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Finding Astronomical Communities Through Co-readership Analysis [article]

Edwin A. Henneken, Michael J. Kurtz, Guenther Eichhorn, Alberto Accomazzi, Carolyn S. Grant, Donna Thompson, Elizabeth Bohlen, Stephen S. Murray
2007 arXiv   pre-print
We will show that the co-read relationship results in structure, we will describe this structure and we will provide a first attempt in the classification of this structure in terms of astronomical communities  ...  Examples of such "representations" are the projection of co-read vectors onto Principal Components and the spectral density of the co-read network.  ...  This poster shows a first attempt in determining whether using readership data for community detection finds meaningful results.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0701035v1 fatcat:r27dwngvujf55daauu2igt2jo4

Putting astronomy on the map: The launch of the first geographical‐astronomical journal

Alexander Stoeger
2020 Centaurus  
In 1798, astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach in Gotha and publisher Friedrich Justin Bertuch in Weimar launched the first astronomical-geographical journal, Allgemeine geographische Ephemeriden (AGE).  ...  and one intended to address an interested lay readership by providing information, maps, and illustrations.  ...  This analysis highlights the connection between the editor's and publisher's ideas of a specialised journal, the need to find a supporting readership, and the content that defines the journal.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12282 fatcat:ujzciv4uorh7vnk7v2275mmw74

Astronomy 3.0 Style [article]

Alberto Accomazzi
2010 arXiv   pre-print
Examples of how small, incremental steps can, in the aggregate, make a significant difference in the provision and repurposing of astronomical data are provided.  ...  This new networked environment will offer both challenges and opportunities to our community and has the potential to transform the way data are described, curated and preserved.  ...  For instance, ADS uses its citation and co-readership network to generate recommendations to individual readers, both on an article-by-article basis and in the aggregate, through its myADS notification  ... 
arXiv:1006.0670v1 fatcat:jsrm5est3nazjc73mcqrsfay4u

The NASA Astrophysics Data System: Overview

Michael J. Kurtz, Guenther Eichhorn, Alberto Accomazzi, Carolyn S. Grant, Stephen S. Murray, Joyce M. Watson
2000 Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series  
We find that the ADS increases the efficiency of astronomical research by 333 Full Time Equivalent (2000 hour) research years per year, and that the value of the early development of the ADS for astronomy  ...  The NASA Astrophysics Data System Abstract Service has become a key component of astronomical research.  ...  In addition many non-astronomers find ADS through portal sites like Yahoo, which skews the statistics.  ... 
doi:10.1051/aas:2000170 fatcat:6s3qpgiwmfgtxlz5mu544qo6n4

Patterns of Journal Use by Scientists through Three Evolutionary Phases

Carol Tenopir, Donald W. King, Peter Boyce, Matt Grayson, Yan Zhang, Mercy Ebuen
2003 D-Lib Magazine  
survey at University of Tennessee and readership surveys at Colgate-Palmolive, Inc., Johnson & Johnson (Orthopedics, VISTAKON), Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eastman Chemical Co., Dept. of Transportation and  ...  percent of the astronomers.  ... 
doi:10.1045/may2003-king fatcat:v55bwepp6jefrejt66urpvfal4

Disentangling Visibility and Self-Promotion Bias in the arXiv:astro-ph Positional Citation Effect

J. P. Dietrich
2008 Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific  
We find that the positional citation effect is a superposition of self-promotion and visibility bias.  ...  The underlying idea is that scientists through co-authorship form an interconnected network of authors.  ...  This change in submission behavior appears to be indicative of a growing feeling in the astronomical community that VB plays a role and that citations are not awarded purely on merit of the work presented  ... 
doi:10.1086/589836 fatcat:n33zfgsxvnawzakp7s2mlupzpa

Negotiating uncertainty: asteroids, risk and the media

Felicity Mellor
2008 Public Understanding of Science  
This paper examines the way in which a small group of astronomers and planetary scientists have constructed asteroids as risky objects and have attempted to control the media representation of the issue  ...  In a study of policy advice on the risk from mobile phones, Stilgoe (2007) finds that uncertainty and public concerns are co-produced -the judgement about what forms of uncertainty are appropriate also  ...  Zehr (2000) finds that uncertainty, constructed through news values such as controversy and novelty, provided a frame for newspaper coverage of global warming.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963662507087307 fatcat:xli25fh32rgq3g75j3v5mc4zie

Flying Saucers and Multiple Realities: A Case Study in Phenomenological Theory

David Stupple, Abdollah Dashti
1977 Journal of Popular Culture  
Analysis Table I provides a n overview of the social location of the readership. Middle class, male, and older persons are somewhat overrepresented.  ...  First appearing in 1952, they created a sensation in the American psychic community through their tales of adventure with space people.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1977.00479.x fatcat:znm5xanyfnhe5cpchdoadpvxwq

Online epistemic communities: theoretical and methodological directions for understanding knowledge co-elaboration in new digital spaces

Françoise Détienne, Flore Barcellini, Michael Baker, Jean-Marie Burkhardt, Dominique Fréard
2012 Work : A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation  
This paper presents, illustrates and discusses a generic framework for studying knowledge co-elaboration in online epistemic communities ("OECs").  ...  ; fine-grained analyses of meaning, content and communicative functions in interactions.  ...  Our research aim is thus to address this issue through the analysis of (1) the epistemic dimensions of discussions: knowledge domains referred to (e.g. evocation of use scenarii or readership modelling  ... 
doi:10.3233/wor-2012-1036-3511 fatcat:wsot3qtqknbydmi54uxpkue2na

Chattering classes

Derek Bickerton
1996 Nature  
One of his heroes is Kepler, whose laws, he suggests, emerged in a somewhat serendipitous fashion, through sheer perseverance, lateral thinking and general playing with Tycho Brahe's astronomical data  ...  Let's hope he gets to do them while learning the Gregorian chant entitled "Co-option".  ... 
doi:10.1038/382592b0 fatcat:wkgijgdtffgn7eurqfcgczqcmq

ADS: The Next Generation Search Platform [article]

Alberto Accomazzi, Michael J. Kurtz, Edwin A. Henneken, Roman Chyla, James Luker, Carolyn S. Grant, Donna M. Thompson, Alexandra Holachek, Rahul Dave, Stephen S. Murray
2015 arXiv   pre-print
While this effort is still ongoing, some of its benefits are already available through the ADS Labs user interface and API at  ...  Four years after the last LISA meeting, the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) finds itself in the middle of major changes to the infrastructure and contents of its database.  ...  And we generate and maintain citation and co-readership networks (Accomazzi et al. 2007; Kurtz et al. 2005) .  ... 
arXiv:1503.04194v1 fatcat:apvjxbiudfghtaz4iu7ldseny4

Usage Bibliometrics as a Tool to Measure Research Activity [article]

Edwin A. Henneken, Michael J. Kurtz
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Click-stream logs allow us to follow information access by the entire research community, real-time. Publication and citation datasets just reflect activity by authors.  ...  entering through Google) signals need to be removed.  ...  Since most professional astronomers are using the ADS on a daily basis, it makes sense to focus on the field of astronomy in our analysis, because this will result in signals that can be regarded as truly  ... 
arXiv:1706.02153v1 fatcat:bdnqdscnufbvvgrlqvdzqto7ia

Wireless Telephony in Aeroplanes

1920 Nature  
It tS proposed to create a readership in the morphology of vertebrates and a lectureship in zoology in place of the present readership in zoology.  ...  Sampson, Astronomer Royal for Scotland, has been appointed Halley lecturer for 1920.  ... 
doi:10.1038/105055c0 fatcat:kqr54gy33bhktfdcsfejrslecy


C. C. Quattrocchi
2004 Science  
The final form has incorporated many insightful comments from the co-signatories, as listed alphabetically, and from some colleagues who wish to remain anonymous.  ...  These genes exert antioxidant activity through the production of catalase and superoxide dismutase.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.303.5666.1974b pmid:15044784 fatcat:rppivc3ex5fbhfibg4lb3nmewy

Vaunting the independent amateur: Scientific American and the representation of lay scientists

Sean F. Johnston
2018 Annals of Science  
If you communicate your earnest astronomical aspirations to any of the observatories, you will be freely counselled'. 41 40 Albert G.  ...  The growth of hands-on scientific amateurism was a mediated process in which publishers through the twentieth century identified latent readership, advertising and labour markets among technological enthusiasts  ... 
doi:10.1080/00033790.2018.1460691 pmid:29676218 fatcat:lqoy53f62vcrjgl5g3nckrnet4
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