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Greater visual averaging of face identity for own-gender faces

Jan W. de Fockert, Ben Gautrey
2013 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
Here, we replicate this finding and show that the tendency to process sets of faces in terms of an average representation is greater for own-gender faces.  ...  The finding that observers were more likely to incorrectly endorse own-gender (vs. othergender) faces forms an exception to the often reported owngender advantage in face recognition.  ...  photograph, would be greater for male faces in female observers and for female faces in male observers.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0381-8 pmid:23355045 fatcat:blapnel7vvev7cza7kmm7uz6tm

Asymmetry in facial expression

H. Sackeim, R. Gur
1980 Science  
In making the happy photographs, we caught the models off guard during a spontaneously occurring happy moment in the photographic session.  ...  In describing how the photographs were taken, Friesen and I wrote that the photographic models "'were not told to feel an emotion, but rather given instructions such as lower your brow so that it looks  ...  In fact, of the eighteen right-handers I used I did not find that a posed smile was strong-*er on the left of the face.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.7403854 pmid:7403854 fatcat:myvj3hyjgfbqpp3q3ed2z27oei

Asymmetry in facial expression

S. Spinrad
1980 Science  
In making the happy photographs, we caught the models off guard during a spontaneously occurring happy moment in the photographic session.  ...  In describing how the photographs were taken, Friesen and I wrote that the photographic models "'were not told to feel an emotion, but rather given instructions such as lower your brow so that it looks  ...  In fact, of the eighteen right-handers I used I did not find that a posed smile was strong-*er on the left of the face.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.7403853 pmid:7403853 fatcat:vce6w275gzey7kf4fcfxc2hbky

Hidden Sexism: Facial Prominence and Its Connections to Gender and Occupational Status in Popular Print Media

Justin L. Matthews
2007 Sex Roles  
face-to-body ratios than men in similar occupations.  ...  A total of 779 article-embedded photographs from six popular U.  ...  s findings. Nigro and colleagues analyzed face-to-body ratio in 1970 and 1980 using photographs from both Time and Newsweek of those 2 years.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9276-3 fatcat:z6svzbhmsfdi5lvuhqcl4w7zyq

Recognizing Faces

Andrew W. Young, A. Mike Burton
2017 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
The idea that most of us are good at recognising faces permeates everyday thinking and is widely used in the research literature.  ...  However, it is only a correct characterisation of familiar face recognition; the perception and recognition of unfamiliar faces can be surprisingly error-prone.  ...  discussed their findings in terms of the idea of image variability. Photographs of faces differ in many ways that include pose, expression, lighting, camera, and lens characteristics.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963721416688114 fatcat:hzn3bv4e3rhgfaqka4ly27vkye

Page 722 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 20, Issue 4 [page]

2008 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
labeling emotional face photographs Hornak et al., 2003 F-C labeling morphed emotional face photographs (morphs between emotions) Shamay-Tsoory, Tomer, F-C labeling emotional face Berger, & Aharon-Peretz  ...  Regions Implicated Specific Emotions Impaired Hornak, Rolls, & Wade, 1996 forced-choice (F-C) labeling emotional face photographs Adolphs et al., 2000 F-C labeling emotional face photographs Marinkovic  ... 

The effects of different types of retrieval cues on the recall of names of famous faces

J. Richard Hanley, Elaine S. Cowell
1988 Memory & Cognition  
In Experiment 2, the effects of a new photograph were compared with a condition in which the same photograph was presented twice.  ...  A new photograph was beneficial when subjects had previously found the face unfamiliar and when they found the face familiar only, but not when they knew the occupation.  ...  However, the performance by the subjects in the same-photo condition makes it clear that a different photograph helps subjects when they find the original photograph unfamiliar or familiar only, but not  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03197056 pmid:3193886 fatcat:hnobqbegl5hedli4efjbkuxz3u

Variability in photos of the same face

Rob Jenkins, David White, Xandra Van Montfort, A. Mike Burton
2011 Cognition  
For example, our findings suggest that face photographs are unsuitable as proof of identity.  ...  In Experiment 3, multiple photographs of any individual formed a continuum of good to bad likeness, which was highly sensitive to familiarity.  ...  We thank Rachael Main for assistance in collecting data for Experiment 4. Our thanks also to three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. Appendix I.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.08.001 pmid:21890124 fatcat:uzngyx7pdfabxlvxbrtvrwj2ji

Judgments of Monkey's (Macaca mulatta) Facial Expressions by Humans: Does Housing Condition "Affect" Countenance?

Jonathan P. Gulledge, Samuel Fernández-Carriba, Duane M. Rumbaugh, David A. Washburn
2014 The Psychological Record  
Results indicated that the photographs of monkeys that were socially housed were more likely to be rated as happy or neutral than were photographs of singly housed monkeys.  ...  We investigated this possibility by taking digital photos of four rhesus monkeys housed either singly or socially and allowing thirty-one participants to judge these photographs as representing either  ...  in the findings reported here.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40732-014-0069-0 pmid:29167585 pmcid:PMC5695919 fatcat:xryyhaoofzd6rfolrhh4ocoqxy

Mirror-Reversal of a Face is Perceived as Expressing Emotions More Intensely

H. S. Asthana, M. K. Mandal
1996 Behavioural Neurology  
Expressions in mirror-reversed orientation were perceived as more intense than in normal orientation.  ...  Right-handed male subjects were asked to judge the intensity, in terms of expressiveness, of facial emotion in normal and mirror-reversed orientations.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by a CSIR research (contingency) grant (9/13(681)94, EMR-1) awarded to H.S. Asthana.  ... 
doi:10.1155/1996/957410 fatcat:aydm477lfvaf7aobetphafykoe

Asymmetry in facial expression

P Ekman
1980 Science  
In making the happy photographs, we caught the models off guard during a spontaneously occurring happy moment in the photographic session.  ...  (1) , the original full-face photograph is not uniformly illuminated. The left side of the model's face shows a greater proportion of shadow than does the right side.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.7403851 pmid:7403851 fatcat:xnk3wr5qqvabblqax4kby2gkha

Survey on Control of Photo Sharing on Online Social Networks

Sahla Nazlin A, Vishnu K
2017 IJARCCE  
To check possible confidentiality outflow of a group photograph, we prepared a mechanism in which each person can take part in the decision making on the photograph posting, so everyone in the photograph  ...  Haar cascade classifier and CBIR (content based image retrieval) algorithm are used in the proposed system for face detection and recognition.  ...  recognizer that searches the database to find the best match to the incoming face image.  ... 
doi:10.17148/ijarcce.2017.6363 fatcat:ljikkwv5zjhaxlelfe6ya2zn7e

Are There Qualitative Differences between Face Processing in Photographic Positive and Negative?

Chang Hong Liu, Avi Chaudhuri
1998 Perception  
The question whether face recognition in photographic negative relies more on external features and pictorial cues than in photographic positive was studied in five experiments.  ...  Overall, these results point to a qualitative rather than quantitative difference between processing face images in photographic positive and negative.  ...  Their idea was to find out when a face is no longer considered a face.  ... 
doi:10.1068/p271107 pmid:10341939 fatcat:r24b6edh2je4nirkiwlamacua4

Asymmetry in facial expression

C. Nelson, F. Horowitz
1980 Science  
In making the happy photographs, we caught the models off guard during a spontaneously occurring happy moment in the photographic session.  ...  In describing how the photographs were taken, Friesen and I wrote that the photographic models "'were not told to feel an emotion, but rather given instructions such as lower your brow so that it looks  ...  To make the case that asymmetry in facial width accounts for our finding, one must show that in our sample of photographs the two sides of the face differed significantly in size and that differences in  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.7403852 pmid:7403852 fatcat:kgtm3wlvozavvcmpl6v6nd7px4

Identity Verification from Photographs in Travel Documents: The Role of Display Duration and Orientation on Performance

Sarah D. Chiller-Glaus, Adrian Schwaninger, Franziska Hofer
2007 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
Overall detection performance was relatively low, which confirms the findings of previous studies on face recognition from photographs (see introduction).  ...  together with an up-to-date picture of the passenger is supposed to facilitate identification -a procedure which utterly contradicts theoretical findings in face recognition: Yin (1969) was the first  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193120705101910 fatcat:il243amdafbnfkdfqdz7luhv5u
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