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Fighting or embracing multiplicity in neuroimaging? neighborhood leverage versus global calibration

Gang Chen, Paul A. Taylor, Robert W. Cox, Luiz Pessoa
2019 NeuroImage  
In addition, the required step of multiple testing "correction" by taking into consideration spatial relatedness, or neighborhood leverage, can only partly recoup statistical efficiency, resulting in potentially  ...  The present paper reviews how Stein's paradox (1956) motivates a Bayesian multilevel (BML) approach that, rather than fighting multiplicity, embraces it to our advantage through a global calibration process  ...  LP's research was supported in part by the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH071589 and R01 MH112517).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116320 pmid:31698079 pmcid:PMC6980934 fatcat:bny756vrc5de3bloqxbdxcpqsy

How to Deal with Multiplicity in Neuroimaging? A Case for Global Calibration [article]

Gang Chen, Paul A Taylor, Robert W Cox, Luiz Pessoa
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
In addition, the required step of multiple testing "correction" by taking into consideration spatial relatedness, or neighborhood leverage (such as the extent of statistical evidence), can only partly  ...  The present paper reviews how Stein's paradox (1956) motivates a Bayesian multilevel (BML) approach that, rather than fighting multiplicity, embraces it to our advantage through a global calibration process  ...  LP's research is supported in part by the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH071589 and R01 MH112517).  ... 
doi:10.1101/706747 fatcat:4zwwf6l7k5bo7mypduepx7t7jq

Context, engagement, and the (multiple) functions of negativity bias

Christopher M. Federico, Christopher D. Johnston, Howard G. Lavine
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13002550 pmid:24970433 fatcat:r2enbqf5t5fzpnnc2zq6hwusle

Not so simple: The multidimensional nature and diverse origins of political ideology

Stanley Feldman, Leonie Huddy
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13002562 pmid:24970434 fatcat:btjpggj7xzdtdelyuxfo6wzuuq

Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology

John R. Hibbing, Kevin B. Smith, John R. Alford
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13001192 pmid:24970428 fatcat:odon3jmubjd5hfkynkbprn3fxu

The "chicken-and-egg" problem in political neuroscience

John T. Jost, Sharareh Noorbaloochi, Jay J. Van Bavel
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13002616 pmid:24970439 fatcat:emsbpc35effd5gtc7movut3qwi

Negativity bias and basic values

Shalom H. Schwartz
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13002720 pmid:24970450 fatcat:o46n4v5spjfw7jocrc7sahe4py

The negativity bias: Conceptualization, quantification, and individual differences

John T. Cacioppo, Stephanie Cacioppo, Jackie K. Gollan
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A rapidly growing body of empirical evidence documents a multitude of ways in which liberals and conservatives differ from each other in purviews of life with little direct connection to politics, from  ...  Thus the role of negativity bias in broad ideological conflict depends on the strategic packaging of economic and social attitudes by political elites.  ...  Open Peer Commentary Liberals and conservatives can show similarities in negativity bias  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13002537 pmid:24970431 fatcat:jrz5otrgubfqhkocmlmsblpjnm

A conceptual framework for the neurobiological study of resilience

Raffael Kalisch, Marianne B. Müller, Oliver Tüscher
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The well-replicated observation that many people maintain mental health despite exposure to severe psychological or physical adversity has ignited interest in the mechanisms that protect against stress-related  ...  Focusing on resilience rather than pathophysiology in many ways represents a paradigm shift in clinical-psychological and psychiatric research that has great potential for the development of new prevention  ...  For example, aversion to a predator may result in the prey's immobility or escape or fight.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1400082x pmid:25158686 fatcat:5jooovtaarbqzg25eml7jl7zji

Resilience: Mediated by not one but many appraisal mechanisms

Patrik N. Juslin
2015 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Hence, both research and prevention must deal with appraisal in mechanism-specific ways.  ...  AbstractKalisch et al. discuss the causal process underlying stress in terms of a multidimensional goal-appraisal process, but there are several mechanisms at various levels of the brain that use different  ...  For example, aversion to a predator may result in the prey's immobility or escape or fight.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x14001563 pmid:26786390 fatcat:5sc4jlo6jrbktgm63tkyyi67d4

The value of "negative" appraisals for resilience. Is positive (re)appraisal always good and negative always bad?

Alexandra M. Freund, Ursula M. Staudinger
2015 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This perspective posits that emotional reactions to events provide important guidelines as to which events, environments, or social relations should be sought out and which ones should be avoided in the  ...  For example, aversion to a predator may result in the prey's immobility or escape or fight.  ...  factors or mechanisms as well as more global ones.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x14001526 pmid:26785853 fatcat:puf4hsseovgjpnnhnbmcu2tkci

Cognitive systems for revenge and forgiveness

Michael E. McCullough, Robert Kurzban, Benjamin A. Tabak
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
adaptive problems (including homicide, bodily harm, theft, mate poaching, cuckoldry, reputational damage, sexual aggression, and the infliction of these costs on one's offspring, mates, coalition partners, or  ...  AbstractMinimizing the costs that others impose upon oneself and upon those in whom one has a fitness stake, such as kin and allies, is a key adaptive problem for many organisms.  ...  It thus remains unclear whether activations in the proposed brain regions are specific to forgiveness or whether they mirror social and/or moral judgment more globally (Hayashi et al. 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11002160 pmid:23211191 fatcat:7cy6wppp2jgzpk6fjisikxa3hu

INVITED ABSTRACTS

2015 Journal of Thoracic Oncology  
We share common priorities and face common challenges in the fight to improve global public health.  ...  The lung cancer mortality was 13 per 1000 in high deprivation neighborhoods vs 8 per 1000 (OR 1.6) in low deprivation neighborhoods.  ...  trial (n=564), assessing tremelimumab versus placebo in 2 nd /3 rd line treatment of MPM.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1556-0864(16)30009-0 fatcat:dp7nw6kfnnekjimnadoi5bexpa

Abstracts of the 16th International Congress of ESCAP European Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

2015 European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  
society through the neighborhood, the school, or the media on the other hand.  ...  Results: Preliminary results will be presented on HR and HRV in CD girls versus controls as well as CD girls versus CD boys.  ...  Methods: One hundred and twenty-six children and adolescents aged 7 to 19, with a parent with Sz or Bp and community controls (CcO; absence of diagnosis of Sz or Bp in 1st or 2nd degree relatives) were  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00787-015-0714-4 pmid:26022212 fatcat:3emfqkc4dfenbay4dtpeveanva

DISTRIBUTION A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Multi-­-Method Assessment of ISIL A Strategic Multilayer Assessment (SMA) Periodic Publication

Andrew Bringuel, Fbi Muayyad Al-­-Chalabi, Jhu-­-Apl, Sarah Canna, Jocelyne Cesari, Steven Corman, Randy Kluver, Texas Am, Larry Kuznar, Gina Ligon, Leif Lundmark, Js (+7 others)
2014 unpublished
Acknowledgements This work was adapted with permission from prior papers and chapters by the authors (as cited in text and below) for use in this document.  ...  "How durable is the organization versus the idea or ideology likely to be?"  ...  The study's complex integrated analysis of multiple types of primary data signals the emergence of a new model of global jihad in future conflicts resulting from the impact of ISIL on the global jihadist  ... 
fatcat:rsf7rdxwubghtcbtpicdktiewi