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Does over-reliance on auditory feedback cause disfluency? An fMRI study of induced fluency in people who stutter [article]

Sophie Meekings, Kyle Jasmin, Cesar F Lima, Sophie K Scott
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
In a 1.5T fMRI scanner, people who stutter spoke in synchrony with an experimenter, in synchrony with a recording, on their own, in noise, listened to the experimenter speaking and read silently.  ...  Behavioural testing outside the scanner demonstrated that synchronising with another talker resulted in a marked increase in fluency regardless of baseline stuttering severity.  ...  Listen: Participants saw the prompt, 'LISTEN' and read the sentence silently while hearing a recording of the experimenter reading it aloud. 6.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.11.18.378265 fatcat:aaqxp5p37zc3ni55szmvjulpvi

Eliminating Single Points of Failure in Software-Based Redundancy

P. Ulbrich, M. Hoffmann, R. Kapitza, D. Lohmann, W. Schroder-Preikschat, R. Schmid
2012 2012 Ninth European Dependable Computing Conference  
In our experimental comparison plain TMR left more than seven percent of failures undetected, whereas CoRed was able to eliminate all silent data corruptions while inducing an overhead of just seven percent  ...  We evaluated CoRed in a realistic setting using a quadrotor helicopter and provide experimental evidence for softerror resistance and comparable low resource demand.  ...  TABLE I EXPERIMENTAL I RESULT CATEGORIES Result Description Fail Silent No errors have been detected, the application terminated normally and produced correct results.  ... 
doi:10.1109/edcc.2012.21 dblp:conf/edcc/UlbrichHKLSS12 fatcat:2tk2psrfqnag5kzeqyhpvtsnbi

Distinct neural systems recruited when speech production is modulated by different masking sounds

Sophie Meekings, Samuel Evans, Nadine Lavan, Dana Boebinger, Katya Krieger-Redwood, Martin Cooke, Sophie K. Scott
2016 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Subjects also spoke in quiet and listened to the maskers without speaking. When subjects spoke in masking sounds, their vocal intensity increased in line with the energetic content of the masker.  ...  Most behavioural research and neuroimaging research in this area has concentrated on the effect of energetic maskers such as white noise on Lombard speech.  ...  Within each of the two ROIs an ANOVA was carried out to evaluate differences between the SpeakNoise conditions (SP, ROT, SMN, WH) relative to the baseline of silent reading. FIG. 5 .  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4948587 pmid:27475128 fatcat:cr6a6nqhljgd5lcb6curcgqzla

Implementing fail-silent nodes for distributed systems

F.V. Brasileiro, P.D. Ezhilchelvan, S.K. Shrivastava, N.A. Speirs, S. Tao
1996 IEEE transactions on computers  
In this paper the design and implementation of efficient protocols for a two processor fail-silent node are described in detail.  ...  In a software-implemented fail-silent node, the non-faulty processors of the node need to execute message order and comparison protocols to 'keep in step' and check each other respectively.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work has been supported in part by grants from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Brazilian Research Council (CNPq).  ... 
doi:10.1109/12.544479 fatcat:hfmj4m2q2bdmval4xotvkgvqh4

Failure Mode Analysis of CORBA Service Implementations [chapter]

Eric Marsden, Jean-Charles Fabre
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Before using middleware in critical systems, integrators need information on the robustness of the software.  ...  In this paper we describe ongoing work on the failure mode analysis of corba-based middleware.  ...  This work is partially supported by the European Community (Project IST-1999-11585: DSoS -Dependable Systems of Systems).  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45518-3_12 fatcat:fy5ti433c5bi3k3i4fjhcj4ooa

CochleaNet: A Robust Language-independent Audio-Visual Model for Speech Enhancement [article]

Mandar Gogate, Kia Dashtipour, Ahsan Adeel, Amir Hussain
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To evaluate the proposed SE framework a first of its kind AV binaural speech corpus, called ASPIRE, is recorded in real noisy environments including cafeteria and restaurant.  ...  In noisy settings, humans routinely exploit the audio-visual (AV) nature of the speech to selectively suppress the background noise and to focus on the target speaker.  ...  Therefore, to experimentally evaluate the trained AV CochleaNet behaviour in such conditions we randomly replaced a percentage of lip images with a blank visual frame.  ... 
arXiv:1909.10407v1 fatcat:idymjvajefd5xf7kxgjrszhvvq

Integration and Comparison of Three Physical Fault Injection Techniques [chapter]

Johan Karlsson, Peter Folkesson, Jean Arlat, Yves Crouzet, Günther Leber
1995 Predictably Dependable Computing Systems  
The hardware EDMs, in particular the CPU mechanisms, detected most of the errors. This is not surprising since the faults were injected into the CPU.  ...  In particular, the coverage of the NMI EDMs is higher in the former case. Unexpected exceptions occur with a frequency of about 15% in all combinations.  ...  Section 4 defines the approach considered for the experimental evaluation and the predicates characterising the behaviour of the target system in the presence of injected faults.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-79789-7_18 fatcat:uvzjqeg6vjg7bhq6gbqqy7rjhm

Cognitive disruption by noise-vocoded speech stimuli: Effects of spectral variation

Toros Ufuk Senan, Sam Jelfs, Armin Kohlrausch
2018 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Results The recall of the correct digit in the correct order was evaluated as a correct response, and the performance was measured as error rate (%) out of nine digits.  ...  masking on the ISE.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.5026619 pmid:29604682 fatcat:d5bk34dutvbilbgabuh3jye4um

Configurable Detection of SDC-causing Errors in Programs

Qining Lu, Guanpeng Li, Karthik Pattabiraman, Meeta S. Gupta, Jude A. Rivers
2017 ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems  
Silent Data Corruption (SDC) is a serious reliability issue in many domains, including embedded systems.  ...  In this thesis, we propose two empirical models, namely SDCTune and SDCAuto, to predict the SDC proneness of a program's data.  ...  them to guide the placement of error detectors in the application. 48 Chapter 5 Experimental Setup In this chapter, we present our experimental setup to evaluate both the SDCTune and SDCAuto models  ... 
doi:10.1145/3014586 fatcat:ni6myfzig5hbpipjgfozmeiole

Survey and future directions of fault-tolerant distributed computing on board spacecraft

Muhammad Fayyaz, Tanya Vladimirova
2016 Advances in Space Research  
A set of metrics is designed and mathematical models of availability and reliability are developed, which are used to evaluate the proposed distributed computing architecture and fault management scheme  ...  In a nut shell, the architecture comprises two types of nodes, a computing node and an input-output node, interfaced together through a highspeed network with bus topology.  ...  The behaviour of this type of failure can be fail-silent or Byzantine.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.asr.2016.08.017 fatcat:szoac6aiwvbs3d2dyh5smxsgqa

Examining the Mapping Functions of Denoising Autoencoders in Singing Voice Separation [article]

Stylianos Ioannis Mimilakis, Konstantinos Drossos, Estefanía Cano, Gerald Schuller
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our experimental findings show that approaches based on the DAE model learn scalar filtering operators, exhibiting a predominant diagonal structure in their corresponding mapping functions, limiting the  ...  Using the NCA, we examine the mapping functions of three fundamental DAE-based models in music source separation; one with single-layer encoder and decoder, one with multi-layer encoder and single-layer  ...  Acknowledgments The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's H2020 Framework Programme  ... 
arXiv:1904.06157v2 fatcat:5cxuny37jvdyrj6kvjvr224hna

Development and Experimental Validation of High Performance Embedded Intelligence and Fail-Operational Urban Surround Perception Solutions of the PRYSTINE Project

Rihards Novickis, Aleksandrs Levinskis, Vitalijs Fescenko, Roberts Kadikis, Kaspars Ozols, Anna Ryabokon, Rupert Schorn, Jochen Koszescha, Selim Solmaz, Georg Stettinger, Akwasi Adu-Kyere, Lauri Halla-aho (+2 others)
2021 Applied Sciences  
In this paper, we (1) investigate Simplex, 1oo2d and hybrid fail-operational computing architectures, (2) devise a multi-modal perception system with fail-safety mechanisms, (3) present a passenger vehicle-based  ...  This paper presents an assorted effort carried out in the European H2020 ECSEL project—PRYSTINE.  ...  Wilfried Steiner for the supervision of the Master Thesis of Rupert Schorn. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12010168 fatcat:t5gwp45w4rg33djn2upzatzyii

Compensatory motor network connectivity is associated with motor sequence learning after subcortical stroke

Katie P. Wadden, Todd S. Woodward, Paul D. Metzak, Katie M. Lavigne, Bimal Lakhani, Angela M. Auriat, Lara A. Boyd
2015 Behavioural Brain Research  
However the manner in which brain reorganization occurs, and how it supports behaviour within the damaged brain remains unclear.  ...  In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we evaluated whole brain patterns of functional connectivity during the performance of an implicit tracking task at baseline and retention, following  ...  To evaluate motor performance, our behavioural outcome measure for the continuous tracking task was root mean squared error (RMSE).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2015.02.054 pmid:25757996 pmcid:PMC4390540 fatcat:bimgs7ualba7fptqmqcnwvuvc4

An Introduction to Software Engineering and Fault Tolerance [article]

Patrizio Pelliccione, Henry Muccini, Nicolas Guelfi, Alexander Romanovsky
2010 arXiv   pre-print
They cover a wide range of topics focusing on fault tolerance during the different phases of the software development, software engineering techniques for verification and validation of fault tolerance  ...  This book consists of the chapters describing novel approaches to integrating fault tolerance into software development process.  ...  Acknowledgments The book editors wish to thank Andrea Bondavalli and Rogerio de Lemos for their constructive comments on this introductory chapter and Alfredo Capozucca and Joerg Kienzle for their comments  ... 
arXiv:1011.1551v1 fatcat:7wksbyoo4jbpjot67j4putilvu

SDCTune

Qining Lu, Karthik Pattabiraman, Meeta S. Gupta, Jude A. Rivers
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Compilers, Architecture and Synthesis for Embedded Systems - CASES '14  
Silent Data Corruption (SDC) is a serious reliability issue in many domains, including embedded systems.  ...  In this paper, we propose an empirical model to predict the SDC proneness of a program's data called SDCTune.  ...  HR0011-13-C-0022. | The views expressed are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the NSERC, Department of Defense or that of the U.S. Government.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2656106.2656127 dblp:conf/cases/LuPGR14 fatcat:nclb3463mbdo5azhluljya2gim
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