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Expressive Small Clauses in Japanese [chapter]

Yu Izumi, Shintaro Hayashi
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
, what they call Expressive Small Clauses, to analogous phrases in Japanese.  ...  The original Potts and Roeper analysis is unable to account for two puzzling characteristics of Japanese Expressive Small Clauses, which we cannot observe in those in English: first, the use of a second  ...  Another research question is how to understand the internal structure of NPs in Japanese ESCs-What is the relation between the first noun and the second noun?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-93794-6_13 fatcat:wniyaxru6rgdfmuxbspmmrhg4y

Pattern Dictionary Development Based on Non-compositional Language Model for Japanese Compound and Complex Sentences [chapter]

Satoru Ikehara, Masato Tokuhisa, Jin'ichi Murakami, Masashi Saraki, Masahiro Miyazaki, Naoshi Ikeda
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In evaluation tests, the SP-dictionary achieved a syntactic coverage of 92% and a semantic coverage of 70%.  ...  A large-scale sentence pattern dictionary SP-dictionary for Japanese compound and complex sentences has been developed. The dictionary has been compiled based on the non-compositional language model.  ...  Japanese expression, and (2) cases where a constituent in the Japanese expression has no corresponding constituent in the English expression, but deleting this constituent from the Japanese expression  ... 
doi:10.1007/11940098_54 fatcat:6ymsr6prwbdxndnsgrthijoony

Pattern Dictionary Development based on Non-Compositional Language Model for Japanese Compound and Complex Sentences

SATORU IKEHARA, MASATO TOKUHISA, JIN'ICHI MURAKAMI, MASASHI SARAKI, MASAHIRO MIYAZAKI, NAOSHI IKEDA
2007 International Journal of Computer Processing Of Languages  
In evaluation tests, the SP-dictionary achieved a syntactic coverage of 92% and a semantic coverage of 70%.  ...  A large-scale sentence pattern dictionary SP-dictionary for Japanese compound and complex sentences has been developed. The dictionary has been compiled based on the non-compositional language model.  ...  Japanese expression, and (2) cases where a constituent in the Japanese expression has no corresponding constituent in the English expression, but deleting this constituent from the Japanese expression  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0219427907001640 fatcat:qvhxed6dbzg5be2klhaaln3pja

Implementing a Japanese Semantic Parser Based on Glue Approach

Hiroshi Umemoto
2006 Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation  
I also explain the analyses of expressions that are syntactically parallel but semantically distinct, such as relative tense in subordinate clauses.  ...  I outline the parser, and I present the analyses of Japanese idiosyncratic expressions including floated numerical quantifiers, showing the distinct readings of distributive and cumulative, as well as  ...  straightforwardly applicable to Japanese parallel expressions with small modification.  ... 
dblp:conf/paclic/Umemoto06 fatcat:e4f3tdlrtnaqzhqwfuup3x3yom

Iconicity and Viewpoint in Determining Word Order in Japanese Dative Construction

Noriko Iwasaki, Misumi Sadler
2004 Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society  
Four clauses were irrelevant in the examination of whether or not an agent is overtly expressed: two in request forms, and two in relative clauses whose heads were agents.  ...  from the analysis: relative clauses, whose heads are either patient or goal; passive clauses; topicalized clauses; clauses which contain -te morau, and fixed clauses such as kuti ni dasu 'to express.'  ... 
doi:10.3765/bls.v30i1.944 fatcat:eyhp3dpwize77cda75fflqc5xu

Changes in encoding of path of motion in a first language during acquisition of a second language

Amanda Brown, Marianne Gullberg
2010 Cognitive Linguistics  
Moreover, native Japanese speakers with knowledge of English displayed mixed patterns for lexicalization and expressed significantly more PATH information per clause than either group of monolinguals.  ...  Furthermore, lexicalization patterns are argued to a¤ect syntactic packaging at the level of the clause (e.g., Slobin 1996b) and tend to transfer from a first (L1) to a second language (L2) in second language  ...  Figure 1 shows the mean number of verbs expressing path per clause in all clauses containing path information in each language group.  ... 
doi:10.1515/cogl.2010.010 fatcat:bqblkkppfbdunaenod7ulzl4lm

Bidirectional cross-linguistic influence in event conceptualization? Expressions of Path among Japanese learners of English

AMANDA BROWN, MARIANNE GULLBERG
2010 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
The current study tackles such restructuring in SLA within the context of bidirectional cross-linguistic influence, focusing on expressions of Path in English and Japanese.  ...  Typological differences in expressions of motion are argued to have consequences for event conceptualization.  ...  Table 3 shows the mean number of verbs expressing Path per clause in all clauses containing Path information in Japanese-only, English-only and Japanese-English discourse in the L1 and in the L2.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728910000064 fatcat:6n3wleuvgrbsvbkugz4kflbgim

Analyzing Dependencies of Japanese Subordinate Clauses based on Statistics of Scope Embedding Preference

Takehito Utsuro, Shigeyuki Nishiokayama, Masakazu Fujio, Yuji Matsumoto
2000 Applied Natural Language Processing Conference  
This paper proposes a statistical method for learning dependency preference of Japanese subordinate clauses, in which scope embedding preference of subordinate clauses is exploited as a useful information  ...  source for disambiguating dependencies between subordinate clauses.  ...  However, in their approach, since categories of subordinate clauses are obtained by manually analyzing a small number of sentences, their coverage against a large corpus such as EDR bracketed corpus (EDR  ... 
dblp:conf/anlp/UtsuroNFM00 fatcat:gnxuv4oo3jc5fcff7gdcmyddo4

L1–L2 convergence in clausal packaging in Japanese and English

AMANDA BROWN, MARIANNE GULLBERG
2012 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
However, bilinguals, both ESL and EFL speakers of English, used significantly more multi-clause constructions in both their L1 and L2.  ...  Previous research has shown cross-linguistic differences between English and Japanese in this domain (Allen et al., 2003; Kita & Özyürek, 2003, though note Brown & Gullberg, in press.).  ...  and Path expressed in separate clauses as illustrated in (12) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728912000491 fatcat:3ujmjgucezajtfaqzeryj43gie

Connection and emotion

Satoko Suzuki
2013 Pragmatics: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association  
This paper looks at the phenomenon of extensive clause combining in written Japanese discourse.  ...  Interconnectedness is expressed iconically with chained clauses. Writers may also use sentences with extensively combined clauses to convey heightened emotion.  ...  Although the sample size is very small, this might suggest that the use of extensive clause combining is gendered.  ... 
doi:10.1075/prag.23.1.07suz fatcat:6ei23bxmgfbgzmkwkabex4xa6i

Transition and Parsing State and Incrementality in Dynamic Syntax

Masahiro Kobayashi, Kei Yoshimoto
2007 Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation  
At the present stage the parser is still small but can parse scrambled sentences, relative clause constructions, and embedded clauses.  ...  The parser is written in Prolog and this paper shows that the parser can process null arguments in a complex sentence in Japanese.  ...  The parser proposed in this paper is still small. Nonetheless, it can parse not only simple sentences but also relative clause constructions, embedded clauses, and scrambled sentences.  ... 
dblp:conf/paclic/KobayashiY07 fatcat:mkmid2wd6jgqzcx3r7meomhqny

University Students Avoidance Behavior in English Classes

Ahmet Remzi ULUŞAN
2018 International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching  
The frequency of relative clauses used by thirty-six B2 level undergraduate students in their graded essays was analyzed and compared with the frequency of relative clauses in their ungraded essays and  ...  This study focuses on the systematic avoidance of difficult expressions by learners of English to achieve error-free production.  ...  for the use of so small number of relative clauses by students in their graded essays?"  ... 
doi:10.18298/ijlet.2790 fatcat:73hm4qvcczekpctl6c6bg2uihu

Case-marking idiosyncrasy in subordination: the Japanese dative ni and beyond

Takeshi Koguma, Katsunobu Izutsu
2019 Investigationes Linguisticae  
This study further explores some comparable non-canonical case markings observed in Korean subordinate clauses, suggesting that they can also be similarly characterized. 1 We adopt the term HIDEE rather  ...  This article examines Japanese idiosyncratic dative case markings, which cannot be accounted for by the semantics of verbs per se.  ...  in subordinate clauses has acquired the HIDEE-dative ni-case marking, modeled upon other dominant expressions of analogous secret behavior in subordinate clauses.  ... 
doi:10.14746/il.2018.41.6 fatcat:36jstdr3qzdvpajfbe5k44udxa

NPs in Japanese conversation

Kazuko Matsumoto
1997 Pragmatics: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association  
This suggests that A is much less likely to be overtly expressed than S or O in conversational Japanese, despite the fact that the speakers produced transitive clauses as frequently as intransitive clauses  ...  forms in conversational Japanese.  ...  The percentages of filled vs. unfilled S-role slots by clause type are given below. 6 presents the proportions of three argument slots that were filled vs. unfilled with overt NPs.  ... 
doi:10.1075/prag.7.2.03mat fatcat:gsztpdvflnepzclgbhncmygm6q

A Lexicon-based Investigation of Research Issues in Japanese Factuality Analysis

Kazuya Narita, Junta Mizuno, Kentaro Inui
2013 International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing  
In this paper, we discuss issues regarding lexical knowledge through error analysis of a Japanese factuality analyzer based on lexical knowledge and compositionality.  ...  Event factuality is information about whether events mentioned in natural language correspond to either actual events that have occurred in the real world or events that are of uncertain interpretation  ...  For instance, in the case of the expression know that, it presupposes that the event in that-clause is fac- Similarly, in Japanese, some expressions correspond to English factuality markers.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcnlp/NaritaMI13 fatcat:6ztmffnz4zczfjk5yqxturyxoi
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