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Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic: Modeling the Perspective of Journalists, Fact-Checkers, Social Media Platforms, Policy Makers, and the Society [article]

Firoj Alam, Shaden Shaar, Fahim Dalvi, Hassan Sajjad, Alex Nikolov, Hamdy Mubarak, Giovanni Da San Martino, Ahmed Abdelali, Nadir Durrani, Kareem Darwish, Abdulaziz Al-Homaid, Wajdi Zaghouani (+5 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
of journalists, fact-checkers, social media platforms, policy makers, and society, and (iii) covers Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, and English.  ...  With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the political and the medical aspects of disinformation merged as the problem got elevated to a whole new level to become the first global infodemic.  ...  This research is part of the Tanbih mega-project, developed at the Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKU, which aims to limit the impact of "fake news," propaganda, and media bias by making users aware  ... 
arXiv:2005.00033v5 fatcat:pqmx6nl22jay7kvoiuunq4hrp4

Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic: Modeling the Perspective of Journalists, Fact-Checkers, Social Media Platforms, Policy Makers, and the Society

Firoj Alam, Shaden Shaar, Fahim Dalvi, Hassan Sajjad, Alex Nikolov, Hamdy Mubarak, Giovanni Da San Martino, Ahmed Abdelali, Nadir Durrani, Kareem Darwish, Abdulaziz Al-Homaid, Wajdi Zaghouani (+5 others)
2021 Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021   unpublished
of journalists, fact-checkers, social media platforms, policy makers, and society, and (iii) covers Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, and English.  ...  With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the political and the medical aspects of disinformation merged as the problem got elevated to a whole new level to become the first global infodemic.  ...  This research is part of the Tanbih mega-project, developed at the Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKU, which aims to limit the impact of "fake news," propaganda, and media bias by making users aware  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.findings-emnlp.56 fatcat:fpkwoxgneng7zo6fzwd3tipysi

Findings of the NLP4IF-2021 Shared Tasks on Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic and Censorship Detection [article]

Shaden Shaar, Firoj Alam, Giovanni Da San Martino, Alex Nikolov, Wajdi Zaghouani, Preslav Nakov, Anna Feldman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present the results and the main findings of the NLP4IF-2021 shared tasks. Task 1 focused on fighting the COVID-19 infodemic in social media, and it was offered in Arabic, Bulgarian, and English.  ...  fact-checking; also, whether it is harmful to society, and whether it requires the attention of policy makers.  ...  This research is part of the Tanbih mega-project, developed at the Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKU, which aims to limit the impact of "fake news," propaganda, and media bias by making users aware  ... 
arXiv:2109.12986v1 fatcat:6c3fqhbk4zhapamab6lx26x6qa

The COVID-19 Infodemic: Mechanism, Impact, and Counter-Measures—A Review of Reviews

Markus Ries
2022 Sustainability  
The mechanism of the COVID-19 infodemic involves specific factors related to the situation, sender, instrument, and recipient.  ...  Pubmed and Cochrane Library were accessed on 29 October 2021 and searched for reviews and systematic reviews on "COVID-19" and "infodemic".  ...  Koops, Institute of Security and Global Affairs, Leiden University, The Netherlands, for the inspiring discussions about International Human Rights.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14052605 fatcat:iexwju2tijckzmneee4p3bssve

A Second Pandemic? Analysis of Fake News About COVID-19 Vaccines in Qatar [article]

Preslav Nakov, Firoj Alam, Shaden Shaar, Giovanni Da San Martino, Yifan Zhang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
While COVID-19 vaccines are finally becoming widely available, a second pandemic that revolves around the circulation of anti-vaxxer fake news may hinder efforts to recover from the first one.  ...  With this in mind, we performed an extensive analysis of Arabic and English tweets about COVID-19 vaccines, with focus on messages originating from Qatar.  ...  Fighting the COVID-19 infodemic: Modeling the perspective of journalists, fact-checkers, social media platforms, policy makers, and the society. In Findings of EMNLP 2021. Phoebe Arnold. 2020.  ... 
arXiv:2109.11372v1 fatcat:ljljdjbgqvcwvdhckmfzaweywe

Findings of the NLP4IF-2021 Shared Tasks on Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic and Censorship Detection

Shaden Shaar, Firoj Alam, Giovanni Da San Martino, Alex Nikolov, Wajdi Zaghouani, Preslav Nakov, Anna Feldman
2021 Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on NLP for Internet Freedom: Censorship, Disinformation, and Propaganda   unpublished
We present the results and the main findings of the NLP4IF-2021 shared tasks. Task 1 focused on fighting the COVID-19 infodemic in social media, and it was offered in Arabic, Bulgarian, and English.  ...  fact-checking; also, whether it is harmful to society, and whether it requires the attention of policy makers.  ...  This research is part of the Tanbih mega-project, developed at the Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKU, which aims to limit the impact of "fake news," propaganda, and media bias by making users aware  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.nlp4if-1.12 fatcat:3vbpd53chzbf5n4zi4z4cq2kuu

Fake News Reaching Young People on Social Networks: Distrust Challenging Media Literacy

Ana Pérez-Escoda, Luis Miguel Pedrero-Esteban, Juana Rubio-Romero, Carlos Jiménez-Narros
2021 Publications  
The content they consume the most since the occurrence of COVID-19 is related to politics, entertainment, humor, and music.  ...  On the other hand, distrust of politicians, media, and journalists is evident.  ...  On 31 March 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, stated "we're not just fighting an epidemic; we're fighting an infodemic" [19] , referring to  ... 
doi:10.3390/publications9020024 fatcat:fpiuba736nagdkusvbp4l7dtty

Can We Spot the "Fake News" Before It Was Even Written? [article]

Preslav Nakov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A number of fact-checking initiatives have been launched so far, both manual and automatic, but the whole enterprise remains in a state of crisis: by the time a claim is finally fact-checked, it could  ...  In particular, we develop media profiles that show the general factuality of reporting, the degree of propagandistic content, hyper-partisanship, leading political ideology, general frame of reporting,  ...  More recently, we have been developing tools for fighting the COVID-19 infodemic by modeling the perspective of journalists, fact-checkers, social media platforms, policy makers, and the society [1, 2  ... 
arXiv:2008.04374v1 fatcat:wuspbs74v5fdbajpjxystx7clu

Who Believes in Conspiracy Theories about the COVID-19 Pandemic in Romania? An Analysis of Conspiracy Theories Believers' Profiles

Raluca Buturoiu, Georgiana Udrea, Denisa-Adriana Oprea, Nicoleta Corbu
2021 Societies  
The current COVID-19 pandemic has been accompanied by the circulation of an unprecedented amount of "polluted" information, especially in the social media environment, among which are false narratives  ...  Using a hierarchical OLS regression model, we found that people who perceive higher incidence of fake news (ß = 0.33, p < 0.001), find social media platforms more useful (ß = 0.13, p < 0.001), have lower  ...  However, while COVID-19-related information is relatively easy to spot in both mainstream media and on various social platforms, an impressive amount of that information is, in fact, misleading, conspiracy-driven  ... 
doi:10.3390/soc11040138 fatcat:pgkrl35ninh7jc2mqoz3kocon4

D1.1 – Recommendations for governance and policies in the n-COV-2019 response

Kees Boersma
2020 Zenodo  
The COVID-19 Crisis Governance Framework introduced in this report is based on the "whole-of-society" approach and contains three analytical layers: (1) The state and the institutional landscape, (2) Established  ...  This report utilizes social scientific methods, particularly (policy) document analysis, discourse analysis and interviews, to unravel the social and human aspects of decision-making practices, collective  ...  Fact-Checking Network, a unit of the Poynter Institute 68 , dedicated to bringing together fact-checkers worldwide in the fight against the infodemic (Zarocostas, 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4427714 fatcat:j6jiwd6xsrfzrax6qsqntivkx4

Governing Online Speech: From 'Posts-As-Trumps' to Proportionality and Probability

Evelyn Douek
2020 Social Science Research Network  
The state of emergency platforms invoked during the COVID-19 pandemic is subsiding and lawmakers are poised to transform the regulatory landscape.  ...  What emerges from this moment will shape the most important channels for communication in the modern era, and have profound consequences for individuals, societies, and democratic governance.  ...  I concentrate on tech platforms' role as the current primary rule-makers and enforcers of online content regulation, the 34 Evelyn Douek, COVID-19 and Social Media Content Moderation, LAWFARE, https://  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3679607 fatcat:axxexp563velzah3c4c5fhkfni

Towards a New Science of Disinformation [article]

Claudio S. Pinhanez, German H. Flores, Marisa A. Vasconcelos, Mu Qiao, Nick Linck, Rogério de Paula, Yuya J. Ong
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, challenge, and argue against the veracity of each piece of media they are exposed to.  ...  the current approaches to fight disinformation obsolete.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to acknowledge the value and substance of the discussions we had with Rachel Bellamy, Bianca Zadrozny, and Jeanette Blomberg during the writing of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2204.01489v1 fatcat:jpah6bhceffxlnhkqgckybn5ym

Great Power Blame Game: The Ongoing War of Words Over COVID-19

Melissa Conley Tyler, Asialink, Tiffany Liu, Asialink
2020 Melbourne Asia Review  
Many other fact checks have been done by the media outlets, social media platforms and others as a collective fight against this 'infodemic'.  ...  The brief lesson in fighting the infodemic has been that of using trusted outlets, building higher reach, 360-degree communication, quick fact checks and ensuring platforms restrict fake news.  ... 
doi:10.37839/mar2652-550x2.17 fatcat:umdd6tuh2rgwnaiyuzwtsutovq

Perspectives on Platform Regulation: Concepts and Models of Social Media Governance Across the Globe

Judit Bayer, Bernd Holznagel, Päivi Korpisaari, Lorna Woods, Fachinformationsdienst Für Internationale Und Interdisziplinäre Rechtsforschung
2021 Recht und Digitalisierung | Digitization and the Law  
Online social media platforms set the agenda and structure for public and private communication in our age. Their influence and power is beyond any traditional media empire.  ...  There are now diverse legislative attempts to regulate platforms in various parts of the world.  ...  The papers have been presented in the workshop series 'Hate speech and Platform Regulation' organised in cooperation of these universities, and hosted by the Institute for Telecommunication and Media Law  ... 
doi:10.17176/20220609-172501-0 fatcat:ajsh6gcxmnhsferyyslen2jqwi

The State of AI Ethics Report (June 2020) [article]

Abhishek Gupta
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Artificial intelligence has become the byword for technological progress and is being used in everything from helping us combat the COVID-19 pandemic to nudging our attention in different directions as  ...  It has never been more important that we keep a sharp eye out on the development of this field and how it is shaping our society and interactions with each other.  ...  COVID-19.  ... 
arXiv:2006.14662v1 fatcat:q76dnqzh4ja5pofurjmpmyeyey
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