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Evolving Preferences among Emergent Groups of Agents [chapter]

Paul Marrow, Cefn Hoile, Fang Wang, Erwin Bonsma
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Success Number of User Agents evolved preference uniform preference ¾ ° 2 Ì i°{ ³ h x X g h 1 q s d h c g h n k ó k k c ± f o x d h y t Ü i j ṕ o U Í  ...  e m · 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 0 1e+06 2e+06 3e+06 4e+06 5e+06 6e+06 7e+06 8e+06 Number of Scout agents in each environment Ç Time (ms) ¾ ° 2 Î  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44826-8_10 fatcat:i5or2ae7s5gitplyuhbti4fsh4

THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL PREFERENCES ON THE EVOLUTION OF COOPERATION IN PUBLIC GOOD GAMES

MARCO A. JANSSEN, MILES MANNING, OYITA UDIANI
2014 Advances in Complex Systems  
Building on existing models on the evolution of cooperation and costly punishment, we use a utilitarian formulation of agent decision making to explore conditions that support the emergence of cooperative  ...  Human societies are unique in the level of cooperation among non-kin. Evolutionary models explaining this behavior typically assume pure strategies of cooperation and defection.  ...  Acknowledgement: We appreciate the support of the National Science Foundation for the grant BCS 0748632 and the comments of two anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0219525914500155 fatcat:ef65mzz5yvgcdl5tzkm6rwsehu

A Statistical Physics Characterization of the Complex Systems Dynamics: Quantifying Complexity from Spatio-Temporal Interactions

Hana Koorehdavoudi, Paul Bogdan
2016 Scientific Reports  
In such a complex system, the group with identical agents' behavior evolves through different states (i.e., spatio-temporal arrangement/configuration of the agents moving in a collective group formation  ...  We show that the collective motion of the group of agents evolves to reach the most probable state with relatively lowest energy level and lowest missing information compared to other possible states.  ...  These multi-modal heterogeneous interactions among the agents cause the motion of the group to evolve through various spatio-temporal structures while moving as a synchronized and coherent entity without  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep27602 pmid:27297496 pmcid:PMC4906350 fatcat:7bueubwwtrcv5bhflcqfio3nmy

Research on the Model Mechanism and Decision Management In the Evacuation Configuration Process Control

Li Wei, Zhang Ying
2014 International Journal of Control and Automation  
The rail transportation has occupied an important position in the development of the modern city transportation, for more fast and convenient passengers evacuation under emergencies, an evacuation process  ...  mechanisms and configuration structure patterns are discussed, and moreover an evacuation knowledge decision flow is analyzed by adopting a knowledge management pattern, finally, the helpful efficiency of  ...  The authors also gratefully acknowledge the helpful comments and suggestions of the reviewers, which have improved the presentation. International Journal of Control and Automation Vol. 7, No.2 (2014)  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijca.2014.7.2.31 fatcat:sbt2zqqxwrcclau5vqwokkix34

The coevolution of economic institutions and sustainable consumption via cultural group selection

Timothy M. Waring, Sandra H. Goff, Paul E. Smaldino
2017 Ecological Economics  
In the model, sustainable societies emerge in only a minority of cases.  ...  We speculate that economic institutions which support resource conservation, such as property regimes and systems of production, may emerge via a process of cultural group selection amongst social-ecological  ...  Acknowledgements This work was conducted as a part of the Evolution of Sustainability Working Group at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, sponsored by the National Science  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.09.022 fatcat:nidwbqzzvbemlbqacglzmdunai

"Climbing the hierarchical ladders of rules": A life-cycle theory of institutional evolution

Eric Brousseau, Emmanuel Raynaud
2011 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
If agents are heterogeneous (as we assume), then coordination needs differ and a competitive process begins among sponsors of alternative orders.  ...  We then analyze the strategic interplay among sponsors of alternative institutional orders by considering not only the "horizontal" competition among institutions emerging in the same time but also the  ...  Second, in order to gain bargaining power, agents may build coalitions (Section 3.3.2). Thus "core groups" of agents emerge and propose their preferred collective rules to the other agents.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2011.01.027 fatcat:fv4fibh2ebhs7bnacmgqcrvqba

Boosting cooperation by evolving trust

Andreas Birk
2000 Applied Artificial Intelligence  
T rust is represented as a preference to be grouped together with agents with a certain label to play a game.  ...  It is shown that stable relations of trust can emerge and that the coevolution of trust boosts the evolution of cooperation.  ...  Therefore, there d The is no a priori, global preference of agents to be grouped together. Nevertheless, a stable relation of trust emerges.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08839510050127542 fatcat:5t3jztq2vfblvls7juc72u2hpa

The role of reward structure, coordination mechanism and net return in the evolution of cooperation

Padmini Rajagopalan, Aditya Rawal, Risto Miikkulainen, Marc A. Wiseman, Kay E. Holekamp
2011 2011 IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligence and Games (CIG'11)  
individual agent or shared by the team), coordination mechanism (i.e. stigmergic vs. direct communication), and net return (i.e. the size of reward relative to the difficulty of obtaining it).  ...  Using hyenas as motivation, this paper evaluates three potential factors that affect the evolution of cooperation in a team of game agents: reward structure (i.e. whether fitness reward is given to an  ...  [22] studied the effects of group composition and level of selection in artificial ants.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cig.2011.6032015 dblp:conf/cig/RajagopalanRMWH11 fatcat:lvxfax5o7neufd6fcdkkw4gljm

Other-regarding preferences and altruistic punishment: A Darwinian perspective [article]

Moritz Hetzer, Didier Sornette
2009 arXiv   pre-print
This article examines the effect of different other-regarding preference types on the emergence of altruistic punishment behavior from an evolutionary perspective.  ...  preference type, altruistic punishment emerges in our model to a level that precisely matches the empirical observations.  ...  THE EMERGENCE OF ALTRUISTIC PUNISHMENT We have run our ABM with thousands of independent groups of n = 4 agents over one million simulation periods t.  ... 
arXiv:0908.3072v2 fatcat:l7gaihr4zrftvcwgkwqs4bnhvy

Homo Economicus and Homo Sapiens

Robert L. Goldstone
2015 Review of Behavioral Economics  
JEL Codes: C45, C63, C73, D83, D71 Explaining how patterns of collective behavior emerge from interactions among individuals with diverse, sometimes opposing, goals is a societally crucial and particularly  ...  For this reason, the dichotomy between rule-based and centralized groups versus self-organized and decentralized groups is false -one of the major activities that self-organized and decentralized groups  ...  The emergence of a common currency from the collectively traded resources is a persuasive example of a group-level pattern that emerges from individuals who are motivated by their own concerns but none  ... 
doi:10.1561/105.00000019 fatcat:vyoerko2yzapplzvi3z64xdbbq

Symmetry-based reciprocity: evolutionary constraints on a proximate mechanism

Marco Campennì, Gabriele Schino
2016 PeerJ  
reciprocity (one relying on an arbitrary tag and the other on interindividual proximity) and tested their ability both to reproduce significant emergent features of cooperation in group living animals  ...  Symmetry-based reciprocity is a hypothetical proximate mechanism that has been suggested to be widespread among cognitively unsophisticated animals.Methods.We developed two agent-based models of symmetry-based  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj.1812 pmid:26998412 pmcid:PMC4797768 fatcat:bviwhehghzbvxm75ulbimz2fbe

A classification of product comparison agents

Yun Wan, Satya Menon, Arkalgud Ramaprasad
2003 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Electronic commerce - ICEC '03  
In this paper, we propose a conceptual schema for categorizing comparison-shopping agents into three groups: differentiation agents, evaluation agents and preference agents.  ...  Over the last decade of rise and growth of e-commerce, a large number and variety of electronic comparison-shopping agents have emerged on the Web, but little research has been done on classifying them  ...  More sophisticated comparison agents will emerge as a consequence of evolving consumer demand.  ... 
doi:10.1145/948005.948069 dblp:conf/ACMicec/WanMR03 fatcat:nj4do3huivbyvhlzbd2kauswb4

A classification of product comparison agents

Yun Wan, Satya Menon, Arkalgud Ramaprasad
2007 Communications of the ACM  
In this paper, we propose a conceptual schema for categorizing comparison-shopping agents into three groups: differentiation agents, evaluation agents and preference agents.  ...  Over the last decade of rise and growth of e-commerce, a large number and variety of electronic comparison-shopping agents have emerged on the Web, but little research has been done on classifying them  ...  More sophisticated comparison agents will emerge as a consequence of evolving consumer demand.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1278201.1278208 fatcat:yhs2rlwrgfbkzjjm3t3tbrceni

The Co-Evolution of Fairness Preferences and Costly Punishment

Moritz Hetzer, Didier Sornette, Norman Johnson
2013 PLoS ONE  
The evolutionary dominance and stability of disadvantageous inequity aversion is demonstrated by enabling agents to co-evolve with different self-and other-regarding preferences in a competitive environment  ...  We study the co-evolutionary emergence of fairness preferences in the form of other-regarding behavior and its effect on the origination of costly punishment behavior in public good games.  ...  This paper addresses the question whether and under what conditions other-regarding preferences can emerge, evolve and ultimately dominate pure self-regarding and selfish behavior and, consequently, whether  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054308 pmid:23526926 pmcid:PMC3603958 fatcat:a3fqkfveljhgzfgo27mfe2xvg4

The evolution of morality and the end of economic man

Geoffrey M. Hodgson
2013 Journal of evolutionary economics  
The social role of morality and its difference with altruism is illustrated by an agent-based simulation.  ...  This paper considers the nature of morality and how it has evolved.  ...  The Evolution of Altruism, Morality and Institutions The figure shows the results of two runs of an agent-based model, with 200 replicating heterogeneous agents and 10 varied groups, each run being 5000  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00191-013-0306-8 fatcat:vj7cv5x5enej7m4adwjw2xqkha
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