Filters








6,695 Hits in 5.2 sec

Promoting justice by treating people unequally: an experimental study

Alice Becker, Luis M. Miller
2009 Experimental Economics  
Moreover, the type and the size of the good to be distributed also affect the frequency of impartial behavior.  ...  This paper reports the results of an experiment designed to study distributive choices dealing with arbitrarily unequal initial endowments.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10683-009-9222-z fatcat:xa2d4f3zlbd7dbxchlgaxhw6ja

Why do People Buy Lottery Tickets? Choices Involving Risk and the Indivisibility of Expenditure

Ng Yew Kwang
1965 Journal of Political Economy  
Now let good X be indivisible, and let F represent all other goods which are assumed to be perfectly divisible.  ...  THE PROBLEM UNDER the assumptions that, first, the pleasures of gambling may be neglected and, second, the marginal utility of income is diminishing, it can easily be shown that fair gambling is an economic  ... 
doi:10.1086/259077 fatcat:xqb4plhgzrgsritejazk4izllq

Fair Division Under Cardinality Constraints

Arpita Biswas, Siddharth Barman
2018 Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The two central notions of fairness, in the context of fair division of indivisible goods, are envy freeness up to one good (EF1) and the (approximate) maximin share guarantee (MMS).  ...  We consider the problem of fairly allocating indivisible goods, among agents, under cardinality constraints and additive valuations.  ...  Arpita Biswas gratefully acknowledges the support of a Google PhD Fellowship Award.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2018/13 dblp:conf/ijcai/BiswasB18 fatcat:d35xypgvorbr7ba7qxqtdilzce

Truthful Fair Division [chapter]

Elchanan Mossel, Omer Tamuz
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We address the problem of fair division, or cake cutting, with the goal of finding truthful mechanisms.  ...  We then turn our attention to partitions of indivisible goods with bounded utilities and a large number of goods. Here we provide similar mechanisms, but with slightly weaker guarantees.  ...  Indivisible Goods Let C = {a 1 , . . . , a n } be a finite set of indivisible goods ("discrete cake").  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16170-4_25 fatcat:w3bcjdoi7rdeflo2d5k2g4ik3e

Fair Division Under Cardinality Constraints [article]

Siddharth Barman, Arpita Biswas
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The two central notions of fairness, in the context of fair division of indivisible goods, are envy freeness up to one good (EF1) and the (approximate) maximin share guarantee (MMS).  ...  We consider the problem of fairly allocating indivisible goods, among agents, under cardinality constraints and additive valuations.  ...  Arpita Biswas gratefully acknowledges the support of a Google PhD Fellowship Award.  ... 
arXiv:1804.09521v2 fatcat:yrleeafysjgpjhw64po7l5e75y

Risk Attitudes with State-Dependent Indivisibilities in Consumption

Markus Fels
2018 Social Science Research Network  
The existence of such state-dependent indivisible consumption opportunities influences a person's risk attitudes.  ...  In general, people are not risk averse anymore even if utility from divisible consumption is concave.  ...  Hence, people's risk attitudes are more nuanced than seeing all risk as either bad or good.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3272200 fatcat:yi2cp2u3cne2rcxjz4g4kntuza

Fair Division with a Secretive Agent [article]

Eshwar Ram Arunachaleswaran, Siddharth Barman, Nidhi Rathi
2018 arXiv   pre-print
These two notions of fairness are applicable in the context of indivisible goods and divisible goods (cake cutting), respectively.  ...  We study classic fair-division problems in a partial information setting. This paper respectively addresses fair division of rent, cake, and indivisible goods among agents with cardinal preferences.  ...  division of a cake (a divisible good) and maximin fair division of indivisible goods.  ... 
arXiv:1811.10859v1 fatcat:kzxnmfmm7nhyvjabbnmwwb7q64

Variable Elimination in Binary CSPs (Extended Abstract)

Martin C. Cooper, Achref El Mouelhi, Cyril Terrioux
2020 Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
I focus this survey on the fair division of indivisible goods, but I could have just as easily chosen the fair division of divisible goods.  ...  For such reasons, results for the fair division of goods do not always map onto analogous results for the fair division of bads.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2020/691 dblp:conf/ijcai/Walsh20 fatcat:i4h3p6o2tvcl7iu4ah33hk2nr4

Fair Division: The Computer Scientist's Perspective [article]

Toby Walsh
2020 arXiv   pre-print
I survey recent progress on a classic and challenging problem in social choice: the fair division of indivisible items.  ...  I discuss how a computational perspective has provided interesting insights into and understanding of how to divide items fairly and efficiently.  ...  I focus this survey on the fair division of indivisible goods, but I could have just as easily chosen the fair division of divisible goods.  ... 
arXiv:2005.04855v1 fatcat:syhptgav6rh7bcgaguxcriehxu

Dividing the indivisible

Stefan Wintein, Conrad Heilmann
2017 Politics, Philosophy and Economics  
We demonstrate that division methods from apportionment theory, which has hitherto been ignored by philosophical theories of fairness, can be used to provide fair division for indivisible goods without  ...  Philosophical theories of fairness propose to divide a good that several individuals have a claim to in proportion to the strength of their respective claims.  ...  Stefan Wintein thanks the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for funding the project, The Structure of Reality and the Reality of Structure (project leader: FA Muller), in which he  ... 
doi:10.1177/1470594x17715248 pmid:30595669 pmcid:PMC6294176 fatcat:4xftboidrbf2rcpckbmq2zva2q

Fair Division of Indivisible Goods Among Strategic Agents [article]

Siddharth Barman, Ganesh Ghalme, Shweta Jain, Pooja Kulkarni, Shivika Narang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our fairness guarantees are in terms of solution concepts which are tailored to address allocation of indivisible goods and, hence, provide an appropriate framework for fair division of goods.  ...  We study fair division of indivisible goods in a single-parameter environment. In particular, we develop truthful social welfare maximizing mechanisms for fairly allocating indivisible goods.  ...  [NV13] also consider fair division of indivisible goods, but establish envy freeness in expectation.  ... 
arXiv:1901.09427v1 fatcat:27dbmot6offbhat4u4xktqfrv4

Approximation Algorithms for Maximin Fair Division [article]

Siddharth Barman, Sanath Kumar Krishnamurthy
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we initiate the study of approximate maximin fair division under submodular valuations.  ...  We consider the problem of allocating indivisible goods fairly among n agents who have additive and submodular valuations for the goods.  ...  Sanath Kumar Krishnamurthy gratefully acknowledges the support of the Akiko Yamazaki and Jerry Yang Engineering Fellowship.  ... 
arXiv:1703.01851v3 fatcat:h5h7aflcangexpzza3yu4ftgie

Group Fairness for the Allocation of Indivisible Goods

Vincent Conitzer, Rupert Freeman, Nisarg Shah, Jennifer Wortman Vaughan
2019 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
We consider the problem of fairly dividing a collection of indivisible goods among a set of players. Much of the existing literature on fair division focuses on notions of individual fairness.  ...  Group fairness (like individual fairness) cannot be satisfied exactly with indivisible goods. Thus, we introduce two "up to one good" style relaxations.  ...  Part of this work was completed while Freeman was supported by a Facebook Ph.D. Fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v33i01.33011853 fatcat:an7h7l47vvgq3e4nnfyrvwlgmy

Lecture Notes on Fair Division [article]

Ulle Endriss
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Fair division is the problem of dividing one or several goods amongst two or more agents in a way that satisfies a suitable fairness criterion.  ...  First, we need to define what is to be understood by a "fair" allocation of goods to individuals.  ...  Sometimes there are both divisible and indivisible goods; a typical example is the case of fair division with a set of indivisible goods and money (a divisible resource).  ... 
arXiv:1806.04234v1 fatcat:vcpq7kqkzrbitm6mhq5orqwzjy

Page 370 of Central Law Journal Vol. 25, Issue [page]

1887 Central Law Journal  
for the contract and the risk are both indivisible, the contract must be treated as entire, nevertheless.  ...  Confining the decision to the case in hand, our conclusion, after a careful examination of the authorities, is that the policy under consideration is to be treated as an entire, indivisible contract in  ... 
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 6,695 results