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Fake News as We Feel It: Perception and Conceptualization of the Term "Fake News" in the Media [chapter]

Evandro Cunha, Gabriel Magno, Josemar Caetano, Douglas Teixeira, Virgilio Almeida
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We study the perception and the conceptualization of this term in the traditional media using eight years of data collected from news outlets based in 20 countries.  ...  In this article, we quantitatively analyze how the term "fake news" is being shaped in news media in recent years.  ...  All these results suggest that, as hypothesized in Section 1, the rise of public interest in the term "fake news" came with changes in its conceptualization and in the perception about it.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-01129-1_10 fatcat:imww7wle2vhy5lnpfrhk66ogay

Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election

Hunt Allcott, Matthew Gentzkow
2017 Journal of Economic Perspectives  
We conceptualize fake news as distorted signals uncorrelated with the truth.  ...  The more marked decline of trust in the mainstream media among Republicans shown in figure 2 could have increased their relative demand for news from nontraditional sources, as could a perception that  ... 
doi:10.1257/jep.31.2.211 fatcat:o74hxquigfadxilt4zozq43snq

Journalism Students and Information Consumption in the Era of Fake News

Santiago Tejedor, Marta Portalés-Oliva, Ricardo Carniel-Bugs, Laura Cervi
2021 Media and Communication  
and the spread of fake news are the most relevant one.  ...  For this reason, this research concludes, among other aspects, that the promotion of initiatives and research to promote media literacy and news literacy are decisive in the training of university students  ...  Fake News, the Audience and Young People As previously mentioned, since 2016 there has been an explosion of academic work that fixes its subject matter using the terms 'fake news,' this topic of fake news  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v9i1.3516 doaj:731ad195bd1345c7b0dbd823bba6a4f6 fatcat:vqq45u6psja4bir2jefymsrx2q

Discursive Deflection: Accusation of "Fake News" and the Spread of Mis- and Disinformation in the Tweets of President Trump

Andrew S. Ross, Damian J. Rivers
2018 Social Media + Society  
One of the most notable features of Trump's Twitter use has been his repeated ridicule of the mainstream media through pejorative labels such as "fake news" and "fake media."  ...  However, given the contestable nature of objective truth, it can be argued that Trump himself is a serial offender in the propagation of mis-and disinformation in the same vein that he accuses the media  ...  However, this tweet moves closer to Lakoff's conceptualization of deflection wherein the media are accused of being fake news as a way of framing Trump as the primary-or even sole-source of truth as it  ... 
doi:10.1177/2056305118776010 fatcat:hzcekk6mtjcllo2u3oijd3fase

Social Media, Freedom of Expression, and the Legal Regulation of Fake News in Croatia [chapter]

Derenčinović Davor
2021 The Impact of Digital Platforms and Social Media on the Freedom of Expression and Pluralism : Analysis on Certain Central European Countries  
At the same time, the respondents in Croatia seem to be among the most (self-) confident in terms of their perception of their ability to identify fake news (82% in comparison to the EU average of 71%  ...  the conceptual confusion concerning the terminology related to fake news.  ... 
doi:10.54237/profnet.2021.mwsm_5 fatcat:yqyshrxwgfaqnknti4rnmdfrre

How Fake News Spreads Online?

2020 International Journal of Media and Information Literacy  
It is also important to compare the spread of fake news within different political contexts and media systems to explore how local peculiarities affect its circulation.  ...  In this paper, I argue that future research needs a systematic exploration of users' motivations to share fake news and more precise look into the role of media in misinformation dissemination.  ...  For example, people can share fake news if they were previously exposed to it or if they feel pressure to engage in social media activity.  ... 
doi:10.13187/ijmil.2020.2.217 fatcat:stn6lt2fhvfgtkixgegkn7elvq

Fake News From The Islamic Perspective

Siti Suriani Othman, Fauziah Hassan, Safiyyah Ahmad Sabri, Liana Mat Nayan
2020 Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan  
Besides that, the role of technology in reducing or/and increasing the threat of fake news in modern communication is also discussed.  ...  The discussion starts with scholarly literature about fake news to understand the concept of fake news, followed by the issue of fake news in news sourcing.  ...  Results and Discussions Fake News in Today's Journalism Fake news is used as a term that denounces media and journalism, and simultaneously a term for various levels of wrong and fabricated information  ... 
doi:10.29313/mimbar.v36i1.5467 fatcat:4bg3oupwj5fmbc6tfdm5vwiygm

Characteristics of Fake News and Misinformation in Greece: The Rise of New Crowdsourcing-Based Journalistic Fact-Checking Models

Evangelos Lamprou, Nikos Antonopoulos, Iouliani Anomeritou, Chrysoula Apostolou
2021 Journalism and Media  
This dissertation scopes to map the characteristics of fake news and misinformation in an EU country such as Greece, based on the findings of "Ellinika Hoaxes" a fact-checking platform that uses in combination  ...  The findings shape new perspectives on the nature of misinformation and fake news in Greece and focus on new communication and fact-checking models.  ...  The term 'fake news' has emerged as a global construct among leaders, media professionals, and consumers of media content, capturing a new trend of doubt and disbelief towards mainstream media organizations  ... 
doi:10.3390/journalmedia2030025 fatcat:pkndt4w3krht3n56b37vfpcddq

What is Fake News?

Nikil Mukerji
2018 Ergo, An Open Access Journal of Philosophy  
the participants of the Fake Knowledge conference and GAP conference (both at Cologne, 2018) from whom I have received helpful comments and suggestions on a previous version of this paper.  ...  I would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers of this journal for their constructive criticisms of my argument as well as Robert Mason for suggesting corrections of the manuscript.  ...  Maybe fake news stories can be identified in terms of their content.  ... 
doi:10.3998/ergo.12405314.0005.035 fatcat:bf6y6iz26ba5vi4lszrbdcttlq

Personal epistemologies of the media: Selective criticality, pragmatic trust, and competence–confidence in navigating media repertoires in the digital age

Christian Schwarzenegger
2020 New Media & Society  
While the perils of social media, fake news, and an alleged distrust in legacy media have attained considerable public attention, the implications of these public narratives for their audiences have remained  ...  The aim of this article is to identify consequences of an emerged "fake news and post truth-era-narrative" for media users' personal epistemologies, media beliefs, and news navigation practices from a  ...  Acknowledgements This article is submitted for the special issue: "Truth, facts, and fake: The shifting epistemologies of news in a digital age" (Mats Ekström, University of Gothenburg; Seth C.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444819856919 fatcat:ydvy6msecravhckrqmfpplgfby

Fake news and its impact on trust in the news. Using the Portuguese case to establish lines of differentiation

Tiago Lima Quintanilha, Marisa Torres da Silva, Tiago Lapa
2019 Communication & Society  
vary primarily in terms of intentionality and exactly how it disrupts the information process.  ...  The starting point is Fletcher and Nielsen's (2017) idea that, because they don't make a clear distinction between real and fake news, Internet users feel a generalised sense of distrust in the media.  ...  Fourthly, the public's perceptions of journalists and the media is highly positive in terms of credibility, trust and role in democracy.  ... 
doi:10.15581/ fatcat:d2s6dkyc35dhpn2jkuzfeksr2y

Science audiences, misinformation, and fake news

Dietram A. Scheufele, Nicole M. Krause
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
in new media environments, and a (re)focusing on traditionally underserved audiences.  ...  Specifically, we show how being misinformed is a function of a person's ability and motivation to spot falsehoods, but also of other group-level and societal factors that increase the chances of citizens  ...  However, the distinctions between these terms-as well as terms like "rumor" or "fake news"-have not always been clearly drawn in research pertaining to these topics (4) .  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1805871115 pmid:30642953 pmcid:PMC6475373 fatcat:2hfixmyjq5ginc3ooonjgurmom

Determinants of individuals' belief in fake news: A scoping review determinants of belief in fake news

Kirill Bryanov, Victoria Vziatysheva, Stefano Triberti
2021 PLoS ONE  
Results The study identifies three broad groups of factors contributing to individuals' belief in fake news.  ...  Proliferation of misinformation in digital news environments can harm society in a number of ways, but its dangers are most acute when citizens believe that false news is factually accurate.  ...  was outside of our original scope, such as work in  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253717 pmid:34166478 pmcid:PMC8224890 fatcat:fo2qohrxrjclxnw5i24szkopw4

Interdisciplinary Lessons Learned While Researching Fake News

Char Sample, Michael J. Jensen, Keith Scott, John McAlaney, Steve Fitchpatrick, Amanda Brockinton, David Ormrod, Amy Ormrod
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
The misleading and propagandistic tendencies in American news reporting have been a part of public discussion from its earliest days as a republic (Innis, 2007; Sheppard, 2007).  ...  "Fake news" is hardly new (McKernon, 1925), and the term has been applied to a variety of distinct phenomenon ranging from satire to news, which one may find disagreeable (Jankowski, 2018; Tandoc et al  ...  DO and AO: secondary authors deception and cybersecurity. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.537612 pmid:33424670 pmcid:PMC7793757 fatcat:o4liczpytnggbkrcwg3bzi4cfa

Mathematical models for fake news [article]

Dorje C. Brody, David M. Meier
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A definition of fake news is given, and two approaches for the modelling of fake news and its impact in elections and referendums are introduced.  ...  It is shown through a simulation study that the mere knowledge that fake news may be in circulation goes a long way towards mitigating the impact of fake news.  ...  The authors thank Bernhard Meister for comments and Lane Hughston for conversations over the years on the information-based modelling framework.  ... 
arXiv:1809.00964v3 fatcat:i4iimitlhnajxaw6spl6sy55ge
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