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Fair Division through Information Withholding [article]

Hadi Hosseini, Sujoy Sikdar, Rohit Vaish, Jun Wang, Lirong Xia
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We study allocations that are nearly envy-free in aggregate, and define a novel fairness notion based on information withholding.  ...  Envy-freeness up to one good (EF1) is a well-studied fairness notion for indivisible goods that addresses pairwise envy by the removal of at most one good.  ...  This observation, along with the foregoing discussion, suggests that fairness through information withholding is a well-motivated approach towards approximate envy-freeness that could provide promising  ... 
arXiv:1907.02583v3 fatcat:geuiytxucrdfddwdqyxqzb4bda

Fair Division Through Information Withholding

Hadi Hosseini, Sujoy Sikdar, Rohit Vaish, Hejun Wang, Lirong Xia
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
We study allocations that are nearly envy-free in aggregate, and define a novel fairness notion based on information withholding.  ...  In contrast to the worst-case results, our experiments on synthetic and real-world preference data show that existing algorithms for finding EF1 allocations withhold a close-to-optimal amount of information  ...  This observation, along with the foregoing discussion, shows that fairness through information withholding is a wellmotivated approach towards approximate envy-freeness that yields promising existence  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i02.5573 fatcat:d4kpll7l3bcw5k2hede5rje2ae

Page 188 of Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol. 75, Issue [page]

1946 Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  
White in explaining what was the basis for the false accusa- tion of deliberate withholding of pro- duction from the public. Fair Distribution Mr.  ...  White said, “that major appliances such as refrigerators and radios are distributed through as many as 30,000 dealers and small appliances through as many as 50,000 dealers.”  ... 

Patient Attitudes Toward Physician Financial Incentives

Anne G. Pereira, Steven D. Pearson
2001 Archives of Internal Medicine  
We asked about their trust in their primary care physician; discomfort with compensation models of salary with withhold (salary), fee-for-service with withhold, and group capitation (capitation).  ...  Patients who knew their primary care physician was paid through capitation did not report less trust in their primary care physician but still fre-quently expressed discomfort (46%) with capitation.  ...  At the time of this survey the staff model HMO physicians' compensation was based almost entirely on salary, with a 10% withhold on all salaries contingent on the financial performance of the entire division  ... 
doi:10.1001/archinte.161.10.1313 pmid:11371260 fatcat:nbkz574swjfwxll7gxob7w7bl4

Page 6 of Journal of the American Pharmacists Association Vol. 9, Issue 1 [page]

1920 Journal of the American Pharmacists Association  
of the members; while to withhold this information until the issue of the annual volume or Year Book, as has been done heretofore, is to withhold it until it possesses value for only one division of the  ...  Eight years have flown by since the first number of the JOURNAL was issued, and it is but fair to say that the services of the JourNAL have more than justified its establishment.  ... 

2003 Handbook of Employment Regulations Affecting Florida Farm Employers and Workers: Income Tax Withholding for Farm Workers [Federal]

Leo C. Polopolus, Michael T. Olexa, Fritz Roka, Carol Fountain
1969 EDIS  
Income tax withholding for farm workers means to withhold federal income taxes on the cash wages of farmworkers.  ...  This information is included in Circular 1200, Handbook of Employment Regulations Affecting Florida Farm Employers and Workers.  ...  a violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  ... 
doi:10.32473/edis-fe403-2003 fatcat:gkjfbuvzpjdwpocvxgsgqecgry

Page 32 of American Bankers Association. ABA Banking Journal Vol. 31, Issue 6 [page]

1938 American Bankers Association. ABA Banking Journal  
B missioner stated: ; I “In this coimection, please be informed that the Bureau holds that prior to the serving of a notice of levy upon a bank deposit, no duty devolves upon the bank to withhold funds  ...  of Outside Sales¬ man” pursuant to Section 13(a) (1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  ... 

Effects of Patient-Physician Relationship on Withholding Information Behavior and Its Trend: Findings From Health Information National Trends Survey 2011-2018

Xin Yang, Jason Parton, Dwight Lewis, Ning Yang, Matthew Hudnall
2020 Journal of Medical Internet Research  
Patients' withholding information from doctors can undermine medical treatment, create barriers for appropriate diagnoses, and increase systemic cost in health care systems.  ...  To date, there is limited literature detailing the association between trends of patients withholding information behavior (WIB) and the patient-physician relationship (PPR).  ...  The reasons for patients withholding information are multifold.  ... 
doi:10.2196/16713 pmid:32012083 pmcid:PMC7016621 fatcat:izxwtzkf5vev5jcwlf7zsmd64m

Durable-Goods Monopoly: Laboratory Market and Bargaining Experiments

Stanley S. Reynolds
2000 The Rand Journal of Economics  
There was substantial demand withholding by buyers in multiperiod experiments. A version of bounded rationality is a promising candidate for explaining deviations from equilibrium predictions.  ...  division of total surplus.  ...  A buyer's perception of the fairness of a price offer could be one source of withholding.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2601046 fatcat:mnmo32bpfjblhizxoxwn75frmm

WITHHOLDING TAX KNOWLEDGE AND SUPPLY PRICING: PERSPECTIVE OF SUPPLIERS IN THE CAPE COAST METROPOLIS

Paul Andoh
2020 Zenodo  
Therefore, the paper sought to explore some of the possible causes from the perspective of withholding tax enforcement.  ...  This paper explored the relevant knowledge of suppliers about withholding tax (WHT) system in Ghana and the implication on supply pricing.  ...  The assumptions of the theories suggest that with accurate information to suppliers through education, level of knowledge on withholding tax would be increased.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3940164 fatcat:bftw65piwfb5fpyw2bjg35wzfe

Page 238 of American Veterinary Medical Association. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Vol. 105, Issue 811 [page]

1944 American Veterinary Medical Association. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association  
—The 32 horses burned to death in the fire that swept through two. stables at the Detroit Fair Grounds, June 17, have been assessed at $200,000.  ...  A.V.M.A is Will Harbert, his groom, from whom no horseman withholds credit for the long life of Man o' War the greatest horse of all time; the horse that is always news.  ... 

Page 200 of National Canners Association: Information Letter Vol. , Issue 2121 [page]

1967 National Canners Association: Information Letter  
Shipments in cases of six No. 10 cans are to be made during the period August 7 through October 9.  ...  Lamb, head, Chemistry Section, Ber- keley Laboratory, spoke on “The Im- pact of the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act on the Canning Indjs- try” at two seminars on “The al Implications of the Fair Packaging  ... 

Grow a Spine, Have a Heart: Responding to Patient Requests for Marginally Beneficial Care

2015 The AMA Journal of Ethic  
This is best achieved through a fair process in open democratic deliberations.  ...  Perry an ethical obligation rooted in fair resource allocation to withhold the mammogram from Ms. Hollowell under the present US system, even if she has government insurance.  ... 
doi:10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.11.ecas2-1511 pmid:26595243 fatcat:akfp3f3buzduxhrkpzsiqrqmxi

Page 419 of Journal of Accountancy Vol. 80, Issue 6 [page]

1945 Journal of Accountancy  
Ralph Hendershot, conservative financial editor of the New York World-Telegram, wrote recently: “The need is for full production and a fair division of the profits from business.  ...  Management must withhold enough prof- its for their stockholders to encourage a free flow of capital to sustain our indus- tries. Labor must have the balance.  ... 

Buyer Countervailing Power: A Survey of the Theory and Experimental Evidence

Bradley J. Ruffle
2005 Social Science Research Network  
This study explores three variables hypothesized to affect posted prices through buyer demand withholding: buyer concentration (two or four buyers), the surplus division between buyers and sellers (each  ...  In all of these earlier experiments, the induced cost and valuation parameters are strictly private information, thereby eliminating fairness as an explanation of buyer withholding.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.894664 fatcat:lmlnygy2yreq5htbj6r7dt2uke
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