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Monitoring the Complexity of IT Architectures: Design Principles and an IT Artifact

Thomas Widjaja, University of Passau, Germany, Robert Gregory, University of Virginia, USA
2020 Journal of the AIS  
We base the design knowledge development on a conceptual framework involving three essential concepts for understanding and solving this problem: structural complexity, dynamic complexity, and problem-solving  ...  To answer this question, we present a set of design principles that we derived from our iterative process of IT artifact construction and evaluation activities with five companies.  ...  Alexander Schütz for helping with data collection, artifact design, and providing feedback on prior versions of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00616 fatcat:jcdthccl6fhlpogoccvji6c2ii

Classification and Use of Design Tools: The Roles of Tools in the Architectural Design Process

Lieve Weytjens, Evelien Verdonck, Griet Verbeeck
2009 Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal  
She is now an assistant professor and research associate of the University College of Limburg (PHL) and the K.U.Leuven.  ...  Her main area of research is Sustainable Architecture with a focus on energy and indoor comfort.  ...  Introduction T HE GROWING COMPLEXITY and fragmentation of the architectural design process, largely due to stricter regulations, new technologies and increasing specialization, has led to an important  ... 
doi:10.18848/1833-1874/cgp/v03i01/37572 fatcat:7axihnyfqbcrbiape4xahqxvfy

Meaningfully Explaining Model Mistakes Using Conceptual Counterfactuals [article]

Abubakar Abid, Mert Yuksekgonul, James Zou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The code for CCE is publicly available and can easily be applied to explain mistakes in new models.  ...  We base CCE on two prior ideas: counterfactual explanations and concept activation vectors, and validate our approach on well-known pretrained models, showing that it explains the models' mistakes meaningfully  ...  Figure 1 : 1 Explaining with Conceptual Counterfactuals: (a) Fig Fig. 1 provides an overview of our CCE method.  ... 
arXiv:2106.12723v2 fatcat:pmcgef7xn5hutpuq7g3u2miyrq

An operational information systems architecture for assessing sustainable transportation planning: principles and design

Maria Teresa Borzacchiello, Vincenzo Torrieri, Peter Nijkamp
2009 Evaluation and Program Planning  
Next, the methodological design of an information system (in the form of an observatory) to support efficient and sustainable transportation planning and management aiming to integrate inputs from several  ...  An example of the integration of information systems technology in efficient transportation decision making (ETDM) is well described in Bejleri et al. (2006) , who designed a powerful technological tool  ...  of the conceptual and technical specifications of a complex and integrated information system, which constitutes an interesting demonstration of the novel and actual relevance of the principles of 'performance-based  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2009.06.012 pmid:19631382 fatcat:e4h6cyo2s5ht3mobjcvyp4ntvu

AN EXPLORATION OF CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) PRINCIPLES FOR ENHANCING SAFETY AND SECURITY IN THE DESIGN OF ADAMAWA STATE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' HOSTEL, MUBI

Benjamin Moral, Mudashir Gafar
2021 Architecture and Planning Journal  
Hence, confirming the need to improve the impediment of variables like perimeter control, building configuration, external wall design, window design and site planning and layout, in respect to CPTED principles  ...  in the design of student hostel buildings in Nigeria.  ...  Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ), Vol. 27, Iss. 2 [2021]  ... 
doi:10.54729/dano4654 fatcat:22bgx6yzvzcd5drirq3yhi5hli

Explaining the Conceptual Model of the Post-Disaster Sustainable Temporary Housing System (Case Study: Sar-e-Pol Zahab)

Ali Javanforouzande, Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Technical, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran., Elnaz Asgari Namin, Maziyar Asefi, Kazem Shakeri, PhD Candidate, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Technical, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran., Professor, Department of Architecture and Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran., Associate Professor, Department of Civil engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2020 Journal of Sustainable Rural Development  
In this study, the main focus is on providing qualitative sustainable conceptual model as a platform for decision makers in crisis situations.  ...  Purpose: The study aims to identify the main problems of temporary accommodation strategies and to discuss some principles and guidelines in order to assist decision-makers for choosing the most suitable  ...  Acknowledgements The current paper is extracted from the PhD thesis of the Second author (Elnaz Asgari Namin) in the Department of Architecture, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.  ... 
doi:10.32598/jsrd.4.2.7 fatcat:gaozrs6phvfe7jxxpm4xfd3734

How to Customize Architecture under Heavily Prescribed Design Conditions? Principles and Prospects for an Evolutionary System

Victor Bunster
2013 Proceedings of the XVII Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - SIGraDi: Knowledge-based Design   unpublished
Architectural design is a complex activity.  ...  The main aim of this paper is to present the theoretical foundations of an evolutionary system to assist the customization of architecture under such prescribed design conditions.  ...  -Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning of The University of Melbourne, with the financial support of CONICYT -Chile. The author thanks Professor Bharat Dave, Dr.  ... 
doi:10.5151/despro-sigradi2013-0060 fatcat:ynr3l57dc5b4xf7wl4dmpcxwoi

A Conceptual Framework for Enterprise Architecture Design [chapter]

Sabine Buckl, Florian Matthes, Sascha Roth, Christopher Schulz, Christian M. Schweda
2010 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
An ambiguous terminology as well as a lack of clarity prevail in information systems research when focusing on enterprise architecture (EA) and its corresponding management function.  ...  Sound definitions for key terms in the field of EA design, i.e. strategies, principles, and goals, are too often used interchangeably with slightly different meaning.  ...  These models are conceptual models committing to an agreed conceptualization (cf.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16819-2_4 fatcat:7oprk2bc75cozn3ppcq3ypxqcu

Conceptual Integrity of Software Systems: Architecture, Abstraction and Algebra

Iaakov Exman
2017 Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering  
Conceptual Integrity has been claimed to be the essence of high-quality software system design.  ...  This paper evolves in this direction by two means: first, by analysis and clarification of open issues in architecture and abstraction terms; second, by pointing out to a mathematical formulation in algebraic  ...  These efforts are among others: requirements engineering, conceptual modeling, integrity verification, software system design, and software architecture planning.  ... 
doi:10.18293/seke2017-206 dblp:conf/seke/Exman17 fatcat:jbamr77q2zhotct2ctj4zddqhy

Challenges in Teaching Conceptual Modeling for Systems Architecting [chapter]

Gerrit Muller
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We find that we have to stretch participants multifold to let them evolve from designer into systems architect and conceptual modeler.  ...  Systems architecting uses conceptual modeling as tool for understanding, reasoning, communication and decision making.  ...  The only exception is the first assignment, where we use an elevator example explaining essential aspects of conceptual modeling, as described in [15] , such as the need for complementary models.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-25747-1_31 fatcat:q5hn4ck3ard5nigo5hurvbml5m

Government Architecture: Concepts, Use and Impact [chapter]

Marijn Janssen, Leif Skiftenes Flak, Øystein Sæbø
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We defined central concepts of GA, and propose a conceptual model illustrating the relationships between GA concepts, its use, benefits and public value drivers.  ...  Nevertheless our study confirmed the assumption of conceptual confusion. In both countries GA efforts are concentrated towards guiding design projects and dealing with complexity.  ...  Architecture influences the design decisions and the investments of an organization and in turn is influenced by behavior and design decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-40358-3_12 fatcat:6iispcja6jfyviemya6s3dza2u

The Concepts of Modularization in ICT Service Modeling

F. Schorr, L. Hvam
2019 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM)  
Conceptual service models represent how we understand an ICT service's structure, definition, and scope.  ...  The use of architectures and modularity are key theoretical concepts helping to manage the design of complex products.  ...  Because of the complexity of service design, academia sees a growing demand for using architectural principles such as modularity and conceptual modeling methods focusing on services [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ieem44572.2019.8978785 dblp:conf/ieem/SchorrH19 fatcat:yjs5iyzoyvh3lmirfi7qnw5oze

A comparative analysis of methods for triggering "creative thinking" in design studios

Gokçe Atakan
2016 New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences  
Design Studio" is acknowledged as the core course for "spatial design" in both architecture and interior architecture education.  ...  The main idea of the design studio is based on uniting all the gathered information from other classes in a context of an architectural project.  ...  Papatya Dokmeci Yorükoglu and Instructor Rabia Çigdem Çavdar whom instruct with me in this design studio.  ... 
doi:10.18844/gjhss.v2i1.317 fatcat:ljyo46rapvcztcuoptr2lkidza

Enterprise Architecture Principles: Literature Review and Research Directions [chapter]

Dirk Stelzer
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Business principles, IT principles and enterprise architecture principles are often mixed up. Research into generic design principles is still in its infancy.  ...  - This report is an extended and revised version of a paper presented at Abstract. This report presents a literature review on enterprise architecture principles.  ...  However, there is a paucity of research modeling the conceptual context of architecture principles, notably architecture goals, constraints and design rules and guidelines.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16132-2_2 fatcat:2z4dxmg7hrcwhaidprrhafmqyu

Applying Axiomatic Design and Conceptual Independence in the Domain of IT Systems

Debbie Tarenskeen, René Bakker, L. Slatineanu
2017 MATEC Web of Conferences  
In this paper we explain why Axiomatic design has not been applied in large system of systems information technology architectures in health care organizations in the Netherlands.  ...  The authors adapt the Design matrix with Conceptual independence. We conclude that applying Conceptual independence is crucial when constructing IT systems based on Axiomatic design.  ...  Adding Conceptual independence to the Design matrix of Axiomatic design 6.1 Soft Conceptual model and Runtime conceptual model added We will describe an example of one general system function: "Show user  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201712701006 fatcat:gjhsex2dr5b35nbbnm2soypf6i
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