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Factuality Checking in News Headlines with Eye Tracking [article]

Christian Hansen and Casper Hansen and Jakob Grue Simonsen and Birger Larsen and Stephen Alstrup and Christina Lioma
2020 pre-print
We further build an ensemble learner that predicts news headline factuality using only eye-tracking measurements.  ...  Our study with 55 participants who are eye-tracked when reading 108 news headlines (72 true, 36 false) shows that false headlines receive statistically significantly less visual attention than true headlines  ...  can infer factuality in news headlines using only eye-tracking signals.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3397271.3401221 arXiv:2006.09736v1 fatcat:6ybkvdz6gvdcpk5w2ocl7j5xky

Sequential Modelling with Applications to Music Recommendation, Fact-Checking, and Speed Reading [article]

Christian Hansen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
text semantics in order to automatically fact-check claims, or "speed read" text for efficient further classification.  ...  This thesis makes methodological contributions and new investigations of sequential modelling for the specific application areas of systems that recommend music tracks to listeners and systems that process  ...  Chapter 6: Factuality Checking in News Headlines with Eye Tracking In RQ6 fact-checking was done using claims, metadata, and associated evidence extracted from the web.  ... 
arXiv:2109.06736v1 fatcat:xawmkvzhgng3vhhrs5xvwokqna

Graphic Visualization in Printed Media: How Does the Use of Technology Influence Journalism Culture

Sri Syamsiyah Lestari Sjafiie, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia, Sri Hastjarjo, Widodo Muktiyo, Pawito ., Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia
2018 Jurnal Komunikasi Malaysian Journal of Communication  
Will the trusted values and journalism practices also change along with the shift of news content that is more visual?  ...  Competing with other media, newspapers definitely try to provide completeness of news content to readers. It is now prevalence for newspapers to use graphics to explain or visualize news story.  ...  In the past, values in journalism among others are factualness, completeness, and accuracy (McQuail, 1992) . In digital era with overwhelming news (Renjith R., 2017) , news could be various.  ... 
doi:10.17576/jkmjc-2018-3404-22 fatcat:vugnun2phnarbplxjandj33ppy

The importance of media literacy education: How Lithuanian students evaluate online news content credibility

Andrius Šuminas, Deimantas Jastramskis
2020 Central European Journal of Communication  
The study was conducted using a survey and eye-tracking device that enabled researchers to record and analyse readers' real behaviour and to identify the dis-tribution of attention, i.e. the concentration  ...  This article explores how young people in Lithuania evaluate the trustworthiness of news.  ...  The respondents were placed in front of a laptop with the eye-tracking equipment mounted (Tobii X2-30 Eye Tracker), and the eye-tracking software (Tobii Studio 3.2) installed in it.  ... 
doi:10.19195/1899-5101.13.2(26).5 fatcat:wokce2koyjhs5p6zforttqp4ba

Preface

Chiara Pollaroli, Sara Greco, Steve Oswald, Johanna Miecznikowski-Fuenfschilling, Andrea Rocci
2019 Informal Logic  
contribution that distracts an audience from factual considerations" with the result that if pathos is "not condemned outright, the reader is warned to view [it] with deep suspicion."  ...  Focusing the topic The topics of "rhetoric" and "language" are so vast that dealing with them in one special issue is quite challenging.  ...  Acknowledgment We are thankful to the authors, who engaged in both contributing with their studies and in reviewing other contributors' papers.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v39i4.6047 fatcat:jaqu4xkafjdxdfeksq6jlr2xfe

How does fear hit the headlines?

Cathy Parc
2018 Lexis: Journal in English Lexicology  
Cf. the Internet: "Theweek.com is a weekly news magazine with editors in the UK and the US.  ...  the narrative or the climax in the tragedy which literally unfolds before our eyes.  ... 
doi:10.4000/lexis.2873 fatcat:ydxlq2kq6zggddnhouenq2iyku

Fake News Detection on Social Media: A Data Mining Perspective [article]

Kai Shu, Amy Sliva, Suhang Wang, Jiliang Tang, Huan Liu
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Second, exploiting this auxiliary information is challenging in and of itself as users' social engagements with fake news produce data that is big, incomplete, unstructured, and noisy.  ...  On the other hand, it enables the wide spread of "fake news", i.e., low quality news with intentionally false information.  ...  Clickbait Detection Clickbait is a term commonly used to describe eye-catching and teaser headlines in online media.  ... 
arXiv:1708.01967v3 fatcat:b727omad7rfcvpk6glmhr5djg4

Online Disinformation and the Role of Wikipedia [article]

Diego Saez-Trumper
2019 arXiv   pre-print
And comparing those studies with the current situation on the Wikipedia ecosystem.  ...  In all these three questions we take first a general approach, considering studies from different areas such as journalism and communications, sociology, philosophy, information and political sciences.  ...  We want you to read Wikipedia with a critical eye" [22] .  ... 
arXiv:1910.12596v1 fatcat:tru7jb43efd67asmyzbzixykiy

A study of fake news reading and annotating in social media context

Jakub Simko, Patrik Racsko, Matus Tomlein, Martina Hanakova, Robert Moro, Maria Bielikova
2021 New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia  
In this paper, we present an eye-tracking study, in which we let 44 lay participants to casually read through a social media feed containing posts with news articles, some of which were fake.  ...  We also describe a follow-up qualitative study with a similar scenario but this time with 7 expert fake news annotators.  ...  We have also employed eye-tracking to track the reading and decision-making behavior in detail.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13614568.2021.1889691 fatcat:qjxtsisp6ndfblgsn7wbuxgdgm

A Multi-Lingually Applicable Journalist Toolset For The Big-Data Era

G. Kiomourtzis, G. Giannakopoulos, V. Karkaletsis, A. Kosmopoulos
2016 Zenodo  
In IJCAI proceedings. Workshop: Natural Language Processing meets Journalism  ...  This research was supported in part by a Discovery and Innovation Research Seed award from the Office of the Vice Provost for Research at Cornell.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the anonymous reviewers and the participants in the Fall 2015 edition of the course "Natural Language Processing and Social Interaction" for helpful comments and discussion.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1242850 fatcat:nfkqg7jhjffdvgezdjzc6xxppa

The role of analytical reasoning and source credibility on the evaluation of real and fake full-length news articles

Didem Pehlivanoglu, Tian Lin, Farha Deceus, Amber Heemskerk, Natalie C Ebner, Brian S Cahill
2021 Cognitive Research  
Previous research has focused on accuracy associated with real and fake news presented in the form of news headlines only, which does not capture the rich context news is frequently encountered in real  ...  In addition, in both studies, higher analytical reasoning was associated with lower perceived credibility for fake news, while analytical reasoning was not associated with perceived credibility for real  ...  (e.g., the news source) can be further investigated using eye-tracking.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41235-021-00292-3 pmid:33788040 fatcat:h5yqlapcwvanjfm4eixx442l2m

Research Challenges of Digital Misinformation: Toward a Trustworthy Web

Giovanni Luca Ciampaglia, Alexios Mantzarlis, Gregory Maus, Filippo Menczer
2018 The AI Magazine  
The Workshop on Digital Misinformation — held in May 2017 in conjunction with the International Conference on Web and Social Media in Montréal, Québec, Canada — was intended to foster these efforts.  ...  Fake news, conspiracy theories, and deceptive social bots proliferate, facilitating the manipulation of public opinion.  ...  credibility of governments and the media in the eyes of the public, as well as the increasing use of deceptive social bots (Fredheim 2017) .  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v39i1.2783 fatcat:edptixeoana4xkqgxwyblzgzza

The Influence of Metaphors and Product Type on Brand Personality Perceptions and Attitudes

Swee Hoon Ang, Elison Ai Ching Lim
2006 Journal of Advertising  
In general, brands using metaphors in ads were perceived to be more sophisticated and exciting, but less sincere and competent than those using literal headlines or pictures.  ...  In addition, compared with utilitarian products, symbolic products were perceived to be more sophisticated and exciting, but less sincere and competent.  ...  Indeed, recent research using eye-tracking methodology sug gests that relative to text, visual brand elements in print adver tising transfer attention to other elements more effectively (Pieters and Wedel  ... 
doi:10.1080/00913367.2006.10639226 fatcat:t44n4ut3tjfczh2xycqn2l5tlu

Fake News in Nigeria: Causes, Effects and Management

2019 Information and Knowledge Management  
This study examined the impact of Fake News in Nigeria: Causes, Effects and its Management in Nigeria and the world at large.  ...  Fake news in a layman understanding is said to be information fabricated without a source or element of originality.  ...  This type of news, found in traditional news, social media or fake news websites, has no basis, but is presented as being factually accurate (Wikipedia, n.d).  ... 
doi:10.7176/ikm/9-2-10 fatcat:3x2wfmsygbhnbidijjgifh3wcq

CD: Sound surgeons

G. Yamey
2001 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
We have found that the only way of dealing with the practicalities of completing the form is to ask relatives to read it themselves and fill in the check boxes as they see fit.  ...  Each is based upon a factual, historical figure, but Woodhead fleshes out the details of their consultation techniques and their inner motivations with compelling style.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.323.7311.520 pmcid:PMC1121102 fatcat:o36u7bk3q5fqli6wnzsrc6j4tu
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