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Fairness in Multiplayer Ultimatum Games Through Moderate Responder Selection

Fernando P. Santos, Daan Bloembergen
2019 The 2019 Conference on Artificial Life   unpublished
We study the evolution of fairness in a multiplayer version of the classical Ultimatum Game in which a group of N Proposers offers a division of resources to M Responders.  ...  We find that selecting moderate Responders optimizes overall fairness.  ...  This project has received funding in the framework of the joint programming initiative ERA-Net Smart Energy Systems' focus initiative Smart Grids Plus, with support from the European Union's Horizon 2020  ... 
doi:10.1162/isal_a_00160.xml fatcat:gdff3enm2fcxrnual4xkx5vhxq

The Influence of Counterfactual Comparison on Fairness in Gain-Loss Contexts

Qi Li, Chunsheng Wang, Jamie Taxer, Zhong Yang, Ya Zheng, Xun Liu
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Although certain studies using a two-player ultimatum game (UG) have shown that comparison with the proposers influences the responders' fairness perceptions in a gain context, the effect of counterfactual  ...  comparison in a UG with multiple responders or proposers remains unclear, especially in a loss context.  ...  a multiplayer UG game.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00683 pmid:28536542 pmcid:PMC5422536 fatcat:wb5bhcwpknbonmxvmni6vwqkja

Considerations of Fairness and Strategy: Experimental Data from Sequential Games

V. Prasnikar, A. E. Roth
1992 Quarterly Journal of Economics  
0 in the ultimatum games.  ...  The contrary hypothesis now suggested by the remarks of is that the different observed behavior in the two games is due to the fact that players are concerned with fairness only in the ultimatum games  ...  **N represents the number of buyers in each of the markets. x An x in the mode column means that there were fewer than three observations at any one price.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2118366 fatcat:7l43pzwfbrbdhfhvehcxibzuv4

Power Influences the Expression of Honesty-Humility: The Power-Exploitation Affordances Hypothesis

Ard J. Barends, Reinout E. de Vries, Mark van Vugt
2019 Journal of Research in Personality  
Power was manipulated by comparing games in which allocators either had absolute power (dictator game), intermediate (delta game), or shared power (ultimatum game) over joint outcomes.  ...  Across different experiments we show that individual differences in Honesty-Humility predict exploitation in economic games, and that this relation is moderated by situational power.  ...  their expression in two games that differed in the balance of power: the ultimatum game and dictator game.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103856 fatcat:mdxszpfvhfeyhakykz2pe6h2y4

Using Cognitive Agents to Train Negotiation Skills

Christopher A. Stevens, Jeroen Daamen, Emma Gaudrain, Tom Renkema, Jakob Dirk Top, Fokie Cnossen, Niels A. Taatgen
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
It uses this model to try to infer the strategy of the opponent and respond accordingly.  ...  In a series of experiments, we show that this agent replicates some aspects of human performance, is plausible to human negotiators, and can lead to learning gains in a small-scale negotiation task.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS CS: Wrote the manuscript, provided guidance and support in running Experiments 2 and 3, wrote the code for the models and agent software, and conducted follow-up data analyses; JD  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00154 pmid:29535654 pmcid:PMC5835330 fatcat:a26kjogzunahnfn7lcfew64qzu

Blood Code: The History and Future of Video Game Censorship

Jeffrey O'Holleran
2010 Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law  
up a local Ethernet atively cumbersome process. multiplayer component was drastically stronger, for online matches through Xbox Live.  ...  A strong multiplayer component denotes a game in which the multiplayer component of the game (as opposed to the singleplayer component) is a primary draw for playing.  ...  and sex on TV, and in video games, and in movies.  ... 
dblp:journals/jthtl/OHolleran10 fatcat:6baeuuasybhsxkr74fe3exmy6q

Take the Money and Run: Psychopathic Behavior in the Trust Game

Manuel I. Ibáñez, Gerardo Sabater-Grande, Iván Barreda-Tarrazona, Laura Mezquita, Sandra López-Ovejero, Helena Villa, Pandelis Perakakis, Generós Ortet, Aurora García-Gallego, Nikolaos Georgantzís
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
binary trust game in a sample of 220 (138 females) undergraduate students.  ...  The game involves two players, player 1 (P1) and player 2 (P2). In the first stage, P1 decides whether to trust and let P2 decide, or to secure an egalitarian payoff for both players.  ...  and the out-group (defined in terms of affiliation to a UK University) in dictator and ultimatum games.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01866 pmid:27965606 pmcid:PMC5125304 fatcat:ky7cgsjberdtvdago6cu6ta2w4

Using Blockchain to Improve Decision Making That Benefits the Public Good

Moran Cerf, Sandra Matz, Aviram Berg
2020 Frontiers in Blockchain  
We test our protocol's performance in the context of the Public Goods Game.  ...  The game, a generalized version of the Prisoner's Dilemma, allows players to maximize their own gain or act in ways that benefit the collective.  ...  This iterative process yields a candidate selection over multiple rounds of decision and through group dynamics.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbloc.2020.00013 fatcat:waxxkgopujcvxoeuhki4z6wp34

Institutional Creativity and Entrepreneurship in Institutes of Higher Education: Opportunities and Challenges

Tawfeeq Mohammed Alanazi, University of Tabuk, Hanan Usama Hassan Mahmoud, University of Tabuk
2018 Journal of Economics and Business  
several business planning projects described in this paper.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like thank the faculty and students in the five-year professional MBA program in the School of Business and Industry at Florida A & M University for their support of the  ...  Half of the subjects also played a basic ultimatum game.  ... 
doi:10.31014/aior.1992.01.04.36 fatcat:z5zfgmxwvjh7rnlfh6yxrhqkhm

4th International Conference on Behavioral Addictions February 20–22, 2017 Haifa, Israel

Zsolt Demetrovics
2017 Journal of Behavioral Addictions  
Participants subsequently played the ultimatum game (UG), first as responders, assessing fair and unfair monetary offers, and then as prospers.  ...  Methods: Emergent adult (18-29) gamers residing in Australia who play massively multiplayer online (MMO) and massively multiplayer online roleplaying games (MMORPGS) were assessed over both longitudinal  ...  Discussion: The lack of group differences in 6 out of seven EDS-21 subscales does not support the hypotheses that lifetime exercise dependence is more frequent in patients with ALS compared to the general  ... 
doi:10.1556/jba.6.2017.suppl.1 pmid:28201926 fatcat:2udwkq5z55g4hipqpju76rnrn4

Aging and the neuroeconomics of decision making: A review

Stephen B. R. E. Brown, K. Richard Ridderinkhof
2009 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
Activation in the anterior insula was greater when participants in the Ultimatum Game were offered unfair instead of fair shares of money; this activation became more pronounced as the unfairness of the  ...  In the trust game, a two-person sequential game, the first player to move decides either to terminate the game (which leads to a fixed equal payoff to both players) or to let the other player (the trustee  ... 
doi:10.3758/cabn.9.4.365 pmid:19897790 fatcat:yoooctlitvfb3intzgms6t5t5y

Altruism and selfishness

Howard Rachlin
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Many situations in human life present choices between (a) narrowly preferred particular alternatives and (b) narrowly less preferred (or aversive) particular alternatives that nevertheless form part of  ...  Punishment, rewards, and ultimatum games.  ...  Cooperation and fair behavior (e.g., in an ultimatum game; see Nowak et al. 2000) may often arise because of punishment and reward (Gintis et al. 2001; Sigmund et al. 2001) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02000055 fatcat:mbyfixdgivhe5bonkmfwq4yzpq

Internal mechanisms that implicate the self enlighten the egoism-altruism debate

Constantine Sedikides, Aiden P. Gregg
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Many situations in human life present choices between (a) narrowly preferred particular alternatives and (b) narrowly less preferred (or aversive) particular alternatives that nevertheless form part of  ...  Punishment, rewards, and ultimatum games.  ...  Cooperation and fair behavior (e.g., in an ultimatum game; see Nowak et al. 2000) may often arise because of punishment and reward (Gintis et al. 2001; Sigmund et al. 2001) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02480053 fatcat:lrfu5qn2rrfdlhdowkhdzfb7pi

Cooperation in repeated interactions: A systematic review of Centipede game experiments, 1992–2016

Eva M. Krockow, Andrew M. Colman, Briony D. Pulford
2016 European Review of Social Psychology  
in this way.  ...  A systematic review of experimental research reveals that human decision makers cooperate frequently in this game, except under certain extreme conditions.  ...  A small number have investigated multiplayer Centipede games.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10463283.2016.1249640 fatcat:xkrlhogeonhsbbvv32osdbyfta

Journalism, public service and BBC News Online [chapter]

Stuart Allan, Einar Thorsen
2011 News Online  
89, 95-6 Madrid 87 Massively Multiplayer Online Games 94 Zapatistas 78-9 Zhou, Zola 183 9780230_233454_03_Ch01.qxd 4/8/10 11:23 am Page 23 News Online 9780230_233454_03_Ch01.qxd 4/8/  ...  Bush issued an ultimatum to Saddam Hussein and his sons: leave Iraq within 48 hours.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-137-08100-1_2 fatcat:5srxceqlq5blrkyoehf22koxke
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