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Fault Tolerant Infective Countermeasure for AES

Sikhar Patranabis, Abhishek Chakraborty, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay
2017 Journal of Hardware and Systems Security  
Infective countermeasures have been a promising class of fault attack countermeasures.  ...  We also compare the fault tolerance provided by our proposed countermeasure scheme against that provided by the existing scheme.  ...  Fault Tolerant Implementation of the Infective Countermeasure for AES Our next step is to write the infective countermeasure scheme presented in Algorithm 1 in the aforementioned fault redundant framework  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41635-017-0006-1 dblp:journals/jhss/Patranabis0M17 fatcat:sjge3ohhf5emdlv5fdkpahs3gu

Fault Tolerant Infective Countermeasure for AES [chapter]

Sikhar Patranabis, Abhishek Chakraborty, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Infective countermeasures have been a promising class of fault attack countermeasures.  ...  Furthermore, we develop a fault tolerant implementation of the countermeasure using the x86 instruction set to make such attacks which attempt to change the control flow of the algorithm practically infeasible  ...  F Fault Tolerant Implementation of the Infective Countermeasure for AES Our next step is to write the infective countermeasure scheme presented in algorithm 2 in the aforementioned fault redundant framework  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24126-5_12 fatcat:6zbjkwrnpjfsbifiz4hang5fb4

Flush Code Eraser: Fast Attack Response Invalidating Cryptographic Sensitive Data

Kazuo Sakiyama, Tatsuya Fujii, Kohei Matsuda, Noriyuki Miura
2019 IEEE Embedded Systems Letters  
Fault-injection attacks against cryptographic devices have been studied in great detail. As a countermeasure to such attacks, the flush code eraser (FCE) has been proposed.  ...  The infective countermeasure does not require any special reaction on detected faults, which provides prominent resistance against the fault attack.  ...  FCE is based on the detectionand-reaction countermeasure while enhancing the merit of the infective countermeasure.  ... 
doi:10.1109/les.2019.2949788 fatcat:txisbmoasnainc5noskw7wsnzy

Voltage regulator assisted lightweight countermeasure against fault injection attacks [article]

Ali Vosoughi, Longfei Wang, Selçuk Köse
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Using the infective countermeasure for fault resiliency, the security-enhanced CC provides a robust and resilient solution against fault attacks that improve the security and availability of the device  ...  The impeccable design of sensitive and cryptographic circuits (CC) against fault injection attacks is essential for modern data storage, communication, and computation systems that are susceptible to fault  ...  Moreover, we introduce an infective computation based countermeasure that combines the on-chip voltage regulator with auxiliary fault detection and infection circuit.  ... 
arXiv:2001.03230v1 fatcat:fjl3o4tklbejtij2vp6hsel2be

Fault Space Transformation: A Generic Approach to Counter Differential Fault Analysis and Differential Fault Intensity Analysis on AES-Like Block Ciphers

Sikhar Patranabis, Abhishek Chakraborty, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay, Partha Pratim Chakrabarti
2017 IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security  
As a case study, we have applied our proposed technique to to obtain temporal and spatial redundancy based countermeasures for AES-128, and have evaluated their security against both DFA and DFIA via practical  ...  on AES-like block ciphers.  ...  Chakrabarti would like to acknowledge the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, for partial funding of the work.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tifs.2016.2646638 fatcat:n3gft4xljbdsxmpz2lapjgk5oq

Table Redundancy Method for Protecting against Fault Attacks

Seungkwang Lee, Nam-su Jho, Myungchul Kim
2021 IEEE Access  
To protect the key from fault attacks, most of software countermeasures focus on detection and infection.  ...  In the case of AES-128, infective countermeasures will require approximately 1500 (= 300 × 5) operations as well as run-time random number generation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3092314 fatcat:euwcuozlynhtjp3bxjo64otkky

M&M: Masks and Macs against Physical Attacks

Lauren De Meyer, Victor Arribas, Svetla Nikova, Ventzislav Nikov, Vincent Rijmen
2018 Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems  
In this work, we introduce a new combined countermeasure M&M that combines Masking with information-theoretic MAC tags and infective computation.  ...  Today, this means that apart from incorporating countermeasures against side-channel analysis, implementations must also withstand fault attacks and combined attacks.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Dusan Bozilov, Begül Bilgin and Nigel Smart for fruitful discussions and also the CHES reviewers for their helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.13154/tches.v2019.i1.25-50 dblp:journals/tches/MeyerANNR19 fatcat:au4febpyh5debexdsqjzirbjke

RS-Mask: Random Space Masking as an Integrated Countermeasure against Power and Fault Analysis [article]

Keyvan Ramezanpour, Paul Ampadu, William Diehl
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose random space masking (RS-Mask) as a countermeasure against both power analysis and statistical fault analysis (SFA) techniques.  ...  Finally, we introduce infective RS-Mask that provides security against differential techniques, such as differential fault analysis (DFA) and differential fault intensity analysis (DFIA), with a slight  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by NIST award 70NANB18H219 for Lightweight Cryptography in Hardware and Embedded Systems.  ... 
arXiv:1911.11278v1 fatcat:r6b4lb6kcfai5loenmsawcqkoe

Fault Injection Resilience

Sylvain Guilley, Laurent Sauvage, Jean-Luc Danger, Nidhal Selmane
2010 2010 Workshop on Fault Diagnosis and Tolerance in Cryptography  
Then we illustrate two families of fault injection resilience (FIR) schemes suitable for symmetric encryption. The first family is a protocollevel scheme that can be formally proved resilient.  ...  We notably detail how a countermeasure of this later family, namely dual-rail with precharge logic style, can both protect both against active and passive attacks, thereby bringing a combined global protection  ...  Novel ideas have also be suggested, that all open the door to efficient and formally proved countermeasures against active and passive attacks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fdtc.2010.15 dblp:conf/fdtc/GuilleySDS10 fatcat:ayekwd6trfadxo7d5isrnke6wy

CAPA: The Spirit of Beaver Against Physical Attacks [chapter]

Oscar Reparaz, Lauren De Meyer, Begül Bilgin, Victor Arribas, Svetla Nikova, Ventzislav Nikov, Nigel Smart
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In contrast to masking, the countermeasures for fault analysis are mostly heuristic and lack a formal background.  ...  Fault analysis (FA) is another relevant attack vector for embedded cryptography.  ...  Using toy parameters, we verify our claimed fault detection probability for the AES S-box software implementation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-96884-1_5 fatcat:ejpxxpzfrncgfbnnb4aqjc6q3u

Cryptographic Fault Diagnosis using VerFI

Victor Arribas, Felix Wegener, Amir Moradi, Svetla Nikova
2020 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Hardware Oriented Security and Trust (HOST)  
Historically, fault diagnosis for integrated circuits has singularly dealt with reliability concerns.  ...  Correct realization of countermeasures should still be manually verified, which is errorprone and infeasible for even moderate-size real-world designs.  ...  This experiment demonstrates the applicability of VerFI to analyze infective countermeasures. B. ParTI LED [48] is an AES-like block cipher.  ... 
doi:10.1109/host45689.2020.9300264 fatcat:w3z6atxubrc6rcmbtgzaepqgue

Fault Injection as an Oscilloscope: Fault Correlation Analysis

Albert Spruyt, Alyssa Milburn, Łukasz Chmielewski
2020 Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems  
We impose only the requirements of the equivalent SCA attack (e.g., knowledge of the input plaintext for CPA on the first round), along with a way to observe the status of the target (whether or not it  ...  To show that this technique is not limited to software, we also present FCA results against the hardware AES engine supported by one of our targets.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Cees-Bart Breunesse for his help with the JLsca framework, and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback.  ... 
doi:10.46586/tches.v2021.i1.192-216 fatcat:mlspidbv4rba7j76jk234xdvsi

Using Tweaks to Design Fault Resistant Ciphers

Sikhar Patranabis, Debapriya Basu Roy, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay
2016 2016 29th International Conference on VLSI Design and 2016 15th International Conference on Embedded Systems (VLSID)  
The paper then examines the fault tolerance of encryption schemes that use a key-independent secret tweak value for randomization.  ...  It is necessary to design suitable countermeasures to protect cryptographic primitives against such attacks.  ...  More recently proposed infective countermeasures [16] attempt to diffuse the effect of the fault using suitable randomizations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/vlsid.2016.58 dblp:conf/vlsid/PatranabisRM16 fatcat:nhbgmuzg75bznmnr56apv2qu64

Foundations of Secure Scaling (Dagstuhl Seminar 16342)

Lejla Batina, Swarup Bhunia, Patrick Schaumont, Jean-Pierre Seifert, Marc Herbstritt
2017 Dagstuhl Reports  
While scaling is generally thought of as beneficial to the resulting implementations, this does not hold for secure electronic design.  ...  For instance, in the Bernstein's cache timing attack, we try to invoke the AES encryption by .xing part of the input, and randomize other parts of the inputs and obtain the total time for the encryption  ...  We consider two cases: 1. cache attacks ,2. fault injection attacks. Cache memory leaks information based on a cache hit.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.6.8.65 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/BatinaBSS16 fatcat:qya6rznvonbi7pfic7ocbxwkea

Fault Injection Attacks on Cryptographic Devices: Theory, Practice, and Countermeasures

Alessandro Barenghi, Luca Breveglieri, Israel Koren, David Naccache
2012 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The known countermeasures against the previously described fault injection attacks are then presented, including intrusion detection and fault detection.  ...  We conclude the survey with a discussion on the interaction between fault injection attacks (and the corresponding countermeasures) and power analysis attacks.  ...  Thus, incorporating countermeasures against fault injection attacks into cryptographic devices through some form of fault detection and possibly tolerance, is necessary for security purposes as well as  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2012.2188769 fatcat:d6hv5jgywjfirio677djrrlycq
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