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Tonic exploration governs both flexibility and lapses

R. Becket Ebitz, Brianna J. Sleezer, Hank P. Jedema, Charles W. Bradberry, Benjamin Y. Hayden, Samuel J. Gershman
2019 PLoS Computational Biology  
Here, we report that when rhesus macaques performed a set-shifting task, lapse rates were negatively correlated with perseverative error frequency across sessions, consistent with a common basis in exploration  ...  However, some lapses could also be caused by exploratory noise: randomness in behavior that facilitates learning in changing environments.  ...  (EPS) Fig 1 . 1 Task design and baseline behavior. Fig 2 . 2 Behavior in baseline sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007475 pmid:31703063 pmcid:PMC6867658 fatcat:ussoy2mvr5hrfprbbctakzllya

ReGNN: A Repeat Aware Graph Neural Network for Session-based Recommendations

Xuefeng Xian, Ligang Fang, Shiming Sun
2020 IEEE Access  
Finally, the repeat-exploration mechanism is incorporated into the ReGNN to model the user's repeat-exploration behavior patterns and make more accurate predictions.  ...  Recently, graph neural networks (GNNs) have been employed in session-based recommendation because of their superior performance in representation learning compared with recurrent neural networks (RNNs)  ...  That is why we set the default dimension size to 100, considering the balance of effectiveness and efficiency. 2) IMPACT OF GNN AND THE REPEAT-EXPLORE MECHANISM To verify the effect of the different  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2997722 fatcat:kokjguztn5a6bi7mrsyuy6mimu

Feasibility and Preliminary Results of a Short Inpatient Energy-Management Education for Person with MS-fatigue: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Ruth Hersche, Andrea Weise, Sara Della Bella, Gisela Michel, Marco Barbero, Jan Kool
2020 Zenodo  
The IEME alone resulted in significant improvements in self-efficacy in performing energy conservation strategies (p = 0.001) and in the perceived physical functioning dimension of QoL, with large effect  ...  Research Objectives: To explore the feasibility, effect and costs of a newly developed inpatient energy management education (IEME) Design: Feasibility randomized controlled trial with mixed methods analysis  ...  The IEME alone resulted in significant improvements in self-efficacy in performing energy conservation strategies (p = 0.001) and in the perceived physical functioning dimension of QoL, with large effect  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3931579 fatcat:ocnhiseq7fbolkcliefgqlya4m

A Spotlight on Treatment Intensity: An Important and Often Overlooked Component of Intervention Inquiry

Robin S. Codding, Kathleen Lynne Lane
2014 Journal of Behavioral Education  
2009) , and in this journal-Journal of Behavioral Education (DiGennaro Reed and Codding 2014) .  ...  , strength) and behavior-specific characteristics (chronicity, generalization of behavior change, tolerance of behavior, severity of behavior).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10864-014-9210-z fatcat:44nkhw4t7zhthivdmmwmbhb6ay

Adding motivational interviewing and thought mapping to cognitive-behavioral group therapy: results from a randomized clinical trial

Elisabeth Meyer, Roseli G. Shavitt, Carl Leukefeld, Elizeth Heldt, Fernanda P. Souza, Paulo Knapp, Aristides V. Cordioli
2010 Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria  
This study was designed in order to observe which obsessive compulsive symptom dimensions could be changed by adding two individual sessions of motivational interviewing and thought mapping of cognitive-behavioral  ...  in the mean total Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale score, and in the contamination and aggression dimension score.  ...  Both groups have been shown to be effective in reducing the DY-BOCS global score and five of the dimension scores.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s1516-44462010000100006 pmid:20339731 fatcat:466o5onjczan3oysy7prmf2nzq

Serotonin transporter knockout in rats modulates category learning [article]

Chao Ciu-Gwok Guo, John Paul Minda, Judith Homberg
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
This characteristic in ASD may reflect a tendency towards an exploitation strategy rather than an exploration strategy during learning.  ...  The touchscreen-based task we developed greatly increases the translational value from animals to humans and helps to understand the behavioral mechanisms underlying repetitive behavior in ASD.  ...  T-test could capture the general genotype effect on learning, to capture the session-by-session effect, linear mixed-effect regression modeling was run in software R (version 3.6.2) with package lme4 24  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.11.09.373886 fatcat:esds3fzm4vbj3iwbbbzss7ts5a

Diazepam Reduces Escape and Increases Closed-Arms Exploration in Gerbils After 5 min in the Elevated Plus-Maze

Javier Leonardo Rico, Luisa Fernanda Muñoz-Tabares, Marisol R. Lamprea, Camilo Hurtado-Parrado
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Unlike mice and rats, a decrease in open-arms exploration and an increase in risk assessment could be interpreted as an anxiolytic-like effect in gerbils.  ...  Despite the wide implementation of the elevated plus-maze (EPM) test to assess anxiety-related behaviors in rodents, the interpretation of these measures in gerbils has received limited attention.  ...  These findings suggest that after a 5-min exploration period, the EPM test measures three different behavioral dimensions.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00748 pmid:31001181 pmcid:PMC6454108 fatcat:n4eotkewm5cy3gw37s3ialxmw4

An affordance analysis of unconditioned lever pressing in rats and hamsters

Felipe Cabrera, Federico Sanabria, Ángel Andrés Jiménez, Pablo Covarrubias
2013 Behavioural Processes  
Results showed that lever height had a substantial effect on response rate.  ...  This pattern of responding was accurately described in both experiments by a mixture of two exponential distributions. These findings support an analysis of affordances in non-human species.  ...  In other words, as the subjects explored the chamber, the lever located at different heights afforded different behaviors and postures relative to their body structure and dimensions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2012.10.003 pmid:23073500 fatcat:ylnqrguj5rhezhvf3irtx2let4

EFL Students' Cognitive Performance during Argumentative Essay Writing: A log-file data analysis

Forooq Zarrabi, Hossein Bozorgian
2020 Computers and Composition  
The continuing growth of technology has led to a growing interest in online writing tools to gain an in-depth insight into students' cognitive performance.  ...  Using Inputlog 8.0, the present work explored undergraduate male and female students' (N = 72, mean age = 19.7 years) Online Argumentative Writing Performance (OAWP).  ...  She has published a paper in Theory and Practice in Language Studies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compcom.2020.102546 fatcat:2q7xdvr4tjdddobqgm43yvzr54

Motivational interviewing to improve postabortion contraceptive uptake by young women: development and feasibility of a counseling intervention

A.K. Whitaker, M.T. Quinn, S.L. Martins, A.N. Tomlinson, E.J. Woodhams, M. Gilliam
2015 Contraception  
The sessions are acceptable to participants.  ...  It is feasible to train professionals to use MI principles, skills, and style and to implement an MI-based contraception counseling intervention in an urban academic abortion clinic.  ...  The NIH played no role in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; nor in the decision to submit the article for publication  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2015.06.015 pmid:26093191 pmcid:PMC4575852 fatcat:px7asjimovdprbbosx3qja27yi

Page 2237 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 80, Issue 5 [page]

1993 Psychological Abstracts  
(Oregon Social Learning Ctr, Eugene) Age effects in parent outcome. Behavior Therapy, 1992(Fal), Vol 23(4), 719-729.  ...  Contrary to the hypothesis, the content of the dimensions was similar in the good and bad sessions. 18671. Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Verzemnieks, Inese & Cahill, Debra.  ... 

Preserved Memory Function of Rats Following Fluorouracil Treatment

Ahmad H. Alhowail
2019 Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International  
recognition behavioral tests.  ...  Chemotherapy is widely used to treat cancers, but can have undesirable secondary effects, such as cognitive impairment.  ...  DISCUSSION The current study examined the effect of 5-FU on memory function in rats using two behavioral tests-the Y-maze and NOR.  ... 
doi:10.9734/jpri/2019/v30i330269 fatcat:aecvh77mxffhbdrnzaxikt56uq

The elevated gradient of aversion: a new apparatus to study the rat behavior dimensions of anxiety, fear, and impulsivity

J.L. Rico, R. Bonuti, S. Morato
2019 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research  
Composed of three different environments, it allows the assessment of more than one behavioral characteristic in a short 3-min session.  ...  Factorial analyses have defined three behavioral dimensions, which we named Exploration, Impulsivity, and Self-protection.  ...  present experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of pharmacological treatments on the behaviors correlated with the dimensions of the test.  ... 
doi:10.1590/1414-431x20198899 fatcat:44zp2vx6qrckdnxlkrh7yet5r4

Effect of behavioral-communication couple therapy in dimensions of marital adjustment in infertile couples

Shahriar Dargahi, Hossein Ghamari Giv, Nader Aeyadi, Ziba Soltani
2018 Journal of Research & Health  
Effect of behavioral-communication couple therapy in Dimensions of marital adjustment in infertile couples. J Research Health2018; 8(4): 313-321.  ...  The results showed that couple therapy with behavioral communication method is effective in increasing adjustment and its dimensions.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors appreciate the support of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences and cooperation of all the couples who participated in this study.  ... 
doi:10.29252/jrh.8.4.313 fatcat:lmplq245uvfz7chc5m4b57nbm4

Unresolved states of mind, disorganized attachment relationships, and disrupted interactions of adolescent mothers and their infants

Sheri Madigan, Greg Moran, David R. Pederson
2006 Developmental Psychology  
Additional rating scales were developed to correspond to the 5 dimensions of disrupted maternal behavior outlined by E. Bronfman, E. Parsons, and K. .  ...  The links between unresolved maternal attachment status, disrupted maternal interaction in play situations, and disorganized attachment relationships were examined in a study of 82 adolescent motherinfant  ...  We explored the role of play context in the elicitation of disrupted maternal behavior by way of a 2 (unresolved vs. not unresolved) ϫ 2 (play session) repeated measures ANOVA on the level of disrupted  ... 
doi:10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.293 pmid:16569168 fatcat:vbn3bnqsi5b4xgr6x24fokatze
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