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Groups, Group Cognition and Groupware [chapter]

Gerry Stahl
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We need to analyze interaction at both the individual and the group unit of analysis in order to understand the variety of processes that groupware should be supporting.  ...  This paper will look closely at an empirical example of knowledge being constructed by a small group and suggest implications for groupware design.  ...  While computer support brings many potential advantages, it also brings the danger of destroying the extreme flexibility and adaptability of the natural language used in conversation and group interactions  ... 
doi:10.1007/11560296_1 fatcat:r35qlxqpzrewffqzjpwlhspk6q

Introduction to the Special Issue: "Cognitive Perspectives on Group Decision and Negotiation"

Gwendolyn L. Kolfschoten, Bruce A. Reinig
2013 Group Decision and Negotiation  
To design such support we believe the research on Group Decision and Negotiation would benefit from an increased understanding of the cognitive load and the cognitive processes that go on in the minds  ...  smart and effective group support.  ...  The authors used a form of Artificial Intelligence (AI) called an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) to interact with human participants in a simulated checkpoint interview.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10726-012-9335-1 fatcat:mgq7dwupkzgebf7wobzmibsocm

Intelligent negotiation model for ubiquitous group decision scenarios

João Carneiro, Diogo Martinho, Goreti Marreiros, Paulo Novais
2016 Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  
It uses a social networking logic due to the type of communication employed by the agents and it intends to support the ubiquitous group decision-making process in a similar way to the real process, which  ...  Our approach can be used by researchers that intend to include arguments, complex algorithms, and agents' modeling in a negotiation model.  ...  Sometimes public conversations or conversations between multiple agents are mentioned, but in practice what happens is that there is a group of agents that exchange messages where each message has a single  ... 
doi:10.1631/fitee.1500344 fatcat:i6rfdx2guvdsnozltzfnklmfeu

Achieving Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions [chapter]

Daniel D. Suthers, Kristine Lund, Carolyn Penstein Rosé, Chris Teplovs
2013 Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions  
This chapter summarizes the outcomes of a long-term research collaboration in the analysis of group interaction, reported in detail in the other chapters of the volume within which this chapter is contained  ...  This chapter reports on the productive multivocality project, a five-year collaboration among researchers exploring the basis for productive dialogue between multiple analytic traditions in the analysis  ...  Your commitment to understanding each other bodes well for the future of the study of learning in interaction.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8960-3_31 fatcat:bqb47iq4wvdsjkr7japkt6d2c4

Theories and Models of Teams and Groups

Roni Reiter-Palmon, Tanmay Sinha, Josette Gevers, Jean-Marc Odobez, Gualtiero Volpe
2017 Small Group Research  
This article describes some of the theoretical approaches used by social scientists as well as those used by computer scientists to study the team and group phenomena.  ...  The purpose of this article is to identify ways in which these different fields can share and develop theoretical models and theoretical approaches, in an effort to gain a better understanding and further  ...  Unit of Analysis Finally, the level of analysis in studying group phenomena poses an interesting opportunity for interdisciplinary research.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1046496417722841 fatcat:x6dd5ekzc5boheqzw5ab2wqqyq

Mathematical Discourse as Group Cognition [chapter]

Gerry Stahl
2009 Studying Virtual Math Teams  
Despite her persuasive argument in favor of PM and a claim that AM and PM are as incommensurable as day and night, she asked us to retain the use of both metaphors and to take them as complementary in  ...  Anna Sfard raised the methodological discourse in the CSCL community to a higher niveau of self-understanding a decade ago with her analysis of our two prevalent metaphors for learning: the acquisition  ...  Of course, the analysis of group interaction necessarily involves interpretation to understand the meaning-making processes that take place.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0228-3_3 fatcat:cnlugntt6rherk2wn5gar2mseu

Why so Serious? Theorising Playful Model-Driven Group Decision Support with Situated Affectivity

Katharina Burger, Leroy White, Mike Yearworth
2018 Group Decision and Negotiation  
An outlook with opportunities for future research is offered to facilitate an integrated approach to the study of cognitive-affective and behavioural micro-processes in model-driven GDS interventions.  ...  An illustrative vignette of a humorous micro-moment in a group decision workshop is presented to reveal the performativity of extended affective scaffolding processes for group decision development.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10726-018-9559-9 fatcat:kmexhp6b4ngrhkbppnkpgf4o7u

Use of Intelligent Agents in Collaborative MLearning: Case of Facilitating Group Learner Interactions

Stephen T. Njenga, Robert O. Oboko, Elijah I. Omwenga, Elizaphan M. Maina
2017 International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science  
Intelligent agents have been used in collaborative learning. However, they are rarely used to facilitate group interactions in collaborative m-learning environments.  ...  In view of this, the paper discusses the use of intelligent agents in facilitating collaborative learning in mobile learning environments.  ...  This work was supported in part by a research grant from NACOSTI.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijmecs.2017.10.03 fatcat:2le6fk2dhnctlmlbjdpobljwea

Group path formation

R.L. Goldstone, A. Jones, M.E. Roberts
2006 IEEE transactions on systems, man and cybernetics. Part A. Systems and humans  
We have experimentally explored the general phenomenon of group behavior where an early action facilitates subsequent actions.  ...  There were systematic deviations from beeline pathways in the direction of MST.  ...  CONCLUSION A complex adaptive-systems perspective may be an exciting perspective for exploring group behavior [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmca.2005.855779 fatcat:qynoplcbyrh6pgj6swb6ns57iq

Epistemological Encounters in Multivocal Settings [chapter]

Kristine Lund, Carolyn Penstein Rosé, Daniel D. Suthers, Michael Baker
2013 Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions  
This chapter reflects on epistemological encounters in a five-year project of multidisciplinary collaborations in the analysis of interaction.  ...  Researchers usually work and evolve in the scientific frameworks in which they were trained, without questioning their epistemological foundations.  ...  Our thanks also go to Nancy Law for provoking a key pivotal moment useful in elaborating the argument developed here.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8960-3_34 fatcat:uoeg6c3gebfg5dier6dqsrkcra

ANALYZING AND DESIGNING THE GROUP COGNITION EXPERIENCE

GERRY STAHL
2006 International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems  
We need to analyze interaction at both the individual and the group unit of analysis in order to understand the variety of processes that groupware should be supporting.  ...  This paper will look closely at an empirical example of an online group problem-solving experience and suggest implications for groupware design. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  ...  In this interchange, the group (a) is projected as an agent in the math work, 28 and (b) actually becomes an agent of meaning making because the meaning of Mic's statement is defined by the interaction  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218843006001323 fatcat:slkikyeyknalnoqqo4ecq4xale

Multiple-Robot Mediated Discussion System to support group discussion *

Shogo Ikari, Yuichiro Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Ishiguro
2020 2020 29th IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)  
Application of Multiple Conversational Agents Researchers have been interested in using multiple robots or agents to effectively provide information to humans.  ...  Although the robots in those previous work contributed to conversation facilitation, which is an important factor of a discussion, their role was not to promote discussions in groups. B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ro-man47096.2020.9223444 dblp:conf/ro-man/IkariYI20 fatcat:ya5yxcrthnadxicydwsbwjle6i

From Individual Representations to Group Cognition [chapter]

Gerry Stahl
2009 Studying Virtual Math Teams  
We need to analyze interaction at both the individual and the group unit of analysis in order to understand the variety of processes that groupware should be supporting.  ...  This chapter will look closely at an empirical example of knowledge being constructed by a small group and suggest implications for groupware design.  ...  in conversation and group interactions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0228-3_5 fatcat:yvzmbspoonccvajyhnbfp77kda

SUSTAINING GROUP COGNITION IN A MATH CHAT ENVIRONMENT

GERRY STAHL
2006 Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning  
Even the learning experience involved in solving a challenging math problem in a collaborative online setting can be spread across hundreds of brief postings during an hour or more.  ...  Drawing on the methodology of conversation analysis, the paper adapts this approach to investigating mathematical problem-solving communication and to the computer-mediated circumstances of online chat  ...  Alan Zemel is the post-doc; he facilitates weekly conversation analysis data sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s1793206806000068 fatcat:spefm7cyazc45jahknmewcmhea

For a science of group interaction

Gerry Stahl
2009 Proceedinfs of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work - GROUP '09  
there; and it reflects on the nature of group interaction as an object for a new science.  ...  This paper discusses how a current CSCL project designed a groupware environment in which this could take place and be studied; it reviews how the project approached the rigorous study of what took place  ...  Data Collection at the Group Level of Description (Unit of Analysis) Take the network of references in a chat-threading diagram as an image of meaning making at the group level.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1531674.1531694 dblp:conf/group/Stahl09 fatcat:aqtubuvjwjcx5kfcvkk4vguoxe
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