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