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FPV Video Adaptation for UAV Collision Avoidance

Simran Singh, Hee Won Lee, Tuyen X. Tran, Yu Zhou, Mihail L. Sichitiu, Ismail Guvenc, Arupjyoti Bhuyan
2021 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
While real time video streaming from a UAV and vision-based collision avoidance strategies have been studied in literature as separate topics, in this paper we tackle collision avoidance in FPV scenarios  ...  Such collision avoidance strategies could be used to make UAV FPV applications safer and more reliable.  ...  We study UAV FPV video adaptation with the specific goal of collision avoidance for UAVs, based on recognizing obstacles in the FPV feed.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2021.3106274 fatcat:ecvyczopljb4lof34bjdlqiqsi

Enhancing LGMD's Looming Selectivity for UAV with Spatial-temporal Distributed Presynaptic Connections [article]

Jiannan Zhao, Hongxin Wang, Shigang Yue
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Collision detection is one of the most challenging tasks for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This is especially true for small or micro UAVs, due to their limited computational power.  ...  They can avoid collisions in a dense swarm through the activity of a motion based visual neuron called the Lobula Giant Movement Detector (LGMD).  ...  Performance in UAV FPV Videos Finally, we challenged the model with recorded real flight videos.  ... 
arXiv:2005.04397v3 fatcat:h5j373kb55ckdhjfcdke36cnhi

Radar Taking Off: New Capabilities for UAVs

Philipp Huegler, Fabian Roos, Markus Schartel, Martin Geiger, Christian Waldschmidt
2018 IEEE Microwave Magazine  
Acknowledgment This work was partly supported by the Ministry for Science, Research, and Arts Baden-Württemberg within the project ZAFH MikroSens.  ...  To sense the direct environment of the UAV, for instance for collision avoidance or fully automated flights, additional sensors are needed.  ...  For UAV-based collision avoidance, the TDM scheme reduces the maximum unambi- guous velocity v max = ± c 2f c 1 2M T RRI (1) by the number of used transmitters M .  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmm.2018.2862558 fatcat:gok6gw7cafbv3gdlmbaxeyiifm

Review of Unmanned Aircraft System Technologies to Enable Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) Operations

Lee Davies, Robert Cameron Bolam, Yuriy Vagapov, Alecksey Anuchin
2018 2018 X International Conference on Electrical Power Drive Systems (ICEPDS)  
Due to these regulations BVLOS innovators have been posed the task of exploring the means of operating flight missions with the UAV out of the sight of the pilot.  ...  BVLOS flight operations have the potential to open a huge area of commercial opportunity however, there remain many concerns about the current capabilities of UAS to detect and avoid manned and unmanned  ...  However, flying drones and small UAV's in a civilian airspace presents its own challenges, for example in the event that there is a need to avoid a forced landing due to collision or due to failings of  ... 
doi:10.1109/icepds.2018.8571665 fatcat:fos5w3w72bdcjbgq4lhopitpku

State of Technology Review of Civilian UAVs

Siyuan Chen, Debra F. Laefer, Eleni Mangina
2016 Recent Patents on Engineering  
Methods: This paper reviewed patents and papers worldwide related to both hard-ware and software for the construction and deployment of UAVs and is intended to provide a snapshot of currently available  ...  Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology has exploded in recent years.  ...  CPU for obstacle detection and collision avoidance [70] .  ... 
doi:10.2174/1872212110666160712230039 fatcat:jtbs2ihh5nhjvex3uuie3jw4fy

Mobile Networks' Support for Large-Scale UAV Services

Lechosław Tomaszewski, Robert Kołakowski, Piotr Dybiec, Sławomir Kukliński
2022 Energies  
The paper describes the present status of UAV services and a concept of a solution for large-scale deployment of safe and reliable UAV services that use the 5G network for communication with UAVs.  ...  The services based on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have started to be used in many countries but not on a large scale yet.  ...  in the airspace, including prioritization of operations, risk mitigation (e.g., caused by battery depletion, UAV malfunction), collision avoidance, etc.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15144974 fatcat:m7pv2ktjw5g5xblifz7yz55uvi

The potential of unmanned aerial systems for sea turtle research and conservation: a review and future directions

AF Rees, L Avens, K Ballorain, E Bevan, AC Broderick, RR Carthy, MJA Christianen, G Duclos, MR Heithaus, DW Johnston, JC Mangel, F Paladino (+11 others)
2018 Endangered Species Research  
Development of methods for the use of UAVs in sea turtle research will serve as case studies for use with other marine and terrestrial taxa.  ...  We then suggest areas where technological development could further expand the utility of UAVs as data-gathering tools; for example, functioning as downloading nodes for data collected by sensors placed  ...  Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US Government.  ... 
doi:10.3354/esr00877 fatcat:ch7yba3jergnhkqkjo6bb45qfu

Drone Control in AR: An Intuitive System for Single-Handed Gesture Control, Drone Tracking, and Contextualized Camera Feed Visualization in Augmented Reality

Konstantinos Konstantoudakis, Kyriaki Christaki, Dimitrios Tsiakmakis, Dimitrios Sainidis, Georgios Albanis, Anastasios Dimou, Petros Daras
2022 Drones  
It describes a system for single-handed gesture control that can achieve all maneuvers possible with a traditional remote, including complex motions; a method for tracking a real drone in AR to improve  ...  At the same time, drone pilots normally watch the drone video feed on a smartphone or another small screen attached to the remote.  ...  While such latency is acceptable for inspection or searching, it is not ideal for piloting a drone in FPV, based on video feedback only.  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones6020043 doaj:7ba5f0508499476aa64224d49d3e8e92 fatcat:6ywez547uncd5h5yhqjlz7of64

Drone-Monitoring: Improving the Detectability of Threatened Marine Megafauna

Jonathas Barreto, Luciano Cajaíba, João Batista Teixeira, Lorena Nascimento, Amanda Giacomo, Nelson Barcelos, Ticiana Fettermann, Agnaldo Martins
2021 Drones  
Applying the drone-monitoring method, we have observed an increasing detectability by adjusting the camera angle, height, orientation, and speed of the UAV; which saved time and resources for monitoring  ...  The fauna observer can monitor the environment from a privileged angle with virtual reality and subsequently analyzes each video captured in 4k, allowing to deepening behavioral ecology knowledge.  ...  Additionally, we are very grateful to Adam Smith for the language review. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones5010014 fatcat:fvpcyai5cvh2vdlo25uzuvca6u

Autonomous surface vessel for search and rescue operation

Hasmah Mansor, Muhamad Haziq Norhisam, Zulkifli Zainal Abidin, Teddy Surya Gunawan
2021 Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics  
This research proposed a development of an autonomous surface vessel for search and rescue operations for deepwater applications.  ...  Search and rescue operation is performed to save human life, for example during natural disasters, unfortunate incidents on the land, in the deepwater, or lakes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Centre of Unmanned Technology (CUTe) and International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) for providing the research and development facility and the full  ... 
doi:10.11591/eei.v10i3.2599 fatcat:gbtxde5omnbqfb6kdn44goavka

Comparative Approach of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Restrictions in Controlled Airspaces

Stephen John McTegg, Fayez Tarsha Kurdi, Shane Simmons, Zahra Gharineiat
2022 Remote Sensing  
Most authorities have employed key guidelines and licensing procedures for piloting UAVs, however there is marginal consensus amongst regulators and a limited view towards unified procedures.  ...  Finally, recommendations are suggested for filling the gaps in the regulations.  ...  Any UAV operations in the certified category must abide by (no 1332/2011 [51] ), which define operating procedures for airborne collision avoidance.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14040822 fatcat:yput6n6fwzd2fdz5af5iwgfy4q

Hybrid LoRa-IEEE 802.11s Opportunistic Mesh Networking for Flexible UAV Swarming

Luca Davoli, Emanuele Pagliari, Gianluigi Ferrari
2021 Drones  
Therefore, the adoption of proper networking strategies for UAV swarms allows users to exchange data at distances (significantly) longer than in ground applications.  ...  When compared to ground communication systems for swarms of terrestrial vehicles, one of the main advantages of UAV-based communications is the presence of direct Line-of-Sight (LOS) links between flying  ...  Instead, some high-end products are already working on Long-Term Evolution (LTE) cellular networks for high-definition real-time FPV video feeds, while telemetry and RC data are exchanged using different  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones5020026 fatcat:f7n5fs5bnrbm5oj46o5pogydwa

Towards the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs): A Comprehensive Review

Syed Agha Hassnain Mohsan, Muhammad Asghar Khan, Fazal Noor, Insaf Ullah, Mohammed H. Alsharif
2022 Drones  
Recently, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, have come in a great diversity of several applications such as military, construction, image and video mapping, medical, search and rescue  ...  Finally, this review identifies the research gap and presents future research directions regarding UAVs.  ...  These mechanisms are based on sensing, detection and collision avoidance.  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones6060147 fatcat:wpq2ggacqfauvhv7dhhsx5ccui

Reliable Long-Range Multi-Link Communication for Unmanned Search and Rescue Aircraft Systems in Beyond Visual Line of Sight Operation

Johannes Güldenring, Philipp Gorczak, Fabian Eckermann, Manuel Patchou, Janis Tiemann, Fabian Kurtz, Christian Wietfeld
2020 Drones  
This article proposes and evaluates the concept of combining multiple cellular networks for highly reliable communication with those aircraft systems.  ...  With the increasing availability of unmanned aircraft systems, their usage for search and rescue is close at hand. Especially in the maritime context, aerial support can yield significant benefits.  ...  This video module provides a low latency video of the UAV FPV camera for the local drone operator.  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones4020016 fatcat:6fqd55djnzhc5p6phfhr6nok4u

Some Aspects of Modern Drones

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu
2021 Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology  
Of course, large public aircraft are still needed for public passenger transport, which, no matter how redesigned, will still consume a lot of materials and energy, but for other daily air operations,  ...  They do not require pilots, they are generally small and the manufacturing costs and materials are much reduced; in case of collisions they are very resistant, accidents with them being rare and without  ...  It can be used for collision avoidance, surveillance, 3D mapping and more.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jastsp.2021.21.40 fatcat:gwdk4zjf4baarlzu2ygsrwxweu
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