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Human content in affect-inducing stimuli: A secondary analysis of the international affective picture system

Albina Colden, Martin Bruder, Antony S. R. Manstead
2008 Motivation and Emotion  
We report a secondary analysis of the international affective picture system (IAPS), the broadest available standardized sample of emotional stimuli, which confirmed our prediction that the distribution  ...  Pictures depicting humans are over-represented in the high arousal/positive and high arousal/negative areas of affective space as compared to inanimate pictures, which are especially frequent in the low  ...  of facial expression may determine the magnitude of subsequent facial imitation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11031-008-9107-z fatcat:s7mydk2byjdofkdedaxcks5nca

Bonding Pictures: Affective Ratings Are Specifically Associated to Loneliness But Not to Empathy

Heraldo D. Silva, Rafaela R. Campagnoli, Bruna Eugênia F. Mota, Cássia Regina V. Araújo, Roberta Sônia R. Álvares, Izabela Mocaiber, Vanessa Rocha-Rego, Eliane Volchan, Gabriela G. L. Souza
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Ratings did not differentiate bonding from IAPS pleasant pictures. Control pictures showed lower ratings than pleasant but higher ratings than neutral IAPS pictures.  ...  Also, they rated pleasant IAPS pictures more positive and arousing; and unpleasant pictures more negative and arousing than the less empathic ones.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS RC, IM, VR-R, EV, and GS designed research; HS, BM, and CA performed the experiments; HS, BM, CA, GS, and RÁ analyzed data; RC, IM, VR-R, EV, GS, and RÁ participated in data interpretation  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01136 pmid:28740473 pmcid:PMC5502271 fatcat:435i7qr3zje5jmjojjjfid7dbe

Adaptation of the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) for European Portuguese

Ana Paula Soares, Ana P. Pinheiro, Ana Costa, Carla Sofia Frade, Montserrat Comesaña, Rita Pureza
2014 Behavior Research Methods  
., 2000 native speakers of EP rated the 1,182 pictures of the last version of the IAPS set on the three affective dimensions of valence, arousal, and dominance, using the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM).  ...  This study presents the results of the adaptation of the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) for European Portuguese (EP).  ...  It was also supported by Grant PTDC/PSI-PCL/116626/2010 from FCT and FEDER (Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional) through the European programs QREN (Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional), and  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13428-014-0535-2 pmid:25381023 fatcat:nrg3y6zssvdtxij6mt4gtbu65e

Global Image Properties Predict Ratings of Affective Pictures

Christoph Redies, Maria Grebenkina, Mahdi Mohseni, Ali Kaduhm, Christian Dobel
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
datasets (IAPS, GAPED, NAPS, DIRTI, and OASIS).  ...  In the present study, we asked whether image properties that reflect global image structure and image composition affect the rating of affective pictures.  ...  Researchers have studied the role of affective pictures in cognitive and physiological processes such as fluency, autonomic arousal, pupil size and facial expression (Bernat et al., 2006; Bradley et al  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00953 pmid:32477228 pmcid:PMC7235378 fatcat:vi6d4a3kivagplennsfmxnaeri

Influence of Suboptimally and Optimally Presented Affective Pictures and Words on Consumption-Related Behavior

Piotr Winkielman, Yekaterina Gogolushko
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Much evidence for such influence comes from studies of facial expressions.  ...  In Experiment 1, both suboptimal and supraliminal emotional facial expressions influenced consumption in an affect-congruent, assimilative way.  ...  Unfortunately, in the current research we did not compare facial expressions and IAPS in the same experiment.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02261 pmid:29434556 pmcid:PMC5797300 fatcat:uoqpdf7gabcefoiu2cxr4sboiq

Suppression and enhancement of emotional responses to unpleasant pictures

2000 Psychophysiology  
Several advantages of this experimental manipulation are discussed, including the use of both a suppress and an enhance emotion condition, independent measurement of initial emotion elicitation and subsequent  ...  Instructions to enhance negative emotion led to larger startle eyeblinks and increased corrugator activity.  ...  ., attempting to control facial expression or autonomic activity!.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0048577200990401 pmid:10934910 fatcat:uo43534nxbgojf6np7yviizgxe

Suppression and enhancement of emotional responses to unpleasant pictures

Daren C. Jackson, Jessica R. Malmstadt, Christine L. Larson, Richard J. Davidson
2000 Psychophysiology  
Several advantages of this experimental manipulation are discussed, including the use of both a suppress and an enhance emotion condition, independent measurement of initial emotion elicitation and subsequent  ...  Instructions to enhance negative emotion led to larger startle eyeblinks and increased corrugator activity.  ...  ., attempting to control facial expression or autonomic activity!.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1469-8986.3740515 pmid:10934910 fatcat:zt75i6sqkvc4jo5ogw7fzbxjai

Electrocortical Processing of Food and Emotional Pictures in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa

Jens Blechert, Bernd Feige, Andreas Joos, Almut Zeeck, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier
2011 Psychosomatic Medicine  
Methods: We exposed these three groups to a rapid stream of high-and low-calorie food pictures, as well as standard emotional and neutral pictures.  ...  negativity; EEG = electroencephalography; ERPs = event-related potentials; fMRI = functional magnetic resonance imaging; high-cal = high-calorie; IAPS = international affective picture system; LPP = late  ...  ,angryfaces,weapons, mutilations, attacking animals, facial expressions of grief ). 2 Procedure After the first session during which the diagnostic interviews were conducted, participants attended two  ... 
doi:10.1097/psy.0b013e318211b871 pmid:21493952 fatcat:nfzeu45qcreopd3cgdfjvi44ga

Affective picture processing: An integrative review of ERP findings

Jonas K. Olofsson, Steven Nordin, Henrique Sequeira, John Polich
2008 Biological Psychology  
The review summarizes and integrates findings from 40 years of event-related potential (ERP) studies using pictures that differ in valence (unpleasant-to-pleasant) and arousal (low-to-high) and that are  ...  Affective ERPs have been linked theoretically to attention orientation for unpleasant pictures at earlier components (< 300 ms).  ...  This study was supported by RO1-DA018262 to JP and by grants from the Swedish Research Council  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.11.006 pmid:18164800 pmcid:PMC2443061 fatcat:ovqyfma6rrh3rmc42mwmskokcy

Emotion Elicitation: A Comparison of Pictures and Films

Meike K. Uhrig, Nadine Trautmann, Ulf Baumgärtner, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Florian Henrich, Wolfgang Hiller, Susanne Marschall
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
Pictures and film clips are widely used and accepted stimuli to elicit emotions.  ...  Repeated-measures ANOVAs revealed that the film clips and 3-picture version were as effective as the classical 1-picture method to elicit positive emotions, however, modulation toward positive valence  ...  (pictures) and multimodal (film clips) stimuli, expressed as explicit measure that was captured by SAM ratings of valence and arousal.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00180 pmid:26925007 pmcid:PMC4756121 fatcat:zwt4kpg3sbfzpb3ofidhiuvqkq

The effects of verbal labelling on psychophysiology: Objective but not subjective emotion labelling reduces skin-conductance responses to briefly presented pictures

Kateri McRae, E. Keolani Taitano, Richard D. Lane
2010 Cognition & Emotion  
The engagement of different prefrontal networks might play a role in the differential physiological responding we report here.  ...  Scale (LEAS), which indexes the complexity and differentiation of one's emotional experiences. 1 An added advantage was that menstrual-related changes were eliminated as a variable.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02699930902797141 fatcat:pp4f5w3r4fdhtftilewrmxwjye

Negative content enhances stimulus-specific cerebral activity during free viewing of pictures, faces, and words

Lea Marie Reisch, Martin Wegrzyn, Friedrich G Woermann, Christian G Bien, Johanna Kissler
2020 Human Brain Mapping  
In the current functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we directly compared brain responses to passively viewed negative and neutral pictures of complex scenes, faces, and words (nouns) in 43 healthy  ...  Negative words differentially activated typical higher-level language processing areas such as the left inferior frontal and angular gyrus.  ...  et al., 2002) , such as facial expression.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25128 pmid:32633448 pmcid:PMC7502837 fatcat:k2agmgeavzhddkar4gynbj37fm

From emotion perception to emotion experience: Emotions evoked by pictures and classical music

Thomas Baumgartner, Michaela Esslen, Lutz Jäncke
2006 International Journal of Psychophysiology  
activation in the combined conditions in a distributed emotion and arousal network comprising frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital neural structures.  ...  Highly arousing pictures of the International Affective Picture System and classical musical excerpts were chosen to evoke the three basic emotions of happiness, sadness and fear.  ...  In the majority of these studies either the Pictures of Facial Affect by Ekman and Friesen (1976) or the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) by Lang et al. (1995) have been used as stimulus  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.04.007 pmid:15993964 fatcat:petaxbgo55ckncnxuhkzusai74

The Extreme Climate Event Database (EXCEED): Development of a picture database composed of drought and flood stimuli

Sabrina de Sousa Magalhães, Diana Kraiser Miranda, Débora Marques de Miranda, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz, Marco Aurélio Romano-Silva
2018 PLoS ONE  
Data from picture rating, sex difference in affective ratings and psychometric properties of the database are presented here.  ...  This new database consists of 150 pictures divided into three categories: two negative categories that depict images of floods and droughts, and a neutral category composed of inanimate objects.  ...  Furthermore, images picturing people with neutral facial expression are challenging to find.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0204093 pmid:30235273 pmcid:PMC6147476 fatcat:khmbg6lnjvd6bh3zpbl3xd2wtq

Characterization of the Nencki Affective Picture System by discrete emotional categories (NAPS BE)

Monika Riegel, Łukasz Żurawski, Małgorzata Wierzba, Abnoss Moslehi, Łukasz Klocek, Marko Horvat, Anna Grabowska, Jarosław Michałowski, Katarzyna Jednoróg, Artur Marchewka
2015 Behavior Research Methods  
NAPS has been primarily standardized along the affective dimensions of valence, arousal, and approach-avoidance, yet the characteristics of discrete emotions expressed by the images have not been investigated  ...  We introduce the basic-emotion normative ratings for the Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS BE), which will allow researchers to control and manipulate stimulus properties specifically for their experimental  ...  This points to the need for more complex, network-based representations of emotions (Hamann, 2012; Saarimaki et al., 2015) .  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13428-015-0620-1 pmid:26205422 pmcid:PMC4891391 fatcat:x7l4pawqineqplhttlkkges3um
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