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Eye-Tracking Metrics Predict Perceived Workload in Robotic Surgical Skills Training

Chuhao Wu, Jackie Cha, Jay Sulek, Tian Zhou, Chandru P. Sundaram, Juan Wachs, Denny Yu
2019 Human Factors  
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between eye-tracking measures and perceived workload in robotic surgical tasks.  ...  The classification model using eye-tracking features achieved an accuracy of 84.7% in predicting workload levels. Conclusion: Eye-tracking measures can detect perceived workload during robotic tasks.  ...  This initial study aims to explore the relationship between perceived workload and eye-tracking metrics in robotic surgical tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0018720819874544 pmid:31560573 pmcid:PMC7672675 fatcat:o6zqnippbfakzau2px5g236jvy

Evolving robotic surgery training and improving patient safety, with the integration of novel technologies

I-Hsuan Alan Chen, Ahmed Ghazi, Ashwin Sridhar, Danail Stoyanov, Mark Slack, John D Kelly, Justin W Collins
2020 World journal of urology  
Robot-assisted surgery is becoming increasingly adopted by multiple surgical specialties.  ...  The review identified that there are several novel technologies already being utilised in robotic surgery training. There is also a trend towards standardised validated robotic training curricula.  ...  Recently, a publication evaluated the relationship between eye-tracking measures and perceived workload in robotic surgical tasks. Eight surgical trainees performed up to 12 simulated exercises.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00345-020-03467-7 pmid:33156361 pmcid:PMC8405494 fatcat:chggsv76ynh2fin675aen7i66e

Multimodal Physiological Signals for Workload Prediction in Robot-assisted Surgery

Tian Zhou, Jackie S. Cha, Glebys Gonzalez, Juan P. Wachs, Chandru P. Sundaram, Denny Yu
2020 ACM Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction (THRI)  
It was found that our multisensor approach outperformed individual signals and can correctly predict cognitive workload levels 83.2% of the time during basic and complex surgical skills tasks.  ...  Monitoring surgeon workload during robot-assisted surgery can guide allocation of task demands, adapt system interfaces, and assess the robotic system's usability.  ...  The proposed framework was evaluated in telerobotics with the da Vinci Skills Simulator, where twelve surgeons participated and performed surgical training tasks of different workload levels.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3368589 fatcat:37o5kes355fsdass4fabzkuo7u

An eye-tracking based robotic scrub nurse: proof of concept

Ahmed Ezzat, Alexandros Kogkas, Josephine Holt, Rudrik Thakkar, Ara Darzi, George Mylonas
2021 Surgical Endoscopy  
We test an eye-tracking based robotic scrub nurse (RSN) in a simulated operating room based on a novel real-time framework for theatre-wide 3D gaze localization in a mobile fashion.  ...  Conclusions We report initial findings of our eye-tracking based RSN. This enables mobile, unrestricted hands-free human–robot interaction intra-operatively.  ...  Equipment For eye-tracking, the SMI Eye Tracking Glasses 2 Wireless (SMI ETG 2w, SensoMotoric Instruments GmbH) are used.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00464-021-08569-w pmid:34101012 fatcat:4yhwbtmwcze2vnz3dsaxtcdrya

Improvement of design of a surgical interface using an eye tracking device

Duygun Erol Barkana, Alper Açık
2014 Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling  
An eye tracking device is used to obtain the best configuration of the developed surgical interface.  ...  Surgical interfaces are used for helping surgeons in interpretation and quantification of the patient information, and for the presentation of an integrated workflow where all available data are combined  ...  Thus, an easy to use surgical interface (SI), which benefits maximally from the surgeons' skills while providing all necessary information that can be perceived and processed by the surgeon during the  ... 
doi:10.1186/1742-4682-11-s1-s4 pmid:25080176 pmcid:PMC4108870 fatcat:zmfmq2ek4rcczgrh7mdakt5afu

A review of eye tracking for understanding and improving diagnostic interpretation

Tad T. Brunyé, Trafton Drew, Donald L. Weaver, Joann G. Elmore
2019 Cognitive Research  
The present review provides an overview of eye-tracking technology, the perceptual and cognitive processes involved in medical interpretation, how eye tracking has been employed to understand medical interpretation  ...  Eye-tracking research has shed light on the dynamics of this interpretive process, including qualitative and quantitative differences that help distinguish and possibly predict successes and errors.  ...  Eye tracking in medical training As opposed to a novice passively viewing expert eye-gaze behavior, some studies have examined eye gaze as a training tool.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41235-019-0159-2 fatcat:vl4idrtcovcn5a6m44q64jzdaa

Review of Three-Dimensional Human-Computer Interaction with Focus on the Leap Motion Controller

Daniel Bachmann, Frank Weichert, Gerhard Rinkenauer
2018 Sensors  
Monitoring of users can be found in recent concepts, namely, eye, head and body tracking [10], recognition and identification of facial expressions [11] and poses [12] , gesture-based interaction on multi-touch  ...  Current works in machine learning mostly refer to the field of deep learning and in particular to recurrent neural networks [23, 24] .  ...  Author Contributions: All authors contributed extensively to the work presented in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18072194 pmid:29986517 pmcid:PMC6068627 fatcat:x527tlhyzjdjpdrlsppwgm57m4

Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, and Hybrid Approach in Healthcare Simulation: A Systematic Review

Rosanna Maria Viglialoro, Sara Condino, Giuseppe Turini, Marina Carbone, Vincenzo Ferrari, Marco Gesi
2021 Applied Sciences  
Each simulator is classified according to its target clinical application: training of surgical tasks (e.g., specific tasks for training in neurosurgery, abdominal surgery, orthopedic surgery, dental surgery  ...  Simulation-based medical training is considered an effective tool to acquire/refine technical skills, mitigating the ethical issues of Halsted's model.  ...  An innovative approach from physical toward hybrid surgical simulators. Feifer 2011 [25] Randomized controlled trial of virtual reality and hybrid simulation for robotic surgical training.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11052338 fatcat:wdps4gvf5fhvxavw55fl4gxonq

Augmented Reality for Minimally Invasive Surgery: Overview and Some Recent Advances [chapter]

Pablo Lamata, Wajid Ali, Alicia Cano, Jordi Cornella, Jerome Declerck, Ole J., Adinda Freudenthal, Hugo Furtado, Denis Kalkofen, Edvard Naerum, Eigil Samset, Patricia Snchez-Gonzalez (+6 others)
2010 Augmented Reality  
The last section of the chapter describes four recent advances in the field: (1) a new videobased method for tracking surgical tools, which eliminates the extra burden introduced by existing solutions  ...  In order to both register the data and fuse virtual and real imagery in real time, special devices implementing a variety techniques are used by today's AR systems.  ...  This makes the hand-eye coordination skill difficult to learn.  ... 
doi:10.5772/7128 fatcat:hahkhq5b6reatfrwet2ikx3yhi

Review of Advanced Medical Telerobots

Sarmad Mehrdad, Fei Liu, Minh Tu Pham, Arnaud Lelevé, S. Farokh Atashzar
2020 Applied Sciences  
autonomy for this technology, starting from direct control, going up to command-tracking autonomous telerobots.  ...  In this regard, there has been a significant amount of research and development due to the major benefits in terms of medical outcomes.  ...  on eye-gaze tracking, instrument position in space, and image-Based scene tracking.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11010209 fatcat:ts3jlopz3jcwnf2gan75hg7aa4

A Review of Training and Guidance Systems in Medical Surgery

David Escobar-Castillejos, Julieta Noguez, Fernando Bello, Luis Neri, Alejandra J. Magana, Bedrich Benes
2020 Applied Sciences  
The works' assessment was made to identify if—(1) current applications can provide assistance and track performance in training, and (2) virtual environments are more suitable for practicing than physical  ...  In this paper, a map of the state of the art of recent medical simulators that provide evaluation and guidance for surgical procedures is performed.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10175752 fatcat:vjmmzxx5cnbbrcludwel45zxpu

Evolution of autonomous and semi-autonomous robotic surgical systems: a review of the literature

G. P. Moustris, S. C. Hiridis, K. M. Deliparaschos, K. M. Konstantinidis
2011 International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery  
A first high-level classification was proposed Research in surgical robots has already produced new designs, breaking the telemanipulation paradigm.  ...  For example, mobile mini-robots for in vivo operation have already been described in the literature (124,125), as well as hyper-redundant (snake) robots (126,127), continuum  ...  It is doubtful, however, that planning can be avoided in surgical robots, since surgical skills and manoeuvres are very complex in nature.  ... 
doi:10.1002/rcs.408 pmid:21815238 fatcat:wxpuzdc6uva2bniq6u7jjnkybi

Surgical Data Science: A Consensus Perspective [article]

Lena Maier-Hein, Matthias Eisenmann, Carolin Feldmann, Hubertus Feussner, Germain Forestier, Stamatia Giannarou, Bernard Gibaud, Gregory D. Hager, Makoto Hashizume, Darko Katic, Hannes Kenngott, Ron Kikinis (+14 others)
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The goal of the 1st workshop on Surgical Data Science was to bring together researchers working on diverse topics in surgical data science in order to discuss existing challenges, potential standards and  ...  Inspired by current open space and think tank formats, it was organized in June 2016 in Heidelberg.  ...  of healthcare providers. 1) Training: Successful surgical therapy requires skillful providers.  ... 
arXiv:1806.03184v1 fatcat:omofwzmhznfexdbad3kocb3nge

Research Trends in Artificial Intelligence Applications in Human Factors Health Care: Mapping Review

Onur Asan, Avishek Choudhury
2021 JMIR Human Factors  
Despite advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) to develop prediction and classification models, little research has been devoted to real-world translations with a user-centered design approach.  ...  Most of the studies emphasized user perception, the usability of AI-based devices or technologies, cognitive workload, and user's trust in AI.  ...  This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  ... 
doi:10.2196/28236 pmid:34142968 fatcat:oow4g56w6baw3p6tgfktstdcsq

Curative rectal cancer surgery in a low-volume hospital: A quality assessment

A.J. Debes, R.H. Størkson, M.B. Jacobsen
2008 European Journal of Surgical Oncology  
Acknowledgements The technical advancements in the field of surgical simulation is fast and exciting and the imminent implementations include 3D-imaging, increasingly realistic haptic feedback and the  ...  Future cooperation between clinicians, software and hardware developers will lead to training opportunities and simulation technologies beyond our present imagination.  ...  These metrics were to be used for future training, assessment and research concerning all aspects of surgical technical skills (114) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2007.06.007 pmid:17669613 fatcat:rx4mloq3cza3xad7gqoy4jrdmq
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