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Cognitive cladistics and cultural override in Hominid spatial cognition

D. B. M. Haun, C. J. Rapold, J. Call, G. Janzen, S. C. Levinson
2006 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
on our shared primate cognitive biases. cognitive evolution ͉ cultural differences ͉ great apes  ...  Recent research suggests considerable cross-cultural differences in cognitive strategies, including relational thinking, a domain where infant research is impossible because of lack of cognitive maturation  ...  First, in part 1, we explore human cognition for spatial relations in two cultures, examining both adults and children.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0607999103 pmid:17079489 pmcid:PMC1859970 fatcat:jvq7eqhqjjhhpaipwbnd27rk3q

Toward Integrative Dynamic Models for Adaptive Perspective Taking

Nicholas Duran, Rick Dale, Alexia Galati
2016 Topics in Cognitive Science  
These constraints are shaped by a host of factors, including the availability of social and environmental cues, and intrinsic biases and cognitive abilities.  ...  In a matter of mere milliseconds, conversational partners can transform their expectations about the world in a way that accords with another person's perspective.  ...  We can also build in egocentric biases that might be reinforced when conversational partners' orientations are aligned at 0°, or that are merely present a priori.  ... 
doi:10.1111/tops.12219 pmid:27564326 fatcat:ommfdthbdvdsvibzstqxz7bdwm


2009 International Journal of Machine Consciousness  
Specifically, emotions can set goals including balancing explore versus exploit, facilitate action in unknown domains and modify existing behaviours, which are explored in cognitive robotics experiments  ...  Both in terms of the active debate provoked by the subject and a hypothesised need to encapsulate an analogue of emotions in an artificial system in order to progress towards machine consciousness.  ...  Superimposed runs of an explore task are shown in figures 6 and 7.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s1793843009000189 fatcat:kxvo7n5kbrhljkxa57og7lvunq

Listeners invest in an assumed other's perspective despite cognitive cost

Nicholas D. Duran, Rick Dale, Roger J. Kreuz
2011 Cognition  
We explored perspective-taking behavior in a visuospatial mental rotation task that requires listeners to adopt an egocentric or "other-centric" frame of reference.  ...  Our results show that participants will thoroughly invest in either an other-centric or egocentric mode of responding, and that perspective-taking strategies are not always dictated by minimizing processing  ...  that may overreach, and miss the natural human capacity to adapt cognitive processes in novel circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.06.009 pmid:21752357 fatcat:ohy4uwt3l5hzvdfdhkrgfhcu4u

Building Human-like Communicative Intelligence: A Grounded Perspective

Marina Dubova
2021 Cognitive Systems Research  
These components include embodying machines in a perception-action cycle, equipping agents with active exploration mechanisms so they can build their own curriculum, allowing agents to gradually develop  ...  I then use this analysis to propose a list of concrete, implementable components for building "grounded" linguistic intelligence.  ...  However, these proposals lack a comprehensive analysis of different aspects of "language grounding", which has been an area of extensive research in Cognitive Science for several decades.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2021.12.002 fatcat:c2dwpl43dba2dduhmbm4fg2ayy

SocialAI: Benchmarking Socio-Cognitive Abilities in Deep Reinforcement Learning Agents [article]

Grgur Kovač, Rémy Portelas, Katja Hofmann, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Building embodied autonomous agents capable of participating in social interactions with humans is one of the main challenges in AI.  ...  To do this, we present SocialAI, a benchmark to assess the acquisition of social skills of DRL agents using multiple grid-world environments featuring other (scripted) social agents.  ...  All presented experiments were carried out using both A) the computing facilities MCIA (Mésocentre de Calcul Intensif Aquitain) of the Université de Bordeaux and of the Université de Pau et des Pays de  ... 
arXiv:2107.00956v3 fatcat:6jyi3eivtfctbl2vl66se2jy3q

Establishing conventional communication systems: Is common knowledge necessary?

2004 Cognitive Science  
A set of multi-agent computer simulations show that a population of "egocentric" agents can establish and maintain symbolic conventions without common knowledge.  ...  The implications of these findings for the development of theories of language use are discussed.  ...  The agents in the simulations were "egocentric" in how they produced and interpreted signals, in the sense that they were indifferent to the identity of their conversational partners.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogsci.2004.07.002 fatcat:l2obswpmbzazrlhjyuu6bafqju

Establishing conventional communication systems: Is common knowledge necessary?

Dale J. Barr
2004 Cognitive Science  
A set of multi-agent computer simulations show that a population of "egocentric" agents can establish and maintain symbolic conventions without common knowledge.  ...  The implications of these findings for the development of theories of language use are discussed.  ...  The agents in the simulations were "egocentric" in how they produced and interpreted signals, in the sense that they were indifferent to the identity of their conversational partners.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2806_3 fatcat:apyofnp3xzdgtpfp7nbkclstnu

The role of the self in mindblindness in autism

Michael V. Lombardo, Simon Baron-Cohen
2011 Consciousness and Cognition  
We suggest that new discoveries lie ahead in understanding how self and other are interrelated and/or distinct, and how understanding atypical selfreferential and social-cognitive mechanisms may lead to  ...  In this article, we expand on mindblindness in ASC by addressing topics related to the self and its central role in the social world and then review recent research in ASC that has yielded important insights  ...  and other, rather than just a mechanism that attributes a propositional attitude to an agent.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.09.006 pmid:20932779 fatcat:it5upgkfuvcpjnz377x5lku7au

A Task-based Taxonomy of Cognitive Biases for Information Visualization

Evanthia Dimara, Steven Franconeri, Catherine Plaisant, Anastasia Bezerianos, Pierre Dragicevic
2018 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
Unfortunately, human judgment and decision making are imperfect and often plagued by cognitive biases.  ...  Information visualization designers strive to design data displays that allow for efficient exploration, analysis, and communication of patterns in data, leading to informed decisions.  ...  Visualization tasks We derived our categories of biases from an analysis of experimental tasks used to detect those biases.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2018.2872577 pmid:30281459 fatcat:pusglczwcjdthk6fwypntmmw3i

Cognitive Developmental Robotics: A Survey

M. Asada, K. Hosoda, Y. Kuniyoshi, H. Ishiguro, T. Inui, Y. Yoshikawa, M. Ogino, C. Yoshida
2009 IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development  
The idea is shaped based on the hypothesized development model of human cognitive functions from body representation to social behavior.  ...  The core idea of CDR is "physical embodiment" that enables information structuring through interactions with the environment, including other agents.  ...  Self-exploration plays an important role in infancy, in that infants' "sense of the bodily self" to some extent emerges from a systematic exploration of the perceptual consequences of their self-produced  ... 
doi:10.1109/tamd.2009.2021702 fatcat:5gmdzekpdfc3rpadtiuwhgr2qm

Spatial reasoning in Tenejapan Mayans

Peggy Li, Linda Abarbanell, Lila Gleitman, Anna Papafragou
2011 Cognition  
English typically uses egocentrically-defined axes (e.g., "left-right"), especially when describing small-scale relationships.  ...  In four experiments, we explored this hypothesis by testing Tseltal speakers' spatial reasoning skills.  ...  This research was partly supported by an NIH NRSA Postdoctoral Fellowship (#F32HD043532) to Peggy Li, a Harvard MBB Faculty Initiative Fellowship and a FLAS Fellowship sponsored by the US Department of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.012 pmid:21481854 pmcid:PMC3095761 fatcat:njx77rn2szbsrakwreevmbahxq

The multiple, interacting levels of cognitive systems (MILCS) perspective on group cognition

Robert L. Goldstone, Georg Theiner
2017 Philosophical Psychology  
These systems provide accounts that unify cognitive processes across multiple levels, can be expressed in a common vocabulary provided by network science, are inductively powerful yet appropriately constrained  ...  We lay out a multiple, interacting levels of cognitive systems (MILCS) framework to account for the cognitive capacities of individuals and the groups to which they belong.  ...  an accurate and timely manner, and engage in useful behaviors by exploring, evaluating, and selecting appropriate actions.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09515089.2017.1295635 fatcat:3phsnrtqn5b73n57v44rd7jriq

Acting Up: An Approach to the Study of Cognitive Development [chapter]

2016 The Pragmatic Turn  
Importantly, "active" refers to both sensorimotor activity (in the narrow sense) as well as to autonomous exploration (e.g., as found in active perception or active learning).  ...  Although still in its infancy, an action-based approach to cognitive development holds promise to improve scientifi c understanding of cognitive development and to impact education and technology.  ...  Hommel, Pierre Jacob, Tony Prescott, Friedemann Pulvermüller, Paul Verschure, Gabriella Vigliocco, and the other participants to the Ernst Strüngmann Forum who contributed to our discussions for their useful  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/10709.003.0006 fatcat:hoqcfyu4wvhhlkfkci5pr4c7jq

The Emergence of Social Norms and Conventions

Robert X D Hawkins, Noah D Goodman, Robert L Goldstone
2018 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Hence, norms are shaped by complex cognitive processes involved in learning and social reasoning.  ...  The utility of our actions frequently depends upon the beliefs and behavior of other agents.  ...  Minimal and Sophisticated Agents Are group-level norms an emergent property of egocentric agents following simple heuristics, or are they supported by more sophisticated cognitive processes and social  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2018.11.003 pmid:30522867 fatcat:garbyolpszbq7czmijnpdbpz5q
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