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On the Understandability of Language Constructs to Structure the State and Behavior in Abstract State Machine Specifications: A Controlled Experiment

Philipp Paulweber, Georg Simhandl, Uwe Zdun
2021 Journal of Systems and Software  
We report on a controlled experiment with 105 participants to study the understandability of the three language constructs in the context of ASMs.  ...  We found a significant difference for the correctness of understanding comparing interfaces with mixins.  ...  Furthermore, we want to thank Christoph Czepa for the information and help with the statistical procedures and Emmanuel Pescosta for the discussions about language abstractions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2021.110987 fatcat:dr6ukb5mxbhcdp7vahfijsq5s4

Following the standard form: Effects of equation format on algebraic modeling

Kristie J. Fisher, Katja Borchert, Miriam Bassok
2010 Memory & Cognition  
A large minority of participants constructed reversed MF models, whereas most participants who were instructed to use DF equations constructed correct models (Experiment 1).  ...  Most participants understood that MF and DF models of the same relation should be mathematically equivalent (Experiment 2), but they drew a conceptual distinction between these models (Experiment 3).  ...  In addition to the fluency with which people follow the layout of the standard form, which is disrupted by having to construct division-format models (Experiments 1 and 2), the results of Experiment 3  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-010-0031-6 pmid:21264608 fatcat:6lnvrue76vhhpjmahv3r7b7uxi

Input effects on the acquisition of a novel phrasal construction in 5year olds

Elizabeth Wonnacott, Jeremy K. Boyd, Jennifer Thomson, Adele E. Goldberg
2012 Journal of Memory and Language  
The novel construction that was used involved a non-English phrasal pattern: VN 1 N 2 , paired with a novel abstract meaning: N 2 approaches N 1 .  ...  The present experiments demonstrate that children as young as five years old (M = 5:2) generalize beyond their input on the basis of minimal exposure to a novel argument structure construction.  ...  Thank you to Jacinth Greywoode for her help with data coding. Finally, we are very grateful to all the teachers, parents and children who made the research possible.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2011.11.004 fatcat:ysdh6mxux5g2louiqok53ntb2i

Page 396 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 118, Issue 4 [page]

1992 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
Those with such experience have been known to ascertain the correct density of a rock strata by merely looking at it and perhaps touching it as well, and prescribing economic blasting systems in a jiffy  ...  Practical Experience for Team Building and Leadership By being on construction sites, where interaction with people is frequent, sometimes under emergency conditions, one learns how to manage people for  ... 

EvoFIT composite face construction via practitioner interviewing and a witness-administered protocol

Alexander J. Martin, J. B.Hancock Peter, Charlie D. Frowd, Priscilla Heard, Emma Gaskin, Claire Ford, Thomas Hewett
2018 2018 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (AHS)  
In Experiment 2, participants constructed a composite, 24-hours after seeing a target identity, using either EvoFIT Online or Witness At Home.  ...  In Experiment 1, participants observed a target identity for 1 minute and returned 4 hours (Witness At Home) or 24 hours (EvoFIT Online) to construct a composite from memory.  ...  In Experiment 1, we investigated whether the Witness At Home procedure might be able to take advantage of superior recall offered by same day construction.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ahs.2018.8541464 dblp:conf/ahs/MartinHFHGFH18 fatcat:fg3s77qcqjb6nmrt2gnqqesp5y

Reevaluating the role of verbalization of faces for composite production: Descriptions of offenders matter!

Charity Brown, Emma Portch, Laura Nelson, Charlie D. Frowd
2019 Journal of experimental psychology. Applied  
In Experiment 2, participants in these conditions gave descriptions that were better matched to their targets by independent judges, a result which suggests that the 30-min delay actually impairs access  ...  Unexpectedly, correct naming of composites significantly reduced following the 30-min delay between description and construction for targets encoded 2 days previously.  ...  Acknowledgements The UK Economic and Social Research Council provided support for some aspects of this work [ES/I002022/1] and the dataset supporting the conclusions of Experiment 1 of this article is  ... 
doi:10.1037/xap0000251 pmid:31750685 fatcat:h7dqlywzsnawxmsbpw4snezuwu

Testing of Advanced Technique For Linear Lattice and Closed Orbit Correction By Modeling Its Application For IOTA Ring At Fermilab [article]

A. Romanov
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Extensive modeling of corrections for a big number of random seed errors is used to illustrate benefits from developed approach.  ...  The Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) at Fermilab that is coming to final stages of construction will be used to test advanced approaches of control over particles dynamics.  ...  In each experiment, the orbit in the nonlinear insertion was corrected down to zero which means that it is limited only by the precision of BPMs.  ... 
arXiv:1805.03244v1 fatcat:utzvlwpj2zg6bonbn54lxrsidm

Micro-minicircle Gene Therapy: Implications of Size on Fermentation, Complexation, Shearing Resistance, and Expression

Sofia Stenler, Oscar PB Wiklander, Maria Badal-Tejedor, Janne Turunen, Joel Z Nordin, David Hallengärd, Britta Wahren, Samir EL Andaloussi, Mark W Rutland, CI Edvard Smith, Karin E Lundin, Pontus Blomberg
2014 Molecular Therapy: Nucleic Acids  
We use a construct encoding a splice-correcting U7 small nuclear RNA, which results in a vector of 650 base pairs (bp), as compared to a conventional 3600 bp plasmid carrying the same expression cassette  ...  We characterize coiling morphology by atomic force microscopy and measure the resistance to shearing forces caused by an injector device, the Biojector.  ...  We are grateful to Richard Stout, BioJect, Tualatin, OR, who provided the Biojector for mouse skin experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1038/mtna.2013.67 pmid:24399204 pmcid:PMC3910003 fatcat:ng647mwjuvb2dh7pu3bgvych6m

Construction of the mathematical concept of pseudo thinking students

D Anggraini, T A Kusmayadi, I Pramudya
2018 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
The concept or knowledge is individually constructed by each individual. While, students construct a mathematical concept, students may experience pseudo thinking.  ...  The construction of mathematical concepts in students of pseudo thinking should be immediately known because the error will have an impact on the next construction of mathematical concepts and to correct  ...  If after the reflection, students with incorrect answer are able to correct the answer to be the correct answer, the students with incorrect answer are chosen to be the subject of research (false pseudo  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1022/1/012010 fatcat:i7cugfdiyrd5tll2q3zks5u5ly

New Supervisors' Struggles and Successes With Corrective Feedback

L. DiAnne Borders, Laura E. Welfare, Corrine R. Sackett, Craig Cashwell
2017 Counselor Education and Supervision  
Seven doctoral supervisors described their experiences giving corrective feedback, including events when constructive feedback and confrontation did and did not go well.  ...  Their experiences with two types of corrective feedback-constructive feedback (i.e., information regarding a skill, attitude, or behavior needing improvement; cf.  ...  Those with relevant work experience saw constructive feedback as "a normal part of the process" that was necessary for growth.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ceas.12073 fatcat:oioctfpdufe2pizvczjjg2sw6u

Creating User Scenarios through User Interaction Diagrams by Non-Technical Customers

Douglas Hiura Longo, Patrícia Vilain
2015 Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering  
This paper investigates the applicability of User Interaction Diagrams (UIDs) as user scenarios for specifying requirements of software built by non-technical customers.  ...  These two methods were applied in an experiment where the results demonstrated that the regressive method requires significantly less effort as compared to the progressive method.  ...  The experiment aimed at the construction of user scenarios of the 8-Puzzle game.  ... 
doi:10.18293/seke2015-179 dblp:conf/seke/LongoV15 fatcat:dmbhvs4rfja4fdhgrfvw2g6v5i

Explanatory investigation of the device for regulating the vertical position of a building

Aleksandr Petrakov, Ekateryna Bryzhata, Nikolay Maslo, A. Borodinecs, V. Sergeev, N. Vatin
2018 MATEC Web of Conferences  
base and the construction of foundations with variable dimensions are developed.The schemes for the multi -stage correction of the tilt of the finite -element model of the building are investigated.   ...  of a multi-storey building with constructive measures of protection against the influence of above permitted standard tilts, taking into account the interaction of the structure with the deformable ground  ...  construction, increased by 10%.  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201824504015 fatcat:gabhwn24m5bjbmde2tiovm4x7m

d(GATC) sequences influenceEscherichia colimismatch repair in a distance-dependent manner from positions both upstream and downstream of the mismatch

Renato Bruni, Doris Martin, Josef Jiricny
1988 Nucleic Acids Research  
Transfection of host bacteria, both proficient and deficient in mismatch repair, with a series of artificially constructed M13 heteroduplexes showed that a decrease in the total number of d(GATC) sequences  ...  In excess of this distance, the effect of hemimethylated d(GATC) sites on mismatch correction was almost unnoticeable.  ...  Transfection experiments, using artificially-constructed mismatch-containing hemimethylated heteroduplexes, have provided us with a number of invaluable insights into mismatch correction.  ... 
doi:10.1093/nar/16.11.4875 pmid:3290844 pmcid:PMC336703 fatcat:e4h5awfrgzelnhy5c2wazcz4xe

Factor correction as a tool to eliminate between-session variation in replicate experiments: application to molecular biology and retrovirology

Jan M Ruijter, Helene H Thygesen, Onard J L M Schoneveld, Atze T Das, Ben Berkhout, Wouter H Lamers
2006 Retrovirology  
Factor correction is an effective and efficient way to deal with between-session variation in multi-session experiments.  ...  In most cases, between-session variation is multiplicative and can, therefore, be removed by division of the data in each session with a session-specific correction factor.  ...  The experiment was repeated seven times. A: mean values with standard deviation of observed data. B: normalisation of the data with the WT construct set at 100% in each session.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1742-4690-3-2 pmid:16398936 pmcid:PMC1368993 fatcat:3u2gzmur7rchvpexri2q3ug6hu

Effect of error information in tutorial documentation

Ard W Lazonder, Hans van der Meij
1994 Interacting with computers  
Subjects who used the manual with error information were expected to become more proficient at using the word processor (i.e. to show better constructive and corrective skills) and to develop more self-confidence  ...  An experiment was performed to examine the functionality of such error information in a manual for a word processor.  ...  Provisional findings of this experiment were presented at the 2nd EARLI-SIG  ... 
doi:10.1016/0953-5438(94)90003-5 fatcat:5xmsyzqnsjbzxdaqdrwtl56zba
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