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Evolving cooperation in the non-iterated prisoner's dilemma: A social network inspired approach

T. S. Ellis, X. Yao
2007 2007 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation  
In this paper a notion of reputation based on simple social network analysis is used to significantly improve cooperation rates in the one-shot game of prisoner's dilemma, where without such a technique  ...  However, distributing control means relying on the cooperation of participating agents, and it is a significant challenge to design mechanisms that incentivise optimal global behavior in a population of  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council as part of the Market Based Control of Complex Computational Systems project, grant number GR/T10671  ... 
doi:10.1109/cec.2007.4424544 dblp:conf/cec/EllisY07 fatcat:22bf76vuwndrfgfqtgfzmhaidm

A mechanism of Individualistic Indirect Reciprocity with internal and external dynamics [article]

Mario Ignacio González Silva, Ricardo Armando González Silva, Héctor Alfonso Juárez López, Antonio Aguilera Ontiveros
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Using Agent-Based Model and a Data Science method, we show on simulation results that the discriminatory stance of the agents prevails in most cases.  ...  In general, cooperators only appear in conditions with low visibility of reputation and a high degree of cooperation demand.  ...  Introduction Why is cooperation between humans so tricky? What is required for cooperation to exist? How to establish cooperation in a world of selfish people (without a central authority)?  ... 
arXiv:2105.14144v1 fatcat:m3u5667wonba5p6l4c3lercq3a

Emergence of social networks via direct and indirect reciprocity

Steve Phelps
2012 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
However, such models cannot straightforwardly account for reciprocal behaviour based on reputation scores ("indirect reciprocity"), which is known to play an important role in many economic interactions  ...  "tit-for-tat") as well as indirect reciprocity (helping strangers in order to increase one's reputation).  ...  Van Vught et al. postulate that reputation systems are a necessary prerequisite of evolutionary-stable cooperation in large groups.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-012-9207-8 fatcat:jms2pspeqrbyriynlxuew3ki3m

Evolutionary Roots of Property Rights; The Natural and Cultural Nature of Human Cooperation

Konrad Szocik, Robert Herian
2016 Heythrop Journal  
Unequal cooperation within direct reciprocity could be influenced by the notion of reputation appropriate to indirect reciprocity.  ...  If, however, cooperation at the level of large groups can be explained via the third fundamental mechanism evolved by natural selection -by indirect reciprocity and the concept of reputation -we can also  ... 
doi:10.1111/heyj.12338 fatcat:mb2cjtgr7vdkzpljxpbzzhahw4

Emergence of Social Networks via Direct and Indirect Reciprocity

Steve Phelps
2012 Social Science Research Network  
However, such models cannot straightforwardly account for reciprocal behaviour based on reputation scores ("indirect reciprocity"), which is known to play an important role in many economic interactions  ...  "tit-for-tat") as well as indirect reciprocity (helping strangers in order to increase one's reputation).  ...  Van Vught et al. postulate that reputation systems are a necessary prerequisite of evolutionary-stable cooperation in large groups.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2109553 fatcat:kej3yis4wfhvdcsji3x7pbeclm

Group Selection and Reciprocity among Kin

Neelesh Dahanukar, Milind Watve
2009 The Open Biology Journal  
Based on the synthesis we also propose a possible route to the evolution of social and eusocial systems.  ...  We show that none of the mechanisms, when alone, is as robust in evolving and maintaining cooperation as a synthesis of all.  ...  cooperation can evolve through indirect reciprocity.  ... 
doi:10.2174/1874196700902010066 fatcat:irtt7d43nzgyjj3wlgpi5sjzby

Gossip for social control in natural and artificial societies

Francesca Giardini, Rosaria Conte
2011 Simulation (San Diego, Calif.)  
Acknowledgement We want to thank three anonymous referees for their useful suggestions to improve the manuscript.  ...  reputation, or centrally controlled image.  ...  In the first study the emphasis was on results coming from REPAGE, a computational system for partner selection based on a model of reputation (beliefs about shared voice on a given target), image (own  ... 
doi:10.1177/0037549711406912 fatcat:3ns4nzgdbvgpzijubepi36b3bi

Evolution of Cooperation Based on Reputation on Dynamical Networks

Linlin Tian, Mingchu Li, Weifeng Sun, Xiaowei Zhao, Baohui Wang, Jianhua Ma
2012 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications  
In the coevolution of state and structure process, reciprocators adapt their behaviors and switch their partners based on reputation.  ...  We propose a three-strategy prisoner's dilemma game model to investigate the evolution of cooperation on dynamical networks.  ...  Influence of Reputation The indirect reciprocity mechanism based on reputation play a crucial role in the evolution of cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/trustcom.2012.156 dblp:conf/trustcom/TianLSZWM12 fatcat:dzzvlrhlmbf4xgmxicaygceccm

Monitoring, reputation, and 'greenbeard' reciprocity in a Shuar work team

Michael E. Price
2006 Journal of Organizational Behavior  
Assessment of others' cooperativeness could have been based on the direct monitoring of, and on reputational information about, others' cooperativeness.  ...  Ancestral humans who were predisposed to cooperate in CAs would have risked being disadvantaged compared to free riders, but could have overcome this disadvantage through 'greenbeard' reciprocity, that  ...  Acknowledgements The hospitality and cooperation of our host Shuar community is deeply appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.1002/job.347 fatcat:ir2gmqpbrvag3a4vox3pxyswo4

Effects of Evolutionary Rules on Cooperative Tendencies in Franchising Networks [chapter]

Thomas Ehrmann, Brinja Meiseberg, Michael Kopel
2014 Interfirm Networks  
In particular, we argue the case for three rules that govern the evolution of cooperation -kinship selection, direct reciprocity, and indirect reciprocity.  ...  We further argue that social learning and cultural transmission mechanisms support these three rules of cooperation, so that cooperation can evolve and remain stable even in noisy and large group environments  ...  These three principles show how, based on cost and benefit considerations, cooperation can evolve and ultimately dominate in a population of boundedly rational firms in a network.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10184-2_5 fatcat:pbqizpisfjgmfaii5nnxw4i7ny

Stern-Judging: A Simple, Successful Norm Which Promotes Cooperation under Indirect Reciprocity

Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub
2006 PLoS Computational Biology  
Under stern-judging, helping a good individual or refusing help to a bad individual leads to a good reputation, whereas refusing help to a good individual or helping a bad one leads to a bad reputation  ...  We study the evolution of cooperation under indirect reciprocity, believed to constitute the biological basis of morality.  ...  Suggesting a simple scenario for the evolution of social norms, Pacheco, Santos, and Chalub propose a reputation-based multilevel selection model, where individual behaviour and moral systems co-evolve  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0020178 pmid:17196034 pmcid:PMC1761656 fatcat:qholimceubdttjolxjqysxnlq4

Indirect Reciprocity and the Evolution of Prejudicial Groups

Roger M. Whitaker, Gualtiero B. Colombo, David G. Rand
2018 Scientific Reports  
Using computational simulation, we study the evolution of prejudicial groups, where members interact through indirect reciprocity.  ...  25 , where the heuristic of donating to those with similar or higher reputation evolves to sustain cooperation.  ...  While prejudice acts to reduce the risk of donating to groups that may not reciprocate, cooperation evolves in-group.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31363-z pmid:30185868 pmcid:PMC6125379 fatcat:p2ezkmuquvfyvkhxyf52qovb4a

When reputation enforces evolutionary cooperation in unreliable MANETs [article]

Changbing Tang, Ang Li, Xiang Li
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We propose an indirect reciprocity framework based on evolutionary game theory, and enforce cooperation of packet forwarding strategies in both structured and unstructured MANETs.  ...  In self-organized mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), network functions rely on cooperation of self-interested nodes, where a challenge is to enforce their mutual cooperation.  ...  Based on the observation set Θ, the reputation of a node evolves accordingly, which determines the strategy of other nodes adopted.  ... 
arXiv:1411.0198v1 fatcat:d35w54iyf5dxvbgu2tsqr3c3de

Social Norms of Cooperation With Costly Reputation Building

Fernando Santos, Jorge Pacheco, Francisco Santos
Reporting constitutes, this way, a fundamental ingredient of indirect reciprocity, as in its absence cooperation in a multiagent system may collapse.  ...  In real societies, social norms can solve cooperation dilemmas, constituting a key ingredient in systems of indirect reciprocity: reputations of agents are assigned following social norms that identify  ...  In fact, enforcing behaviors indirectly, through norms and reputations, underlies Indirect Reciprocity (IR), known as a fundamental mechanism for the evolution of cooperation among humans (Nowak and Sigmund  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v32i1.11582 fatcat:7wjgtcwvrnh6bh3y3bba2fddna

Networks of reliable reputations and cooperation: a review

Károly Takács, Jörg Gross, Martina Testori, Srebrenka Letina, Adam R. Kenny, Eleanor A. Power, Rafael P. M. Wittek
2021 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
After reviewing models that connect reputations and cooperation, we address how reputation results from information exchange embedded in a social network that changes endogenously itself.  ...  a network.  ...  Cooperation in networks and reputation. (a) Cooperation can emerge through direct reciprocity in dyadic relationships.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2020.0297 pmid:34601917 pmcid:PMC8487750 fatcat:5fmlg3d6gzaytodlm7ehkdhtja
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