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Eye Blink Detection for Smart Glasses

Hoang Le, Thanh Dang, Feng Liu
2013 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia  
In this paper, we present an efficient and robust eye blink detection method for Smart Glasses. Our method first employs an eigen-eye approach to detect closing-eye in individual video frames.  ...  Existing approaches to eye blink detection often cannot suit well resource-limited eye blink detection platforms like Smart Glasses, which have limited energy supply and typically cannot afford strong  ...  Thus, the computer vision algorithms for Smart Glasses must be efficient and be able to work robustly with low-quality videos. This paper works on the problem of eye blink detection on Smart Glasses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ism.2013.59 dblp:conf/ism/LeDL13 fatcat:uhtuoae6gvfrfnallaxhxmheyu

Smart Eyewear for Interaction and Activity Recognition

Shoya Ishimaru, Kai Kunze, Katsuma Tanaka, Yuji Uema, Koichi Kise, Masahiko Inami
2015 Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI EA '15  
Smart glasses and, in general, eyewear are a fairly novel device class with a lot of possibilities for user interaction design and unobtrusive activity tracking.  ...  NS MEME, smart glasses with integrated electrodes to detect eye movements (Electrooculography, EOG) and motion sensors (accelerometer and gyroscope) to monitor head motions.  ...  NS for supplying us with prototypes.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2702613.2725449 dblp:conf/chi/IshimaruKTUKI15 fatcat:x3st3z5dnvdcpfejh72otghl4u

MEME

Kai Kunze, Kazutaka Inoue, Katsutoshi Masai, Yuji Uema, Sean Shao-An Tsai, Shoya Ishimaru, Katsuma Tanaka, Koichi Kise, Masahiko Inami
2015 ACM SIGGRAPH 2015 Emerging Technologies on - SIGGRAPH '15  
The glasses can detect eye movements and blinks both using a 3 point electrode setup as well as head motions using accelerometer and gyroscope.  ...  Overall we believe that improving the ergonomics while working on computing devices is a perfect use case for smart glasses.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2782782.2792491 dblp:conf/siggraph/KunzeIMUTITKI15 fatcat:ura3tb77p5ftdbbzgljlqmcvwi

Smarter eyewear

Shoya Ishimaru, Yuji Uema, Kai Kunze, Koichi Kise, Katsuma Tanaka, Masahiko Inami
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing Adjunct Publication - UbiComp '14 Adjunct  
NS for supplying us with prototypes. This is work is partly supported by the CREST project.  ...  eye tracker and blink 30 times naturally.  ...  Simple Blink detection -We apply a very simple peak detection algorithm on data from 2 users.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2638728.2638795 dblp:conf/huc/IshimaruUKKTI14 fatcat:s2ay7bzxpng7xjfscxx3wl7sse

Morse glasses: an IoT communication system based on Morse code for users with speech impairments

Nayera Tarek, Mariam Abo Mandour, Nada El-Madah, Reem Ali, Sara Yahia, Bassant Mohamed, Dina Mostafa, Sara El-Metwally
2021 Computing  
Morse Glasses is a cost efficient wearable device based on IoT technology and a modified Morse code that tracks the patient's eyes blinks and translates it into a generated speech.  ...  Most of the invented smart sensing devices including the wearable ones for users with speech impairments are expensive and not affordable for patients in the low income countries such as Egypt.  ...  Morse code is used previously as a communication protocol for ALS patients using a face recognition software that is able to extract and detect facial features and translates eye blinks into words/sentences  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00607-021-00959-1 fatcat:vmkhgapwrbe4znirgkdurykttm

A Comprehensive Review of Smart Glasses Technology- Future of Eyewear

Aman, Et. al.
2021 Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education  
This paper breaks down the technology behind smart glasses along with the advancement in this emerging field keeping in mind the hardware, software and research work which major companies have put in to  ...  This paper also comprises an analysis on the experience of users with different glasses.  ...  Figure 2 .1 shows a design of smart glasses used to detect blinking of the human eye.  ... 
doi:10.17762/turcomat.v12i2.669 fatcat:wuc5vo32jrhjnmvr4rwv7umm3i

A Comprehensive Review On Various State Of Art Techniques For Eye Blink Detection [article]

Sannidhan MS, Sunil Kumar Aithal, Abhir Bhandary
2019 arXiv   pre-print
blink detection for keeping track of the concentration level of the driver.Hence this paper presents an exhaustive review on the implementations of various eye blink detection algorithms.The detection  ...  blink detection to find out the concentration level of the driver.With the advent of many high end camera devices with cost effectiveness factor today it has become more efficient and cheaper to use eye  ...  Liu, "Eye Blink Detection for Smart Glasses," 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, SUMMARY OF DIFFERENT EYE BLINK DETECTION TECHNIQUES Arti cle Approa ch Benefits Limitati ons  ... 
arXiv:1912.05017v1 fatcat:ndo3rrpdanektidlz3tcol5oae

Infrared-Based Blink-Detecting Glasses for Facial Pacing

Alice Frigerio, Tessa A. Hadlock, Elizabeth H. Murray, James T. Heaton
2014 JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery  
During gaze changes, false blink detection occurred 6% of the time during lateral eye movements, 10% of the time during upward movements, 47% of the time during downward movements, and 6% of the time for  ...  Future versions will aim to mitigate detection errors by using multiple IR emitter-detector units mounted on glasses, and alternative frame designs may reduce shifting of the sensors relative to the eye  ...  ARTICLE INFORMATION Accepted for Publication: December 6, 2013.  ... 
doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.1 pmid:24699708 pmcid:PMC4392716 fatcat:wn3isjoaynepbkjahwbp7xc7wy

Eye motion triggered self-powered mechnosensational communication system using triboelectric nanogenerator

Xianjie Pu, Hengyu Guo, Jie Chen, Xue Wang, Yi Xi, Chenguo Hu, Zhong Lin Wang
2017 Science Advances  
The sensor is fixed on a pair of glasses and applied in two real-time mechnosensational HMIs-the smart home control system and the wireless hands-free typing system with advantages of super-high sensitivity  ...  By using an indium tin oxide electrode and two opposite tribomaterials, the proposed flexible and transparent sensor is capable of effectively capturing eye blink motion with a super-high signal level  ...  Figure 4B shows the smart sensor glasses fabricated with the transmitter module.  ... 
doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700694 pmid:28782029 pmcid:PMC5533541 fatcat:vstdlx2zfbbblk5zi2gxah6xqy

IoT Based Smart Home for Paralyzed Patients through Eye Blink

2021 International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering  
We came up with an idea for creating such a device that we can use to automate our home electrical appliances by blinking our eyes.  ...  Our system is a solution for paralysis patients who choose to use their eye blinks to control different electric devices and peripherals.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors are grateful to the reviewers for their insightful comments, which improved the manuscript's content.  ... 
doi:10.30534/ijatcse/2021/1291022021 fatcat:e2ltripl2ze3lgqwmgscwvfjcu

Smart Monitoring of the Status of Driver Using the Dashboard Vehicle Camera

Dr. S. Praveen Chakkravarthy
2020 International journal of new practices in management and engineering  
head has dropped for quite a while.  ...  The calculation for the most part accomplishes superior, while for a few lighting conditions a specific calculation redesigning would be vital to keep up an elevated level of precision.  ...  Drowsiness is detected using a glass similar to a reading glass with eye blink sensor that buzzers in case the person driving the car is drowsy.  ... 
doi:10.17762/ijnpme.v9i01.81 fatcat:lnjeuinmxnbjldjltqs4mobzse

Eyeblink Detection in the Field: A Proof of Concept Study of Two Mobile Optical Eye-Trackers

Theresa Schweizer, Thomas Wyss, Rahel Gilgen-Ammann
2021 Military medicine  
not in the VI, and as a "missed blink" (MB) when the software failed to detect a blink that occurred in the VI.  ...  Each blink detected by the software was classified as a "true blink" (TB) when it occurred in the software output and the VI at the same time, as a "false blink" (FB) when it occurred in the software but  ...  The initial stepwise calibration for the VPS16 with the smart unit was conducted according to the manufacturer's instructions to determine the best-fitting nose pad and calibrate the eye gaze.  ... 
doi:10.1093/milmed/usab032 pmid:33564826 fatcat:x7ueohrzovdo3labmo4xsr6uru

Twinkle Megane: Evaluation of Near-Eye LED Indicators on Glasses for Simple and Smart Navigation in Daily Life

Aryan Firouzian, Yukitoshi Kashimoto, Goshiro Yamamoto, Niina Keranen, Zeeshan Asghar, Petri Pulli
2017 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Pervasive Health and Technology  
The device produces lighting patterns of 14 RGB LEDs near user's eyes as guiding information. Since installed LEDs are light and saving power, it is feasible to develop it for daily use.  ...  This paper explains our conceptual assistive system structure, a prototype eyeglass-type device with near-eye LED indicators and usability experimentation in simple detecting and walking navigational tasks  ...  We also thank Jarmo Lehtonen and the design team from the University of Lapland for designing conceptual models.  ... 
doi:10.4108/eai.7-9-2017.153068 fatcat:f4qwidcvzbf4lcp43b4hzoi2hy

Evaluating driving fatigue detection algorithms using eye tracking glasses

Xiang-Yu Gao, Yu-Fei Zhang, Wei-Long Zheng, Bao-Liang Lu
2015 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)  
In this paper, we propose a measure of fatigue produced by eye tracking glasses, and use it as the ground truth to evaluate driving fatigue detection algorithms.  ...  Particularly, PERCLOS, which is the percentage of eye closure over the pupil over time, was calculated from eyelid movement data provided by eye tracking glasses.  ...  However, using eye tracking glasses for driving fatigue detection is new in current studies. B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ner.2015.7146736 dblp:conf/ner/GaoZZL15 fatcat:4najkjf3znacro4vr7e7jjmg3m

Blink-Sensing Glasses: A Flexible Iontronic Sensing Wearable for Continuous Blink Monitoring

Rui Chen, Zhichao Zhang, Ka Deng, Dahu Wang, Hongmin Ke, Li Cai, Chi-wei Chang, Tingrui Pan
2021 iScience  
In this study, a smart glasses wearable has been developed, incorporating a flexible and sensitive pressure sensor, to monitor blink patterns by continuously detecting ocular muscular movements, referred  ...  to as blink-sensing glasses.  ...  A pair of commercial Bluetooth smart glasses (Gonbes K1) is adopted, which provides ample internal space for housing our electronic components and wire connections after the removal of its original acoustic  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.isci.2021.102399 pmid:33997684 pmcid:PMC8102906 fatcat:7ldekftyzrfi5kjr6lwtzfhuky
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