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DeepVentilation: Learning to Predict Physical Effort from Breathing

Sagar Sen, Pierre Bernabé, Erik Johannes B.L.G. Husom
2020 Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Tracking physical effort from physiological signals has enabled people to manage required activity levels in our increasingly sedentary and automated world.  ...  In this demo, we present DeepVentilation, a deep learning system to predict minute ventilation in litres of air a person moves in one minute uniquely from real-time measurement of rib-cage breathing forces  ...  Acknowledgments This work was partially supported by JSPS Kakenhi Grant Numbers JP17H04695 and JP20H00587. The author thanks all the co-authors, collaborators, and discussants.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2020/730 dblp:conf/ijcai/Todo20 fatcat:w43fsp4qhreozhfgxvrycsha34

Fair Division (Dagstuhl Seminar 16232)

Yonatan Aumann, Jérôme Lang, Ariel D. Procaccia, Marc Herbstritt
2016 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 16232 "Fair Division".  ...  The seminar was composed of technical sessions with regular talks, and discussion sessions distributed over the full week.  ...  ), and Simon William Mackenzie (UNSW -Sydney, AU)  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.6.6.10 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/AumannLP16 fatcat:gvfx4ec77rcupbxkzyq7vdoz74

An Algorithmic Framework for Strategic Fair Division [article]

Simina Brânzei, Ioannis Caragiannis, David Kurokawa, Ariel D. Procaccia
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Classical cake cutting protocols are susceptible to manipulation. Do their strategic outcomes still guarantee fairness?  ...  The class of GCC protocols includes the most important discrete cake cutting protocols, and turns out to be compatible with the study of fair division among strategic agents.  ...  Fair Equilibria The existence of equilibria (Theorems 1 and 2) gives us a tool for predicting the strategic outcomes of cake cutting protocols.  ... 
arXiv:1307.2225v2 fatcat:fecsofzfsjholdljvhjhwhrr3e

Leximin Allocations in the Real World

David Kurokawa, Ariel D. Procaccia, Nisarg Shah
2015 Proceedings of the Sixteenth ACM Conference on Economics and Computation - EC '15  
Our approach revolves around the randomized leximin mechanism.  ...  ), and performs extremely well with respect to a number of efficiency objectives.  ...  al. 2015; Li et al. 2014; Bochet et al. 2012 ; Bogomolnaia and Moulin 2004] , cake cutting [Chen et al. 2013] , and kidney exchange [Roth et al. 2005 ].  ... 
doi:10.1145/2764468.2764490 dblp:conf/sigecom/KurokawaP015 fatcat:uycay4ticvb5nie3p36aztgr5y

How Victim Sensitivity leads to Uncooperative Behavior via Expectancies of Injustice

Simona Maltese, Anna Baumert, Manfred J. Schmitt, Colin MacLeod
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
In Study 2 we directly manipulated the tendency to form expectancies of injustice in ambiguous situations to test for causality.  ...  and cooperation behavior in a trust game.  ...  An example of a scenario from the control version of the task is: "In the cafeteria, a nice piece of cake catches my attention. The cashier notices and recom_ _nds t_e cake."  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02059 pmid:26793163 pmcid:PMC4710890 fatcat:jbnvh2j7mrforjkwfv7psucvwy

Methods of Estimating Demand

Edward R. Hawkins
1957 Journal of Marketing  
Identical Simmons mattresses were offered for sale, half of them under the Simmons name and half under the name “Dreamland.”  ...  The most interest ing case was that of cake flour, which was tested in three periods. Table I shows the results of period 1 and period 2 for each price change.  ... 
doi:10.1177/002224295702100406 fatcat:rjkbwfimbzbbxmbii7j4yf3bjm

Page 411 of None Vol. 34, Issue 1744 [page]

1890 None  
As he improves in manipulation he indulges in the perfecting of wheels with many spokes, his name being often repeated in the circum- ference and in the radii.  ...  Picking up a book at random, at once a clean and well-kept book determines who used the book. You need not turn to the first page, that bears the name of ‘‘ Cora” or “Etta” or “Mary” inscribed on it.  ... 

Mechanism design for fair division

Richard Cole, Vasilis Gkatzelis, Gagan Goel
2013 Proceedings of the fourteenth ACM conference on Electronic commerce - EC '13  
solution of Proportional Fairness.  ...  We revisit the classic problem of fair division from a mechanism design perspective and provide an elegant truthful mechanism that yields surprisingly good approximation guarantees for the widely used  ...  Acknowledgement: The second author would like to thank Vasilis Syrgkanis for his help in clarifying the connection between the Partial Allocation mechanism and VCG payments.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2492002.2482582 dblp:conf/sigecom/ColeGG13 fatcat:725knehss5cktnlfphpjbkjdxy

The Undercut Procedure: An Algorithm for the Envy-Free Division of Indivisible Items

Steven J. Brams, D. Marc Kilgour, Christian Klamler
2009 Social Science Research Network  
We propose a procedure for dividing indivisible items between two players in which each player ranks the items from best to worst and has no information about the other player's ranking.  ...  Although the undercut procedure is manipulable, each player's maximin strategy is to be truthful. Applications of the undercut procedure are briefly discussed.  ...  In some ways, our procedure is a discrete analogue of the well-known "I cut, you choose" procedure for cake-cutting.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1319829 fatcat:6ixywqykxjgwvehloj5sliknom

The undercut procedure: an algorithm for the envy-free division of indivisible items

Steven J. Brams, D. Marc Kilgour, Christian Klamler
2011 Social Choice and Welfare  
We propose a procedure for dividing indivisible items between two players in which each player ranks the items from best to worst and has no information about the other player's ranking.  ...  Although the undercut procedure is manipulable, each player's maximin strategy is to be truthful. Applications of the undercut procedure are briefly discussed.  ...  In some ways, our procedure is a discrete analogue of the well-known "I cut, you choose" procedure for cake-cutting.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00355-011-0599-1 fatcat:lxrlcti4lrcl5o3f5zxxxbcws4

Mechanism Design for Fair Division [article]

Richard Cole, Vasilis Gkatzelis, Gagan Goel
2014 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, we aim to allocate a collection of divisible items to a set of agents while incentivizing the agents to be truthful in reporting their valuations.  ...  We revisit the classic problem of fair division from a mechanism design perspective, using Proportional Fairness as a benchmark.  ...  Related Work Our setting is closely related to the large topic of fair division or cake-cutting [Young 1995; Brams and Taylor 1996; Robertson and Webb 1998; Moulin 2003; Barbanel 2004] , which has been  ... 
arXiv:1212.1522v3 fatcat:vt4lkfoodrd6nhq5sbdapgiig4

TheDaily ShowWay [chapter]

Roben Torosyan
2013 The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy  
There's pound cake in the back, we can have a good time, and uh- Rumsfeld: It appears that there were not weapons of mass destruction. McGovern: You said you knew where they were.  ...  Many leaders go from duplicitously manipulating rhetoric to outright We know where they are. They're in the area around... Baghdad.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118617380.ch13 fatcat:njlipxbkj5clnbl4vw3dxfdjkq

The Effects of Breakfast and Breakfast Composition on Cognition in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Katie Adolphus, Clare L Lawton, Claire L Champ, Louise Dye
2016 Advances in Nutrition  
The effects of breakfast were evaluated by cognitive domain and breakfast manipulation. A total of 45 studies reported in 43 articles were included in the review.  ...  These include a lack of research on adolescents, few naturalistic breakfast manipulations or testing environments, small samples, and insensitive cognitive tests. Adv Nutr 2016;7(Suppl):590S-612S.  ...  Acknowledgments All authors read and approved the final manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3945/an.115.010256 pmid:27184287 pmcid:PMC4863264 fatcat:orkm6l6wxfa7farkxr67axcski

Free will in consumer behavior: Self-control, ego depletion, and choice

Roy F. Baumeister, Erin A. Sparks, Tyler F. Stillman, Kathleen D. Vohs
2008 Journal of Consumer Psychology  
Our approach to understanding free will sidesteps metaphysical and theological debates. Belief in free will is pervasive in human social life and contributes to its benefits.  ...  Self-control, planful action, and rational choice are vital forms of free will in this sense.  ...  Laws restrict false advertising and the Surgeon General requires warnings of product risk.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jcps.2007.10.002 fatcat:zsuh24weybcyrlfhil6iqlbf6u

Two routes to perspective: Simulation and rule-use as approaches to mentalizing

Peter Mitchell, Gregory Currie, Fenja Ziegler
2009 British Journal of Developmental Psychology  
However, children do use a rule-based approach for mentalizing in some contexts, which has the advantage of protecting them from the salience of their own belief.  ...  Rule-based mentalizing judgements might be faster, cognitively easier and less prone to error, relative to simulation-based judgements that are much influenced by salience.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank [insert name] for suggesting that conceptual change theory might make U-shaped Q3 predictions about development and for suggesting that a rule-based approach might grow out of  ... 
doi:10.1348/026151008x334737 pmid:19994566 fatcat:vpxufsoytvbwvows7prvflrgry
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