596 Hits in 14.9 sec

The dynamics of cultivation and floods in arable lands of Central Argentina

E. F. Viglizzo, E. G. Jobbágy, L. Carreño, F. C. Frank, R. Aragón, L. De Oro, V. Salvador
2009 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
In this paper we explored the relations between rainfall, groundwater level, and cultivation to explain the dynamics of floods in the extremely flat and valuable arable lands of the Quinto river watershed  ...  Supported by information from surveys as well as field and remote sensing measurements, we explored the correlation among precipitation, groundwater levels, flooded area and land use.  ...  We thank researchers and public agents of the Secretary of Agriculture and the Provincial Water Administration of La Pampa province, as well as the Instituto de Hidrología de Llanuras of Buenos Aires province  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-13-491-2009 fatcat:gtj7fgalbjg65on7exkehzamba

Freewat, A Horizon 2020 Project To Build Open Source Tools For Water Management: A European Perspective Conference Towards Sustainable Agriculture

Borsi Iacopo Mehl Steffen
2017 Zenodo  
and to support the FREEWAT application in an innovative participatory approach gathering technical staff and relevant stakeholders (policy and decision makers) in designing scenarios for applicationof  ...  The main expected impacts of FREEWAT are to help produce scientifically and technically sound decisions and policy making based on innovative data analysis tools and to support a participatory approach  ...  Exploring Relationship Between Evapotranspiration and Groundwater Level Fluctuations in Different Land Covers The results here indicate the diurnal influence that the deep-rooted plants have on localized  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.546436 fatcat:k2i5fkueorbefidbm676x74dii

Institutional Strategies for Adaptation to Water Stress in Farmer-Managed Irrigation Systems of Nepal

Bhuwan Thapa, Christopher A. Scott
2019 International Journal of the Commons  
Climate variability and change act as a threat multiplier because they compound the existing threats the FMIS face from social and economic changes.  ...  Using the case of 12 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in Central and Western Nepal, this paper explores the institutional coping and adaptation mechanisms to water stress.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was carried out by the Himalayan Adaptation, Water and Resilience (HI-AWARE) consortium under the Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA) with  ... 
doi:10.5334/ijc.901 fatcat:75te62zwmzezppb4xqbf5vctpu

Resistance and Resilience of A Stream Salamander To Supraseasonal Drought

Steven J. Price, Robert A. Browne, Michael E. Dorcas
2012 Herpetologica  
The socioeconomic impacts of droughts may arise from the interaction between natural conditions and human factors such as changes in land use, land cover, and the demand for and use of water.  ...  The area of global irrigated land has increased approximately linearly since This Technical Paper explores the relationships between climate change and freshwater, as set out in IPCC Assessment and Special  ...  The Earth's planetary albedo varies mainly through varying cloudiness, snow, ice, leaf area and land cover changes. Algal bloom A reproductive explosion of algae in a lake, river, or ocean.  ... 
doi:10.1655/herpetologica-d-11-00084.1 fatcat:utef5ar3prh5tleynfkbkensqy

Urban Transitions: On Urban Resilience and Human-Dominated Ecosystems

Henrik Ernstson, Sander E. van der Leeuw, Charles L. Redman, Douglas J. Meffert, George Davis, Christine Alfsen, Thomas Elmqvist
2010 Ambio  
Urbanization is a global multidimensional process paired with increasing uncertainty due to climate change, migration of people, and changes in the capacity to sustain ecosystem services.  ...  Using the three concrete case cities-New Orleans, Cape Town, and Phoenix-the article analyzes thresholds and cross-scale interactions, and expands the scale at which urban resilience has been discussed  ...  Elmqvist and H. Ernstson at the conference ''Resilience 2008'' in Stockholm, 14-17 April, 2008, triggered the co-authors to write this article.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13280-010-0081-9 pmid:21141773 pmcid:PMC3357675 fatcat:x6xiusu6hnbplgkw4aoytvo7yy

Representing the function and sensitivity of coastal interfaces in Earth system models

Nicholas D. Ward, J. Patrick Megonigal, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Vanessa L. Bailey, David Butman, Elizabeth A. Canuel, Heida Diefenderfer, Neil K. Ganju, Miguel A. Goñi, Emily B. Graham, Charles S. Hopkinson, Tarang Khangaonkar (+14 others)
2020 Nature Communications  
Between the land and ocean, diverse coastal ecosystems transform, store, and transport material.  ...  Across these interfaces, the dynamic exchange of energy and matter is driven by hydrological and hydrodynamic processes such as river and groundwater discharge, tides, waves, and storms.  ...  biogeochemistry discussions), Roser Matamala (contributed to biogeochemistry discussions), James Morris (contributed to biogeochemistry discussions), Robert Twilley (contributed to biogeochemistry discussions), and  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16236-2 pmid:32424260 fatcat:rvn24lyfk5egxhkoiespvuotzy

Urban morphology dynamics and environmental change in Kano, Nigeria

Aliyu Salisu Barau, Roy Maconachie, A.N.M. Ludin, Adnan Abdulhamid
2015 Land Use Policy  
In recent years, a critical understanding of human-nature interactions has become central to studies exploring the dynamics of urban morphology and the sustainability of growing cities in the developing  ...  Focusing on the case of Kano, northern Nigeria's largest city, this paper explores the potential of the CHANS framework in the analysis and interpretation of the human-nature interface in cities of the  ...  The city's walled perimeter covers an area of 29 km2, sitting between latitude 12°02'N and longitude 08°30'E.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.08.007 fatcat:jttlexemlnhhpkfkupg6fpa4wa

Collembola communities and soil conditions in forest plantations established in an intensively managed agricultural area

István Harta, Barbara Simon, Szergej Vinogradov, Dániel Winkler
2020 Journal of Forestry Research  
To explore changes in the soil conditions in two 20-year-old forest plantations established in formerly intensively fertilized plots of agricultural land, we focused on the current developmental state  ...  Sessile oak (Quercus petraea) and black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) that had been planted in the afforestation sites were assessed for differences between plantations of native and invasive species.  ...  in Sopron and Szombathely".  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11676-020-01238-z fatcat:qtvxqqd44rh6jdgmoxvdgmb6v4

Feeding the World in a Time of Climate Change

Gary W. van Loon, Atanu Sarkar
2021 Chemistry International  
While much can and should be done to correct these two critical problems, sustainable agriculture remains as the core feature of a healthy food supply.  ...  AbstractMaintaining a plentiful and high-quality food supply is essential to enable humans to survive and flourish in the coming decades.  ...  The interactions and feedbacks between the component parts are complex and exhibit multiscale temporal and spatial variability.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ci-2021-0104 fatcat:y7po7fn665hprfb5fe72uwrh5i

A Transdisciplinary Approach to Characterize Hydrological Controls on Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystem Health

Melissa M. Rohde, Sara B. Sweet, Craig Ulrich, Jeanette Howard
2019 Frontiers in Environmental Science  
However, large data gaps often exist around the cause-and-effect relationships between groundwater conditions and the impacts they have on GDEs.  ...  This transdisciplinary study explores the use of geophysics (electrical resistivity tomography) to fill in our understanding of shallow subsurface soil-hydrological conditions within GDEs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank The Nature Conservancy's seasonal staff (Audrey Kelly, Victor Oelschlaegel, Troy Shea, and Jane Thompson) for their help in the field with vegetation monitoring  ... 
doi:10.3389/fenvs.2019.00175 fatcat:qcbpcamwzbeuplnsjgzchgeh3e

Human impacts on urban subsurface environments

Makoto Taniguchi, William C. Burnett, Gayl Ness
2009 Science of the Total Environment  
In the final analysis, the desirable relationship between hydro-landscape management and human activities will be discussed.  ...  , the converting those data into a digital form suitable for GIS; and thirdly, the integration of those morphogenetic and land-economic conceptions of cities; and fourth, uncovering of the agents responsible  ...  Changes in infiltration rates of precipitation Urbanization and land cover causes decrease of groundwater recharge rates at the lowland and surrounding areas.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.008 pmid:19185333 fatcat:4u44z62m7baz5mdruhz7kulc44

Coupling human and natural systems for sustainability: experience from China's Loess Plateau

Bojie Fu, Xutong Wu, Zhuangzhuang Wang, Xilin Wu, Shuai Wang
2022 Earth System Dynamics  
However, some accompanied issues, like soil drying in some areas due to the introduction of exotic plant species and the mismanagement of planted vegetation and water use conflicts between vegetation and  ...  humans caused by the trade-off between carbon sequestration and water supply, have started to threaten the long-term sustainability of the LP.  ...  As a result, diffused pollution from agriculture has increased, and the quality of local land, groundwater, and surface water have been affected (Wang et al., 2014) .  ... 
doi:10.5194/esd-13-795-2022 fatcat:qe2ucccba5aifeisdgsooggzfa

Mud, muddle and models in the knowledge value-chain to action on tropical peatland conservation

Meine van Noordwijk, Robin Matthews, Fahmuddin Agus, Jenny Farmer, Louis Verchot, Kristell Hergoualc'h, Sebastian Persch, Hesti Lestari Tata, Betha Lusiana, Atiek Widayati, Sonya Dewi
2014 Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change  
Attempts to disentangle the contributions of plant and peat-based respiration in surface flux measurements involve assumptions that cannot be easily verified in comparisons between land uses.  ...  Tropical peatlands are known not only for their high, area-based, carbon emissions in response to land-use change but also as hot spots of debate about associated data uncertainties.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful for financial support from the European Union under the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation from Alternative Land Uses in Rainforests of the Tropics  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11027-014-9576-1 fatcat:osvnryu4mbc4jh6ali3ji7wuqe

Land Use Change, Spatial Interaction, and Sustainable Development in the Metropolitan Urban Areas, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Batara Surya, Despry Nur Annisa Ahmad, Harry Hardian Sakti, Hernita Sahban
2020 Land  
The problems raised in this study are (i) is there a relationship/correlation between spatial integration, spatial interaction, and urban agglomeration to the formation of urban activity systems and (ii  ...  Metropolitan Urban Mamminasata South Sulawesi, Indonesia as the object of study is explored in the core-peripheral spatial interaction towards the formation of suburban service centers.  ...  Land 2020, 9, 95  ... 
doi:10.3390/land9030095 fatcat:5ri35sbawzf37lndgn472i6ne4

Reducing poverty, protecting livelihoods, and building assets in a changing climate: social implications of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean

2011 ChoiceReviews  
Stippling in panels b and d denotes areas where at least five of the nine models concur in determining that the change is statistically significant.  ...  Extreme indexes are calculated only over land following Frich and others (2002).  ...  Contemporary Relationships between Climate and Income in Selected Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean This section explores the contemporary relationships between climate and income in five countries  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.48-4554 fatcat:tmxqd5x4brgw3jn2clivssfgky
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 596 results