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Challenges in Translating Chinese Classics into English: Example of Biography of Huan Tan and Feng Yan from Book of the Later Han

Qu Jingyi
2019 Sinología hispánica  
Through reading the English translation of the "Biography of Huan Tan and Feng Yan" from the Book of the Later Han, the following<br />three issues are arguably noteworthy for the translator's consideration  ...  This paper intends to analyse the above three issues through a case study on the "Biography of Huan Tan and Feng Yan", thereby demonstrating how the translation of Chinese classics is an<br />arduous yet  ...  With Geography In the letter written by Feng Yan to Tian Yi 田邑: 夫上黨之地,有四塞之固,東帶三關,西為國蔽。  ... 
doi:10.18002/sin.v7i2.5733 fatcat:6ugsapdlo5hmrnhsxaxjlylmt4

Un maître ès poésie et ses sensuelles disciples

Lu Gan, Michèle Guyot
2021 Impressions d'Extrême-Orient  
Un maître ès poésie et ses sensuelles disciples Feng Ya Song 风雅颂 de Yan Lianke 阎连科 Lu Gan et Michèle Guyot Texte intégral Introduction 1 Yan Lianke 閻連科, Feng ya song 風雅頌 (Les chansons, les odes  ...  Ce chapitre figure égaleme (...) 1 Feng Ya Song 風雅頌 est un roman écrit par l’écrivain chinois contemporain Yan Lianke 閻連科 ; il a été pour la première fois publié en 20081.  ... 
doi:10.4000/ideo.2123 fatcat:uam6joqfxnep5ighcegli3fef4

Die chinesische Dokumentarfilmregisseurin Feng Yan und ihr Film Bing'ai

Sarah Linder
2014 unpublished
Darüber hinaus war eine Verständigung zwischen Feng Yan und Bing`ai anfangs fast unmöglich, da Feng Yan kein Wort von Bing`ai verstand. Feng Yan kommt ursprünglich aus Tianjin.  ...  Das Interview ermöglichte einen ähnlichen Zugang zu Feng Yan, wie Feng Yan ihn einst im Film Bing`ai wählte. 24 Auch Feng Yan verbrachte viele Stunden damit, den Geschichten ihrer Protagonistin zuzuhören  ... 
doi:10.25365/thesis.32154 fatcat:hii674eo3nagfpxf2ndmczl2ni

Potential immunotoxic effects of trichloroethylene-induced IV allergic reaction in renal impairment

Jun-Feng Yu, Yan-Yan Feng, Xiao-Feng Shen
2017 Central European Journal of Immunology  
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is known to induce allergic contact dermatitis and subsequent occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis (OMLD) with multi-system injuries, including liver, kidney, and skin injuries. However, the mechanisms underlying immune system dysfunction that result in organ injury have not yet been clearly elucidated. In the present study, we measured the levels of secreted cytokines by effect or T cells in TCE-treated guinea pigs to better understand the contribution of allergic
more » ... disorders in renal injuries. We immunized guinea pigs with trichloroethylene using the Guinea Pig Maximization Test (GPMT) and scored the inflammation on the guinea pigs' skin. The kidney function and ultra-structural changes in the kidneys were detected using biochemical methods and electron microscopy. The deposition of cytokines was determined using immunohistochemistry. The sensitization rate was 63.16% in the TCE-sensitized groups. The electron microscopy results showed tubular epithelial cell mitochondrial swelling, vacuolar degeneration, and atrophy of the microvillus in the sensitized groups. A high degree of cytokine deposition was observed in the renal tubular proximal epithelial cells in the TCE-sensitized groups. As observed in this study, the variation in the level of immune system activation not only indicates that TCE can largely magnify the immune reaction but also suggests a potential role of immune dysfunction in renal impairment.
doi:10.5114/ceji.2017.69354 pmid:28867961 pmcid:PMC5573886 fatcat:kyv2fkyn7fcuhgk3s2qjk5ngdm

Effect of ZnCdTe-Alloyed Nanocrystals on Polymer–Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

Yan Wang, Yanbing Hou, Aiwei Tang, Zhihui Feng, Bin Feng, Yan Li, Feng Teng
2009 Nanoscale Research Letters  
The photovoltaic properties of solar cell based on the blends of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexoxy-1,4phenylenevinylene) (MEH-PPV), fullerene (C60), and ZnCdTe-alloyed nanocrystals were investigated. Comparing the spectral response of photocurrent of the MEH-PPV:C 60 (?ZnCdTe) nanocomposite device with that of the devices based on MEH-PPV:C 60 and pristine MEH-PPV, one can find that the nanocomposite device exhibits an enhanced photocurrent. In comparing the composite devices with different
more » ... :[MEH-PPV ? C 60 ] weight ratios of 10 wt% (D 1-1 ), 20 wt% (D 1-2 ), 40 wt% (D 1-3 ), and 70 wt% (D 1-4 ), it was found that the device D 1-3 exhibits the best performance. The power conversion efficiency (g) is improved doubly compared with that of the MEH-PPV:C 60 device.
doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9293-y pmid:20596517 pmcid:PMC2893787 fatcat:7ocgvo2mrzeazpet3zzveejbj4

Biocompatible Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Jiu-Ju Feng, Yan-Yan Song, Xiao-Miao Feng, Nabeen Kumar Shrestha, Nattawadee Wisitruangsakul
2013 Journal of Nanomaterials  
Jiu-Ju Feng Yan-Yan Song Xiao-Miao Feng Nabeen Kumar Shrestha Nattawadee Wisitruangsakul  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/385939 fatcat:4xkxg6uudrfytcxbmvfynd6qxm

The anticancer mechanism investigation of Tanshinone IIA by pharmacological clustering in protein network

Yan-feng Cao, Shi-feng Wang, Xi Li, Yan-ling Zhang, Yan-jiang Qiao
2018 BMC Systems Biology  
Cancer is the second most common cause of death globally. The anticancer effects of Tanshinone II A (Tan II A ) has been confirmed by numerous researches. However, the underlying mechanism remained to be integrated in systematic format. Systems biology embraced the complexity of cancer; therefore, a system study approach was proposed in the present study to explore the anticancer mechanism of Tan II A based on network pharmacology. Method: Agilent Literature Search (ALS), a text-mining tool,
more » ... used to pull protein targets of Tan II A . Then, pharmacological clustering was applied to classify obtained hits, the anticancer module was analysed further. The top ten essential nodes in the anticancer module were obtained by ClusterONE. Functional units in the anticancer module were catalogued and validated by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis. Meanwhile, KEGG and Cell Signalling Technology Pathway were employed to provide pathway data for potential anticancer pathways construction. Finally, the pathways were plotted using Cytoscape 3.5.1. Furthermore, in vitro experiments with five carcinoma cell lines were conducted. Results: A total of 258 proteins regulated by Tan II A were identified through ALS and were visualized by protein network. Pharmacological clustering further sorted 68 proteins that intimately involved in cancer pathogenesis based on Gene Ontology. Subsequently, pathways on anticancer effect of Tan II A were delineated. Five functional units were clarified according to literature: including regulation on apoptosis, proliferation, sustained angiogenesis, autophagic cell death, and cell cycle. The GO analysis confirmed the classification was statistically significant. The inhibiting influence of Tan II A on p70 S6K/mTOR pathway was revealed for the first time. The in vitro experiments displayed the selectivity of Tan II A on HeLa, MDA-MB-231, HepG2, A549, and ACHN cell lines, the IC 50 values were 0. 54 μM, 4.63 μM, 1.42 μM, 17.30 μM and 204.00 μM, respectively. This result further reinforced the anticancer effect of Tan II A treatment. Conclusions: The current study provides a systematic methodology for discovering the coordination of the anticancer pathways regulated by Tan II A via protein network. And it also offers a valuable guidance for systematic study on the therapeutic values of other herbs and their active compounds.
doi:10.1186/s12918-018-0606-6 fatcat:wkwxrdkt2ndhdngqpz7btyrlsa

Graph-Based Global Reasoning Networks [article]

Yunpeng Chen, Marcus Rohrbach, Zhicheng Yan, Shuicheng Yan, Jiashi Feng, Yannis Kalantidis
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Globally modeling and reasoning over relations between regions can be beneficial for many computer vision tasks on both images and videos. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) excel at modeling local relations by convolution operations, but they are typically inefficient at capturing global relations between distant regions and require stacking multiple convolution layers. In this work, we propose a new approach for reasoning globally in which a set of features are globally aggregated over the
more » ... oordinate space and then projected to an interaction space where relational reasoning can be efficiently computed. After reasoning, relation-aware features are distributed back to the original coordinate space for down-stream tasks. We further present a highly efficient instantiation of the proposed approach and introduce the Global Reasoning unit (GloRe unit) that implements the coordinate-interaction space mapping by weighted global pooling and weighted broadcasting, and the relation reasoning via graph convolution on a small graph in interaction space. The proposed GloRe unit is lightweight, end-to-end trainable and can be easily plugged into existing CNNs for a wide range of tasks. Extensive experiments show our GloRe unit can consistently boost the performance of state-of-the-art backbone architectures, including ResNet, ResNeXt, SE-Net and DPN, for both 2D and 3D CNNs, on image classification, semantic segmentation and video action recognition task.
arXiv:1811.12814v1 fatcat:xsrdq5mlpnainngcpi53sycfh4

Knockout of interleukin-17A protects against sepsis-associated acute kidney injury

Cong-juan Luo, Feng Luo, Li Zhang, Yan Xu, Guang-yan Cai, Bo Fu, Zhe Feng, Xue-feng Sun, Xiang-mei Chen
2016 Annals of Intensive Care  
Sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI) is an independent risk factor for death in patients with sepsis, but treatment for it is limited. To improve the diagnosis and treatment of SA-AKI, we must first understand its pathogenesis. Recently, interleukin (IL)-17A has been shown to be associated with the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury and sepsis, but its role in SA-AKI remains unclear. Methods: SA-AKI was induced in male C57BL/6 and IL-17A −/− mice using cecal ligation and puncture
more » ... ) operations for 24 h. Results: At 7 days, only seven mice survived in the wild-type septic group, but nine survived in the IL-17A −/− septic group, corresponding to survival rates of 25 % and 45 %, respectively. At 24 h after CLP operations, both wild-type and IL-17A −/− septic mice developed kidney injury. The IL-17A −/− septic mice exhibited decreased serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels and an improved acute tubular necrosis score. The IL-17A −/− septic mice exhibited decreased IL-6, interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL5 expression in kidney tissue, but increased IL-10 expression. In addition, renal neutrophil infiltration was attenuated significantly in the IL-17A −/− septic group. Moreover, IL-17A −/− septic mice showed significantly decreased apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells, including decreased TUNEL-positive tubular cell number and cleaved caspase-3 level, compared with the wild-type CLP group. Their Bax/Bcl-2 expression ratio was also increased. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that IL-17A knockout could protect against SA-AKI. We show that IL-17A plays a pathogenic role in SA-AKI by increasing the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and by inducing neutrophil infiltration and apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells. Accordingly, IL-17A may be a novel target in SA-AKI. which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
doi:10.1186/s13613-016-0157-1 pmid:27334720 pmcid:PMC4917508 fatcat:vjawyfdqynconcyrcnl6gfb724

Paclitaxel-loaded trimethyl chitosan-based polymeric nanoparticle for the effective treatment of gastroenteric tumors

2014 Oncology Reports  
Gastroenteric cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers and is responsible for most cancer-related deaths worldwide. Paclitaxel (PTX), a classical microtubule inhibitor, is indicated in the treatment of gastric/gastroenteric cancers. In the present study, trimethyl chitosan (TMC)-loaded PTX (TMC-PTX) was prepared and evaluated for its therapeutic effect in gastric cancers. A spherical shaped nanosized TMC-PTX particle was formed with high loading capacity (~30%) for PTX. The nanoparticles
more » ... ) showed a sustained release pattern (~70%) for up to 96 h of study period. The positively charged NPs were preferentially internalized by Caco-2 cells. TMC-PTX inhibited the gastric cell proliferation with an IC 50 value of 0.6 µg in NCI-N87 cells while it was 1.26 µg in the SGC-7901 cell line after 24 h exposure. The apoptosis assay (Annexin V/PI) showed a large presence of cells in the early and late apoptosis chamber, while cell cycle analysis showed a marked G2/M phase arrest (50-60%) in NCI-N87 and SGC-7901 cell lines indicating its potent anti-proliferative effect. The in vivo antitumor study in NCI-N87 and SGC-7901 bearing xenograft model showed a superior chemotherapeutic efficacy for TMC-PTX NP. The NP group significantly reduced the tumor growth with no obvious sign of systemic side-effects (safety). Collectively, our results suggest that the microtubule inhibitory effect of PTX-loaded polymer NP could be a promising system for the treatment of gastroenteric cancers.
doi:10.3892/or.2014.3344 pmid:25051142 fatcat:h6teultlwzgg7gbpxihqxrkdl4

A Novel Ras--Related Signature Improves Prognostic Capacity in Oesophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Hao-Shuai Yang, Wei Liu, Shao-Yi Zheng, He-Yuan Cai, Hong-He Luo, Yan-Fen Feng, Yan-Fen Feng, Yi-Yan Lei
2022 Frontiers in Genetics  
(Feng et al., 2018; Li et al., 2019; Feng et al., 2020) .  ...  (Bang et al., 2010; Yan-Ming Yang et al., 2020; Moehler et al., 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fgene.2022.822966 pmid:35281814 pmcid:PMC8912969 doaj:cb6293c646f44db087c8994a35b4fe34 fatcat:kbjxsyun3bfjdfi3ofkx7u4rxa

Anomalous spin Nernst effect in Weyl semimetals [article]

Ning-Xuan Yang, Yan-Feng Zhou, Zhe Hou, Qing-Feng Sun
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The spin Nernst effect describes a transverse spin current induced by the longitudinal thermal gradient in a system with the spin-orbit coupling. Here we study the spin Nernst effect in a mesoscopic four-terminal cross-bar Weyl semimetal device under a perpendicular magnetic field. By using the tight-binding Hamiltonian combining with the nonequilibrium Green's function method, the three elements of the spin current in the transverse leads and then spin Nernst coefficients are obtained. The
more » ... lts show that the spin Nernst effect in the Weyl semimetal has the essential difference with the traditional one: The z direction spin currents is zero without the magnetic field while it appears under the magnetic field, and the x and y direction spin currents in the two transverse leads flows out or flows in together, in contrary to the traditional spin Nernst effect, in which the spin current is induced by the spin-orbit coupling and flows out from one lead and flows in on the other. So we call it the anomalous spin Nernst effect. In addition, we show that the Weyl semimetals have the center-reversal-type symmetry, the mirror-reversal-type symmetry and the electron-hole-type symmetry, which lead to the spin Nernst coefficients being odd function or even function of the Fermi energy, the magnetic field and the transverse terminals. Moreover, the spin Nernst effect in the Weyl semimetals are strongly anisotropic and its coefficients are strongly dependent on both the direction of thermal gradient and the direction of the transverse lead connection. Three non-equivalent connection modes (x-z, z-x and x-y modes) are studied in detail, and the spin Nernst coefficients for three different modes exhibit very different behaviors. These strongly anisotropic behaviors of the spin Nernst effect can be used as the characterization of magnetic Weyl semimetals.
arXiv:1903.04848v1 fatcat:7fnvrxezdrbzdiiaorqo4amqem

Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneal metastasis from breast cancer: a preliminary report of 4 cases

Jun-Hui Yu, Yu Feng, Xin-Bao Li, Cheng-Yan Zhang, Feng Shi, Song-Lin An, Gang Liu, Yan-Bin Zhang, Kai Zhang, Zhong-He Ji, Bing Li, Guo-Jun Yan (+2 others)
2021 Gland surgery  
supported by the Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospital Ascent Plan (DFL20180701); Beijing Municipal Grant for Medical Talents Group on Peritoneal Surface Oncology (2017400003235J007) (both to Yan  ... 
doi:10.21037/gs-20-893 pmid:33968683 pmcid:PMC8102231 fatcat:7ocgdolucbhnrk6ve44yc46724

Localization Analysis of Heterophilic Antigen Epitopes of H1N1 Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin

Chun-Yan Guo, Hai-Xiang Zhang, Jun-Jun Zhang, Li-Jun Sun, Hui-Jin Li, Dao-Yan Liang, Qing Feng, Yan Li, Yang-Meng Feng, Xin Xie, Jun Hu
2019 Virologica Sinica  
complications, including febrile seizures, acute disseminated encephalitis (encephalopathy), and Reye syndrome, as well as other types of nervous system abnormalities, can occur following influenza virus Chun-Yan  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12250-019-00100-9 pmid:31020574 pmcid:PMC6599510 fatcat:e5qxvuocwjbqbecrmguoxkeu4m

Conclusive quantum state classification [article]

Mei-Yu Wang, Feng-Li Yan
2006 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we have considered the problem of general conclusive quantum state classification; the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of conclusive classification strategies have also been presented. Moreover, we have given the upper bound for the maximal success probability.
arXiv:quant-ph/0605127v1 fatcat:jpcniudxdra5zkd722egw7exoi
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