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Fake Cures: User-centric Modeling of Health Misinformation in Social Media [article]

Amira Ghenai, Yelena Mejova
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This work examines the individuals on social media that are posting questionable health-related information, and in particular promoting cancer treatments which have been shown to be ineffective (making  ...  Using a multi-stage user selection process, we study 4,212 Twitter users who have posted about one of 139 such "treatments", and compare them to a baseline of users generally interested in cancer.  ...  Jeremie Arash Rafii Tabrizi who has assisted in misinformation topic evaluation, query validation, and overall advise.  ... 
arXiv:1809.00557v1 fatcat:j7wx77dvmrhybjy2c667xdauk4

FAKE NEWS PROLIFERATION IN NIGERIA: CONSEQUENCES, MOTIVATIONS, AND PREVENTION THROUGH AWARENESS STRATEGIES

Oberiri Destiny Apuke, Bahiyah Omar
2020 Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews  
Second, it reinforces the need for fake news awareness as a means of reducing the spread of fake news among social media users in Nigeria.  ...  Purpose: This study aims to understand the effects of fake news spreading in Nigeria, the reasons for fake news sharing among social media users, and eventually propose preventive measures (i.e. awareness  ...  Second, it reinforces the need for fake news awareness as a means of reducing the spread of fake news among social media users in Nigeria.  ... 
doi:10.18510/hssr.2020.8236 fatcat:he5eke6bhrcxzowkm7pxfv3764

Detecting COVID-19-Related Fake News Using Feature Extraction

Suleman Khan, Saqib Hakak, N. Deepa, B. Prabadevi, Kapal Dev, Silvia Trelova
2022 Frontiers in Public Health  
Therefore, a model for detecting fake news from the news pool is essential.  ...  Since its emergence in December 2019, there have been numerous posts and news regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in social media, traditional print, and electronic media.  ...  The analysis of fake news in social medias for four months during lockdown in COVID-19-a study: biostatistical analysis of COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpubh.2021.788074 pmid:35059379 pmcid:PMC8764372 fatcat:j3dlyuzbgfaplhky3wh2x64kbe

Fake news, influencers and health-related professional participation on the Web: A pilot study on a social-network of people with Multiple Sclerosis

L. Lavorgna, M. De Stefano, M. Sparaco, M. Moccia, G. Abbadessa, P. Montella, D. Buonanno, S. Esposito, M. Clerico, C. Cenci, F. Trojsi, R. Lanzillo (+7 others)
2018 Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders  
These people are usually very well informed about the disease but are nonetheless vulnerable to hopes of being cured or saved, often amplified by misinformation, myths, legends, and therapies that are  ...  of contents of posts shared by users pinpointed as Influencers through an online questionnaire.  ...  Acknowledgments This research received no specific funding from any agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.msard.2018.07.046 pmid:30096683 fatcat:w25qofdti5h6jlobayi22u33pm

Addressing Misinformation in Online Social Networks: Diverse Platforms and the Potential of Multiagent Trust Modeling

Robin Cohen, Karyn Moffatt, Amira Ghenai, Andy Yang, Margaret Corwin, Gary Lin, Raymond Zhao, Yipeng Ji, Alexandre Parmentier, Jason P'ng, Wil Tan, Lachlan Gray
2020 Information  
In this paper, we explore how various social networking platforms currently support the spread of misinformation.  ...  Our aim is to enlighten both the organizations that host social networking and the users of those platforms, and to promote steps forward for more pro-social behaviour in these environments.  ...  Ghenai's Fake Cures model is as in [30, 31] whereas Ghenai's Zika model is presented in [5, 31] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/info11110539 fatcat:lum6l5zqtzfmpkawb2wxd73alu

MEDIA POLICIES OF THE STATE IN THE TIME OF COVID-19

Anogh Acharya, Unnikrishnan K.
2021 International journal of research - granthaalayah  
The year 2020 was bad but it was not the worst year in human history.  ...  From 1348's Plague, to 1644's collapse of Ming Dynasty and Thirty Years War of Europe, to 1919's Spanish Flu, to 1944's Holocaust and World War II, we have witnessed worse and have lost millions more (  ...  However, the problem of fake news or misinformation is not an entirely new issue for India. In recent times, pro Govt. bodies also had been part of fake news spreading culture.  ... 
doi:10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i3.2021.3800 fatcat:f2pn5z44rvhjbodgej6ohze5sm

COVID-19 infections on international celebrities: self presentation and tweeting down pandemic awareness

Wishes Mututwa, Trust Matsilele
2020 JCOM: Journal of Science Communication  
The exponential rise in COVID-19 cases globally was accompanied by a spike in misinformation about the pandemic, particularly on social media.  ...  The study finds that these celebrities can take advantage of their huge social media following to counter disinfodemic and promote awareness about health pandemics.  ...  Heldman, Schindelar and Weaver [2013] acknowledge that many health organizations have established a social media presence but the role of social media engagement in advancing public health communication  ... 
doi:10.22323/2.19050209 fatcat:q74sd3flw5b5ta23q6wahqljbi

Digital Information Seeking and Sharing Behavior During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic [article]

Mehak Fatima
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, as well as and the social media companies and search engines to address misinformation among the users in the emergent markets.  ...  They also tend to participate in discussions and disseminate information and opinions via social media forums, and smartphone messaging applications. COVID-19 pandemic was not any different.  ...  Another study based on user-centric modeling presented a classifier to identify users who are more prone to spread pseudo-medicinal information about fake cures of cancer on Twitter.  ... 
arXiv:2201.09526v1 fatcat:odkyzvr3hjfi5insj23srac5mi

Health Misinformation in Search and Social Media

Amira Ghenai
2017 Proceedings of the 40th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '17  
I understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. iii Statement of Contributions Related to the work conducted about health misinformation in social media, I collaborated  ...  The goal of this thesis is to address the misinformation problem in two of the most commonly used online services: search engines and social media platforms.  ...  Acknowledgements False Advertisements Spread in Social Media Existing channels for disseminating information about unproven cancer cures currently include statements by the US Food and Drug Administration  ... 
doi:10.1145/3077136.3084153 dblp:conf/sigir/Ghenai17 fatcat:na5rjxfgw5e6togqpdkgwmk4se

Understanding and countering the spread of conspiracy theories in social networks: Evidence from epidemiological models of Twitter data

Julian Kauk, Helene Kreysa, Stefan R. Schweinberger, Stefano Cresci
2021 PLoS ONE  
Conspiracy theories in social networks are considered to have adverse effects on individuals' compliance with public health measures in the context of a pandemic situation.  ...  An epidemic SIR (Susceptible-Infected-Removed) model was fitted to this time series with acceptable model fit, indicating parallels between the propagation of conspiracy theories in social networks and  ...  We also thank Christine Nussbaum and Frank Nussbaum for their comments on the methods section of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0256179 fatcat:c2w3dew3vjfbfl5taisl7xgxti

Partisan public health: how does political ideology influence support for COVID-19 related misinformation?

Nicholas Francis Havey
2020 Journal of Computational Social Science  
This study suggests that the political and informational polarization further facilitated by social media platforms such as Twitter may have dire consequences for public health.  ...  This study analyzes over 4000 tweets related to six misinformation topics about the COVID-19 pandemic: the use of hydroxychloroquine as treatment, the use of bleach as a preventative measure, Bill Gates  ...  As the analysis of previous pandemics has taught us, social media amplifies both disbelief in public health information and belief in associated misinformation topics and conspiracy theories, often to  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42001-020-00089-2 pmid:33163686 pmcid:PMC7604541 fatcat:etq3rfegcfa3favghuf6dop6fy

Tackling Disinformation in Times of Crisis: The European Commission's Response to the Covid-19 Infodemic and the Feasibility of a Consumer-centric Solution

Ruairí Harrison
2021 Utrecht Law Review  
Finally, considering these inherent regulatory difficulties and the impact of the Infodemic, this paper reflects upon the feasibility of a 'consumer-centric' solution to tackling disinformation in the  ...  Yet as the coronavirus pandemic brought fear and uncertainty to Europe and the wider world, how well equipped was the Commission's approach for the onslaught of health disinformation which accompanied  ...  Social confinement was necessary for public health reasons, yet it limited our social contact and access to information to social media, particularly in March and April 2020.  ... 
doi:10.36633/ulr.675 fatcat:cx2psat6ejcrtdqsdzhxue5aqy

Using Agent-Based Modelling to Evaluate the Impact of Algorithmic Curation on Social Media

Anna Gausen, Wayne Luk, Ce Guo
2022 ACM Journal of Data and Information Quality  
Agent-based modelling offers the opportunity to simulate the complex interactions between these algorithms, what users see, and the propagation of information on social media.  ...  Moreover, we show how agent-based modelling can reveal specific properties of curation algorithms, which can be used in improving such algorithms.  ...  In addition, the support of UK EPSRC (grant number EP/S023356/1, EP/L016796/1 and EP/P010040/1), Intel and Xilinx is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3546915 fatcat:btzkl27klfei5caggtpcbyrpqe

Islam, Culture, and Social Media: A Study on the Culture of the Social Media Usage in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era

Moh. Huda, Iffatin Nur
2021 The Journal of Society & Media  
This is based on the fact that in the Covid-19 pandemic situation there has been a very significant cultural shift in the use of social media, so that in practice, social media culture in the Covid-19  ...  The findings in this study indicate that the culture of society in the use of social media in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic has experienced a very significant increase.  ...  Because little is known about Covid-19, various fake news, misinformation, and rumors are spread in digital media that create public panic.  ... 
doi:10.26740/jsm.v5n2.p347-361 fatcat:kqqyeoiiz5h4hg3tvmlfiypz2a

Where Was COVID-19 First Discovered? Designing a Question-Answering System for Pandemic Situations [article]

Johannes Graf, Gino Lancho, Patrick Zschech, Kai Heinrich
2022 arXiv   pre-print
in pandemic situations.  ...  On this basis, we derived prescriptive design knowledge in terms of design requirements and design principles, which we translated into the construction of a prototypical instantiation.  ...  Especially on social media, people find it hard to distinguish fake news from credible ones (Pennycook et al. 2020) .  ... 
arXiv:2204.08787v1 fatcat:54jbog42aveaze2xcikqt25ei4
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