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Chapter-07 Operating System [chapter]

J Selvasekaran
2008 Anaesthesiology for Nurses  
The difficulties with the compartmentalized symbolic planning approach have led to alternate proposals.  ...  planning approach is very attractive, since it suggests that sensation, cognition and action can be studied independently, but in practice each step of the process turns out to be very difficult to characterize  ...  on bread), JOB (spreading jelly on bread), PLO (putting peanut butter lid on), JLO (putting jelly lid on), KT (putting knife on table) , and FB (flipping bread to make an sandwich).  ... 
doi:10.5005/jp/books/10046_7 fatcat:46tfsfqi7fajflowrfjlmcslr4

Preparing Children to Be Conscientious Consumers and Designers of AI Technologies [chapter]

2022 Computational Thinking Education in K–12  
If children are able to use AI, they must be able to identify it, know how it works, and understand that they have the agency to change it. We need  ...  At the same time, we see TV consumption declining, with children watching about a half-hour less television than four years ago (Rideout and Robb 2019).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Maeve Ronan, Danny Plouffe, Carolyn Song, and Ilana Pelzman-Kern for teaching and mentoring our students and for their feedback on the curriculum.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/13375.003.0014 fatcat:tvhllua2enbazgovpilh6vplb4

Designing Analog Games that Engage Girls with Computer Science Concepts

Elisabeth Gee, Kelly M. Tran, Priyanka Parekh
2020 International Journal of Designs for Learning  
This design case describes the development of three analog games intended to introduce middle-school-age girls to core computer science (CS) concepts.  ...  Testing the facilitator guides with a broader set of users and integrating the facilitator role into gameplay and story are potential goals for future work.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.14434/ijdl.v11i2.24113 fatcat:ekr4hlc7kbbobao4cwwlvgywlq

Computational Thinking Equity in Elementary Classrooms: What Third-Grade Students Know and Can Do

Yune Tran
2018 Journal of educational computing research  
Participants benefited from early access to computer science (CS) lessons with increases in computational thinking and applying coding concepts to the real world.  ...  The Computer Science Teachers Association has asserted that computational thinking equips students with essential critical thinking which allows them to conceptualize, analyze, and solve more complex problems  ...  Students reflected on the steps of algorithms on graph paper and dialogued the critical steps to related activities such as riding a bike or making a peanut-butter-jelly sandwich.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0735633117743918 fatcat:d3m2j2prnveo5doioxaoh2yfsm

LitC_supp_materials_apr_V2 – Supplemental material for Lost in the Crowd: The Effect of Volatile Fields on Presidential Primaries

Zachary Scott
2020 Figshare  
Supplemental material, LitC_supp_materials_apr_V2 for Lost in the Crowd: The Effect of Volatile Fields on Presidential Primaries by Zachary Scott in American Politics Research  ...  of mosques." 42 Candidate Traits: Relatability crowd, one, like, man, say, hand, ask "The man who would be president takes peanut butter and jelly sandwiches --on whole wheat, strawb erry jelly  ...  This method also introduces a degree of randomness by necessity, and as such is not deterministic. But it does provide a useful starting point. In this case, that was 82 topics.  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.13042390.v1 fatcat:ujhaqus46jaavcokbecr4s6zam

SHOPPER: A Probabilistic Model of Consumer Choice with Substitutes and Complements [article]

Francisco J. R. Ruiz, Susan Athey, David M. Blei
2019 arXiv   pre-print
SHOPPER uses interpretable components to model the forces that drive how a customer chooses products; in particular, we designed SHOPPER to capture how items interact with other items.  ...  We develop an efficient posterior inference algorithm to estimate these forces from large-scale data, and we analyze a large dataset from a major chain grocery store.  ...  Finally, we also acknowledge the support of NVIDIA Corporation with the donation of a GPU used for this research.  ... 
arXiv:1711.03560v3 fatcat:ob7cs4ro4ze4dnyegy24i2qm7q

Educational Robotics: Platforms, Competitions and Expected Learning Outcomes

Salomi Evripidou, Kyriakoula Georgiou, Lefteris Doitsidis, Angelos A. Amanatiadis, Zinon Zinonos, Savvas A. Chatzichristofis
2020 IEEE Access  
Sammy, peanut butter and jelly sandwich shape robot, uses an optical scanner to read the program through the corresponding physical code cards as it drives over them.  ...  Finally, three challenges including avoiding obstacles, following a line and dancing, are given to the students to test their robots and algorithms [176] . C.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3042555 fatcat:gzcsfz5wmrannirj2x35phxt7q

Language Connections: Writing and Reading across the Curriculum

Barbara C. Mallonee, Toby Fulwiler, Art Young
1985 College composition and communication  
transactional writing; (5) audience and purpose in writing; (6) the poetic function of language; (7) using narration to shape experience; (8) readers and expressive language; (9) what every educator should  ...  Intended for use by college.and university educators, this book contains theor:iical ideas and practical activities ,"designed to enhance and promote writing across the curriculum programs.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the people who helped us develop the "writing across the curriculum" program at Michigan Technological University and who helped create this book, which grew out  ... 
doi:10.2307/357448 fatcat:2jozwy2esza5pb5tkr2iitffkm


Gregory Digiacomo, Peggy P. Chen
2016 Psychology in the schools (Print)  
Each time you give up your lunch period, you will be provided with two slices of pizza or a peanut butter and jelly sandwich if you prefer.  ...  Each time you give up your lunch period, you will be provided with two slices of pizza or a peanut butter and jelly sandwich if you prefer.  ...  PERSON CONDUCTING ASSENT I have explained the study to ______________________________ (name of child) in language he/she understands, and he/she has agreed to be in the study. 3: How confident are you  ... 
doi:10.1002/pits.21929 fatcat:wshbk35ht5dplczckox4sw7nda

Representing task context: proposals based on a connectionist model of action

Matthew Botvinick, David Plaut
2002 Psychological Research  
underspecification, the idea that task representations may be imprecise or vague, especially in contexts where errors occur, and (2) information-sharing, the idea that closely related operations rely  ...  One of these is that task representations are discrete, independent, and non-overlapping.  ...  Acknowledgements Financial support for this research was provided by NIMH Grant MH16804 and a grant from the American Psychiatric Association and Eli Lilly and Company to the first author, and an NIH FIRST  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00426-002-0103-8 pmid:12466927 fatcat:bcjqycwg7nawjmqcupftn2cpem

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
AI is undergoing a paradigm shift with the rise of models (e.g., BERT, DALL-E, GPT-3) that are trained on broad data at scale and are adaptable to a wide range of downstream tasks.  ...  To tackle these questions, we believe much of the critical research on foundation models will require deep interdisciplinary collaboration commensurate with their fundamentally sociotechnical nature.  ...  Acknowledgments References ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the following people for their valuable feedback: Mohit Bansal, Boaz Barak, Yoshua Bengio, Sam Bowman, Collin Burns, Nicholas Carlini  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v2 fatcat:yktkv4diyrgzzfzqlpvaiabc2m

DTN-UK Best Practice Guide Supplement

Admin Two
2020 British Journal of Diabetes  
The Diabetes Technology Network-UK is part of the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists, and exists to support UK health care professionals in using diabetes technology to improve the lives of  ...  people living with diabetes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank the many women with type 1 diabetes who have used diabetes technology in their pregnancies and who continue to help us learn how best to use it.  ... 
doi:10.15277/bjd.2020.277 fatcat:n7j754i7xvh7tixtlrjusrusra

The public domain: enclosing the commons of the mind

2009 ChoiceReviews  
Beyond the scholarly literature, two websites allow you to experiment with these issues online.  ...  The older version of this project confusingly referred to these cases as "plagiarism" cases-something that judges themselves also frequently do.  ...  Since the patent office issued a patent for the sealed and crimped "peanut butter and jelly" sandwich I described at the beginning of the book, even a patent is not out of the question if your disgusting  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.46-6473 fatcat:xnktaofvfvb3fhdngfjgq2ph74

Introducing 6-12 Grade Teachers and Students to Computational Thinking

A. Dean Fontenot, Richard Burgess, Vinitha Hannah Subburaj, Debra Nash
2013 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition Proceedings   unpublished
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ...  Acknowledgement This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS-0939059, 0939088, and 0939028.  ...  The participants were also given assignments on developing algorithms for day-to-day common activities like making peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.  ... 
doi:10.18260/1-2--19826 fatcat:bakynpf2cjbypkumkyyhyxv73m

I'll Have What She's Having: Reflective Desires and Consequentialism

Jesse Kozler, University, My, James Joyce, David Manley
In that case, the agent may have an initial plan to choose peanut butter and jelly at n 0 but end up picking peanut butter and honey when they get to the counter of the deli at n 5 .  ...  It need not necessarily be the only choiceworthy option though -it might be the case that both peanut butter and jelly and peanut butter and honey are choiceworthy but ham and cheese is not at the initial  ... 
doi:10.7302/1324 fatcat:uw52rjhscvc5rjaucxvvhje654
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