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Visual Analytics of Gaze Tracks in Virtual Reality Environment

K.V. Ryabinin, K.I. Belousov
2021 Scientific Visualization  
The main challenge is a seamless integration of eye tracking analytics tools with virtual reality engines.  ...  Next, we plan to extend our pipeline with other eye tracking metrics and conduct the reading experiments.  ...  Sharafi et al. created a detailed guide on eye tracking metrics [7] and on conducting eye tracking studies in software engineering [16] .  ... 
doi:10.26583/sv.13.2.04 fatcat:sluj7ch66rhkldcwta4pnoculy

A Survey on the Usage of Eye-Tracking in Computer Programming

Unaizah Obaidellah, Mohammed Al Haek, Peter C.-H. Cheng
2018 ACM Computing Surveys  
and computer engineering.  ...  However, in recent years, eye-tracking has been on the rise as a new method of collecting evidence of visual attention and the cognitive process of programmers.  ...  details on the metrics used by researchers for data collected from experiments related to software engineering.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3145904 fatcat:nkbfgm4nhrexref3ntlbwh5h3q

Taupe : Visualizing and analyzing eye-tracking data

Benoît De Smet, Lorent Lempereur, Zohreh Sharafi, Yann-Gaël Guéhéneuc, Giuliano Antoniol, Naji Habra
2014 Science of Computer Programming  
Consequently, we develop the Taupe software system to help researchers visualize, analyze, and edit the data recorded by eye-tracking devices.  ...  Moreover, the analysis software tools packaged with eye-tracking devices are not open-source and do not always provide extension points to seamlessly integrate new sophisticated analyses.  ...  UML class diagrams, which form the main bulk of the eye-tracking studies in software engineering.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scico.2012.01.004 fatcat:kwtgjutyd5atzoqnsw2c7nut74

Studying developer gaze to empower software engineering research and practice

Bonita Sharif, Benjamin Clark, Jonathan I. Maletic
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 24th ACM SIGSOFT International Symposium on Foundations of Software Engineering - FSE 2016  
A new research paradigm is proposed that leverages developer eye gaze to improve the state of the art in software engineering research and practice.  ...  The implications and challenges of this paradigm for future software engineering research is discussed.  ...  Such eye-tracking enabled IDEs would offer unique opportunities to software engineering research and practice.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2950290.2983988 dblp:conf/sigsoft/SharifCM16 fatcat:earwlmm4avhp7ffs3nl7u5e4cu

Linking Use Cases and Associated Requirements: On the Impact of Linking Variants on Reading Behavior

Oliver Karras, Alexandra Risch, Kurt Schneider
2019 Software Engineering  
was published as original research article in the proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering.  ...  Due to the efforts of creating and maintaining links, we investigated their impact on the reading behavior in terms of visual effort and intended way of interrelating both artifacts in an eye tracking  ...  Study and Results We conducted an eye tracking study in a between-subjects experiment with 3 groups each with 5 subjects to compare the three linking variants.  ... 
doi:10.18420/se2019-27 dblp:conf/se/KarrasRS19 fatcat:noeyfo4ngbgdfo4otwnpkoodte

Eye Tracking in Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Research [chapter]

Robert J.K. Jacob, Keith S. Karn
2003 The Mind's Eye  
Current and Future Directions for Applying Eye Tracking in Usability Engineering From the literature reviewed in the preceding sections, we see that the application of eye tracking in usability engineering  ...  But publication records from the 1970s indicate a lull in activity relating eye tracking to usability engineering.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-044451020-4/50031-1 fatcat:h7ryccd4gncobf2uvpe5glfxfu

How Readable is Model-generated Code? Examining Readability and Visual Inspection of GitHub Copilot [article]

Naser Al Madi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
At the same time, eye tracking data suggests, to a statistically significant level, that programmers direct less visual attention to model generated code.  ...  We use a combination of static code analysis and human annotators to assess code readability, and we use eye tracking to assess the visual inspection of code.  ...  Therefore, in this paper we aim to study GitHub Copilot empirically with eye tracking in a natural software development environment (VS Code IDE).  ... 
arXiv:2208.14613v1 fatcat:3myqphuukrhadkxqd2umlgel74

On using eye tracking in empirical assessment of software visualizations

Huzefa Kagdi, Shehnaaz Yusuf, Jonathan I. Maletic
2007 Proceedings of the 1st ACM international workshop on Empirical assessment of software engineering languages and technologies held in conjunction with the 22nd IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE) 2007 - WEASELTech '07  
The paper advocates the use of eye movement measurements in conducting empirical studies of software engineering tools, especially visualization techniques.  ...  Eye tracking adds a new additional dimension to the assessment arsenal by allowing access to the gaze activity of human subjects.  ...  We believe that white box measures from eye tracking are a promising step towards developing objective metrics for software comprehension and cognitive load.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1353673.1353678 fatcat:cnjfg7sb6bda5aubag6tm23k54

Implementing innovative gaze analytic methods in design for manufacturing: a study on eye movements in exploiting design guidelines

Markus Doellken, Juan Zapata, Nelius Thomas, Sven Matthiesen
2021 Procedia CIRP  
Gaze stationary and transition entropy are eye tracking metrics that quantitatively describe visual behavior.  ...  Gaze stationary and transition entropy are eye tracking metrics that quantitatively describe visual behavior.  ...  In these studies, traditional eye tracking metrics such as fixation count and fixation duration were employed.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2021.05.097 fatcat:x5qpen7ntjdgzj6xs6ctfpmfqi

Towards the Measurement of Mental Effort in Software Engineering: A Research Agenda

Lucian Goncales, Kleinner Farias
2020 International Journal of Computer Applications  
In software engineering, developers are involved in cognitive processes such as program comprehension and change tasks.  ...  This article also discusses the implications of using the cognitive load as a multipurpose indicator in software engineering.  ...  Acknowledgment This study was financed in part by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientfico e Tecnolgico (CNPq) e Coordenao de Aperfeioamento de Pessoal de Nvel Superior -Brasil (CAPES) -Finance  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2020919825 fatcat:y2f6udsphjhchcgysjafvfihqy

Combining eye tracking with navigation paths for identification of cross-language code dependencies

Martin Konopka
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 10th Joint Meeting on Foundations of Software Engineering - ESEC/FSE 2015  
In recent years, fine-grained monitoring of software developers during software development and maintenance activities has increased in popularity, together with use of devices for eye tracking and recording  ...  code using eye tracking with developer's navigation paths.  ...  of fixations, dwell time in the target document [11] , and other eye tracking metrics.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2786805.2807561 dblp:conf/sigsoft/Konopka15 fatcat:z677wryhprhglmbfsm6d4csadi


M. R. Saleem, A. Straus, R. Napolitano
2021 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
Eye tracking data can accurately map where a human is looking and what they are focusing on based on metrics such as fixation, saccade, pupil dilation, and scan path.  ...  The present research highlights the use of eye tracking metrics for recognizing and inferring human implicit attention and intention while performing a structural inspection.  ...  Joseph Yousef who helped in collecting experimental data and providing their thoughts on the pilot study and the PSU Office of Physical Plant and Mr.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-xlvi-m-1-2021-653-2021 fatcat:ujxie5gpcbbjjcmbs6besnt4gm

Brain and autonomic nervous system activity measurement in software engineering: A systematic literature review

Barbara Weber, Thomas Fischer, René Riedl
2021 Journal of Systems and Software  
measurements a b s t r a c t In the past decade, brain and autonomic nervous system activity measurement received increasing attention in the study of software engineering (SE).  ...  Brain and autonomic nervous system activity measurements Software engineering Systematic literature review Electroencephalography (EEG) Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) Heart-and skin-related  ...  tasks A044 2015 Sharafi, Shaffer, Sharif, Gueheneuc Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference Conference Eye-Tracking Metrics in Software Engineering A045 2015 Sharafi, Soh, Gueheneuc  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2021.110946 fatcat:77u6eafdlvf6hn2xnkae46n5ou

Can EEG Be Adopted as a Neuroscience Reference for Assessing Software Programmers' Cognitive Load?

Júlio Medeiros, Ricardo Couceiro, Gonçalo Duarte, João Durães, João Castelhano, Catarina Duarte, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Henrique Madeira, Paulo de Carvalho, César Teixeira
2021 Sensors  
An emergent research area in software engineering and software reliability is the use of wearable biosensors to monitor the cognitive state of software developers during software development tasks.  ...  Conversely, the classic software complexity metrics do not accurately represent the mental effort involved in code comprehension.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the volunteers that participated in the experiments. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21072338 pmid:33801660 fatcat:tpm7apvmebganbusodw7v7klmu

ISeeColor: Method for Advanced Visual Analytics of Eye Tracking Data

Karen Panetta, Qianwen Wan, Srijith Rajeev, Aleksandra Kaszowska, Aaron L. Gardony, Kevin Naranjo, Holly A. Taylor, Sos Agaian
2020 IEEE Access  
Recent advances in head-mounted eye-tracking technology have allowed researchers to monitor eye movements during locomotion in real-world environments, increasing the ecological validity of research on  ...  While collecting eye-tracking data is becoming more accessible, visual analytics of eye-tracking data remains difficult and time-consuming.  ...  In addition, M is used to store calculated eye-tracking statistical metrics.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2980901 fatcat:rgtzqwddsbdszdsshark2drurm
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