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Experimental Study of Wireless Monitoring of Human Respiratory Movements Using UWB Impulse Radar Systems

Xiaolin Liang, Yuankai Wang, Shiyou Wu, Thomas Gulliver
2018 Sensors  
This paper analyzes and discusses the capability of human being detection using impulse ultra-wideband (UWB) radar with an improved detection algorithm.  ...  The data size can be reduced based on the defined interested region, which can improve the operation efficiency of the radar system for human being detection.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18093065 pmid:30213122 pmcid:PMC6165135 fatcat:l4rjjhuwr5d4zjtunfiqd2iygi

A method of detection of respiration rate on Android using UWB Impulse Radar

Young-Jin Park, Hui-Sup Cho, Hong-Kun Lyu
2016 ICT Express  
In this study, we investigated whether real-time medical measurement of breathing using Novelda's Ultra-Wideband Impulse Radio (IR-UWB) -which does not need to be attached to the human body and is also  ...  Experimental results obtained were found to be comparable to those of a commercial healthcare device.  ...  Acknowledgment This work was supported by the DGIST R&D Program of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Technology of Korea (16-IT-01).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.icte.2016.08.012 fatcat:624q2oowi5c5th2pwvsxhbx2xu

An Overview of Signal Processing Techniques for Remote Health Monitoring Using Impulse Radio UWB Transceiver

Faheem Khan, Asim Ghaffar, Naeem Khan, Sung Ho Cho
2020 Sensors  
This paper reviews recent advances in IR- UWB radar sensor design for healthcare, such as vital signs measurements of a stationary human, vitals of a non-stationary human, vital signs of people in a vehicle  ...  IR-UWB sensors detect the macro as well as micro movement inside the human body due to its fine range resolution.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20092479 pmid:32349382 pmcid:PMC7248922 fatcat:kdvtjvandbax3hdd3yfvfjicry

Techniques for Clutter Suppression in the Presence of Body Movements during the Detection of Respiratory Activity through UWB Radars

Antonio Lazaro, David Girbau, Ramon Villarino
2014 Sensors  
This paper focuses on the feasibility of tracking the chest wall movement  ...  Ramon Villarino has worked in the development of the experimental setup and the measurements. David Girbau has worked on the problem definition and revision of results.  ...  All authors participated in the discussion about the proposal and contributed to the analysis of the results. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s140202595 pmid:24514883 pmcid:PMC3958278 fatcat:74lp2c3nonevndthfkuuuefrn4

Ultra-Wideband Radar-Based Indoor Activity Monitoring for Elderly Care

Matti Hämäläinen, Lorenzo Mucchi, Stefano Caputo, Lorenzo Biotti, Lorenzo Ciani, Dania Marabissi, Gabriele Patrizi
2021 Sensors  
The system is based on using a single ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse-radar as a sensing device.  ...  Using UWB radars, we aim to recognize a person and some preselected movements without camera-type monitoring.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21093158 pmid:34063222 pmcid:PMC8125009 fatcat:ekdmuuutpfaybggxvpzr5xvvky

A Survey on Vital Signs Detection Using Radar Techniques and Processing With FPGA Implementation

Ameen Bin Obadi, Ping Jack Soh, Omar Aldayel, Muataz Hameed Al-Doori, Marco Mercuri, Dominique Schreurs
2021 IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine  
This paper presents a survey of the state-of-the-art advances in human vital signs detection using radar sensors, their integration and coexistence with communication systems, and their issues in spectrum  ...  Finally, a perspective on the future of human vital signs detection using radar sensors concludes this review. is highly possible that radars and communication devices coexist in the same location.  ...  Meanwhile, the effects of speech and hand movements on the measurement of respiration signal using an UWB radar was studied in [39] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcas.2020.3027445 fatcat:fwmsw7gxjreb5pbliktj7wv7xm

Experimental vital signs estimation using commercially available IR-UWB radar

Mounir Adjrad, Sandra Dudley, Mohammad Ghavami
2014 2014 International Radar Conference  
This paper studies the feasibility of estimating vital signs exploiting commercially available Impulse Radio Ultra Wideband (IR-UWB) radar.  ...  Experimental results are presented demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed technique for determining respiration and heartbeat rates.  ...  A number of studies have investigated using UWB-based wireless sensing devices to detect vital signs for health care applications [3] - [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/radar.2014.7060328 fatcat:t474qj6plvb2vkvyuycvvy3cyu

A New Direction for Biosensing: RF Sensors for Monitoring Cardio-Pulmonary Function [chapter]

Ju Gao, Siddharth Baskar, Diyan Teng, Mustafa al'Absi, Santosh Kumar, Emre Ertin
2017 Mobile Health  
Experimental results using both an articulated heart phantom and human subjects show that RF sensing modality can match the performance of state-of-the-art physiological monitoring devices in terms of  ...  The focus is on new approaches to monitor heart motion and respiratory effort.  ...  Fig. 1 1 System model for UWB radar sensor Fig. 2 2 Cryosection of a human thorax from visible human project Fig. 3 3 EasySense system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-51394-2_15 fatcat:z3n4ejub3fgaxevb33esfml26a

Multiple Person Localization Based on Their Vital Sign Detection Using UWB Sensor [chapter]

Daniel Novák, Mária Švecová, Dusan Kocur
2017 Microwave Systems and Applications  
For that purpose, ultra-wideband (UWB) radars operating in the frequency band DC-5 GHz can be used as a proper tool.  ...  The basic principle of respiratory motion detection consists in the identification of radar signal components possessing a significant power in the frequency band 0.2-0.7 Hz (frequency band of human respiratory  ...  of the WP-STAPELOC method as a whole will be illustrated using the experimental data obtained by measurements intent on through-the-wall localization of three static persons using UWB sensor system (the  ... 
doi:10.5772/66361 fatcat:7rom53iiwfcerhya4fvxti6h3i

An Impulse Radio Ultrawideband System for Contactless Noninvasive Respiratory Monitoring

Y. Nijsure, Wee Peng Tay, E. Gunawan, Fuxi Wen, Zhang Yang, Yong Liang Guan, Ai Ping Chua
2013 IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  
We design a impulse radio ultrawideband radar monitoring system to track the chest wall movement of a human subject during respiration.  ...  We compare the performance of our proposed scheme on 15 human volunteers with the medical gold standard using respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) belts, and show that on average, our estimation  ...  In this paper, we develop a wireless, contactless, and noninvasive respiratory monitoring system that can be used in PSG studies, home respiratory monitoring applications or other applications like physiotherapies  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbme.2012.2237401 pmid:23314764 fatcat:4zumsjpzifcdrmd2gctwrwsd5e

Human Vital Signs Detection Methods and Potential Using Radars: A Review

Mamady Kebe, Rida Gadhafi, Baker Mohammad, Mihai Sanduleanu, Hani Saleh, Mahmoud Al-Qutayri
2020 Sensors  
On the other hand, wireless vital signs detection using radars has the distinct advantage of not requiring the attachment of electrodes to the subject's body and hence not constraining the movement of  ...  This paper presents a thorough review on the traditional methods of monitoring cardio-pulmonary rates as well as the potential of replacing these systems with radar-based techniques.  ...  In Section 4, experimental results of a continuous-wave radar is presented to demonstrate the feasibility of wireless sensing of human vital signs.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20051454 pmid:32155838 pmcid:PMC7085680 fatcat:2ij6mhoiyjfq5jos3vozet2ct4

Remote Sensing for Vital Information Based on Spectral-Domain Harmonic Signatures

Yu Rong, Daniel W. Bliss
2019 IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  
Our contributions are threefold: 1) carefully review and examine possible approaches in vital signs detection with ultra-wide band (UWB) impulse radar; 2) numerically and experimentally show an important  ...  To justify the proposed theory, we perform a spectral analysis of the harmonics of vital signs signal. We validate the proposed algorithm using a controlled vital sign simulator.  ...  In this paper, we discuss monitoring vital signs of stationary human subjects remotely using a UWB impulse radar by coherently processing the time history of narrow pulses backscattered by the human chest  ... 
doi:10.1109/taes.2019.2917489 fatcat:ns7ivsqaejbqlng5jewjt7yshy

Implementation of unobtrusive sensing systems for elderly care: Scoping review (Preprint)

Nikita Sharma, Jeroen Klein Brinke, J.E.W.C. Van Gemert - Pijnen, L.M.A. Braakman - Jansen
2021 JMIR Aging  
Predefined inclusion criteria included studies on unobtrusive sensor-based technology; experimental in nature; aimed at monitoring human social, emotional, physical, and physiological behavior; having  ...  Potentially, in-home monitoring unobtrusive sensing systems (USSs) can be used to support formal or informal caregivers of older adults, as they can monitor deviant physical and physiological behavior  ...  a FMCW acoustic radar to monitor respiratory rate. based human identification system using a microbend fiber sensor. [85] Zhao, M.  ... 
doi:10.2196/27862 pmid:34612822 pmcid:PMC8529483 fatcat:7mmp2lwlfreebeaqc472w4goo4

Experimental Comparison of IR-UWB Radar and FMCW Radar for Vital Signs

Dingyang Wang, Sungwon Yoo, Sung Ho Cho
2020 Sensors  
IR-UWB radar can extract vital signs using distance information.  ...  In this paper, we compare the performances of impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) and frequency modulation continuous wave (FMCW) radars in measuring noncontact vital signs such as respiration rate and  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20226695 pmid:33238557 fatcat:wbgg2yxa7bbtfkooopjtl2d7cm

An Improved Ranging Method for Life Detection Using UWB Impulse Radar

M Dou, W. Zhang
2018 The Journal of Engineering  
This study focuses on range estimate for life detection based on the characteristics analysis of life signs by employing the ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse radar.  ...  Using the signals in ROI, the frequency of human breathing motion is measured more easily and accurately.  ...  In [2] , a monitoring system is developed for human health by applying wireless communication and data processing techniques into radar system.  ... 
doi:10.1049/joe.2018.5023 fatcat:cmsrdtayajc4hjxt23enpjtpg4
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