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Extraction of Definitional Contexts from Restricted Domains by Measuring Synthetic Judgements and Word Relevance

Olga Lidia Acosta López, César Antonio Aguilar
2015 International Conference on Terminology and Artificial Intelligence  
Sentences with high relevance and low level of synthetic judgements should have at least a predicative verb characteristic of analytical definitions for being good candidates.  ...  With this necessity in mind, we propose here a methodology that takes into account the level of synthetic judgements and word relevance in a sentence in order to filter out and rank sentences.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper has been supported by the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) of Chile, Project Numbers: 3140332 and 11130565.  ... 
dblp:conf/tia/LopezA15 fatcat:mplbkxsehngf7kywaydbo25aoe

Bolzano Versus Kant: Mathematics as a Scientia Universalis [chapter]

Paola Cantù
2014 Mind, Values, and Metaphysics  
The paper will discuss some changes in Bolzano's definition of mathematics attested in several quotations from the Beyträge, Wissenschaftslehre and Grössenlehre: is mathematics a theory of forms or a theory  ...  definition of quantity.  ...  A proposition is synthetic if it is not analytic. Mathematical truths are partly analytic, partly synthetic. 30 3. 4 . 304 The different role played by analytic and synthetic judgements.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04199-5_22 fatcat:7zm2egwpure5fou7wcowcgc4ue

Finding new terminology in very large corpora

Joachim Wermter, Udo Hahn
2005 Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Knowledge capture - K-CAP '05  
We formalize the limited paradigmatic modifiability of terms and, subsequently, test the corresponding algorithm on bigram, trigram and quadgram noun phrases extracted from a 104-million-word biomedical  ...  Most technical and scientific terms are comprised of complex, multi-word noun phrases but certainly not all noun phrases are technical or scientific terms.  ...  For this study, we restricted ourselves to noun phrases of length 2 (word bigrams), length 3 (word trigrams) and length 4 (word quadgrams).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1088622.1088648 dblp:conf/kcap/WermterH05 fatcat:zfw2xlek2fcobllicpqoydr7vi

An evaluative baseline for geo-semantic relatedness and similarity

Andrea Ballatore, Michela Bertolotto, David C. Wilson
2014 Geoinformatica  
We then describe and validate the Geo Relatedness and Similarity Dataset (GeReSiD), a new open dataset designed to evaluate computational measures of geo-semantic relatedness and similarity.  ...  This dataset is larger than existing datasets of this kind, and includes 97 geographic terms combined into 50 term pairs rated by 203 human subjects.  ...  Acknowledgments The research presented in this article was funded by a Strategic Research Cluster grant (07/SRC/I1168) by Science Foundation Ireland under the National Development Plan.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10707-013-0197-8 fatcat:lqm6wuphezenfggag3eekk67ge

CapWAP: Captioning with a Purpose [article]

Adam Fisch, Kenton Lee, Ming-Wei Chang, Jonathan H. Clark, Regina Barzilay
2020 arXiv   pre-print
information needs better than its generic counterparts, as measured by QA performance on user questions from unseen images, when using the caption alone as context.  ...  In this task, we use question-answer (QA) pairs---a natural expression of information need---from users, instead of reference captions, for both training and post-inference evaluation.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the MIT NLP group, the Google AI Language team, and the anonymous EMNLP reviewers for their valuable feedback. AF is supported in part by an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship.  ... 
arXiv:2011.04264v1 fatcat:hy64zquf3bgkvb4r36nkdm7t6q

Gender Stereotype Reinforcement: Measuring the Gender Bias Conveyed by Ranking Algorithms [article]

Alessandro Fabris, Alberto Purpura, Gianmaria Silvello, Gian Antonio Susto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Through the critical lens of construct validity, we validate the proposed measure on synthetic and real collections.  ...  Similar biases were found encoded in Word Embeddings (WEs) learned from large online corpora.  ...  Discussion: Figure 4 shows the behavior of three synthetic search engines measured by GSR.  ... 
arXiv:2009.01334v1 fatcat:7cwmnyak4ncsbeifjlmi7afvgm

Tracking the emergence of synthetic biology

Philip Shapira, Seokbeom Kwon, Jan Youtie
2017 Scientometrics  
This paper contributes to efforts to delineate this emerging domain by presenting a newly constructed bibliometric definition of synthetic biology.  ...  Our approach is dimensioned from a core set of papers in synthetic biology, using procedures to obtain benchmark synthetic biology publication records, extract keywords from these benchmark records, and  ...  For keyword extraction, Alchemy-IBM NLP provides a relevance score that estimates the relationship of a keyword to the context of input text.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-017-2452-5 pmid:28804177 pmcid:PMC5533824 fatcat:xgkimt3urffrlbkq2q4lgausmq

Semantics in Content-based Multimedia Retrieval [chapter]

Horst Eidenberger, Maia Zaharieva
2008 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
The performance of classification-based retrieval, it seems, does hardly depend on the context of features.  ...  The building blocks lead to a discussion of starting points for semantic enrichment of low-level features. The second part reviews features from the perspective of data quality.  ...  In this context, "domain" denotes concepts on a number of levels.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77473-0_8 fatcat:yqclrhrql5a7vl7taprcfm3s2y

Editor's Introduction: In Defense of External Evidence

Rajendra Singh
1988 Canadian Journal of Linguistics  
'Internal' is generally taken to include i) native judgements and ii) regularities extractable from linguistic data under consideration.  ...  domains, psycholinguistic evidence is not restricted, asHymes (1972:85) would put it, "to just those investigations that do arise as generative-grammar by-products".  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0008413100013165 fatcat:k5fz3jn7bbf4xgymzrjvzgoygi

General-purpose search techniques for genomic text

Abhijit Chattaraj, Hugh E Williams, Adam Cannane
2004 Genome Informatics Series  
In particular, we show that significant improvements can result from manual term expansion, where additional words are added to queries and documents.  ...  We experiment with our techniques on four text collections and show, for example, that the collection partitioning scheme can improve effectiveness by almost 9.5% over a standard retrieval baseline.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Australian Research Council.  ... 
pmid:15706490 fatcat:ga2cqy5cs5eidaw2xqmgpifeji

Automated extraction of product comparison matrices from informal product descriptions

Sana Ben Nasr, Guillaume Bécan, Mathieu Acher, João Bosco Ferreira Filho, Nicolas Sannier, Benoit Baudry, Jean-Marc Davril
2017 Journal of Systems and Software  
Domain analysts, product managers, or customers aim to capture the important features and differences among a set of related products.  ...  A case-by-case reviewing of each product description is a laborious and time-consuming task that fails to deliver a condense view of a family of product.  ...  Acknowledgements Financial support for this work was provided by Luxembourg's National Research Fund (FNR) under grant number FNR/P10/03.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2016.11.018 fatcat:tjuk6vrjcfatnm3fmougi6f224

General-Purpose Search Techniques for Genomic Text

Abhijit Chattaraj, Hugh E. Williams, Adam Cannane
2004 Genome Informatics Series  
In particular, we show that significant improvements can result from manual term expansion, where additional words are added to queries and documents.  ...  We experiment with our techniques on four text collections and show, for example, that the collection partitioning scheme can improve effectiveness by almost 9.5% over a standard retrieval baseline.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Australian Research Council.  ... 
doi:10.11234/gi1990.15.2_42 fatcat:3hcbnz5bmva7ff6fhxqougvnum

The FATE System Iterated: Fair, Transparent and Explainable Decision Making in a Juridical Case

Maaike H. T. de Boer, Steven Vethman, Roos M. Bakker, Ajaya Adhikari, Michiel Marcus, Joachim de Greeff, Jasper van der Waa, Tjeerd A. J. Schoonderwoerd, Ioannis Tolios, Emma M. van Zoelen, Fieke Hillerström, Bart Kamphorst
2022 AAAI Spring Symposia  
For a given new juridical case the relevant older court cases are suggested by the system.  ...  The goal of the FATE system is decision support with use of state-of-the-art human-AI co-learning, explainable AI and fair, secure and privacy-preserving usage of data.  ...  We would like to thank the AI4J project for their use case and data and the other members of the FATE project for their valuable feedback, especially Klamer Schutte and Thijs Veugen.  ... 
dblp:conf/aaaiss/BoerVBAMGWSTZHK22 fatcat:tzkliddvvvawbcbx2k3ptxfr5u

A Review of Geospatial Semantic Information Modeling and Elicitation Approaches

Margarita Kokla, Eric Guilbert
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
The second topic involves a set of processes that aim to draw out latent knowledge from unstructured or semi-structured content: semantic-based extraction, enrichment, search, and analysis.  ...  It discusses the problems and the challenges faced, highlights the types of semantic information formalized and extracted, as well as the methodologies and tools used, and identifies directions for future  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9030146 fatcat:e46jighegjhbzfy55u2alfb6um

Survey on Evaluation Methods for Dialogue Systems [article]

Jan Deriu, Alvaro Rodrigo, Arantxa Otegi, Guillermo Echegoyen, Sophie Rosset, Eneko Agirre, Mark Cieliebak
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Often, dialogue systems are evaluated by means of human evaluations and questionnaires. However, this tends to be very cost and time intensive.  ...  We cover each class by introducing the main technologies developed for the dialogue systems and then by presenting the evaluation methods regarding this class.  ...  We would also like to thank our anonymous reviewers for their valuable reviews that helped improve the quality of this survey.  ... 
arXiv:1905.04071v1 fatcat:kyeepr7zpzgivhqdkjzfpskv3i
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