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Exploring the Early Organization and Maturation of Linguistic Pathways in the Human Infant Brain

Jessica Dubois, Cyril Poupon, Bertrand Thirion, Hina Simonnet, Sofya Kulikova, François Leroy, Lucie Hertz-Pannier, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
2015 Cerebral Cortex  
We observed structural similarities between both groups, especially concerning the dorsal/ventral pathway segregation and the arcuate fasciculus asymmetry.  ...  We investigated here the development of these pathways at the onset of language acquisition, during the first post-natal weeks, using cross-sectional diffusion imaging in 21 healthy infants (6-22 weeks  ...  Notes The authors thank the UNIACT clinical team for precious help in scanning the infants, and especially Gaëlle Mediouni. Conflict of Interest: None declared.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv082 pmid:25924951 fatcat:u55ofzasyfcyrmrreetqrrqpym

MRI of the Neonatal Brain: A Review of Methodological Challenges and Neuroscientific Advances

Jessica Dubois, Marianne Alison, Serena J. Counsell, Hertz‐Pannier Lucie, Petra S. Hüppi, Manon J.N.L. Benders
2020 Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging  
brain morphology, structural connectivity, microstructural properties of gray and white matter, and on the functional architecture.  ...  Noninvasive neuroimaging methods such as MRI are essential to establish links between the brain and behavioral changes in newborns and infants.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank J. Sa de Almeida for comments on the article.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmri.27192 pmid:32420684 fatcat:ttakecloanaupet2ej7uk5nzxi

Multimodality evaluation of the pediatric brain: DTI and its competitors

Lana Vasung, Elda Fischi-Gomez, Petra S. Hüppi
2013 Pediatric Radiology  
Development of the new MRI acquisition sequences (DTI, CHARMED and phase imaging) provides valuable insight into the changes of the microstructural environment of the cortex and white matter.  ...  Combining these methods in the future and modeling the hierarchical organization of the brain might ultimately help to understand the mechanisms underlying complex brain structure function relationships  ...  We also thank Francois Lazeyras, Director of CIBM Geneva, for help with MRI acquisition of the newborns.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00247-012-2515-y pmid:23288478 fatcat:55ps4ydmwfafjbuy24wyaakbbi

Diffusion Tensor Imaging–Based Characterization of Brain Neurodevelopment in Primates

Yundi Shi, Sarah J. Short, Rebecca C. Knickmeyer, Jiaping Wang, Christopher L. Coe, Marc Niethammer, John H. Gilmore, Hongtu Zhu, Martin A. Styner
2012 Cerebral Cortex  
This paper presents for the first time a cross-sectional diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study characterizing primate brain neurodevelopment between 1 and 6 years of age on 25 healthy undisturbed rhesus  ...  Changes in fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) exhibited a heterogeneous pattern across different regions as well as along fiber tracts.  ...  Notes We thank Dr Sarang Joshi and Dr Brad Davis for providing us with the atlas building tool, atlaswerks (Joshi et al. 2004) . Conflict of Interest : None declared.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr372 pmid:22275483 pmcid:PMC3513950 fatcat:yyf7geztqzhyvao5qfi7pigz6q

Developmental synergy between thalamic structure and interhemispheric connectivity in the visual system of preterm infants

Rafael Ceschin, Jessica L. Wisnowski, Lisa B. Paquette, Marvin D. Nelson, Stefan Blüml, Ashok Panigrahy
2015 NeuroImage: Clinical  
A total of 80 term-equivalent preterm and 44 term-born infants underwent high-resolution structural imaging coupled with visual functional magnetic resonance imaging or diffusion tensor imaging.  ...  morphology and the emergence of cortical networks in the last trimester.  ...  Stephan Erberich and Dr. Vincent Wang for technical assistance with the post-processing of the functional MRI data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2015.05.014 pmid:26106571 pmcid:PMC4474422 fatcat:q7gb4nljyzfjbagx6oboymc3ya

The early development of brain white matter: A review of imaging studies in fetuses, newborns and infants

J. Dubois, G. Dehaene-Lambertz, S. Kulikova, C. Poupon, P.S. Hüppi, L. Hertz-Pannier
2014 Neuroscience  
Current knowledge from post-mortem descriptions and in vivo MRI studies is summed up, focusing on T1-and T2weighted imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and quantitative mapping of T1/T2 relaxation times  ...  Concurrently, the infant/child gradually achieves new performances, but how brain maturation relates to changes in behavior is poorly understood, requiring noninvasive in vivo imaging studies such as magnetic  ...  French National Agency for Research (ANR), the CIBM imaging center from Geneva and Lausanne, the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Leenards Foundation and the European consortium NEOBRAIN.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.12.044 pmid:24378955 fatcat:uosqyxdckrggtp25xkyebxncli

A neural window on the emergence of cognition

Rhodri Cusack, Gareth Ball, Christopher D. Smyser, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
2016 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge.  ...  Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated.  ...  Ball et al. explored this hypothesis in a cohort of preterm infants at term-equivalent age, using anisotropy along connective pathways as a surrogate marker for white matter development and structural  ... 
doi:10.1111/nyas.13036 pmid:27164193 pmcid:PMC4874873 fatcat:kzmevn25hrdbno3bwhuqko5fom

Computational neuroanatomy of baby brains: A review

Gang Li, Li Wang, Pew-Thian Yap, Fan Wang, Zhengwang Wu, Yu Meng, Pei Dong, Jaeil Kim, Feng Shi, Islem Rekik, Weili Lin, Dinggang Shen
2018 NeuroImage  
In this review paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art computational methods for infant brain MRI processing and analysis, which have advanced our understanding of early postnatal  ...  The first postnatal years are an exceptionally dynamic and critical period of structural, functional and connectivity development of the human brain.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was partially supported by NIH grants (MH100217, MH107815, MH108914, MH109773, MH110274 and NS093842).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.03.042 pmid:29574033 pmcid:PMC6150852 fatcat:w2o27wt5afhktd7zoophmhnmi4

ABSTRACTS OF POSTER SESSIONS [chapter]

1985 The Mathematics of Finite Elements and Applications  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-747255-3.50051-4 fatcat:orlva7j5avh4vdb62nnghqhfdm

ABSTRACTS OF POSTER SESSIONS

1990 Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1472-8206.1990.tb00060.x fatcat:voupoj2cyrhbzlb54uov5imf2q

Abstracts of poster sessions

1999 Pediatric Pulmonology  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0496(1999)27:18+<228::aid-ppul74>3.3.co;2-m fatcat:mqjx5ttbarc5xkataijw3d3ske

Abstracts of Poster Sessions

1988 Archives of Environmental Health An International Journal  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1080/00039896.1988.9935854 fatcat:g7sbleejfzdf5kkwzh2c5wgvwy

Abstracts of Poster Sessions

1996 European journal of contraception & reproductive health care  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.3109/13625189609150661 fatcat:adaor24e6rah3i33e5q2xmamoy

Abstracts of poster sessions

1999 Pediatric Pulmonology  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0496(1999)27:18+<250::aid-ppul77>3.0.co;2-6 fatcat:jug3sqhmg5hcdgnup5a4uzmas4

Abstracts of poster sessions

1997 Pediatric Pulmonology  
Barkovich, San Francisco, USA The central nervous system derives from the dorsal epiblast of the vertebrate embryo, and is induced by a combination of signals originating in the region of Hensen's node  ...  From an MRI perspective, we are most interested in brain development beginning at the middle of the second trimester, the time at which fetal MRI becomes diagnostic.  ...  References Acknowledgements Conclusions We describe a distinct pattern of brain abnormalities in infants with neonatal bilateral occipital brain damage, mainly associated with neonatal hypoglycemia  ... 
doi:10.1002/ppul.19502308156 fatcat:opaepi6xofhnlgdflolllci27u
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