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Progress in Quantum Algorithms

Peter W. Shor
2004 Quantum Information Processing  
Some possible reasons are given for the paucity of quantum algorithms so far discovered, and a short survey is given of the state of the field.  ...  We discuss the progress (or lack of it) that has been made in discovering algorithms for computation on a quantum computer.  ...  The second is that quantum computers operate in a manner so non-intuitive, and so different from classical computers, that all the experience of the last fifty years in discovering classical algorithms  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11128-004-3878-2 fatcat:o6hvaxtkrfddzb765cqlbtc2u4

Diachronic Variation of Temporal Expressions in Scientific Writing Through the Lens of Relative Entropy [chapter]

Stefania Degaetano-Ortlieb, Jannik Strötgen
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
While we focus on scientific writing, our approach is generalizable to other domains and interesting not only in the field of NLP, but also in humanities.  ...  So far, frequency-based accounts dominate in the investigation of specific temporal expressions.  ...  For comparative purposes, we divide the corpus into fifty year time periods. Table 1 shows the time periods, their coverage and the sub-corpus sizes in number of tokens and documents.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-73706-5_22 fatcat:z5hsfqcn4zgzzk3kafy5443xpm

Breast cancer: new aspects of adjuvant hormonal therapy

C. Lohrisch, M. Piccart
2000 Annals of Oncology  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge to the Fonds de recherche en cancerologie mammaire (Fonds Heuson) for supporting the clinical research fellowship of Dr Caroline Lohrisch  ...  trend favouring the combination among ER+ patients (n = 107, DFS 23% vs 15%, p = 0.13 and OS 41% vs 30%, p = 0.12) with 10 years follow-up [41] .  ...  Fifty-nine percent of the patients had 1-3 nodes, and 29% had >4 nodes involved.  ... 
doi:10.1093/annonc/11.suppl_3.13 pmid:11079114 fatcat:ye53gb4zufdrbnlhjndzhskvma

Management of the stiff shoulder. A prospective multicenter comparative study of the six main techniques in use: 235 cases

P. Gleyze, P. Clavert, P.-H. Flurin, E. Laprelle, D. Katz, B. Toussaint, T. Benkalfate, C. Charousset, T. Joudet, T. Georges, L. Hubert, L. Lafosse (+3 others)
2011 Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research  
rehabilitation, possibly completed by capsular distension or anesthesia between the 3rd and 6th months.  ...  Capsulotomy does not demonstrate greater therapeutic power but its failure rate (persisting stiffness at 1 year) is 0% versus 14-17% for the other techniques (P < 0.05).  ...  flexion less than 150 • vs 180 • , passive external rotation less than 40 • vs 60 • , and reduction of internal rotation) compared to the healthy contralateral side.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.otsr.2011.09.004 pmid:22036993 fatcat:5zfismffe5cibhx3vv3hqpc23a

Exchangeable Femoral Neck (Dual-Modular) THA Prostheses Have Poorer Survivorship Than Other Designs: A Nationwide Cohort of 324,108 Patients

Sandrine Colas, Assia Allalou, Antoine Poichotte, Philippe Piriou, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Mahmoud Zureik
2017 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research  
introduced in THA to improve restoration of joint biomechanics (restoring anteversion, offset, and limb  ...  Exchangeable neck stems, defined as those with a dual taper (that is, a modular junction between the femoral head and the femoral neck and an additional junction between the neck and the stem body), were  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Annie Rudnichi MD, MSc (French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety, Saint-Denis, France) for her contribution in the acquisition of the data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11999-017-5260-6 pmid:28194710 pmcid:PMC5498370 fatcat:a2kbc664sbcqdawc4i2m6megqa

Effects of noun phrase type on sentence complexity

Peter C Gordon, Randall Hendrick, Marcus Johnson
2004 Journal of Memory and Language  
Structural semantic characteristics of the NP in the embedded clause (definite vs. indefinite and definite vs. generic) did not influence the magnitude of the processing difficulty even though corpus analysis  ...  Together with previous findings, these results support the conclusion that NPs with common nouns differ in representational similarity from NPs consisting of proper names and pronouns, and that similarity  ...  The statistical frequencies of NP characteristics in object vs. subject RCs, when possible, were determined via corpus analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2004.02.003 fatcat:s6mdcnujzvdolkqucrbdxf5zai

Effects of noun phrase type on sentence complexity*1

P GORDON
2004 Journal of Memory and Language  
Structural semantic characteristics of the NP in the embedded clause (definite vs. indefinite and definite vs. generic) did not influence the magnitude of the processing difficulty even though corpus analysis  ...  Together with previous findings, these results support the conclusion that NPs with common nouns differ in representational similarity from NPs consisting of proper names and pronouns, and that similarity  ...  The statistical frequencies of NP characteristics in object vs. subject RCs, when possible, were determined via corpus analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0749-596x(04)00021-x fatcat:37ibrqt5yvgb3kfygqlh3d6smq

European neuroborreliosis: quality of life 30 months after treatment

R. Eikeland, Å. Mygland, K. Herlofson, U. Ljøstad
2011 Acta Neurologica Scandinavica  
vs. 7.2, P=0.038 CVLT list B: 4.68 vs. 5.50, P=0.003).  ...  P=0.003) MCS =48 (SD=12) vs. 53 (SD=10), P=0.2), and they had a higher FSS score (4.3 (SD=2.0) vs. 3.1 (SD=1.8), P=0.045).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1600-0404.2010.01482.x pmid:21303350 fatcat:r54tx4b4vfdhzijw2rm3ljbyzi

Efficiency Theory : a Unifying Theory for Information, Computation and Intelligence

Roman V. Yampolskiy
2013 Journal of Discrete Mathematical Sciences and Cryptography  
, Chaitin, Yao and many others under a common umbrella of the efficiency theory.  ...  The paper serves as the first contribution towards the development of the theory of efficiency: a unifying framework for the currently disjoint theories of information, complexity, communication and computation  ...  The related P vs NP question which addresses possibility of finding efficient algorithms for intractable problems is one of the most important and well-studied problems of modernity [45, [58] [59] [60  ... 
doi:10.1080/09720529.2013.821361 fatcat:445coj7wt5akzixwjd2uibwjey

Influence of age, social patterns and nasopharyngeal carriage on antibodies to three conserved pneumococcal surface proteins (PhtD, PcpA and PrtA) in healthy young children

A. Hagerman, K. M. Posfay-Barbe, S. Grillet, M. M. Ochs, R. H. Brookes, D. Greenberg, N. Givon-Lavi, R. Dagan, C.-A. Siegrist
2012 European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases  
Anti-PcpA and anti-PrtA, but not anti-PhtD, were significantly higher in Bedouin children (PcpA: 361.6 vs. 226.3, p00.02; PrtA: 67.2 vs. 29.5, p<0.001) in whom Spn nasopharyngeal carriage was identified  ...  earlier (60 % vs. 38 % of carriers <6 months of age, p00.002).  ...  Claire-Anne Siegrist has received, in the last 5 years, grants/research support from sanofi pasteur, GlaxoSmithKline, NasVax Ltd. and DBV Technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10096-012-1712-9 pmid:22903166 fatcat:lgtnv6ul35g57fnoa3nfdvagjm

Grammatical feature dissimilarities make relative clauses easier: A comprehension study with Italian children

Flavia Adani, Heather K.J. van der Lely, Matteo Forgiarini, Maria Teresa Guasti
2010 Lingua  
comments and suggestions at various stages of this work and to Isabelle Charnavel for reading a previous version of the manuscript.  ...  Rovani'', both located in Sesto San Giovanni, a northern subborb of Milano: we want to express our gratitude to all participants, their teachers and their parents for making this study possible.  ...  The creation of two lists with reversed NP Table 1 Mean ages and SD (in months) and age range for each group of children. 5-Year-old (N = 15) mean (SD) 7-Year-old (N = 18) mean (SD) 9-Year-old (N =  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2010.03.018 pmid:21151323 pmcid:PMC2956846 fatcat:2da3v7ltordepotv7mbditgzdi

Chinese Herbal Medicine for Improving Quality of Life Among Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer Patients

Xinyin Wu, Vincent C.H. Chung, Ping Lu, Simon K. Poon, Edwin P. Hui, Alexander Y.L. Lau, Lynda G. Balneaves, Samuel Y.S. Wong, Justin C.Y. Wu
2016 Medicine  
ÃÃ Random-effect model was used for all meta-analyses. y This column reports the number of studies pooled after the application of trim and fill adjustments. Italicized values indicate p < 0.05.  ...  reviews, SUCRA = surface under the cumulative ranking curve, TNM = tumor-node-metastasis stage.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We are grateful to Ms Wong Hoi Lam Charlene and Ms Yu Tak Ying for the reference input.  ... 
doi:10.1097/md.0000000000002410 pmid:26735544 pmcid:PMC4706264 fatcat:whjn4z6zrzgtzlcjkpxnif6xem

Chemical tuning of Coulomb blockade at room-temperature in ultra-small platinum nanoparticle self-assemblies

Simon Tricard, Olivier Said-Aizpuru, Donia Bouzouita, Suhail Usmani, Angélique Gillet, Marine Tassé, Romuald Poteau, Guillaume Viau, Phillipe Demont, Julian Carrey, Bruno Chaudret
2017 Materials Horizons  
Self-assembly is a first step towards nanoelectronic systems, where the charging energy of ultra-small nanoparticles is tuned by the nature of the ligands.  ...  Notes and references  ...  Such arrays of ultra-small NPs offer the possibility to measure charge transport.  ... 
doi:10.1039/c6mh00419a fatcat:hvz4vj5ns5gr7gofe6kjyndul4

Constructing covert dependencies—The case of Mandarin wh-in-situ dependency

Ming Xiang, SuiPing Wang, YanLing Cui
2015 Journal of Memory and Language  
In addition, a set of sentence completion studies also showed that the production of wh-in-situ constructions is heavily modulated by the increased working memory burden that results from planning and  ...  In two comprehension experiments, we showed that the process of linking an in-situ wh-phrase and its scope position induces a similarity-based memory interference effect if another clause boundary position  ...  Preparation of the study and the manuscript was partially supported by grants to SuiPing Wang from the Natural Science Foundation of China [NSF 31271086]  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2015.05.006 fatcat:fndx5ovxinekdjwemxjoziefd4

Randomized Search Heuristics as an Alternative to Exact Optimization [chapter]

Ingo Wegener
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Finally, a complexity theory of so-called blackbox problems is presented and it is shown how the limits of randomized search heuristics can be proved without assumptions like NP = P.  ...  Different randomized search heuristics are presented and it is argued why the expected optimization time of heuristics should be analyzed.  ...  In the fifties and early sixties of the last century one was satisfied when the algorithm was running efficiently -in most experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-25967-1_10 fatcat:bljnrvohjvehldjl275j2x5eo4
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