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Fast Facial Landmark Detection and Applications: A Survey [article]

Kostiantyn Khabarlak, Larysa Koriashkina
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we survey and analyze modern neural-network-based facial landmark detection algorithms.  ...  Besides, we cover applications and vulnerabilities of the landmark detection algorithms. Based on which, we raise problems that as we hope will lead to further algorithm improvements.  ...  Wherein, it is easy to implement and allows fast facial landmark detection directly on a mobile device.  ... 
arXiv:2101.10808v2 fatcat:57wjrlzuj5btvnuuqwiabtcoea

Gesture Recognition: A Survey

Sushmita Mitra, Tinku Acharya
2007 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part C (Applications and Reviews)  
In this paper, we provide a survey on gesture recognition with particular emphasis on hand gestures and facial expressions.  ...  Gesture recognition pertains to recognizing meaningful expressions of motion by a human, involving the hands, arms, face, head, and/or body.  ...  While tracking devices can detect fast and subtle movements of the fingers when the user's hand is moving, a vision-based system will at best get a general sense of the type of finger motion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcc.2007.893280 fatcat:iywyfj465zgfnp4n2o7usgcsne

Facial Landmark Detection: A Literature Survey

Yue Wu, Qiang Ji
2018 International Journal of Computer Vision  
The survey also includes a listing of the benchmark databases and existing software.  ...  Many facial landmark detection algorithms have been developed to automatically detect those key points over the years, and in this paper, we perform an extensive review of them.  ...  A more detailed study and survey of the face detection algorithms can be found in [117] . There are some algorithms that perform joint face detection and landmark localization.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11263-018-1097-z fatcat:ykqg6lr3j5bbrmrmli2dlrxupi

3D Face Recognition: A Survey [article]

Yaping Jing, Xuequan Lu, Shang Gao
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In addition, a review of available 3D face databases is provided, along with the discussion of future research challenges and directions.  ...  The main contribution of this survey is that it comprehensively covers both conventional methods and deep learning methods on 3D face recognition.  ...  In addition, a set of facial landmarks are used for creating feature vectors in some methods and shape index is widely used to detect landmarks.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11082v1 fatcat:drpuqdt6ore5dje4hiamsmi43i

A Survey on Generative Adversarial Networks: Variants, Applications, and Training [article]

Abdul Jabbar, Xi Li, Bourahla Omar
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Therefore, stable training is a crucial issue in different applications for the success of GAN.  ...  We survey, (I) the original GAN model and its modified classical versions, (II) detail analysis of various GAN applications in different domains, (III) detail study about the various GAN training obstacles  ...  Facial landmark detection The objective of facial landmark detection is to identify human faces distinguishable vital points.  ... 
arXiv:2006.05132v1 fatcat:gyjezuh5sfdilkp43ydsea5cwa

Local Binary Patterns and Its Application to Facial Image Analysis: A Survey

Di Huang, Caifeng Shan, Mohsen Ardabilian, Yunhong Wang, Liming Chen
2011 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part C (Applications and Reviews)  
In recent years, it has aroused increasing interest in many areas of image processing and computer vision, and has shown its effectiveness in a number of applications, in particular for facial image analysis  ...  This paper presents a comprehensive survey of LBP methodology including several more recent variations.  ...  Local Binary Patterns and Its Application to Facial Image Analysis: A Survey Di Huang, Caifeng Shan, Mohsen Ardebilian, Yunhong Wang, and Liming Chen D One limitation of the basic LBP operator is that  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcc.2011.2118750 fatcat:j5b6gxndhbg5hgeskzbdo72vuu

Facial Expression Recognition: A Survey

Yunxin Huang, Fei Chen, Shaohe Lv, Xiaodong Wang
2019 Symmetry  
This survey is a comprehensive and structured overview of recent advances in FER.  ...  Facial Expression Recognition (FER), as the primary processing method for non-verbal intentions, is an important and promising field of computer vision and artificial intelligence, and one of the subject  ...  A total of 66 facial landmarks of each images in the dataset are also labelled.  ... 
doi:10.3390/sym11101189 fatcat:wriubaqdobcazplwaayluxowlu

Face Morphing Attack Generation Detection: A Comprehensive Survey [article]

Sushma Venkatesh, Raghavendra Ramachandra, Kiran Raja, Christoph Busch
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This survey aims to present a systematic overview of the progress made in the area of face morphing in terms of both morph generation and morph detection.  ...  Since the application process for the e-passport in the majority countries requires a passport photo to be presented by the applicant, a malicious actor and the accomplice can generate the morphed face  ...  This survey aims to present a systematic overview of the progress made in the area of face morphing in terms of both morph generation and morph detection.  ... 
arXiv:2011.02045v1 fatcat:why3ebhmcfezdckv443t7grddi

Face Recognition Techniques: A Survey

Ms. Jayashree S. Somani
2019 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
In this paper we have presented a survey on the approaches such as Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Principle Component Analysis (PCA), Elastic Bunch Graph Matching, Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Histogram  ...  Identification of any person is a rigid task in videos and does not give correct prediction result.  ...  [5] presented a survey on Local Binary Patterns and Its Application to Facial Image Analysis: A Survey. This paper presents a survey on LBP and its variations.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.6420 fatcat:xtms56qizbefnpdesl3b5vtbuy

Face Morphing Attack Generation & Detection: A Comprehensive Survey

Sushma Venkatesh, Raghavendra Ramachandra, Kiran Raja, Christoph Busch
2021 IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society  
Face recognition has been successfully deployed in real-time applications, including secure applications such as border control.  ...  The vulnerability of face recognition systems (FRSs) to various kinds of attacks (both direct and indirect attacks) and face morphing attacks has received great interest from the biometric community.  ...  Hence, an applicant can submit a digital facial image to the web portal.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tts.2021.3066254 fatcat:iyo5a6ofefewthz2kmiioocyg4

Extreme Learning Machines on High Dimensional and Large Data Applications: A Survey

Jiuwen Cao, Zhiping Lin
2015 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
This paper provides an up-to-date survey on the recent developments of ELM and its applications in high dimensional and large data.  ...  The low computational complexity attracted a great deal of attention from the research community, especially for high dimensional and large data applications.  ...  The survey covered applications in a wide field including image and video signal processing and medical data processing.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/103796 fatcat:kupm2sou6zfthddfp6rvvjhaxu

Automatic Analysis of Facial Actions: A Survey

Brais Martinez, Michel F. Valstar, Bihan Jiang, Maja Pantic
2017 IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing  
This paper provides a comprehensive survey of research into machine analysis of facial actions.  ...  Image/Video Appearance-based approaches, Geometry-based approaches, Motion-based approaches, Hybrid approaches Face detection and tracking, Facial point detection and tracking, Face normalisation AU classification  ...  Facial landmark tracking When facial landmark localisation on a full sequence is desired, a landmark detection algorithm can be applied on each individual frame.  ... 
doi:10.1109/taffc.2017.2731763 fatcat:6qp6zg5rrrgwrladsnwmyeqbq4

Feature Extraction Trends for Intelligent Facial Expression Recognition: A Survey

Irfan Azam, Sajid Ali Khan
2018 Informatica (Ljubljana, Tiskana izd.)  
Human facial expression is important means of non-verbal communication and conveys a lot more information visually than vocally.  ...  Face detection, feature extraction and expression classification are the three main stages in the process of Facial Expression Recognition (FER).  ...  Deformable model also become famous for landmark detection but high computation cost is a hurdle for them in real-time applications.  ... 
doi:10.31449/inf.v42i4.2037 fatcat:zcmaj5oesneklfhf3ask7qbxsa

Deep Facial Expression Recognition: A Survey [article]

Shan Li, Weihong Deng
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We then extend our survey to additional related issues and application scenarios.  ...  In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey on deep FER, including datasets and algorithms that provide insights into these intrinsic problems.  ...  Table 2 investigates facial landmark detection algorithms widely-used in deep FER and compares them in terms of efficiency and performance.  ... 
arXiv:1804.08348v2 fatcat:katpvrizybha5bgy6bepfi3xpe

Facial Feature Point Detection: A Comprehensive Survey [article]

Nannan Wang, Xinbo Gao, Dacheng Tao, Xuelong Li
2014 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents a comprehensive survey of facial feature point detection with the assistance of abundant manually labeled images.  ...  Facial feature point detection favors many applications such as face recognition, animation, tracking, hallucination, expression analysis and 3D face modeling.  ...  Many related research topics and real-world applications could benefit from the accurate detection of facial feature points.  ... 
arXiv:1410.1037v1 fatcat:ye2nza4tabdehpk6rr62cvwute
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