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Pedestrian flow-path modeling to support tsunami evacuation and disaster relief planning in the U.S. Pacific Northwest

Nathan Wood, Jeanne Jones, Mathew Schmidtlein, John Schelling, Tim Frazier
2016 International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction  
use of geospatial, least-cost-distance evacuation modeling for supporting evacuation outreach, response, and relief planning.  ...  We demonstrate an approach that uses geospatial evacuation modeling to (a) map the minimum pedestrian travel speeds to safety, the most efficient paths, and collective evacuation basins, (b) estimate the  ...  Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US Government.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.05.010 fatcat:fl6x5kciz5acfhsmieh64hvkr4

Agent-based Simulation of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake/Tsunami Evacuation: An Integrated Model of Tsunami Inundation and Evacuation

Erick MAS, Anawat SUPPASRI, Fumihiko IMAMURA, Shunichi KOSHIMURA
2012 Journal of Natural Disaster Science  
The model allows observation of the behavior of individuals in the complex process of tsunami evacuation.  ...  Pedestrians and car drivers decide their own goals and search for a suitable route through algorithms that are also used in the video game and artificial intelligence fields.  ...  ., Ltd. through the Interna-tional Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS) at Tohoku University. Bibliography  ... 
doi:10.2328/jnds.34.41 fatcat:fj5lo2rrx5abtmqrwfyxtgl4be

A spatio-temporal probabilistic model of hazard- and crowd dynamics for evacuation planning in disasters

Jaziar Radianti, Ole-Christoffer Granmo, Parvaneh Sarshar, Morten Goodwin, Julie Dugdale, Jose J. Gonzalez
2014 Applied intelligence (Boston)  
The model is realized as a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN), supporting distinct kinds of crowd evacuation behavior, being based on studies of physical fire models, crowd psychology models, and corresponding  ...  Managing the uncertainties that arise in disasters -such as a ship or building firecan be extremely challenging.  ...  Fig. 3 3 Overview of the hazard sub model (a), risk sub model and the behavior sub model (b) could suggest the escape routes: "A-D 1 -S 1 -E", "B-D 2 -D 1 -S 1 -E", "C-D 3 -S 2 -E", as well as the alternative  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10489-014-0583-4 fatcat:6xyy7g4xr5bh3mpvut7qigekd4

Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Management [article]

Amir Khorram-Manesh, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Attila Hertelendy, Maxim Dulebenets
2021 Zenodo  
This is the second edition of the handbook in disaster and emergency management, which was published in 2017.  ...  of conflicting objectives, modeling behavior of evacuees along evacuation routes, capturing specific attributes of vulnerable population groups throughout the emergency evacuation process).  ...  The FSC-response system would make available additional human and material resources by activating non-conventional medical staff and Alternate Care Facilities (ACF's; used synonymous with Alternate Care  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5553076 fatcat:5zebeprw6vb5joeu4oyd4rqccy

Commentary on the Combined Disaster in Japan1

C. Norman Coleman, Robert C. Whitcomb, Charles W. Miller, Michael A. Noska
2012 Radiation Research  
emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/) provides references for professionals and the public The DOE Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) (http://orise.orau.gov/reacts) also provide very useful  ...  Risk factors for the development of psychiatric disorders after disasters are: 42 Beyond understanding public reaction to the immediate incident, behavioral health experts have knowledge of human behavior  ...  be available to identify the safest evacuation routes.  ... 
doi:10.1667/rrxx40.1 pmid:22103272 pmcid:PMC4558552 fatcat:dretw7dpnzervar5ijyqygu7di

Types of Disasters [chapter]

Paul N. Severin, Phillip A. Jacobson
2020 Nursing Management of Pediatric Disaster  
After an HVA/THIRA has been completed, the results should be used to help direct and plan drills/exercises based on high impact and high probability threats.  ...  Humans develop the disease after contact with infected rodents, or being bitten by their fleas. After a rodent population dies off, the fleas search for other sources of blood, namely humans.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-43428-1_5 fatcat:y3pszzuqtnddxeeozcv3d6wdei

Towards Distributed Geolocation for Large Scale Disaster Management

Florent Coriat, Luciana Arantes, Olivier Marin, Anne Fladenmuller, Nicolas Hidalgo, Erika Rosas
2014 2014 33rd International Conference of the Chilean Computer Science Society (SCCC)  
Every device thus builds a partial map of device locations and can use it to enforce geographic routing protocols that are resilient to large scale disasters.  ...  However, large scale disasters cause extensive damage to the network infrastructures and a generalized loss of communications in the chaos that ensues.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work is supported by the STIC-AmSud project RE-SPOND, Reputation and Energy-Aware Search for Supporting Natural Disasters.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sccc.2014.25 dblp:conf/sccc/CoriatAMFHR14 fatcat:nt7wqlo6wbc45pq4qxtaktbgta

OPTIMIZATION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND POST-DISASTER DELIVERY LOGISTICS: A REVIEW OF CURRENT APPROACHES

Sampson E. Akwafuo, Armin R. Mikler, Fariba A. Irany
2020 International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research  
In this paper, existing computational models and algorithms for routing deliveries and logistics during public health emergencies are identified.  ...  Emergency response preparedness increases disaster resilience and mitigates its possible impacts, mostly in public health emergencies.  ...  INTRODUCTION Emergencies and disasters have continued to plague humans for ages.  ... 
doi:10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i8.2020.738 fatcat:zzexhbsunjf6ld44yr36w4hqqm

Agent-Based Simulation for Evaluating the Effect of Different Walking and Driving Speed on Disaster Evacuation in Aceh

Sinung Widiyanto, Dimas Adi, Nadhila Nurdin, Fadila Fadila
2021 IPTEK The Journal of Engineering  
Walking speed has significant importance and impact on the evacuation rate. Moderate walking speed (4 ft/s) is recommended as reference for walking speed in disaster situations.  ...  In this research, ABMS is simulated in several evacuation scenarios with an output: the evacuation rate of two different decision choice evacuation modes (walking or driving to the evacuation points).  ...  agents are illustrating the human social behavior and making individual decisions [12] .  ... 
doi:10.12962/j23378557.v7i2.a9255 fatcat:2onvpkedlfepzflf75f4mmcd6e

Effectiveness of early warning and community cooperation for evacuation preparedness from mega-risk type coastal hazard in childcare centers

Abel Táiti Konno Pinheiro, Akihiko Hokugo
2019 International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment  
Findings As the main findings, facilities, where teachers and children started evacuation immediately after the earthquake, could have more conditions to get cooperation from the local community to evacuate  ...  This work has importance as it focused on the emergency responses that require urban-scale evacuation in ascending route that differ from that which are required in the case of fire.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank all teachers of childcare centers and people related to the facilities that were the destinations of evacuations of people from childcare centers that contributed to the  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijdrbe-05-2019-0023 fatcat:ipvnvcappnhfxmuewuor3vet6e

Disaster and Emergency Management [chapter]

Murray E. Fowler, P. Walter Bravo
2013 Medicine and Surgery of Camelids  
Alternatively, new paper or plastic disposable cups can be stored. These feeding bottles and teats or cups are to be used as single use items and disposed of after a single use.  ...  Rebuilding After the 2010/2011 Victorian Floods -A Roads Perspective Introduction The 2010/11 floods have demonstrated the importance of communicating road closure and alternative routes in managing  ...  Alternative 2: Remove containers first using ship crane(s), and then empty oil from the ship using pumping systems.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118785706.ch25 fatcat:clhzica7ajg43nrrttsipbxgnm

A secure and efficient inventory management system for disasters

Eren Erman Ozguven, Kaan Ozbay
2013 Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies  
The overall findings of this thesis have pointed out that the proposed integrated framework can be efficiently used for emergency inventory planning and inventory control during disaster relief operations  ...  Realistic case studies built using information available from past disasters are used to examine the differences in inventory strategies for different types of disasters based on the impact area and duration  ...  As an example, Hostikka et al. (2007) worked on the video identification and RFID techniques for the fire evacuations. The idea was to find out and compare the real time human evacuation behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trc.2011.08.012 fatcat:qzgdoz5onzai7hvjfs3pi4h22i

Instructions for planning emergency shelters and open spaces in China: Lessons from global experiences and expertise

Yixuan Wei, Longzhe Jin, Mingwei Xu, Song Pan, Yifei Xu, Yihong Zhang
2020 International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction  
reduction approaches; (3) optimizing issues in site-selection using spatiotemporal patterns in refuge demand while designing the shelter system into a hierarchical structure; (4) shifting from a top-down  ...  Emergency shelters and open spaces play dual roles in providing locations for temporary accommodation and rescue activities during disaster situations.  ...  Emergency shelters and evacuating routes should be planned with the consideration of different individual behaviors [115] . Fig . 10 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101813 pmid:32864326 pmcid:PMC7443315 fatcat:x2epcyrzpraqfiwk34rlcsz3ii

The art and science of large-scale disasters

M. Gad-El-Hak
2009 Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences  
equations are impossible to obtain particularly for turbulent flows, and heuristic models together with intensive use of supercomputers are necessary to proceed to a reasonably accurate forecast.  ...  The laws of nature govern the evolution of any disaster.  ...  some degree be modeled and anticipated so that adequate escape or evacuation routes can be properly designed [9] .  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10175-010-0101-8 fatcat:66olp2hzlva6pppizpuc56bfye

Reverse Engineering Human Mobility in Large-scale Natural Disasters

Milan Stute, Max Maass, Tom Schons, Matthias Hollick
2017 Proceedings of the 20th ACM International Conference on Modelling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems - MSWiM '17  
Due to the lack of GPS traces, we reverse-engineer human mobility of past natural disasters (focusing on 2010 Haiti earthquake and 2013 Typhoon Haiyan) by leveraging knowledge of 126 experts from 71 Disaster  ...  To assess the performance of such networks before deployment, we require appropriate knowledge of human mobility.  ...  According to eye witnesses, most locals stay at home or try to find friends and family members within the immediate surroundings after the disaster has struck.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3127540.3127542 dblp:conf/mswim/StuteMSH17 fatcat:4vbugzkvdvaf5gtusrknf4home
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