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Exploring The Spatial Reasoning Ability of Neural Models in Human IQ Tests [article]

Hyunjae Kim, Yookyung Koh, Jinheon Baek, Jaewoo Kang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we focus on spatial reasoning and explore the spatial understanding of neural models. First, we describe the following two spatial reasoning IQ tests: rotation and shape composition.  ...  We provide an analysis of the results and factors that affect the generalization abilities of models. Also, we analyze how neural models solve spatial reasoning tests with visual aids.  ...  We utilize human IQ tests, which are referred to as spatial reasoning tests, to explore the spatial understanding of neural models.  ... 
arXiv:2004.05352v1 fatcat:dksmchqppvgg7hzp3z24qsnmxe

Linking Brain Biology to Intellectual Endowment: A Review on the Associations of Human Intelligence With Neuroimaging Data

Aslan Satary Dizaji, Bruno Hebling Vieira, Mohmmad Reza Khodaei, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Elahe Parham, Gholam Ali Hosseinzadeh, Carlos Ernesto Garrido Salmon, Hamid Soltanianzadeh
2021 Basic and Clinical Neuroscience  
about neural correlates of intelligence in humans.This review summarizes recent findings on the associations of human intelligence with neuroimaging data.  ...  In recent years, the invention of sophisticated brain imaging devices using Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has allowed researchers to test hypotheses  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the Cognitive Sciences and Technologies Council, CSTC, Iran, and the São Paulo Research Foundation, FAPESP, Brazil for supporting the project.  ... 
doi:10.32598/bcn.12.1.574.1 pmid:33995924 pmcid:PMC8114859 fatcat:vkdjjavpyzgs7ejma2ajog77ua

Functional neural anatomy of talent

M. Layne Kalbfleisch
2004 The Anatomical Record  
Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience report on the neural basis of g from various perspectives such as the neural speed theory and the efficiency of prefrontal function.  ...  Other than Spearman's g, which theorizes about a general elevated level of potential or ability, more contemporary theories of intelligence are based on theoretical models that define ability or intelligence  ...  levels on tests of spatial reasoning, role-taking, moral judgment, and logic (Colangelo, 1991) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/ar.b.20010 pmid:15052651 fatcat:osz6ukpmenb7zdu5hwblccazl4

Cognitive and Neural Correlates of Mathematical Giftedness in Adults and Children: A Review

Timothy Myers, Emma Carey, Dénes Szűcs
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
In order to facilitate further inquiry into this area, here we review 40 available studies, which examine the cognitive and neural basis of gifted mathematics.  ...  In contrast, much less research is available on cognitive and neural correlates of gifted/excellent mathematical knowledge in adults and children.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Writing this paper was supported by grant 220020370 from the James S. McDonnell foundation to DS.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01646 pmid:29118725 pmcid:PMC5661150 fatcat:nwltmbvknbbepbj6ohf4ku7jza

Multiple Intelligences, the Mozart Effect, and Emotional Intelligence: A Critical Review

Lynn Waterhouse
2006 Educational Psychologist  
Chabris reported that a meta-analysis of 16 ME studies found no change in IQ or spatial reasoning ability.  ...  Human Differences Versus the Belief in Human Equality Still another possible reason for the appeal of these theories is the tension between the awareness of human differences and the belief in human equality  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15326985ep4104_1 fatcat:e2qlut5w5nbazeomps5cxoujem

The Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) of intelligence: Converging neuroimaging evidence

Rex E. Jung, Richard J. Haier
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Moreover, the model provides a framework for testing new hypotheses in future experimental designs.  ...  linked through the expression of intelligence and reason.  ...  the neural basis of intelligence and reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07001185 pmid:17655784 fatcat:24xus3ep2bbejfxkzgrnm26nxa

Visual Navigation in Adolescents with Early Periventricular Lesions: Knowing Where, but Not Getting There

M. Pavlova, A. Sokolov, I. Krageloh-Mann
2006 Cerebral Cortex  
This agrees with the view that navigation ability substantially improves with practice and might be compromised in individuals with restrictions in active spatial exploration.  ...  We suggest that more anterior periventricular lesions impair the interrelations between the right hippocampus and cortical areas leading to disintegration of neural networks engaged in visual navigation  ...  Parts of the work were presented at the 28th European  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhj153 pmid:16525128 fatcat:m3evqxqnbbhzrh6g7w3qd3d3pi

IQ of Neural Networks [article]

Dokhyam Hoshen, Michael Werman
2017 arXiv   pre-print
IQ tests are an accepted method for assessing human intelligence. The tests consist of several parts that must be solved under a time constraint.  ...  In this paper, we propose a convolutional neural network (CNN) model for solving geometric pattern recognition problems.  ...  Conclusion and Future Work We presented an effective neural network model for solving geometric pattern recognition problems as used in IQ tests.  ... 
arXiv:1710.01692v1 fatcat:ec6x43w6r5g6vfche5fld3fuke

Sleep Spindles and Intellectual Ability: Epiphenomenon or Directly Related?

Zhuo Fang, Valya Sergeeva, Laura B. Ray, Jeremy Viczko, Adrian M. Owen, Stuart M. Fogel
2017 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
of cognitive abilities and can serve as a window to further explore the physiological and biological substrates that give rise to human intelligence  ...  human intelligence (e.g., cognitive abilities commonly assessed using intelligence quotient tests).  ...  INTRODUCTION One of the only neural oscillations identified as a biological marker of human intelligence (cognitive abilities commonly assessed using intelligence quotient [IQ] tests) is the sleep spindle  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01034 pmid:27626227 fatcat:bjwgie63c5hz7pu6co5ds6bwda

Individual differences: Case studies of rodent and primate intelligence

Louis D. Matzel, Bruno Sauce
2017 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition  
Early in the 20 th century, individual differences were a central focus of psychologists.  ...  By the end of that century, studies of individual differences had become far less common, and attention to these differences played little role in the development of contemporary theory.  ...  Acknowledgments Preparation of this manuscript was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (MH108706)  ... 
doi:10.1037/xan0000152 pmid:28981308 pmcid:PMC5646700 fatcat:e7zeuht7azf6hkm7lnbczsc7u4

Cortical volume and speed-of-processing are complementary in prediction of performance intelligence

Kristine B. Walhovd, Anders M. Fjell, Ivar Reinvang, Arvid Lundervold, Bruce Fischl, David Salat, Brian T. Quinn, Nikos Makris, Anders M. Dale
2005 Neuropsychologia  
The main conclusion from the study is that speed and size are complementary in prediction of performance intelligence, and the theoretical implications are discussed.  ...  The rationale for the present study was to investigate the relationship between cortical volume, the latency of the ERP component P3a (as a measure of speed-of-processing), and performance intelligence  ...  Acknowledgements Support for this research was provided by the Norwegian Research Council, the Institute of Psychology at the University of Oslo, the National Institutes of Health (R01-NS39581, R01-RR16594  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.08.006 pmid:15721183 fatcat:m4licfaokrc3xgnxt2mate7q3e

Multiple Intelligences in Teaching and Education: Lessons Learned from Neuroscience

Branton Shearer
2018 Journal of Intelligence  
This framework is proposed as a comprehensive model for a system of educational cognitive neuroscience that will serve the fields of neuroscience as well as educators.  ...  This brief paper summarizes a mixed method review of over 500 neuroscientific reports investigating the proposition that general intelligence (g or IQ) and multiple intelligences (MI) can be integrated  ...  The debate of "IQ vs. MI" is based on outdated model of human intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jintelligence6030038 pmid:31162465 pmcid:PMC6480719 fatcat:l24latsuurbd7ddyj2fjix4cdq

Intelligence as a Developing Function: A Neuroconstructivist Approach

Luca Rinaldi, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
2017 Journal of Intelligence  
The concept of intelligence encompasses the mental abilities necessary to survival and advancement in any environmental context.  ...  In the present paper, we describe how a neuroconstructivist approach better explains why intelligence can rise or fall over development, as a result of a fluctuating interaction between the developing  ...  Acknowledgments: This work was supported by a Study Visit Grant from the Experimental Psychology Society to Luca Rinaldi.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jintelligence5020018 pmid:31162409 pmcid:PMC6526422 fatcat:wuqmdxjjvjdufhua6iabpqeeha

Working Memory and Intelligence: A Brief Review

Weng-Tink Chooi
2012 Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology  
Although the current active research in cognitive training has created much possibility in modifying the two cognitive abilities, there is still a long way to go in achieving thorough understanding of  ...  two important constructs in human cognition.  ...  The three-strata model of human intellectual abilities proposed by Carroll in 1993 (Carroll, 2003 and the practice of structural equation modeling in the field have provided converging support that human  ... 
doi:10.5539/jedp.v2n2p42 fatcat:zq7bkahkzjhqtgwdb6m5nvlbve

Neural correlates of superior intelligence: Stronger recruitment of posterior parietal cortex

Kun Ho Lee, Yu Yong Choi, Jeremy R. Gray, Sun Hee Cho, Jeong-Ho Chae, Seungheun Lee, Kyungjin Kim
2006 NeuroImage  
Neuroimaging studies in adults suggest that the lateral prefrontal and parietal cortices play a crucial role in related cognitive activities including fluid reasoning, the control of attention, and working  ...  Here, we investigated the neural bases for intellectual giftedness (superior-g) in adolescents, using fMRI.  ...  Such an effort could provide important insights into the neural mechanism of human intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.07.036 pmid:16122946 fatcat:v6ohmtutkje3fhkirrnrhw2w7m
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