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Exploratory computing: a comprehensive approach to data sensemaking

Nicoletta Di Blas, Mirjana Mazuran, Paolo Paolini, Elisa Quintarelli, Letizia Tanca
2016 International Journal of Data Science and Analytics  
This paper introduces exploratory computing (EC), a novel paradigm whose aim is to support a comprehensive "exploratory" experience for the user.  ...  "Computing" because a complex interaction as the one outlined above requires powerful computational strength for the user to be able to fully profit from, and even enjoy, the interaction.  ...  This paper is about a comprehensive approach for making sense of data: Exploratory Computing, EC in what follows [1] [2] [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41060-016-0039-5 dblp:journals/ijdsa/BlasMPQT17 fatcat:rubbar6a5zcrxelfjfg653glz4

Exploratory Data Analytics [chapter]

2019 Encyclopedia of Big Data Technologies  
and adopts a card game metaphor to present the results to the user.  ...  We find that existing tools assume a "one-at-a-time" workflow for creating visualizations and impose a steep learning curve that makes it difficult to rapidly create and review visualizations.  ...  Therefore, we wanted a way to combine both the completion rate and the time on task to provide a more comprehensive and appropriate measure of efficiency.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-77525-8_100125 fatcat:haf5wmtk6fas3c3x5apuuctavu

Assigning search tasks designed to elicit exploratory search behaviors

Barbara M. Wildemuth, Luanne Freund
2012 Proceedings of the Symposium on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval - HCIR '12  
The goal of this paper is to provide guidance to researchers investigating exploratory search behaviors and exploratory search systems.  ...  Based on a review of past studies, a set of task characteristics associated with exploratory search tasks are identified: exploratory search tasks focus on learning and investigative search goals; they  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Elaine Toms for her helpful feedback on an earlier draft of the paper and her participation in a larger-scale project on all types of search tasks that might be assigned  ... 
doi:10.1145/2391224.2391228 dblp:conf/hcir/WildemuthF12 fatcat:dxkma3mh3fdj7ik24p3k3mnohu

Collaborative interactive visualization: exploratory concept

Marielle Mokhtari, Valérie Lavigne, Frédéric Drolet, Barbara D. Broome, Timothy P. Hanratty, David L. Hall, James Llinas
2015 Next-Generation Analyst III  
Interactive visualization strengthens collaboration because this approach is conducive to incrementally building a mental assessment of the data meaning.  ...  Dealing with an ever increasing amount of data is a challenge that military intelligence analysts or team of analysts face day to day.  ...  While performing an exploratory analysis, one could also wish to step back to a previous operation to try a different approach and compare the results obtained.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2184179 fatcat:nfywufrbc5gwbgpx7dezoahjoe

An Exploratory Study on Visual Exploration of Model Simulations by Multiple Types of Experts

Nadia Boukhelifa, Anastasia Bezerianos, Ioan Cristian Trelea, Nathalie Méjean Perrot, Evelyne Lutton
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '19  
Understanding all the model intricacies, however, is challenging for a single domain expert. We propose a simple approach to support multiple experts when exploring complex model results.  ...  These models are often used to study possible trade-offs, as experts try to optimise multiple conflicting objectives in a single investigation.  ...  In terms of general sensemaking, the data-frame model [28] describes several key macrocogintive processes relevant to our own investigation, including connecting data to a frame (an explanation reflecting  ... 
doi:10.1145/3290605.3300874 dblp:conf/chi/BoukhelifaBTPL19 fatcat:xzeibfurgrbwjfz7ihtems6fgm

Exploring exploratory search

Vania Dimitrova, Lydia Lau, Dhavalkumar Thakker, Fan Yang-Turner, Dimoklis Despotakis
2013 Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Intelligent Exploration of Semantic Data - IESD '13  
Linked semantic data appears to offer a great potential for exploratory search, which is open-ended, multi-faceted, and iterative in nature.  ...  The maturation of semantic technologies and the growing popularity of the Linked Open Data (LOD) cloud make it possible to expose linked semantic data sets to end users in order to empower a range of analytical  ...  Several domains for sensemaking through exploratory search (e.g. advertising, learning, clinical trial analysis) are being explored. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank the participants in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2462197.2462199 fatcat:36liv5hn5fezlbndvpqqoyy3ji

State of the Art: Coordinated & Multiple Views in Exploratory Visualization

Jonathan C. Roberts
2007 Fifth International Conference on Coordinated and Multiple Views in Exploratory Visualization (CMV 2007)  
It is our view that there is still much research to be done, but the subject is changing and developing as a tool for Visual Analytics.  ...  to apply these ideas to different domains.  ...  These complex analytic investigations hence require the exploratory tool to have comprehensive yet intuitive functions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cmv.2007.20 fatcat:h2l74gkctnhznish565lm463ba

An exploratory study of the effect of domain knowledge on internet search behavior: The case of diabetes

Leo Gugerty, Dorrit Billman, Peter Pirolli, Ame Elliott
2007 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
Questions were designed to be difficult, require reasoning, and lack a single, integrated source with a packaged answer.  ...  Participants in our exploratory study were 8 people with diabetes and 2 without. An initial interview identified individuals with high versus low knowledge about diabetes.  ...  Overview of the current study: This was a preliminary study using a cognitive engineering rather than an experimental approach.  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193120705101136 fatcat:l2szjhf2kjhxhcdaal773lks24

The User Puzzle—Explaining the Interaction with Visual Analytics Systems

Margit Pohl, Michael Smuc, Eva Mayr
2012 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
A possibility to overcome the weaknesses would be to combine two or more of these theories.  ...  Five of these theories (sensemaking theories, gestalt theories, distributed cognition, graph comprehension theories and skill-rule-knowledge models) are described in this paper.  ...  Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth in the exceptional Laura Bassi Centres of Excellence initiative and also within the DisCo research project, supported by the program "FIT-IT Visual Computing  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2012.273 pmid:26357200 fatcat:t2mtu7pifraktgus32hfk2tjyq

Hierarchical Knowledge Graphs: A Novel Information Representation for Exploratory Search Tasks [article]

Bahareh Sarrafzadeh, Adam Roegiest, Edward Lank
2020 arXiv   pre-print
data from interaction logs, interviews, and thinkalouds on a testbed data set to demonstrate the utility of the unified hierarchy+network structure in our HKGs.  ...  tool to support exploratory search.  ...  A common approach to present-day exploratory search systems is to leverage IE to identify relevant entities and their relationships within the retrieved documents.  ... 
arXiv:2005.01716v1 fatcat:mqqvc2hj45ej5d6ltqvambbhwi

Structuring visual exploratory analysis of skill demand

A.-S. Dadzie, E.M. Sibarani, I. Novalija, S. Scerri
2018 Journal of Web Semantics  
As a test case we consider the relatively new and highly dynamic field of Data Science, where insightful, exploratory data analysis and knowledge discovery are critical.  ...  and analysis approach, to measure where it adds value to users' analytical activity.  ...  Differences in approach to managing the data deluge and defining what skills are needed to do so contribute to variation in the definition of a Data Scientist [14] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.websem.2017.12.004 fatcat:zldanxpkgjbiloqwfijgpp7qji

Structuring Visual Exploratory Analysis of Skill Demand

Aba-Sah Dadzie, Elisa Sibarani, Inna Novalija, Simon Scerri
2018 Social Science Research Network  
As a test case we consider the relatively new and highly dynamic field of Data Science, where insightful, exploratory data analysis and knowledge discovery are critical.  ...  and analysis approach, to measure where it adds value to users' analytical activity.  ...  Differences in approach to managing the data deluge and defining what skills are needed to do so contribute to variation in the definition of a Data Scientist [14] .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3199321 fatcat:ce7sne5u6bdntbsqpnbx5yio4a

To design interfaces for exploratory data analysis, we need theories of graphical inference [article]

Jessica Hullman, Andrew Gelman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss how the concept of a model check in a Bayesian statistical framework unites exploratory and confirmatory analysis, and how this understanding relates to other proposed theories of graphical  ...  data exposure.  ...  As promoted by Engelbart (1963) , intelligence augmentation is associated with "increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex problem situation, to gain comprehension to suit his particular  ... 
arXiv:2104.02015v2 fatcat:kqfnd7pz6vhuvp5p3peaxlvtli

A Study on User-Controllable Social Exploratory Search

Cecilia di Sciascio, Peter Brusilovsky, Eduardo Veas
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Human Information Interaction&Retrieval - IUI '18  
A range of innovative interfaces with increased user control have been developed to support exploratory search process.  ...  However, current approaches to social ranking do not allow users to decide to what extent social information should be taken into account for result ranking.  ...  Over the last decades, several approaches attempted to foster deeper exploration and sensemaking of search results or large document collections.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3172944.3172986 dblp:conf/iui/SciascioBV18 fatcat:o5f6hqfuffgunkk6nrgqsjzamy

Goals, Process, and Challenges of Exploratory Data Analysis: An Interview Study [article]

Kanit Wongsuphasawat, Yang Liu, Jeffrey Heer
2019 arXiv   pre-print
How do analysis goals and context affect exploratory data analysis (EDA)? To investigate this question, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 18 data analysts.  ...  Analysts also often have to consult other stakeholders and oscillate between exploration and other tasks, such as acquiring and wrangling additional data.  ...  This work was supported by a Moore Foundation Data-Driven Discovery Investigator Award.  ... 
arXiv:1911.00568v1 fatcat:ry4czsnbercnpnq47ljhpwj7ry
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