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Challenges to Human Factor for Advance Persistent Threats Proactive Identification in Modern Social Networks

Zlatogor Minchev
2016 Information & Security An International Journal  
The paper looks into the issue of proactive advanced persistent threats (APTs) identification in modern social networks.  ...  A combination of: experts' knowledge and beliefs, system analysis and real environment interactive validation is presented to meet practical APT challenges.  ...  What is proposed next in the paper is a hybrid (human-machine) methodological framework that was successfully used for proactive exploration of complex cyber threats.  ... 
doi:10.11610/isij.3404 fatcat:svipibkfpzdzfcsdcyurkfe2ti

Explainability Pitfalls: Beyond Dark Patterns in Explainable AI [article]

Upol Ehsan, Mark O. Riedl
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To make Explainable AI (XAI) systems trustworthy, understanding harmful effects is just as important as producing well-designed explanations.  ...  We introduce explainability pitfalls(EPs), unanticipated negative downstream effects from AI explanations manifesting even when there is no intention to manipulate users.  ...  We believe that further understanding of where, how, and why unintended pitfalls reside in the design space of XAI can lead to improved safety and user empowerment in AI systems.  ... 
arXiv:2109.12480v1 fatcat:cm2aa23yifa7bnx4kh7omxgnsq

Towards Effective Human-AI Collaboration in GUI-Based Interactive Task Learning Agents [article]

Toby Jia-Jun Li, Jingya Chen, Tom M. Mitchell, Brad A. Myers
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We reflect on our past 5 years of efforts on designing, developing and studying the SUGILITE system, discuss the issues on incorporating recent advances in AI with HCI principles in mixed-initiative interactions  ...  We argue that a key challenge in enabling usable and useful interactive task learning for intelligent agents is to facilitate effective Human-AI collaboration.  ...  We are particularly interested in exploring the use of multi-modal interfaces to address these problems.  ... 
arXiv:2003.02622v1 fatcat:226xyebnhvatzeibqvc5red32m

Guest Editorial Introduction to the Special Section on Cognitive Software Defined Networks and Applications

Huimin Lu, Pin-Han Ho, Haider Abbas, Trung Q. Duong, Ammar Rayes, Kemal Akkaya
2020 IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering  
SDN has improved the user experience by providing high-performance communications between the network nodes, reconstructing the network structure, and optimizing the networking coverage, system security  ...  N EXT generation networks (NGNs) are expected to utilize internal and external sources of data through information and wireless communication techniques.  ...  SDN has improved the user experience by providing high-performance communications between the network nodes, reconstructing the network structure, and optimizing the networking coverage, system security  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnse.2020.3025454 fatcat:td27wudah5dondroe35mcjicqi

Mixed-Initiative Interface Personalization as a Case Study in Usable AI

Andrea Bunt, Cristina Conati, Joanna McGrenere
2010 The AI Magazine  
The MICA (Mixed-Initiative Customization Assistance) system explores a middle ground between two opposing approaches to personalization: (1) an adaptable approach, where personalization is fully user controlled  ...  Interface personalization aims to streamline the process of working in a feature-rich application by providing the user with an adapted interface tailored specifically to his/her needs.  ...  Second, we would like to explore alternative mixed-initiative strategies, including one where the system engages in more proactive behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v30i4.2264 fatcat:a53zsltydzgidjrcwyvuurz7ou

Conclusions and Future Directions [chapter]

Krisztian Balog
2018 Advanced Topics in Information Retrieval  
A proactive system, on the other hand, "would anticipate and address the user's information need, without requiring the user to issue (type or speak) a query" [3] .  ...  Our scenario started out with the AI proactively bringing up a future information need.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-93935-3_10 fatcat:uisbfxmmh5f2ncszn6g3j3imge

Exploring Behavioral Creativity of a Proactive Robot

Sera Buyukgoz, Amit Kumar Pandey, Marine Chamoux, Mohamed Chetouani
2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This study aims to explore the effect of proactive behavior and the relation of such behaviors to the two aspects of creativity: 1) the perceived creativity observed by the user in the robot's proactive  ...  behavior and 2) creativity of the user by assessing how creativity in HRI can be shaped or influenced by proactivity.  ...  Under full proactive conditions, it is expected that the robot will provide feedback after each action of the user.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.694177 pmid:34901167 pmcid:PMC8662345 fatcat:37pzvxfzybguhfhbfdhlh7ydxu

Dimension-Based Interactions with Virtual Assistants: A Co-Design Project with Design Fictions

Hebitz C. H. Lau, Jeffrey C. F. Ho
2021 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
However, end users may have unrealistic expectations of future technologies.  ...  Additionally, the co-design process offers insights into how users can participate in AI/ML designs.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti5120078 fatcat:6wbn4uecdre2jbu7tu2sb4clni

On the Use of AI for Satellite Communications

Miguel Ángel Vázquez, Pol Henarejos, Ana I. Pérez-Neira, Elena Grechi, Andreas Voight, Juan Carlos Gil, Irene Pappalardo, Federico Di Credico, Rocco Michele Lancellotti
2019 Zenodo  
This document presents an initial approach to the investigation and development of artificial intelligence (AI) mechanisms in satellite communication (SatCom) systems.  ...  Along with those use cases, we present an initial way of automatizing some of those tasks and we show the key AI tools capable of dealing with those challenges.  ...  The view expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Space Agency.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3982669 fatcat:jmwpgyzoereghboy63jk33k3ou

On the Use of AI for Satellite Communications [article]

Miguel Ángel Vázquez, Pol Henarejos, Ana I. Pérez-Neira, Elena Grechi, Andreas Voight, Juan Carlos Gil, Irene Pappalardo, Federico Di Credico, Rocco Michele Lancellotti
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This document presents an initial approach to the investigation and development of artificial intelligence (AI) mechanisms in satellite communication (SatCom) systems.  ...  Along with those use cases, we present an initial way of automatizing some of those tasks and we show the key AI tools capable of dealing with those challenges.  ...  The view expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Space Agency.  ... 
arXiv:2007.10110v1 fatcat:nlzpchhwevgq7bdrtajhpxcxsq

Project CLAI: Instrumenting the Command Line as a New Environment for AI Agents [article]

Mayank Agarwal, Jorge J. Barroso, Tathagata Chakraborti, Eli M. Dow, Kshitij Fadnis, Borja Godoy, Madhavan Pallan, Kartik Talamadupula
2020 arXiv   pre-print
of the system footprint of a CLAI-enabled terminal.  ...  This whitepaper reports on Project CLAI (Command Line AI), which aims to bring the power of AI to the command line interface (CLI).  ...  Unfortunately, the (in)famous Clippy and other commercial softbots fell short of user expectations.  ... 
arXiv:2002.00762v2 fatcat:xwqtqoqyirc2tczv7ojpteklzq

Innovative IT Use and Innovating with IT: A Study of the Motivational Antecedents of Two Different Types of Innovative Behaviors

Yasser Rahrovani, Western University, Canada, Alain Pinsonneault, McGill University, Canada
2020 Journal of the AIS  
The paper also explores the moderating role of slack resources on the effect of motivation on the two innovative behaviors.  ...  Drawing on Parker's theory of proactive behavior, this paper compares the motivational antecedents and consequences of these two innovative behaviors enabled by IT.  ...  We also thank workshop participants at the Smith School of Business at Queen's University for their comments on an early draft of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00625 fatcat:ek4w4rxwlfaqtfbkxukgoldibm

Mobile Online Dispute Resolution Tools' Potential Applications for Government Offices

Stephanie Gustin, Norman Dolan
2019 International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution  
The project finds that government clients welcome the introduction of MODR tools to provide support for existing ProActive ReSolutions interventions and recommends that the company explore interest in  ...  provide in-person training and intervention services, (2) develop and introduce a MODR tool to assist with knowledge retention and skills development, (3) and explore interest in virtual mediation systems  ...  Users have to feel comfortable entering their information into a system or no significant benefits will emerge from the use of AI.  ... 
doi:10.5553/ijodr/235250022019006001004 fatcat:gln3ek4z3fe7xaiqjlnaiadfr4

Interim Report from the Panel Chairs: AAAI Presidential Panel on Long-Term AI Futures [chapter]

Eric Horvitz, Bart Selman
2012 The Frontiers Collection  
Panelists expect AI research to have great positive influences in many realms, including healthcare, transportation, education, commerce, information retrieval, and scientific research and discovery.  ...  computer scientists to explore and reflect about societal aspects of advances in machine intelligence (computational procedures for automated sensing, learning, reasoning, and decision making).  ...  Proactive work includes new efforts in security, cryptography, and AI research in such areas as user modeling and intrusion detection directed at this potential threat, in advance of evidence of such criminal  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-32560-1_15 fatcat:ijht2oic4rhb5m4tuz6d47xype

Towards Supporting Intelligence in 5G/6G Core Networks: NWDAF Implementation and Initial Analysis [article]

Ali Chouman, Dimitrios Michael Manias, Abdallah Shami
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, the expected limitations of 5G networks are discussed as motivation for the development of 6G networks.  ...  intelligent methods and frameworks for advanced analysis are employed by the 5G Core Network Data Analytics Function (NWDAF) to detect patterns and ascribe detailed action information to accommodate end users  ...  One of the main benefits of AI is the ability to take proactive and predictive measures to ensure the optimization of network performance.  ... 
arXiv:2205.15121v1 fatcat:s6wgmf6murg2vdahwpll62ascy
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