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Experience Grounds Language [article]

Yonatan Bisk, Ari Holtzman, Jesse Thomason, Jacob Andreas, Yoshua Bengio, Joyce Chai, Mirella Lapata, Angeliki Lazaridou, Jonathan May, Aleksandr Nisnevich, Nicolas Pinto, Joseph Turian
2020 arXiv   pre-print
It is this shared experience that makes utterances meaningful.  ...  Despite the incredible effectiveness of language processing models to tackle tasks after being trained on text alone, successful linguistic communication relies on a shared experience of the world.  ...  We call for and embrace the incremental, but purposeful, contextualization of language in human experience.  ... 
arXiv:2004.10151v3 fatcat:adz5yefshjbzhmypcr7anigu5a

An Experiment in Temporal Language Learning [chapter]

Kateryna Gerasymova, Michael Spranger
2012 Language Grounding in Robots  
Russian requires speakers of the language to conceptualize events using temporal language devices such as Aktionsarten and aspect, which relate to particular profiles and characteristics of events such  ...  This chapter explores how such temporal features of events can be processed and learned by robots through grounded situated interactions.  ...  Additionally, we also scaf-fold the grounding of semantics and use IRL as the bottom layer. We are not using tense in these experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-3064-3_12 fatcat:zw3eff5wybdktff6tg76myf4wu

Grounded spoken language acquisition: experiments in word learning

D. Roy
2003 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
Language is grounded in sensory-motor experience. Grounding connects concepts to the physical world enabling humans to acquire and use words and sentences in context.  ...  Currently most machines which process language are not grounded. Instead, semantic representations are abstract, pre-specified, and have meaning only when interpreted by humans.  ...  INTRODUCTION L ANGUAGE is grounded in experience.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2003.811618 fatcat:4jmwmizeqfcchffoxlhe4reqg4

A Perceptual System for Language Game Experiments [chapter]

Michael Spranger, Martin Loetzsch, Luc Steels
2012 Language Grounding in Robots  
This chapter describes key aspects of a visual perception system as a key component for language game experiments on physical robots.  ...  The second part deals with the recognition of gestures and actions which establish the joint attention and pragmatic feedback that is an important aspect of language games. experiments.  ...  We are greatly indebted to Masahiro Fujita, Hideki Shimomura, and their team for creating the Sony humanoid robots and for making them available for the experiments reported here.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-3064-3_5 fatcat:oonsxbi72rfgdnulojdofopkma

Multilingual education policy and practice: Ten certainties (grounded in Indigenous experience)

Nancy H. Hornberger
2008 Language Teaching  
Here I highlight Bolivian and other Indigenous educational experiences with which I am most familiar, and which capture certainties that hold beyond the particular instances I describe.  ...  She has published widely on multilingualism and education, with special attention to Indigenous and immigrant languages, grounded in her long-term, in-depth experience in Andean South America and urban  ...  Her recent publications include "Can schools save Indigenous languages?  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444808005491 fatcat:dqwz2d3pzrbzdmrotggs2lwfdq

Experience Grounds Language

Yonatan Bisk, Ari Holtzman, Jesse Thomason, Jacob Andreas, Yoshua Bengio, Joyce Chai, Mirella Lapata, Angeliki Lazaridou, Jonathan May, Aleksandr Nisnevich, Nicolas Pinto, Joseph Turian
2020 Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)   unpublished
It is this shared experience that makes utterances meaningful.  ...  Despite the incredible effectiveness of language processing models to tackle tasks after being trained on text alone, successful linguistic communication relies on a shared experience of the world.  ...  We call for and embrace the incremental, but purposeful, contextualization of language in human experience.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.emnlp-main.703 fatcat:yaz2lklmmffh7aq7riggw7znoe

Article COMMON GROUND: a video project on language and culture

Chris Copland
2015 ISEJ-International Student Experience Journal ISEJ   unpublished
The 'Common Ground' project is a set of video materials in which in which international students report on aspects of British life.  ...  Colleagues are invited to use the videos, which are housed on the ISEJ site, and to collaborate in the project by sharing materials related to the 'broader experience.'  ...  Introduction 'Common Ground' is a video project which aims to support international students in gaining a broader experience and understanding of life in the U.K.  ... 
fatcat:4p7ekvjoobf7flmt7kdolcj4pe

Experiments with Single-class Support Vector Data Descriptions as a Tool for Vocabulary Grounding
english

2010 Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science   unpublished
The intention is to investigate the language grounding process at the single-word stage.  ...  A social language grounding scenario is designed, where a robotic agent is taught the names of the objects by a human instructor.  ...  Here the language grounding process is considered distributed in nature, where the language symbols are acquired (and transferred) through social interactions (Cowley 2007 ; Loreto and Steels 2008; Steels  ... 
doi:10.5220/0003028000700078 fatcat:chnvsiwsq5gbxj7useq7rtpr7y

AntropologíA CrítiCA y lenguAje Común o del Suelo lingüíStiCo de lA experienCiA AntropológiCA en lA CritiCal anthropology and Common language or about the linguistiC ground of the anthropologiCal experienCe in fouCauldian reading of Kant

Estudos Kantianos, Marília
unpublished
or about the linguistiC ground of the anthropologiCal experienCe in fouCauldian reading of Kant Marco DÍAZ MARSÁ 2 Estudos Kantianos,Marília, v. 3, n. 1, p. 93-104, Jan.  ...  FouCAultiAnA de KAnt 1* introduCCión En el año 2008 la editorial Vrin publicó el trabajo de Foucault sobre Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht de Kant (en adelante CritiCal anthropology and Common language  ... 
fatcat:katrxwd2ezhxviortshgibb3u4

Developmental and Evolutionary Lexicon Acquisition in Cognitive Agents/Robots with Grounding Principle: A Short Review

Nadia Rasheed, Shamsudin H. M. Amin
2016 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
The evolutionary and developmental language acquisition are two innovative and important methodologies for the grounding of language in cognitive agents or robots, the aim of which is to address current  ...  Grounded language acquisition is an important issue, particularly to facilitate human-robot interactions in an intelligent and effective way.  ...  One of the important language games used in experiments with robots is a guessing game.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/8571265 pmid:27069470 pmcid:PMC4812272 fatcat:nu22bmecj5ecbiwvyy5mxkobxm

Sensorimotor Grounding of Chinese Novel Concepts Constructed From Language Alone

Qian Zhang, Xuehua An
2022 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
The embodied cognitive view of language asserts that concepts are grounded in sensorimotor experience.  ...  Extrapolating from this view, this study aims to explore how concepts without direct experience can be grounded.  ...  In the framework of grounded cognition, a number of studies provide empirical evidence for the activation of sensorimotor experience during language comprehension.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.1205.17 fatcat:s4uqwwd6wjbrpnm5ikb3nwhqme

Using spatial language to drive a robot for an indoor environment fetch task

Zhiyu Huo, Tatiana Alexenko, Marjorie Skubic
2014 2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems  
The proposed spatial language grounding model and robot behavior model are tested experimentally in three sets of experiments.  ...  The spatial language system is then grounded to a robot navigation instruction in the form of a sequence of actions based on spatial references to furniture and room structure; the best navigation instruction  ...  EXPERIMENT AND EVALUATION A. Spatial Language Grounding Experiment B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iros.2014.6942734 dblp:conf/iros/HuoAS14 fatcat:tq7dc3codfbcpezzp3iswl63ku

Who is crossing where? Infants' discrimination of figures and grounds in events

Tilbe Göksun, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Haruka Konishi, Hiroyuki Okada
2011 Cognition  
We then compare both 14-and 19-month-old English-and Japanese-reared infants' processing of grounds to understand how language learning interacts with the conceptualization of these constructs (Experiment  ...  ., the moving entity) and ground (i.e., stationary setting), in both dynamic (Experiment 1) and static representations of events (Experiment 2) for categorical ground distinctions expressed in Japanese  ...  34th Meetings of Boston University Conference on Language Development.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.07.002 pmid:21839990 pmcid:PMC3183143 fatcat:hpyye4prtza53iow7bhkk2dqnu

Varieties of abstract concepts: development, use and representation in the brain

Anna M. Borghi, Laura Barca, Ferdinand Binkofski, Luca Tummolini
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
and sociality, and inner processes (emotions, interoception, metacognition) in grounding abstract concepts.  ...  Many of the contributions conceive concepts as grounded in sensorimotor systems and constrained by bodily mechanisms and structures.  ...  (c) Grounding in linguistic and social experience The contributions in this section focus on the role of linguistic and social experience for abstract concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0121 pmid:29914990 pmcid:PMC6015829 fatcat:4vlerzdj5ngmdcj6mxnjlp22py

Evolving cognitive systems: adaptive behaviour and cognition research at the university of Plymouth (UK)

Angelo Cangelosi
2005 Cognitive Processing  
It can spare us from untold time and effort learning things the hard way, through direct experience, but it remain anchored in and translatable into the language of experience.  ...  For example, an agent can learn that the symbol "horse" is grounded in its direct experience with this animal.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10339-005-0002-1 pmid:18231823 fatcat:mmcwimg72ngrfhe6djnij7sfey
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