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Proceedings of the 1st Conference of the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment on Bridging from the eXtreme to the campus and beyond - XSEDE '12
We build a system that can, for the first time to our knowledge, leverage HPC to support effective exploration of species similarities in distribution as well as their dependencies on common environmental ... Due to limitations of computing power as well as limited means of using modeling software on HPC facilities, past species distribution studies have been unable to fully explore diverse data sets. ... Next we explore the community of species with similar distributions, both to identify species that may be susceptible to similar threats and to find species likely to respond to changes in the population ...doi:10.1145/2335755.2335835 fatcat:i423ms5qeng7zls5mnksbwxxby
Many species have broad geographic ranges that may span two or more continents. ... Here we conducted a similar study for liverworts and hornworts using Kroeber's percentage of similarity, which suggests that Sri Lankan liverworts and hornworts show a considerable similarity with those ... Among these striking distribution patterns of bryophytes, the Eastern American-Eastern Asian and Western American-Mediterranean disjunctions have been especially welldocumented and studied (Schuster, ...doi:10.4038/cjs.v46i5.7461 fatcat:qew5kxcbpzcgrox57g4ye4kgjq
Many of the most virulent emerging infectious diseases in humans, e.g., AIDS and Ebola, are zoonotic, having shifted from wildlife populations. ... These areas also are likely to sustain a novel epidemic due to their rapidly growing human populations, close proximity to apes, and population centers with high density and contact rates among individuals ... Central Africa and west Amazonia represent regions of high geographical overlap among many closely related primate species. ...doi:10.1007/s10393-010-0284-3 pmid:20232229 fatcat:acheugqdovhf3pe7jxfwfaehke
The negative relationship reflects high variation among communities of low species richness, rather than high temporal variation within communities of low richness. ... Finally, we conclude that arguments about the cosmopolitan distribution of microbes do not preclude the existence of important relations between microbial species richness and ecosystem functioning. ... We thank the conference organizers, Mark Gessner, Pablo Inchausti, Dave Raffaelli, Paul Giller and Lennart Persson, and the conference participants for their many efforts to make the conference a success ...doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.13256.x fatcat:5tyxhpx3pbg7fc7gnpfa5oie5y
This model is used to explore how the ecological similarity of species influences the patterns in community structure that result and to determine whether patterns in fossil and systematics data may be ... Having more transient species in systems shifted the longevity distributions of species in the fossil record towards having a greater frequency of shorter duration species, and the age distribution of ... The species-age data derived from molecular phylogenies were collected as part of a continuing project at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. ...doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2006.00616.x fatcat:v4i55q2csfeadcwwz2q4bvsucq
These limits arise from complex interactions among ecology and dispersal ability of species and the physical environment, but many of the underlying traits can be conserved among related species and clades ... Understanding the factors that determine the geographic range limits of species is important for many questions in ecology, evolution and conservation biology. ... We also used a nested analysis of variance (Harvey & Pagel 1991; Ricklefs & Nealen 1998; McGill 2008) to explore how the variance in species range limits is partitioned among the taxonomic levels. ...doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1232 pmid:19324820 pmcid:PMC2677224 fatcat:wo55nsyfkrfmpayxptahosh5ry
The Journal of Animal Ecology
Among the extrinsic factors explored, we found evidence of a significant relationship between ecological interactions ... Species with high hetero- geneity in pollen use among conspecifics (example a) were more common. ...
Mitochondrial divergences among Dendroica species were generally large (mean pairwise interspeci¢c distances, 10.0%) and many species were rooted in a basal polytomy. ... The prevalence of long terminal branches indicates that these species have evolved e¤cient isolating mechanisms that have prevented mtDNA introgression despite the many opportunities for hybridization ... Di¡erences between empirical and null distributions are explored statistically via a KolmogorovŜ mirnov goodness-of-¢t test. ...doi:10.1098/rspb.1999.0825 pmcid:PMC1690178 fatcat:cuaxboov45euxn2ysvolu2aeyi
In my PhD thesis, I applied and extended a recently developed conceptual and methodological framework to study geographical association among species and similarity among sites. ... Broad-scale patterns of species richness result from differential coexistence among species in distinct regions of the globe, determined by the species' ranges and their properties such as size, shape ... More specifically, I applied it to explore geographical associations among species (co-distribution) and similarity among sites (co-diversity) to infer their potential causes, and extended it to inform ...doi:10.21425/f5fbg19482 fatcat:dso7svjvsfdixlkjzuazjcb5pe
The obtained results show similarities and differences in comparison with Southeast European bryophyte spectra, reveal certain biogeographical peculiarities of Serbia´s bryophytes and indicate regions ... The pattern of disjunction between North America and Europe is present among many temperate species. ... Although there are still many gaps in the bryological exploration of certain areas of Serbia, by summing up all known data on the distribution of bryophyte species occurring in Serbia, we were able to ...doi:10.2298/botserb1902143p fatcat:bmzz3nedavh5dbatuib6z2nnsq
Our results identify key behavioral differences among important disease vector species, and suggest that navigation and exploration among even closely related mosquito species may be much more distinct ... In this study, we investigate the innate exploration behavior of six different species of disease vector mosquito larvae. ... We observed striking behavioral differences across mosquito species in many aspects of exploration behavior ( Fig. 2A) . ...doi:10.1242/jeb.221218 pmid:32127378 pmcid:PMC7132834 fatcat:3ztdxjjpl5g2pc5oa2me6gbswa
Diversification rate heterogeneity and rates of climate space exploration were tested. ... We analysed phylogenetic and climatic data for 503 Acacia species to estimate a time-calibrated phylogeny and central climatic tendencies for BioClim layers from 132 000 herbarium specimens. ... Differences and similarities among species were summarized in a Euclidean distance matrix for each data set. ...doi:10.1111/nph.16349 pmid:31792997 fatcat:2eituyaygnbrziuyev7j7fnfzy
The Journal of Animal Ecology
Even among closely related species the response may be quite different. For example, two species of psyllid (Strophingia) live on two heather species, Calluna vulgaris (L.) ... Even among soil invertebrates there is the apparent paradox that some of the most widely distributed and common organisms on a global scale appear to lack specialist dispersal mechanisms yet appear to ...
Many attempts to estimate global biodiversity are forecasts from data on past rates of description. ... Similarly, species are the currency of biodiversity, and recognized numbers are dependent upon successful discovery. ... Discussions with many individuals have served to improve our focus on the several issues discussed herein. ...doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blab080 fatcat:m526kz2wqbdpdpeytfq37f4xki
For a broadly distributed fish assemblage, first-year growth does not vary with latitude for a planktivorous prey species, but declines with increasing latitude for a terminal piscivore. ... For widely distributed assemblages made up of poikilotherms with high first-year mortality, species-specific differences in growth reaction norms as affected by both temperature and genotype will influence ... Growth adaptations among these widely distributed assemblages should modify interactions and thereby merit exploration. ...doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0141:eaaabl]2.0.co;2 fatcat:lkx36sk5e5bz3bptadxvic7dqy
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