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FAIR Digital Twins for Data-Intensive Research

Erik Schultes, Marco Roos, Luiz Olavo Bonino da Silva Santos, Giancarlo Guizzardi, Jildau Bouwman, Thomas Hankemeier, Arie Baak, Barend Mons
2022 Frontiers in Big Data  
We present a review of previously developed semantic artifacts and how they may be used to compose a higher-order data model referred to here as a FAIR Digital Twin (FDT).  ...  We propose an architectural design to compose, store and reuse FDTs supporting data intensive research, with emphasis on privacy by design and their use in GDPR compliant open science.  ...  A FAIR DIGITAL TWIN FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH The concept of a digital twin originated in 2002 (Grieves, 2019) from the engineering and product manufacturing field where the DT of, for example, a jet engine  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdata.2022.883341 pmid:35647536 pmcid:PMC9130601 fatcat:rmdbcma5o5etjl4qvkws7a4ele

When nature goes digital: routes for responsible innovation

Koen Bruynseels
2020 Journal of Responsible Innovation  
These extracted data and models also open novel routes for responsible innovation based on biological systems and derived biological data.  ...  have research and innovation as important outlets.  ...  This is not surprising since biomedical and biological sciences have become data intensive disciplines.  ... 
doi:10.1080/23299460.2020.1771144 fatcat:hk5twimtuzhpfciy3a2zzqe3jm

Information Systems Engineering with Digital Shadows: Concept and Case Studies [chapter]

Martin Liebenberg, Matthias Jarke
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Often, these models have no closed-form solutions; this led to intense simulation research for individual modeling viewpoints, often labeled "Digital Twins".  ...  Digital Shadows can be understood as compact views on dynamic processes, usually combining condensed measurement data with highly efficient simplified mathematical models.  ...  Additionally, we thank our students Lars Scheel and Lukas Schneider for implementing our prototype.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-49435-3_5 fatcat:hfiubfndofhf3cxjpddox4pf5e

Enable Fair Proof-of-Work (PoW) Consensus for Blockchains in IoT by Miner Twins (MinT)

Qian Qu, Ronghua Xu, Yu Chen, Erik Blasch, Alexander Aved
2021 Future Internet  
to enable a fair PoW consensus mechanism for blockchains in IoT environments.  ...  Inspired by the advanced features of Digital Twins (DT), an emerging concept that mirrors the lifespan and operational characteristics of physical objects, we propose a novel Miner Twins (MinT) architecture  ...  Using the live feed from the logical twin and the historical data, MinT uses an intelligent model for fair mining strategy.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi13110291 fatcat:6h56wns4cndbvftvgcwwcfygvq

The coming decade of digital brain research - A vision for neuroscience at the intersection of technology and computing

Katrin Amunts, Markus Axer, Lise Bitsch, Jan Bjaalie, Andrea Brovelli, Svenja Caspers, Irene Costantini, Egidio D'Angelo, Giulia De Bonis, Javier DeFelipe, Alain Destexhe, Timo Dickscheid (+35 others)
2022 Zenodo  
The aims of this paper are To develop a concept for the coming decade of digital brain research To discuss it with the research community at large, with the aim of identifying points of convergence and  ...  Brain research has in recent years indisputably entered a new epoch, driven by substantial methodological advances and digitally enabled data integration and modeling at multiple scales – from molecules  ...  Acknowledgements This work is supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under the Specific Grant Agreement No. 945539 (Human Brain Project SGA3).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6345820 fatcat:4q2mkmh2xzeahp4bf6a66fzen4

Invest 5% of research funds in ensuring data are reusable

Barend Mons
2020 Nature  
About 10% of this programme's budget is dedicated to the design and stewardship of these files, which we call FAIR digital twins. More research institutions and funders must make similar commitments.  ...  M any of the world's hardest problems can be tackled only with data-intensive, computer-assisted research. And I'd speculate that the vast majority of research data are never published.  ... 
doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00505-7 pmid:32099131 fatcat:ze6e6obsjnblxmgxmhwwv3rrcq

The use of digital twins in healthcare: socio-ethical benefits and socio-ethical risks

Eugen Octav Popa, Mireille van Hilten, Elsje Oosterkamp, Marc-Jeroen Bogaardt
2021 Life Sciences, Society and Policy  
We conclude with a reflection on the employed analytical tool and suggestions for further research.  ...  A digital twin combines various emerging technologies such as AI, Internet of Things, big data and robotics, each component bringing its own socio-ethical issues to the resulting artefacts.  ...  We can distinguish the following scenarios in which hazards were linked with the theme of privacy, all of which being amplified by the fact that the digital twin is arguably a data intense scenario can  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40504-021-00113-x pmid:34218818 pmcid:PMC8256511 fatcat:2s76npexufd43izqq7vfatyr64

Digital Twins: From Personalised Medicine to Precision Public Health

Maged N. Kamel Boulos, Peng Zhang
2021 Journal of Personalized Medicine  
A number of application examples of digital twins for personalised medicine, public health, and smart healthy cities are presented, followed by a brief discussion of the key technical and other challenges  ...  A digital twin is a virtual model of a physical entity, with dynamic, bi-directional links between the physical entity and its corresponding twin in the digital domain.  ...  Funding: This research received no external funding. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jpm11080745 pmid:34442389 pmcid:PMC8401029 fatcat:ttvmtw5l5nde5d56fanxxrpd7q

Digital Twin-Based Ecogreen Building Design

Yang Liu, Yuhui Sun, Ang Yang, Jing Gao, Zhihan Lv
2021 Complexity  
and theoretical basis of green building operation cost management for system, propose a green building operation cost management system based on digital twin, and refine the design of each structural  ...  The inspiration of this technological view for architecture is that digital twin and human-machine collaboration not only allow the interaction between virtual and reality and emphasize the feedback of  ...  A system prototype was developed based on Bentley Systems software using laser scanning and photogrammetry technologies. e system establishes a digital twin ecosystem for securely sharing data connections  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/1391184 fatcat:rbdaoj4mqvgvdeagtfsak4s4qm

Guest editorial: Enabling the development and implementation of digital twins

Farzad Pour Rahimian, Nashwan Dawood, Ali Ghaffarianhoseini, Amirhossein Ghaffarianhoseini
2022 Construction Innovation  
Many studies have identified the knowledge gap between design and construction as a major reason for this discontinuity (  ...  industrial employment (i.e. over 6.6% contribution) and representation of 9.8% of the UK's gross domestic product (Rhodes, 2019), the AEC industry has been continuously criticised because of its fragmentation for  ...  In addition, advancements in cryptography and read-only data management optimisation are paving the way for fully fledged distributed ledger technologies for digital twinning and asset lifecycle management  ... 
doi:10.1108/ci-07-2022-247 fatcat:gy3spvagibbzfj63js45eltfka

A multi-domain networking infrastructure enabling the situation-specific choreography of decentralized things [chapter]

Marlene Gebhard, Michael Schluse, Martin Hoppen, Jürgen Roßmann
2020 Annals of Scientific Society for Assembly, Handling and Industrial Robotics  
Concepts such as the Digital Twin enable things to operate autonomously and connect independently.  ...  The specific services these things offer to set up value-added chains are provided by the computer resources they use -like cloud computing for computationally intensive tasks or edge computing for real-time  ...  is still being researched intensively.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-61755-7_12 fatcat:oisbmlhrf5ceroirspsig3fepu

Blockchain-based Digital Twins: Research Trends, Issues, and Future Challenges [article]

Sabah Suhail, Rasheed Hussain, Raja Jurdak, Alma Oracevic, Khaled Salah, Raimundas Matulevičius, Choong Seon Hong
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this regard, Digital Twins (DTs) can be leveraged to draw intelligent conclusions from data by identifying the faults and recommending precautionary measures ahead of critical events.  ...  Extracting actionable insights from the collected data calls for an infrastructure that can ensure the dissemination of trustworthy data.  ...  Fig. 3 . 3 Benefits of using blockchains for digital twins. Fig. 4 . 4 Blockchain-based DTs in industry: Research trends. Fig. 5 . 5 Lifecycle of digital twins: From design to dismissal.  ... 
arXiv:2103.11585v2 fatcat:nkcxqtmryzh2xoeikhznlb5eue

Digital Twins in Health Care: Ethical Implications of an Emerging Engineering Paradigm

Koen Bruynseels, Filippo Santoni de Sio, Jeroen van den Hoven
2018 Frontiers in Genetics  
Digital Twins imply a data-driven approach to health care.  ...  'Digital Twins' in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative  ...  Florent Vanstapel for his comments, which improved the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fgene.2018.00031 pmid:29487613 pmcid:PMC5816748 fatcat:7vumw5tarvb6jbaxad33j7tfwe

Procedure to detect anatomical structures in optical fundus images

Langis Gagnon, Marc Lalonde, Mario Beaulieu, Marie-Carole Boucher, Milan Sonka, Kenneth M. Hanson
2001 Medical Imaging 2001: Image Processing  
The procedure has been tested on a database of about 40 color fundus images acquired from a digital non-mydriatic fundus camera.  ...  We present an overview of the design and test of an image processing procedure for detecting all important anatomical structures in color fundus images.  ...  points (called seeds) for subsequent tracking according to rules such as connectivity between twin points (Figure 7 ).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.430999 dblp:conf/miip/GagnonLBB01 fatcat:4vznibhddvby7ort7nvgqsalbe

Implementing FAIR Data Infrastructures (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 18472)

Natalia Manola, Peter Mutschke, Guido Scherp, Klaus Tochtermann, Peter Wittenburg, Kathleen Gregory, Wilhelm Hasselbring, Kees den Heijer, Paolo Manghi, Dieter Van Uytvanck
2020 Dagstuhl Manifestos  
to implementing and promoting the establishment of FAIR-compliant infrastructures for research data.  ...  While the FAIR data principles provide a promising conceptual basis for developing such data infrastructures, they do not provide technological guidance on how to do so.  ...  Thanks also to Atif Latif (ZBW -Leibniz Information Centre for Economics) for his valuable input for the related computer science research aspects.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagman.8.1.1 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-manifestos/ManolaMSTWGHHMU20 fatcat:6z4yhlp3xzahfp7whrdn3x2xa4
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