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Examining users' knowledge change in the task completion process

Jingjing Liu, Nicholas J. Belkin, Xiangmin Zhang, Xiaojun Yuan
2013 Information Processing & Management  
This paper examines the changes of information searchers' topic knowledge levels in the process of completing information tasks.  ...  Multi-session tasks were used in the study, which enables the convenience of eliciting users' topic knowledge during their process of completing the whole tasks.  ...  , that closely examines users' knowledge and their knowledge change during the task process.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2012.08.006 fatcat:ubrktm5xwbbetlmtjyitks62rm

Exploring Knowledge Learning in Collaborative Information Seeking Process

Yu Chi, Shuguang Han, Daqing He, Rui Meng
2016 Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval  
However, there still lacks a fine-grained understanding of users' knowledge change patterns within a search process and users' adoption of different sources for learning.  ...  Knowledge learning is recognized as an important component in people's search process. Existing studies on this topic usually measure the knowledge growth before and after a search.  ...  Several other studies [3, 15] regarded users' knowledge as a function of users' search behaviors and thus the knowledge change can be implicitly reflected by the changes of users' search behaviors.  ... 
dblp:conf/sigir/ChiHHM16 fatcat:hu5acnckffhozcvrnmfr2izcne

Schema evolution for object-based accounting database systems [chapter]

Jia -Lin Chen, Dennis McLeod, Daniel O'Leary
1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Second, we explore how domain-specific knowledge can be used to guide the use of evolution operators to complete the evolution task.  ...  This research proceeds in the following three steps. First, we define a set of basic evolution schema operators and employ the evolution heuristics to guide the evolution process.  ...  However, their research did not employ heuristics or domain knowledge to guide an end-user in completing evolution tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0014015 fatcat:5lwbwuhxk5bf7gxfljwss7e3im

A Motivational Framework For Understanding IS Use And Decision Performance

Siew H. Chan
2011 Review of Business Information Systems (RBIS)  
In particular, we focus on the significant role of the motivation factor in explaining IS use and decision performance.  ...  We develop our research framework based on a review of motivation, systems, decision performance, information processing, and auditing literatures.  ...  Researchers have examined (1) the impact of a change in the report format for displaying accounting information on the participants" ability to detect a change in the financial status of the firm (Stock  ... 
doi:10.19030/rbis.v9i4.4446 fatcat:vsk3p2ijafgjrgpyw5jpebqknm

Ingrams

Peter Bailey, Nick Craswell
2016 Proceedings of the 39th International ACM SIGIR conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '16  
We describe these acts through a pair of user models and use it to explain various user behaviors in search activity.  ...  Why do they do what they do in-between? Our goal in this paper is to provide a simple yet general explanation for these acts that has its basis in neuropsychology and observed user behavior.  ...  of partially attained states in completion of an information seeking task.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2911451.2914712 dblp:conf/sigir/BaileyC16 fatcat:7how2axdsbdqzhoqtugwmowzfq

Cooperative image workstation based on explicit models of diagnostic information requirements

Thomas Wendler, Rüdiger Grewer, Karl J. Mönnich, Joachim Schmidt, Heino Svensson
1992 Journal of digital imaging  
$4.00 230 KEY WORDS: image workstation, cooperative user interface, information requirement model, knowledgebased system, knowledge acquisition, object-oriented design, rule-based model.  ...  The realization of a cooperative workstation was possible only with a deep understanding of the clinical diagnostic process and the users' goal-oriented tasks in that process.  ...  Despite the system's cooperative actions, the user may at any time take the initiative to perform other tasks if required, eg, look at the complete list of patients, look at the complete content of the  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03167804 pmid:1457538 fatcat:yychh7yrijd65mdo3jo443jexu

Sandbox Environments in an ERP System Context: Examining User Attitude and Satisfaction

Tim Klaus, Chuleeporn Changchit
2020 Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation  
of knowledge gains and task completion satisfaction.  ...  This study examines the effectiveness of training using a sandbox environment, specifically examininguser attitudes, users' perception of financial knowledge gained, and user satisfaction in the ERP environmentwhile  ...  Users' Perceptions of Financial Knowledge Gained positively affects the level of satisfaction that a user has in completing a task.  ... 
doi:10.34190/ejise.20.23.1.003 fatcat:xqwxhhzp2zhclb5lyectxp3vui

Understanding Knowledge Transfer Dynamics in Information System Support: An Exploratory Study of Procurement System Support

Xuefei (Nancy) Deng, Ying Liu
2013 2013 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
Substantial insights can be obtained by examining the knowledge transfer activities between information system (IS) professionals and end-users.  ...  Our analysis of 591 support tasks revealed a complex array of knowledge, categorized by two domains (technology vs. business) and three dimensions (process, data, and workflow).  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the mini-track chairs and all reviewers for their helpful suggestions on the revision of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2013.582 dblp:conf/hicss/DengL13 fatcat:e7a6consrng73kouddfd2mx3fa

Multi-aspect information use task performance: The roles of topic knowledge, task structure, and task stage

Jingjing Liu, Nicholas J. Belkin
2014 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
in the dependent; lower knowledge users tended to perform better in the dependent task than in the parallel.  ...  This paper explores how search systems may help users with their multi-aspect tasks by examining whether, and how user knowledge and task structure play roles in leading to better work task performance  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Our thanks to IMLS for sponsoring the research experiment under grant number LG#06-07-0105-05.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.2014.14505101031 fatcat:tiis3go66bb55ojgabdeiviw5y

Understanding searchers' perception of task difficulty: Relationships with task type

Jingjing Liu, Chang Liu, Xiaojun Yuan, Nicholas J. Belkin
2011 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
We examined the data gathered from two interactive information retrieval user studies on how users' perception of task difficulty changes before and after searching for information to solve tasks, and  ...  how the difficulty of tasks relates with users' background, previous experience with the tasks, and knowledge of the task topics, etc.  ...  We thank the reviewers for their insightful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.2011.14504801152 fatcat:abalv5bipjag7cjql6ovbuf3q4

Distributed sensemaking

Kristie Fisher, Scott Counts, Aniket Kittur
2012 Proceedings of the 2012 ACM annual conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '12  
We also recorded gaze patterns as users examined others' knowledge maps.  ...  Our findings show the conditions under which distributed sensemaking can improve sensemaking quality; that a user's sensemaking process is readily apparent to a subsequent user via a knowledge map; and  ...  This work was supported by NSH grants OCI-0943148, IIS-0968484, IIS-1111124, and the Center for the Future of Work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2207676.2207711 dblp:conf/chi/FisherCK12 fatcat:jzghbluxurfhdemonos3ue54zu

Designing a human computer interface system based on cognitive model

M. Mayilvaganan, D. Kalpanadevi
2014 2014 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research  
Observational evaluation can be performed based on laboratory with end user by developing of software on the basis of user interface design for examine the human factor experts determines the exact task  ...  in the test plan.  ...  The selection rules in a GOMS task analysis determine how a user selects a particular method, and can be used to predict which method the user will select on the basis of knowledge of the task environment  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccic.2014.7238347 fatcat:bmvta4zgwnflhfvu33caacusoa

Charting Pathways of Conceptual Change in the Use of Computer Software

Robin H. Kay
1994 Journal of Research on Computing in Education  
This study looked at the process of knowledge acquisition in a computer-based environment. Six subjects (two males, four females) were videotaped while learning a new spreadsheet software package.  ...  new tasks; and (5) a process-oriented approach to examining computer ability provides a rich source of theoretical and pedagogical information.  ...  , the knowledge acquisition process has not been extensively examined.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08886504.1994.10782100 fatcat:fly4opm5ibagtj3uizjbwzn3qm

Exploring Information Use Behavior in the Context of Knowledge Construction

Chih-Wen Jayden Chou, Szu-Chia Scarlett Lo
2015 Journal of Library and Information Studies  
The study focuses on a task-driven context to investigate two issues, including "informants' information use behavior in a learning context" and "how the knowledge structure has changed after utilizing  ...  Knowledge construction commenced with evaluating learning tasks assigned by lecturer, examining knowledge structure, deciding the ways of processing information, and then putting into action.  ...  Notes tried to examine the process of knowledge construction in terms of learning.  ... 
doi:10.6182/jlis.2015.13(2).001 doaj:8184658d4a2d4a339603e590c1557639 fatcat:kj5heal5cvbznbw6bktfgur3ia

Inside the search process: Information seeking from the user's perspective

Carol C. Kuhlthau
1991 Journal of the American Society for Information Science  
A model of the information search process is presented derived from a series of five studies investigating common experiences of users in information seeking situations.  ...  The cognitive and affective aspects of the process of information seeking suggest a gap between the users' natural process of information use and the information system and intermediaries' traditional  ...  A paper reporting on the most recent study in this series received the Jesse H. Shera Award for outstanding research papers in 1989 from the American Library Association.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-4571(199106)42:5<361::aid-asi6>3.0.co;2-# fatcat:7ecoofie3bc7ln22sfxe7flipi
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