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Excitatory or Inhibitory: A New Semantic Orientation Extracts Contradiction and Causality from the Web

Chikara Hashimoto, Kentaro Torisawa, Stijn De Saeger, Jong-Hoon Oh, Jun'ichi Kazama
2012 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing  
We propose a new semantic orientation, Excitation, and its automatic acquisition method. Excitation is a semantic property of predicates that classifies them into excitatory, inhibitory and neutral.  ...  Our experiments show that with automatically acquired Excitation knowledge we can extract one million contradiction pairs and 500,000 causality pairs with about 70% precision from a 600 million page Web  ...  8the Conference of the European Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics, pages 174-181. Daisuke Kawahara and Sadao Kurohashi. 2006  ... 
dblp:conf/emnlp/HashimotoTSOK12 fatcat:h2ak6ate4vglbb5irqzh6ek3bi

Fundamental Language Resources

Chikara Hashimoto, Jong-Hoon Oh, Motoki Sano, Takuya Kawada
2012 Journal of NICT  
Excitation/ inhibition is a new semantic orientation that we had proposed in the References [21] [22] .  ...  The method for extracting causality extracts causal pairs by identifying two combinations of an excitatory/inhibitory template and a noun co-occurring and being connected by a resultive conjunction in  ...  The dependency structures were extracted from 6 hundred million Web documents and a dependency structure consists of two bunsetsu (a basic unit of Japanese clause) such as "関サバを食 べ る / eat sekisaba mackerel  ... 
doi:10.24812/nictjournal.59.3.4_121 fatcat:lqirej5l5ndrvjpl6lvxk7y4xu


Yutaka Kidawara, Kentaro Torisawa, Koji Zettsu
2014 IEICE Communications Society Magazine  
-H. (2) Oh, and J. Kazama, "Excitatory or inhibitory: a new semantic orientation extracts contradiction and causality from the web," Proc.  ...  Semantic Web for Earth and Environmental (14) Terminology (SWEET), . S.K. Sowe and K.  ... 
doi:10.1587/bplus.8.18 fatcat:cqvz6ttjrnbshm5i4g5tewvxjm

Aid is Out There: Looking for Help from Tweets during a Large Scale Disaster

István Varga, Motoki Sano, Kentaro Torisawa, Chikara Hashimoto, Kiyonori Ohtake, Takao Kawai, Jong-Hoon Oh, Stijn De Saeger
2013 Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
However, most problem reports and corresponding aid messages were not successfully exchanged between victims and local governments or humanitarian organizations, overwhelmed by the vast amount of information  ...  The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake caused a wide range of problems, and as countermeasures, many aid activities were carried out.  ...  Excitation has already been used in many works, such as causality and contradiction extraction or Why-QA (Oh et al., 2013) .  ... 
dblp:conf/acl/VargaSTHOKOS13 fatcat:bd4pyqsdvzhcnlr2v6zufdzhrm

A Survey on Why-Type Question Answering Systems [article]

Manvi Breja, Sanjay Kumar Jain
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Search engines such as Google, Yahoo and Baidu yield information in the form of a relevant set of web pages according to the need of the user.  ...  The paper presents a survey on Why-type Question Answering System, details the architecture, the processes involved in the system and suggests further areas of research.  ...  Also, for further improvement of QAS, the features can be expanded using semantic orientation, excitatory or inhibitory features.  ... 
arXiv:1911.04879v1 fatcat:wdvngfqkqvgfvmjn67adebwtqi

28th Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2019

2019 BMC Neuroscience  
Activity from both the LP and PD neurons of the stomatogastric ganglion of a crab was recorded using intracellular electrodes and sent to a computer through a DAQ device.  ...  A hexapod robotic platform was built using printable parts from the BQ DIWO PrintBot Crab, whose schematics are open-source.  ...  The S1 model comprised 7 layers, with 1 excitatory neuron and 5 inhibitory neuron types (L1: 2 inhibitory neuron types; L2 and L3: 3 inhibitory and 1 excitatory neuron types; L4, L5A, L5B&L6: 2 inhibitory  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12868-019-0538-0 fatcat:3pt5qvsh45awzbpwhqwbzrg4su

25th Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS-2016

Tatyana O. Sharpee, Alain Destexhe, Mitsuo Kawato, Vladislav Sekulić, Frances K. Skinner, Daniel K. Wójcik, Chaitanya Chintaluri, Dorottya Cserpán, Zoltán Somogyvári, Jae Kyoung Kim, Zachary P. Kilpatrick, Matthew R. Bennett (+597 others)
2016 BMC Neuroscience  
These results outline a framework for categorizing neuronal types based on their functional properties.  ...  BMC Neuroscience 2016, 17(Suppl 1):A1 Neural circuits are notorious for the complexity of their organization.  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, the decision to publish, or the preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12868-016-0283-6 pmid:27534393 pmcid:PMC5001212 fatcat:bt45etzj2bbolfcxlxo7hlv6ju

Message from the general chair

Benjamin C. Lee
2015 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS)  
To inject knowledge, we use a state-of-the-art system which cross-links (or "grounds") expressions in free text to Wikipedia.  ...  Our system gives a better performance than all the learning-based systems from the CoNLL-2011 shared task on the same dataset.  ...  Excitatory or Inhibitory: A New Semantic Orientation Extracts Contradiction and Causality from the Web Enlarging Paraphrase Collections through Generalization and Instantiation Atsushi Fujita, Pierre  ... 
doi:10.1109/ispass.2015.7095776 dblp:conf/ispass/Lee15 fatcat:ehbed6nl6barfgs6pzwcvwxria

Extraction of spatio-temporal primitives of emotional body expressions

Lars Omlor, Martin A. Giese
2007 Neurocomputing  
However, correlations among excitatory and inhibitory cells have a subtractive effect and may cancel the impact of correlations among excitatory cells and among inhibitory cells.  ...  They summed all excitatory input from nearby collinear cells, and inhibition from one collateral of the corresponding inhibitory cell.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2006.10.100 fatcat:esivhljzsbcihdl5qbp756josu

Sidestepping the semantics of "consciousness"

Michael V. Antony
2004 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
According to his diagnosis, the fallacy results from the conflation of P and A, and he explains the conflation by appeal to the ambiguity of "consciousness": "An ambiguous word often corresponds to an  ...  "Weak dispositional states" should be excluded from the set of A-conscious states, and a subject's being reflectively conscious of a P-conscious state is suggested as a better candidate for A-consciousness  ...  This can require the extraction of the content from the network.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0421007x fatcat:ekl4yhwsqnfbpajkdkss6e737y

Neuroscience of Object Relations in Health and Disorder: A Proposal for an Integrative Model

Dragan M. Svrakic, Charles F. Zorumski
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Self- and object-mental representations, extracted from these early experiences, are at first dichotomized by contradictory affects evoked by frustrating and rewarding interactions ("partial object relations  ...  , relevance, and preferential assimilation of new information based on past experience, and (ii) as basic units of experience that are, under normal circumstances, integrated as attractors or "focal points  ...  by cognitive processing of semanticized episodic events, at the core of which is the implicit self-schema extracted from early object relations.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.583743 pmid:33790822 pmcid:PMC8005655 fatcat:nydxx6sgfrd2hfpllg4ghrd3zm

EMG-based Simultaneous and Proportional Estimation of Wrist Kinematics and its Application in Intuitive Myoelectric Control for Unilateral transradial Amputees

Farina Dario
2011 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
Acknowledgements This work was supported by The Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand and the Neurological Foundation of New Zealand.  ...  Acknowledgements Center for Neural Science, New York University, USA Prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the hub of a distributed system that coordinates the selection, planning and execution of motor behaviors  ...  Our data shows that IC cells receive both inhibitory and excitatory inputs from within the IC. manipulators under obstacle avoidance and orientation con-straints (Iossifidis & Schöner, 2009; Reimann et  ... 
doi:10.3389/conf.fncom.2011.53.00081 fatcat:nkq5wesfpbcjnikbxqh3v3gtqi

How Can We Reduce the Gulf between Artificial and Natural Intelligence?

Aaron Sloman
2014 International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Cognition Progetto di Ateneo-San Paolo, The role of visual imagery in lexical processing (RVILP), TO call03 2012 0046.  ... Supporting Institutions Associazione Italiana per l'Intelligenza Artificiale ( Associazione Italiana per le Science Cognitive Center for Cognitive Science -University and  ...  Acknowledgment This research is funded by a grant from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), Grant No. 111E-286. TUBITAK's support is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
dblp:conf/aic/Sloman14 fatcat:4dlcqkjksvgahp6tkqvqpm6q4q

The physics of brain network structure, function, and control [article]

Christopher W. Lynn, Danielle S. Bassett
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The brain is a complex organ characterized by heterogeneous patterns of structural connections supporting unparalleled feats of cognition and a wide range of behaviors.  ...  New noninvasive imaging techniques now allow these patterns to be carefully and comprehensively mapped in individual humans and animals.  ...  D.S.B. and C.W.L. acknowledge support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Alfred P.  ... 
arXiv:1809.06441v3 fatcat:5udhubilgvdfhefiwfwcwzmdy4

Investigation of the Interaction between the Large and Small Subunits of Potato ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase

Ibrahim Barıs, Aytug Tuncel, Natali Ozber, Ozlem Keskin, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli, Ruth Nussinov
2009 PLoS Computational Biology  
On the one hand, we established our primary notions of agency, interactancy, the temporal and causal structures of events, object permanence and location.  ...  Hence word production emerges from a coupling of two initially independent systems, a conceptual system and an articulatory motor system.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT ACKNOWLEDGMENT Our research mentioned in this commentary was supported by a grant from the German Research Council (DFG Je229/2-1).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000546 pmid:19876371 pmcid:PMC2759521 fatcat:sarzmgeisrc7doszuucfhshtdm
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