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Uncertain Values. An Axiomatic Approach to Axiological Uncertainty

Stefan Riedener
2021
We need an argument to defend that it's true. This book introduces an axiomatic approach to answer these worries.  ...  The result is a formally cogent and philosophically compelling extension of standard decision theory, and original take on the problem of axiological or This book is based on my DPhil thesis, which I submitted  ...  In this book, I'll adopt an axiomatic approach from standard decision theory to answer the question of meaning and the question of truth about EVM.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-208091 fatcat:t2mook65prdo3dteqdkgr5bcim

Decision theory in expert systems and artificial intelligence

Eric J. Horvitz, John S. Breese, Max Henrion
1988 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
Attempts to build systems in such areas as medicine, investment, aerospace, and military planning have uncovered the Decision Theory in Expert Systems and AI 249 ] Several axiomatizations of probability  ...  This paper surveys the potential for addressing problems in representation, inference, knowledge engineering, and explanation within the decision-theoretic framework.  ...  Explanation in Decision-Theoretic Expert Systems A common criticism of decision-theoretic reasoning is that it is difficult to explain (Szolovits [3] , Davis [41] , Politser [100] ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/0888-613x(88)90120-x fatcat:6gzvzf6rufckfcfmc3adec7leu

Argumentative systems for IS design

Mike Metcalfe
2002 Information Technology and People  
It has a deep philosophical basis, confronts the issue of uneven power relationships in stakeholders, does not assume objective knowledge, and encourages a learn-by-doing modular approach allowing rolling  ...  The argumentative system, known to the decision-making, communications, knowledge creation, problem solving, and research methods literature, can be generalised to assist IS design.  ...  The Working Paper Series is intended to make available the preliminary results of current research within CoBAR, in the areas of accounting, finance, information systems and business.  ... 
doi:10.1108/09593840210421525 fatcat:3em4it7kivbznbrm6xqlejrn3i

Understanding Information Systems Outsourcing Success and Risks Through the Lens of Cognitive Biases

Anne C. Rouse, Brian J. Corbitt
2007 European Conference on Information Systems  
In this paper we adopt an "evidence based management" approach to first test these assumptions through a qualitative metaanalysis of academic studies into IS outsourcing outcomes.  ...  These focus groups were interpreted through the lens of research on a range of cognitive mechanisms and biases that are known to affect decision makers.  ...  once-off development of a system where the purchaser has no development capability) from (ii) outsourcing of ongoing services as an alternative to in-house delivery.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/RouseC07 fatcat:s7xwwfuafbdfbkovlc6k42ur3i

Modeling the planning process in advanced planning systems

Anastasia J. Zoryk-Schalla, Jan C. Fransoo, Ton G. de Kok
2004 Information & Management  
In this paper, we examine this modeling process. Our approach is based on a normative method for hierarchical planning and presents a case study where this modeling process was used.  ...  Whereas much of the modeling literature in supply chain planning addresses the analysis of decision models and presents solution techniques and much of the empirical literature on planning systems such  ...  Replanning, as incorporated in a rolling schedule approach.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.im.2003.06.005 fatcat:tmnsvc4df5cahdt4utniowb4t4

The Front-End of Product Development as Systems Thinking and Predictive Learning

Charles L.K. Yamamura, Celma O. Ribeiro, Denise Dantas, Jose A. Quintanilha, Fernando T. Berssaneti
2019 Procedia Manufacturing  
This paper proposes the front-end should be akin to a scientific inquiry, with systems thinking and predictive learning as mainstays to create customer value and reduce its "fuzziness".  ...  This paper proposes the front-end should be akin to a scientific inquiry, with systems thinking and predictive learning as mainstays to create customer value and reduce its "fuzziness".  ...  Definitions were compiled for theoretical fit, rigor and conciseness. A central proposition was made and a theoretical model showing both conventional and systemic approaches were built.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.promfg.2020.01.323 fatcat:d3hb4uhrlrh77fj3ul4ggkfefi

A Road Map for Knowledge Management Systems Design Using Axiomatic Design Approach

Mahmoud Houshmand, Mehdi Amani, L. Slatineanu
2017 MATEC Web of Conferences  
A literature review conducted and axiomatic design theory selected for this purpose.  ...  It has been reported that more than 50% of knowledge management systems have failed, therefore, it is required to seek for a new and comprehensive scientific approach to design and implement it.  ...  [14] in 2005, first began to design a knowledge management system based on the axiomatic design approach.  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201712701022 fatcat:ujn77npixvhltiiyb4wtbz6ive

A better best system account of lawhood

Jonathan Cohen, Craig Callender
2009 Philosophical Studies  
We'll argue that an acceptable MRL should (i) avoid inter-system comparisons of simplicity, strength, and balance, (ii) make lawhood epistemically accessible, and (iii) allow for laws in the special sciences  ...  Our question in this paper will be how best to formulate a theory of this kind.  ...  Glanzberg, David Hilbert, Carl Hoefer, Nick Huggett, Colin Klein, Barry Loewer, Ulrich Meyer, Chris Meacham, Jill North, Jonathan Schaffer, Joshua Schechter, Ted Sider, Paul Teller, Brian Weatherson, and an  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11098-009-9389-3 fatcat:3f5i2hobjbc33mllta3mbsm7ta

Aristotle's Natural Deduction System [chapter]

John Corcoran
1974 Ancient Logic and Its Modern Interpretations  
AristotIe In the present article we attempt to show that Aristotie's syllogistic is an underlying logie which includes a natural deductive system and that it is not an axiomatic theoryas had previously  ...  In the third place, the Aristotelian system is seen to be complete in the sense that every valid argument expressible in his system admits of a deduction within his deductive system; i.e., every semantically  ...  Thus an axiomatic science, though not itself a logical system, presupposes a logical system for its deductions (cf. Church, pp. 57, 317) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-010-2130-2_6 fatcat:55xi7cm3aze5zjbqwjjzyvu2a4

Information systems and organizational change

Peter G. W. Keen
1981 Communications of the ACM  
(p. 66) See Keen (33) for an historical summary of the (largely axiomatic) concept of optimality.  ...  Computer specialists generally take it for granted that information systems play a central role in decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1145/358527.358543 fatcat:luxqeforxrh7jjh3p2y73wjcv4

The Systemic Theory of Living Systems and Relevance to CAM: the Theory (Part III)

José A. Olalde Rangel
2005 Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine  
Western medical science lacks a solid philosophical and theoretical approach to disease cognition and therapeutics.  ...  The General System Theory (GST) took a forward step by proposing a departure from the mechanistic biological concept—of analyzing parts and processes in isolation—and brought us towards an organismic model  ...  They have had the valor to make Systemic Medicine a reality, and have so far brought the benefits of adaptogens to 300 000 patients.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ecam/neh119 pmid:16136205 pmcid:PMC1193559 fatcat:jugypyhrw5czbccsvurbgykdhm

Beyond the ERP Implementation Study: A New Approach to the Study of Packaged Information Systems: The Biography of Artifacts Framework

Robin Williams, Neil Pollock
2009 International Conference on Information Systems  
We propose an alternative research approach -the emerging 'Biography of Artifacts Framework' -that takes seriously the multiple locations and different timeframes in which ERP systems operate and evolve  ...  of the immediate response by organizations to these systems.  ...  Across the social sciences, we can find a spectrum of styles and approaches to theorization, between work that in its insistence upon particular theoretical and methodological approaches becomes purist  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/WilliamsP09 fatcat:nvumgyzp55bopaq7r4ln4nxifq

Review paper: A Briefing to Grey Systems Theory

Qiaoxing Li, Yi Lin
2014 Journal of Systems Science and Information  
However, as a developing area of scientific activities, a lot of theoretical contents are still imperfect and awaiting further studies.  ...  AbstractGrey systems theory, probability theory, fuzzy systems theory and rough set theory are known as four uncertain systems scientific methodologies.  ...  as an approach to putting bounds on rounding errors and measurement errors in mathematical computations.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jssi-2014-0178 fatcat:xbwxyaidbved3n2wfrfwpte2pu

Principles of Rule-Based Expert Systems [chapter]

Bruce G. Buchanan, Richard O. Duda
1983 Advances in Computers  
In addition to these four parts, the EMYCIN system contains an explanation subsystem to answer questions about a consultation or about the static knowledge base.  ...  In the example, we see the system asking questions to obtain a description of a new case, and we see the system providing an explanation of its line of reasoning.  ...  system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0065-2458(08)60129-1 fatcat:ewirlnalqzb35fxtydhpmfvwqe

Unpacking the People, Process and Technology Dimensions of organisational KMS

Andrew Pope, Tom Butler
2012 European Conference on Information Systems  
This paper describes an adaptive theory approach to unpack the people, process and technology dimensions of organisational KMS based on evidence gathered from two in-depth case studies of global consultancy  ...  Although the benefits of knowledge management systems (KMS) have been clearly articulated, there remains a gap between KM theory and practice.  ...  However, despite the term being used in an almost axiomatic fashion in the KM practitioner literature (cf.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/PopeB12 fatcat:fxuw7ik4kzg33mjruaf27ka2zu
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